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of Politics, published in your Register of the work is already accomplished. Very Jast Saturday; aod do perfectly agree with different indeed, is my opinion. I am you in the statement, which you make in afraid it must be a work of time and much pages 91. and 95, that " we must become | labour, and unremitting care. A work of
a military people or slaves." --lnderd, this so much time, that we may not now have tro:b seeas to have gained great ground of time enough left; but still ihis is our only late, in coasequence of the great alarm of hope, and it must be attempted; and this invasion; and I am glad of it. The sconer dread of being too late sbould have no other that opinion becomes universal, the sooner effect but to quicken and animate our exer. shall we become such military people ; and, tions. Now, Sir, with respect to what is, I agree with you allogeiher, ihat it is only and may be called “ a Military People," by su becurning that we can escape slavery. and the mode of making a people such an The reason for my troubling you at present, one, I perhaps, may differ from the fashionis not so much to press this oecessity, as to able opinion, as much as I do differ froma give two or tree hints concerning the it with respect to the difficulties of the unmanner of executing it, which, in reading dertaking. Every man in the kingdom may your Register have just occurred to my have a red coat on his back, and a musquet mind. One great misfortune, when a great on his shoulder, and yet the people as un. work is to be uodertaken, is for the under. like a military people, as light from darktaker to suppose, that his task is soon and
On the other hand, they may easily accomplished. The effect of this opi: be a people completely military, without a nion is, that he prepares himself to go through single military accouirement or weapon ia tbe job without any trouble or difficuliy; and their hands. For it is not military arms, at the first obstacle is stariled and disheart, and military bodies that we want, but miliened. I is much better for a man to mag- tary minds. It is the mind that makes the nity to bimself the dangers and difficulties A military mind prevailing amongst of his eaterprise, and then, by finding the a people will make that people a military blow so much less then he expected, he is people, and without it no people, however always kept alive and in spirits. It is there- well trained to arms, will ever become so. fore, of the greatest consequence, that when To make a people, therefore, a military a great work is to be undertaken, all the people, it is necessary to give them a milidifficulties.of it should be well weighed and iary mind; and to do this, you must first well calculated, or at least, certainly not inquire, what is such a mind? I conceive ander-rated. — it is 'o be observed, too, that that the very first and principal ingredient, the under rating difficulties of any sort or is a thorongh contempt for riches, case, and kind is seldom witnessed but in those, who | luxury. The next po less important, a high either out of dread of toil and labour, wish and lofty spirit dictated by a genuine sense to disguise ibem from themselves; or, who of bonour, which will brook no insult, and feeling a momentary impulse of enthusiastic | suffer no indignity. Thirdly, a true genecourage, during the impulse of that feeling rous love of the country, and an abandonthink themselves capable of performing any ment of every other earthly consideration achievement however great ; but, who the when put in competition with its interests ; next moment sink to proportionate depres, such a love of the country, as makes the sion and lowness of spirits.---- Neitherof man who feels it, look apon its general inthese persons are in my mind at all fit for terests as immediately afecting himself perany difficult enterprise. It is the cool, sonally, and takes no consideration for his steady, perseveriog men alone, who ever own confort, suíety, or gratitication, whea. can undertake such a task with any pros- ever his couniry seems likely to want the pect of success. If the hill is long and slightest sacrifice of either. Fourthly, a steep, and without resting places, it is only love of glory, a thirst for renown, an amby the help of a firm steady pull, without bition of distinguishing himself by great ang springs or jerks, that we can ever hope and useful exploits.---This I look upon as to arrive at the summit.--Now, this reason. the feelings of a military mind; and withing seems to me, precisely to apply to the out which no mind can so be called and mode, by which many seem to think, this when a people generally entertain these avowed necessity of making the people of | feelings, and not will then, shall I call it a England a military people. They seem to military people. imagine, that by admitting this necessity, This, then, however difficult the task, and withal clapping a few red coats on however great the labour, we must do. It peoples backs (particularly, if a bill is must instil into the people all these feelinge, brought into Parliameat for tbe purpose) or become the slaves of France, of Buona.
