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mild and legitimate Sovereign, all the bles- rear. In the long and black catalogue of sings of freedom; while there remained such French cruelties towards the people of other a people, so situated, he dreaded, and not countries, those of the First Consul, and of without reason, that their sentiments and the generals and soldiers immediately under their example would, by degrees, penetrate his command, first present themselves to our through his forest of bayonets, his myriads attention. In 1796 Buonaparte, at the head of spies, and would, first or last, shake ihe of a numerous French army, invaded Italy, focndation of his ill-gotten power. He declaring to the people, that he came as eould not, indeed, impute either to our their friend and iheir broiher, to deliver Sovereign or to his subjects, any design, them from taxes and slavery, and promising much less any attempt, to disturb him in the them, safety for their persons, security for exercise of his usurped authority. We never their property, respect for their laws, and bare interfered, nor have we ever shown reverence for their religion. They listened, any desire to interfere in the concerns of they believed; they threw open their gates, the Coasul or his Republic; and his M3- they laid down their arms, they received jesty, even after all the acts of provoca- the Gallic Serpen to their bosom, and fatal tion, all the injuries and insults coinniited indeed were the effects of their credulity! agriost himself and his people, has now «o- His reverence for their religion he displayed lemnly renewed his declaration, that his ob by giving up all their places of worship to ject is not to destroy or change any ring in indiscriminate plunder, and by defiling them the internal state of over countries, but with every species of sacrilege; his respect solely to preserve, in his own dominions, for their laws was evin ed, not only by the every thing dear to himself and his subjects. abrogation of those laws, but by the arbitra

This, however, is not sufficient to satisfy ry enforcement of an unconditional submisthe Consul of France; it is not sufficient sion to the mandates of himself and his geibat we abstain, both by actions and by nerals; the security which he promised to words, from exciting discontent amongst their property was exhibited in enormous those wbo have the misfortune to be sub. contributions, in the seizure of all the pubjected to his sway; we must not afford lic funds, as well as those of every charitable them an example, we must not remain foundation, not excepting schools, hospitals, free, lest they should learn lessons of free- or any other resource for the support of the dom; we must destroy our ancient and ve- poor, the aged, and the helpless; and, as to nerable monarchy, lest they should sigh for the persons of the unfortunate people, he a lawful -and merciful king; we must not provided for their safety by laying the whole be bappy, lest they should covet happiness; country under the severest military execuWe must not speak, lest our voice should ton, by giving up the towns and villages to disturb the peace of Buonaparié; we must fire and sword, and by exposing the inhabiDet breathe, we must cease to exist, because tants to be pillaged and murdered by his raa car existence gives umbrage to a man, who, pacious and inhuman soldiers, whom he au. from the walls of Acre, fied, in shame and ihori ed and even ordered to shoot every diegrace, before a handful of Britons. man that attempted to resist them, whatever

Such being the grounds of the war, such might be the crimes in which they were enthe wishes and designs, such the preposte- / gaged. rous and insolent pretensions of the enemy, On his return from Italy, which he left i neat behoves us to consider, what will be in a state of brggary and irretrievable ruin, the consequence to ourselves, what will be be prepared for the invasion of Egypt, a our wretched lot, if that enemy should suc- country which was at peace with France, ceed is the invasion and subjugation of our and against the people, or the government Caqiry. Of what the French would, in of which, France had no cause of comsuch case, do here, we may form some judg. plaint; but the conquest of this country mens, from what they have done in all those was necessary in order to open a road to countries, where the remisspess of the go the Indian possessions of Great-Britain. In verament, together with the pusillanimity | pursuit of this object, Boonaparté invaded of the people, have given them the predo- Egypt, where he reprated his promises to reminzsce. There is no country, into which spect religion, property, and persons, and they have been able to enter, where their where, the more effeciually to disguise his footsteps have not been marked with blood; purposes, he issued a proclamation, declawhere they bave spared either high or low, ring himself and his army to be true Mahorich or poor, sex or age; where terror las metans; and boasting of having made war Dot Leen their forerunner, and where deso- upon the Christians, and destroyed their relatios and quis ry have not marched in their ligion. One of his first deeds after this act