parté; the slaves of the most vindictive, notion that could only originate in the head of bloody-minded, and impious tyrant that a drivelling financier. It is unquestionably ever disgraced an empire : the slave of an true, that the poor, as well as tbe rich, ill-begotten Corsican, atheistical rebellious would suffer by French invasion. It is right usurper.
to impress on the minds of the people, that In my mind, then, we have no alterna.
the conquest of England
would plunge them rive; either we must submit to the domi. in beggary and ruin. But nevertheless they pion of France, or we must acquire generally must be inspired witb a filial love for their that military mind, which I have described
country, they must feel for its honour and There is no need for drilling and training; glory. But if they are shought upwortby give a ploughman this mind, and he will of confidence, how can they be animated be already half drilled, his zeal and good- with any manly sentiment, or roused to any will, will render all the labours of his in.
great exertion ? structors unnecessary.
What the country wants most at this time Before I conclude, I must again urge the is a martial spirit pervading every class of absolute necessity of the first-mentioned in. the community. If that is obtained, every gredient; viz. a thorough contempt for military measure for arming the people will riches. In opposition to the exultation of be easy in the execution. Without it the Mr. G. Rose, at the prospect of the people wišest will be impracticable. • Walled becoming rich in the stocks, I must urge, towns, (says Lord Bacon) stored arsenals that will the people have an utter contempt and armouries, goodly races of horses, chafor stocks and stock holders (as such) and riots of war, elephants, ordnance, artillery, care as little about their prosperity and de- and the like ; all this is but a sheep in a pression, as about the whistling of the wind, lion's skin, except the breed and disposition They can never become a military people, of the people be stout and warlika."
And they can never have a chance of escaping how is a people to be made stout and war. the above mentioned slavery. The easiest like bot by the “ exercise of a just and hoand shortest way of effecting this, will be nourable war." Since Frenchmen profess the ruin of the stocks, or what is called a arms as their chief occupation, other panational bankruptcy; by many thougbt to tions must cease to boast of their wealth, involve the immediate ruin of the country, their industry, and their manufactures. They by me looked upon with less certainty as- must cultivate the profession of arms.100, or suredly as the salvation of it, but with equal they must be conquered. certainty as affording the best hope of salvation. When people have then lost their money, which now they esteem above all
SUMMARY OF POLITICS. things, they will find that their lives and The BLOCKADE OF THE ELBE has drawn liberties are worth a little fighting for. upon this country the rage of Buonaparté
ANNIBAL. and the abuses of his hirelings, who write P.S. Since writing the above, I have in the Moniteur. In proportion, however, seen the Morning Chronicle of the day, and as they are angry with us, we may rest asfinding in it some expressions perfectly con- sured, that our measures are wise and effisonant to my own sentiments, very well and cacious, The blockade of the Elbe is one forcibly expressed, I have copied them out, of the best measures that ever was resolved and beg leave to send them to you in the on. It must tend to our good, and cannot shape of a posicript.- If there are any who possibly do any barw except to our enemy entertain so bad an opinion of the populace and to those who favour his cause ; those of the country as to imagine that they are who, either from weakness, or from hostility not to be trusted with arms, we can only to us, are become, indirectly, his allies in say, that if this were the case, the country
We gave it as our opinion, (hat, must perish if danger come near it. But in previously to the close of the last war, the truth, the best way to secure the affections war-like operations of England should be and fidelity of the multitude is to make confined to the keeping of France shut up them feel that they are important members on the Continent; because, so shut up, she of the state. Ibey must be attacbed to their must sally out in quest of plunder, in quest country by passion. It is not enough to preach of employment for her army, or her strength up to them bow much tbey wou'd lose by inva- as well as her reputation must dwindle sion. This argument will not of itself convince away from her inactivity. One species of ibem tbut it is their interest to risk their lives to continental war-fare, however, we conacct. repel invasion. To make men encounter danger and ed with this general plan ; that is, an invadeath on princip'cs of profit and loss is a sion of France, in behalf, and in the name tisb troops.