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of apostacy, was to massacre almost all the cruelty. Holland, formerly the seat of freeinhabitants of the populous city of Alexan- dom, commerce, industry, and affluence, dria. “ The people," says one of his gene- presents at this moment, the sad spectacle of Tals, “ betake themselves to their PROPHET, a country divided against itself, torn to pie" and fill their mosques; but men and wo- ces by factions, contending, not for the snf

men, old and young, and even babes at frages of the people, but for the favour of 6 the breast, All are massacred!" Some France; a country governed by the haughtime after ibis sanguinary transaction, Buo. ty mandates of a foreign power; awed by Daparté, having made prisoners of three foreign arms; holding the remains of iis thousand eight hundred Turks, in the for- wealth, together with the residue of its milio tress of Jafia, and wishing to relieve him. tary and naval means, in constant readiness self from the trouble and expense of guard- to be disposed of in the service of another ing and supporting them, ordered them to nation, and tbat nation its ancient and imbe marched to an open place, where part of placable enemy, and now its inexorable op: his army fired on them with musquetry and pressor. When the French armies entered grape shot, stabbing and cutting to death ihe territories of Holland, their motto was, The few wbo escaped the fire, while he him. IVar to ibe Palace, but peace to the Cottage." self looked on, and rejoiced at ihe horrid They came io deliver the people from their

Nor were his cruellies, while in rulers, and from the burthens which those Egypt, confined to those whom he called rulers imposed. The Dutch, like the lta. his enemies; for finding his hospitals at Jaf- lians, lent an ear to ihese ariful and perfi. fa crowded with sick soldiers, and desiring dious declarations, believing that their cote to disencumber himself of them, he ordered tages would be spared, and careless of the one of his physicians to destroy them by fate of the palace. Bui, alas ! they soon poison. The physician refused to obeyi found, that French rapacity, like ibe bail and but an apothecary was found, willing to per- the thunder, fell alike on the thatched roof, pelrate the deed; opium was mixed with and ibe gilded dome. The palaces once ile food; and thus, five hundred and eighty seized on, the cottages soon followed; Frenchmen perished by the order of the ge- while all those who were found in the inneral, under whose flag ihey had fought; termediate space, the merchant, the manu. by the order of that very man, to whose facturer, the farmer, and the tradesman, despotic sway, the whole French nation now patiently submiis! Let them so submit, but by the loss of their property, they had the let us not think of such shameful, such de- good fortune to preserve their lives. Buograding submission. Let us recollect, that naparté is, indeed, now, not only the sove. this impious and ferocious invader was stop- reign of the country, not only does he exerped in his career of rapine and blood, by a cise the powers of dominion, but be is, as to mere handful of Britons; and was finally every practical effect, the master and the induced to desert his trops, and to tlee from owner of all the property, and of all the the land he had invaded, at the approach of people in Holland. Tbese miserable beings that gallant British army, by which Egypt possess nothing of their own; they can acwas delivered from the most odious and most quire nothing with the hope of enjoying, or destructive of all its plagues. This it is for bequeathing it; they can make no provision us to recollect; and so recollecting, shame for the weakness of disease, the feebleness of and di-grace upon our heads, if we do not old age, or the helplessness of infancy; ibey jesist, it' we do not overcome, if we do not are, the mere political drudges of a hardchastise this rapacious, this bloody min led hearted tyrant, who suffers them to live, tyrant, who bay now marked out our coun- only while their labours administer to his try for subjugation, our fields for devasta. projects of ambition, and who, when his tion, our house's fur pillage; and who, in purposes demand it, puts an end at once to the insolence of bis ambition, has held us, sier toils and their existence. for:h to the world, as a meek, a feeble, and In Switzerland, where high rank and cowardly race, destined 10 grace his trium- great riches wese unknown, u bere men phal car, and to augment the number of his were nearer upon an equality than in ady slaves.

olher coupiry in the world; in a country Nos, however, to the deeds of Buona. having no commerce, scarcely any manuparte alone, mest our recollection be con- factures, and possessing few of the sources fired. Not only Italy and Egypt, but Hol- of wealih and distinction; a country of land, Switzerland, and Germany, and, in- slepherds and labourers; a country which deed, almost every country in Europe have might be truly said to contain a nation of tech the scenes of French rapine, insult, and poor men; in such a country to cry "war

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to Palaces" seemed useless and absurd. Yet they not proved by indisputable evidence, did the French find a pretext for war with and did they not accord with the general This poor and harmless race, and for invad- practice of the inhuman wretches by whom ing and laying waste their territory. The they were committed. In adverting to Swiss, from iheir ansiety to preserve peace,