of, the lawful Sovereign of that country -- not to attempt to defend Hanover by Bria As to the use, which the French are make
Under the present circuming of tbe press
, it is now becoming a mat- stances, to send British troops into the terter of indifference. They have already got ritories of our helpless friends; 10 attempt the opinions of all the people of the Con- at this moment, to carry on, against France, tinent on their side; or, at least, the opi- a war, either by troops or subsidy, in Hole nions of all those who are liable to be mis land, in Germany, in Italy, or in Portugal, · led by the press. In this country their Would be, in our opinion, to afford Buc-awritings can bave little effect now : if they parté the highest of all gråtifications. By bare, ibe fault is most assuredly with the such attempis, we must ruin those whom government. We do hear, indeed, that our endeavours would be intended to rethere is, at this moment, one London press lieve and sustain, and finally make them employed in printing “a justification of our enemies : we should waste our trea. Buonaparté,” and we are informed, that it sure, exhaust our army,, fatigue, fret, and proceeds from a pen, which has so often wear out the public spirit of the people, and been employed in belying and vilifying the prevent the doing away of that contempt, King. Tbis is an object worth the atten- which the treaty of Amiens has excited, in tion of the goveroment; for, men will not the minds of foreigners, for British policy cheai tolly go forih 10 meet the foe, while
and British prowess.
No; we must so the friends of that foc remain unpunished. fight France as to wound her, without exT: 31 the insolent and hateful tyrant of posing ourselves to the reaction of our France should be defended by the British blows. We should lose no time in adding press is by no means astonishing; that press the Cape of Good Hope to the British Embas defended Robespierre and Barras, and it pire;. and, it should become a sort of treawould have defended Caligula ; but, that son for any man to propose the surrender soch intainous publications are circulated, of that port, or of Malta, under the prewithout bringing condign punishment on sent disiribution of European power, upon the beads of those who circulate them can- any condition whatever. Saint Domingo not fail to excite both astonishment and in- should, by some means or other, be renderdignation.
ed, for ever independent of France ; unless HAXOVER.-The use, which the French a restoration of the monarchy took place, intended to make of their conquest of this accompanied with a restitution of all conElectorate, has now been made apparent, quests. If, after having disposed of a sufihrough an official channel. “They only ficient force to keep France and her vassals “ seized on it till the King of England confined to the Continent, we have 20,000 " would consent to give up Malta, aod to or 40,000 men to spare, they should be “ restore to France all that his fleets had destined for the Garonne, or some other
captured during the present war !" The weak part of the French territory. We answer returned by his Majesty's ministers should destroy Bourdeaux, and so assault is by no means sufficien ly indignant; by every other assailable place in France, as to no means sufficiently strong, clear, and de- make the French people feel themselves cisive, to convince us, that no sacrifice will disgraced. Spain should be invited to shake be made, by this country, to recover the de- off the Consular yoke ; she should, at any solated, degraded, and polluted Electorate. rate, be compelled to preserve a scrupitMadame de Pompadour, in speaking of the lously impartial neutrality; or her valuable conduct of this country, at the breaking out settlements abrcad should be seized on, or of the war of 1759, observes : “ Provi- rendered independent, in which case Mexico "dence seems to have intended Hanover might form a tolerably good " indemnity" " as a bridle in the niouth of the proud for Hanover. No little peddling plan of “ and ambitious English, who, surrounded hostiliiies will carry us through these times :
by the sea and defended by their feets, our eneiny has long ago cast off all ancient " would, were it not for the dear little Elec- rules ;. no ties but those of his own interest "forate, be absolutely unassailable, except bind him; and, though we must not imi“ from the clouds." -Let us hope, how. late him in injustice and perfidy, we must ever, that this dear little Electorate will not, imitate bim in boldness, or we must fall be. after being pillaged to the bare walls, be neath his arms. still a bridle in the mouth of Britain ; ENGLISH PRISONERS IN FRANCE.--hope which is founded on the magnanimity Some persons have been proposing an exof our Sovereign, rather than upon any qua change of the British subjects, who have lity, or any principles, that bis servants been arrested in France, for French sailors seem to possess. - It certainly was wise and soldiers; but, if there be one drop of
honest blood left in the pation, this will arise from any particular pleasure which we Rever take place, without exciting an irre- feel at the fall in the funds; but from a desistible opposition. What! put men, who sire to point out to our readers, that, when left their country, for the sake of mere the nation is resolved on the performance of amusement, and who remained in the do- any thing, those funds will never prove a minious of an enemy who was daily heap very serious ohslacle. ing insults upon England; put such men Derence Bill.--The bill now before up aa level with those who are taken in Parliameni for arming and training the peo. battle! If such a measure could be seriously ple, is the most important measure that ever thought of by the goveromert, we should was taken in this country, not only within have no scruple to say, that, for our parts, the memory of man, but at any period what we should leave that goveroment to defend ever of our bistory, from the first settlement itself. Those persons, who have been ar- of the Saxons to ihe present day.- As 10 the rested, wbile acting ibere in a public capa- time of bringing in this Bill much censure has cily; we mean, in the service of his Majes.been justly bestowed on the ministers; for, ty, ought to be ransomed, if it can be done if it had been brought in as soon as it might upon reasonable and honourable conditions; have been, the men of the first class would and also such persons, being in his Majes- at this moment have been fit 10 March fy's service, and having been arrested in against the enemy, instead of being, as yet, their passage through France, provided it unenrolled. Reserving this part of the subwas necessary for them to pass tbrough France ; ject for another opporiunity, I propose, at but, all others should be left to ransom present, to make a few observations on what themselves, or should remain in prison), wait- appears to me to be the most material de. ing the good pleasure of the tyrant, whom fects of the Bill, as it now stands. they went to admire.
1. I be time of erecution is far foo distant. The Funds have fallen again during the The first class are to be called out to be last week, and the reason assigned, is, the trained; but, as the bill now stands, it can" unfortunate failure of the mediation of not be called out till within a day or two of " Russia ;" just as if that mediation has, or Michaelmas, and between Michaelmas and ever has had, any thing in it, that promise Lady. Day it cannol, according so the genepeace to this country. It was an anodyne ral provision, be called out at all: so that, necklace, invented by Mr. Fox and admi. this regulation, wbich is intended to protect nistered to the variou with the concurrent us against an invasion, which is daily exopinions of Lord Hawkesbury and Mr. Pitt. pected, will not produce any effect in the Our readers will remember with what exul.
way of training, till after the 25th of next talions of joy, what raptures of fraternity, March! This evil will assuredly be done the proposal to have recourse to mediation away ; but, it must be confessed, I should was adopted; and, they will remember, too, think, even by the most “bardened sinner" that we, from the first moment, reprobated that ever lived, that what I have here point. the step, as being calculated to lull ihe na- ed out is a striking proof, that this was at tion in false hopes, and finally to expose it last an undişested measure. to the sudden attacks of the enemy.- 2. The Classification is, in my opinion, inUnder the head of funds it might not be im. judicious, and will, it persisted in be exo proper to ask Mr. Addington to give the tremely injurious to the whole plan. The public an account of the surplus of the Cono general enrollment is good, and the partial, solidated Fund for the quarter, which ended and, in some degree, optional, training í on the 5th instant! We shall, however, see must approve of, unless I contradict my own it in good time; and, in the interim, we opinions, as stated last week. The division beg leave to congratulate the Omnium eaters into classes is excellent; and though it did, upon the excellent bargain, which they indeed, naturally present itself, yet, as gomade with their friend, the Minister of vernments do not always adopt measures Peace and Plenty.----Mr. Corry, the Irish that so present themselves, there is meritia Chancellor of ihe Exchequeč, does, it having adopted this. But, az 10 the bounseeins, not find such ready customers as daries of the classes, I differ in opinion from his fellow-Jabourer in England found, not- the Secretary at War. Four is a very good withstanding the time wbich has elapsed number of classes; but the lines of denarsince the English loan was inade, and wbich cation are not drawn at the right places. has given people leisure to reflect on the The first class, which is, indeed, the only vast benefit that public credit experiences one worthy of great attention, embraces all from raising so great a portion of the taxes men from 17 to 30 years of age, being une within the year. These remarks do not married or having