these detestable acts of oppression and cop-tented to every sacrifice demanded of cruelty, we must recollect, that they were them by France: they exposed themselves perpetrated upon a people, who had made to the hostility of other nations, by send- no resistance of any sort against the invaders, ing away the ambassadors of those na- and who in every instance had entered into tjons; they broke off their connexion an agreement with the French Generals, to with some of their niost powerful allies; pay them great sums of money, in order to they banished the loyal subjects of their preserve their country from plunder. ID ancient protector the King of France, coosequence of the ransom thus wrong men whom the lies of gratitude and the froin the people, the invaders declared, by laws of hospitality bound them 10 che- public proclamation, that the persons and rish; and when they had thus exhausted property of the inhabitants should be strictly the source of concession, when they could repected; and that their rights, usages, graot no more, because France could find laws, and religion should remain inviolate Dabing more to demnand; when they had and undisturbed. On ihese assurances, Thus bumbled themselves in the dust, and de solemnly made, the credulous people all graded the character of their country in the implicitly relied, while some of the poores eyes of all Europe ; when they had thus classes regarded the French, not as enemies, done and thus suffered, rather than see but as their deliverers from taxes and latheir country the scene of war, then did the boor. No sooner, however, had the inya. French invade their territory; then did sion taken place, no sooner had ihe French these restless disturbers of the world march become masters of the country, than they an army into the heart of Switzerland, in spread themselves over it like beasts of prey, order to compel the people to change the devouring and destroying every thing benature and the forın of their government, fore them. They spared neither cities nor: and to commit it to the hands of traitors, towns, weither villages nor bamlets, nor so who had been chosen by France, and by the litary houses ; from the church to the cell, assistance of whose treachery the French

fron the castle to the collage ; no state of invasion had been effecied.

life, however lofty or however huimble, esAfter having, by means of an armistice, caped their rapacious assaults; no sanctily joined to the most solemn promise of respect excited their veneration; no grandeur theit for persons and property, lulled the people respect; no misery their forbearance or their into a state of imaginary security, the ar- pity. After having plundered the houses mistice was broken, and the French pushed of the gentry, the clergy, and the tradeson their forces, when those of the Swiss men; after having pillaged the shops, warewere disp.rsed. Resistance on the part of houses, and manufactories, they proceeded. the latter, whose numbers did not amount to the farın houses, and cotiages; they to a tenth of those of their flagitious enemy, rified the pockets and chests of the inhabiDos became bopeless : and though the lito , tants, cut open their beds, fore up the floors Ile army was brave, though the people were of their rooms, dug up their cellars, search. faithful and active, though thc last battle ed the newly made graves, and broke open vas long, obstinale, and blondy; though the coffins in hopes of finding secreted the Swiss achieved wonders, and i hough the treasure. They sometimes threatened peowomen fought by the sides of their hus.ple with immediate death, somerimes put bands, inciting them to victory or death, all them to the torture, sometimes lacerated was in vaio ; hundreds and thousands pe- and crippled ihem, in order to wring from sisbed by the sabres of the French, and them a discovery of their little piitance of #hile the earth was strewed with their ready money. The deepest and most ap. dead bodies, and while ibe flames ascended parent povesty was no protection against froni the once bappy dwellings of this va: their rapacity; grey hairs and lisping inlian: and innocent people, the brard-earned fancy; the sick, the dying, wonien in and long-preserved liberties of Switzerland child-bed, were alike exposed to the most Expired.

barbarous treatmenis dragged from theit Germany, which closes this as ful lesson, beds, kicked, wounded, and frequently kille was invaded by the French in 1796 and ed, under presence that they were the 1793. These, invasions wege attended with keepers of concealed wealth. The teams esimes loe atrocious to be credited, were and fiocks, castle of every kiad, che nazali

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ders drove off, cut to pieces on the spot, or and Scotland, the scenes of their atrocities. left in a state of mutilation ; corn, hay, and For some time past, they have had little ope straw, they wasted or burnt; they demo- portunity to plunder: peace, for a wh le, lished the household furniture, destroyed the suspended their devastations, and now, like utensils of the dairies, the barns, and the gaunt and hungry wolves, they are looking stables; tore down the gates, levelled the towards the rich pastures of Britain: alfences. lo many places they stripped the ready we hear their treatening howl; and clothes from the backs of the people, set if, like sheep, we stand bleating for mercy, their liquor flowing in the cellar, burnt their neither our innocence nor our timidity will provisions to ashes. The churches, whether save us from being torn to pieces and de. Romish or Protestant, t: ey rendered a scene voured. The robberies, the barbarities, ibe of indiscriminate robbery, of sacrilege and brutalities they have committed in other blasphemy, 100 shocking to describe. To. countries, though, at the thought of them, wards women of all ages and all conditions, the heart sinks and the blood runs cold, they were guilty of brutality never before will be mere trifles to what they will com. heard of: neither extreme youth nor ex- mit here, if we suffer them to triumph over treme age; neither weakness nor defor- The Swiss and the Suabians were pemity; nor the most loathsome disease ; ver objects of their envy; they were deves neither the pangs of labour, nor the agonies the rivals of Frenchmen, either on the land o death could restrain them; cries, tears, or on the sea; they had never disconcerted supplications were of no avail; and where or checked their ambitious projects, never fathers, husbands, or brothers interfered, humbled their pride, never defeated either murder seldom failed to close the horrible their armies or iheir fleets. We have been scene. To spread nakedness and hunger, to and we have done all this : they have lonę introduce misery and disease amongst all | entertained against us a hatred engenderet ranks, seems to have been their uniform by the mixture of envy and of fear; ant desire ; but the lower orders of the people, they are now about to make a great ang the artizans and the labourers, were the ob- desperate effort to gratify this furious, thi jects of their direst malignity; agaiost unquenchable, this deadly hatred. What them was directed the sharpest bayonets ; hen, can we expect at their hands ? Wha for their bodies the choicest torment, for but tormen:s, even surpassing those which their minds the keenest anguish was re- they have inflicted on other nations. The served ; from one end of the country to the remained but three months in Germany other, we trace the merciless ruffians through here they would remain for ever ; there a scene of conflagration and blood; fre- Their extortions and iheir atrocities were quently we see them butchering whole fa- for want of time, confined to a part of th milies, and retiring by the light of their people; here ibey would be universal: n blazing habitations ; but amongst the poor surt, no part, no particle of property woul alone, do we find them deferring the mur. remain unseized; no man, woman or chii der of the parents for the purpose of coni- would escape violence of some kindc pelling them to hear their children shrick other. Such of our manufactories as ar amidst the flames !