no child, Now, all ibose who are well acquainted with a military | advanced age. There cannot be any thing life, and particularly with the induction and very fatiguing in a British campaign; and, training of soldiers, will, I am certain, agree if ihere were, boys would support it beiter with me, that this class is very injudiciously than men, as must be evident to every one formed. To put together boys of seventeen who recollects how many things he bore at and men of thirty, persons destitute of all seventeen, either of which would have possessions with others who have a house, killed him at thirty. But, I am got for goods, and a wife, would be a very good leaving untrained that material part of the regulation, if, as in the case of coupling population to be found briween 20 and 30. dogs
, the object were to restrain the ardour No; the men falling within this space of yazıb, and, for the very reason that it should be trained 100 ; but they should be would then be good, it is now lamentably trained not so often as the First Class, and bad. I would have bad the first should never be mixed along with it. My class begin at sirteen 'and end at twenty great objection 10 the present classifica192, excluding all married persons. Six. tion, is, that it is calculated to damp the leen is by no means too early an age : ! ardour of the youth; to sufle in its birth soyzelf carried a musket at sixteen ; and, that generous feeling, that military spirit, the best battalion I ever saw in my life
which is so mucb wanted in the country. 973 composed of men, the far greater part Bring together, under arms, a band of of whom were enlisted before they were young men, divested of all care, leaving sisieen, and who, when they were first
bebind them neieber wife, nor child, oor brought up to the regiment, were clothed house, and you will find them pushing each in culs made much ioo long and too large, other forward to deeds of danger and of in order to leave room for growing. These glory; but, couple each of them with a bori learnt their exercise instantly; they man who has a wife, a shop, a farm, who were indissolubly attached to each other, has chalked out his plan of life, who has and to the service; they had no havkering settled on the course and stages of his after any other state of life; and, in short, career of interest and happiness; couple from their sentiments and behaviour com- every lad with a man like this, and let pared with those of men enlisted at a more him, always when he is called out to drill, edia.ced period of life, I made up my opi. hear the complaints of his unwilling, dis
was the stuff wherewith contented, not to say factious, companion,
an opinion, which, I and, will he not participate in his sentishould think, would be universal after the ments, will he not imitale his conduct? In esperiezce that the world has had in the short, it appears to me, that, to huddle toels of the “ jeunes gens" of France. gether in the first class lads of seventeen Youth is the season för pliability of body as and inen of thirty, single and married, ap
el as for docility of mind. 'A man of prentices and masters, nephews and uncles, de ry will not like to place himself in a must create great disgust amongst the elder pade, which shall espose him to what he part of the class, and, which is of still basi upon as ridicule; nor will be very pa more importance, must inevitably keep ticath submit to the controul of those who down that youthful ardour, which would step bare to commard him, espécially otherwise be formed into a flame. WBcn
, as mast be frequently the case, they 2. To pay tbe men for tbeir time spent at site nu only his inferiors in point of pro
drill appears to me io be bad in its priopeny, bar also in age : whereas, Jads will ciple; but, it arises out of the afore.inenExperience none of ihese disagreeable feel- rioned error as to the classification, which, ing They will not be abashed at the
indeed, if it be not corrected, will prove to laughter excited by their awkwardness:
be a source of evils unnumbered. Lads belts are the days of mirih; and, as to de bebida?, every one knows, that the younger
from 16 to 20, being uninarried, want no
pay : they have fathers or masters, 10 suphed or directed by those whom we k.:ɔw willingly we submit to be port them ; but poor married mei, or men
grown out of the protection of relations and 16 be our inferiors in society.--! am atare, that I shall be told, that it is imme.
masters, must be paid, if they are called
out on the week-days, or the hardship and : diate service that we are looking to. Be it
, des and in that case even, were to choose fore, the First Class were confined to ans between a class like that of the bill and a class such as I propose, I would prefer the
married persons from 10 10 20, to be drilled
Three or four times a week, and ine Second batter , telping much more on the entbu
Class to all the rest of those now included dedita vi youth than on the strength of more in the first, to be drilled only on Sundays,
nioa, ikat youth 10 make soldiers,
Wote the more