moveable, they would transport to France Such are the barbarities which have been Together with the most ingenious of th inflicted on other nations. The recollection manufacturers, whose wives and childre of them will never be effaced; the melan- would be left to starve, Our ships wouls choly story will be handed down from ge- follow the same course, with all the com neration to generation, to the everlasting merce and commercial means of the king infamy of the republicans of France, and dom. Having stripped us of every thing as an awful warning to all those nations even to the stoutest of our sons, and th whom they may hereafter attempt to in- most beautiful of our daughters, over a vade. We are one of those nations; we that remained they would establish and ex are the people whom they are now prepar. ercise a tyranny, such as the world neve ing to invade : awful, indeed, is the warn- before witnessed. All the estales, all th ing, and, if we despise it, tremendous will farms, all the mines, all the land and ih be the judgment. The same generals, the liouses, all the shops and magazines, all the same commissaries, the same officers, the remaining manufactories, and all the work same soldiers, the very same rapacious and shops, of every kind and description, from sanguinary host, that now hold Holland the greatest to the smallest; all these they and Switzerland in chains, that desolaied would bring over Frenchmen to possess Egypt3liały, and Germany, are, at this mo- making us their servants and ibeir labourers ment, preporiug to make England, Ireland, To preveut us - from uniting and rising against them, they would crowd every town admiration and gratitude will bedew the and village with their brutal soldiers, who heads of her sons, who fall in ihe glorious would devour all the best part of the pro- contest. duce of the earth, leaving us not half a sufficiency of bread. They would, besides

, Publication issued by Monsieur, Brother of the introduce their own bloody laws, with additional severities, they would divide us

King of France, into separate_classes ; hem us up in dis

Monsieur, brother to the King of France, Has tricts; cut off all communication between friends and relations, parents and children,

deemed it his Jury no longer to remain siltat 'tewhich latter they would breed up in their specting an important face of which too vague an own blasphemous principles; they would

idea has hitherto gonè abroad. The variety of affix badges upon us, mark us in the cheek, lights in which it has been represented, and the share our heads, split our ears, or clothe'us false reports industriously circulated by an usurpin the habit of slaves ! -And, shall we sub- ed Government imperiously require that the opis mit to misery and degradation like this,

nion of tlie public, but more particularly that of rather than encounter the expenses of war;

Frenchmen, should be set right respecting the rather tban meet the honourable dangers of

real state of the matter. Such are the reasons military combat; rather than make a geDerous use of the means which Providence

which at the present juncruie induce Monsieur to has so bounteously placed in our hands ?

make public certain details, which particularicis. The sun, in his whole course round the cumstances do not allow, however interesting globe, shines pot on a spot so blessed as they may be, to be enumerated more at length this great, and now united Kingdom ; gay than as follows :--- On the 26th F«bruary of the and productive fields and gardens, lofty and

current year, a personage of prominent distiacextensive woods, innumerable focks arid herds, rich and inexhaustible mines, a mild

tion, empowered by high authority, waited on and wholesome climate, giving health, ac

the King of France at Warsaw; and verbaily tivity, and vigour to four een millions of

made to his Majesty in terms the most respectful, people; and shall we, who are ihus fa- but at the same time the most urgent, and, in the voured and endowed; shall we, who are opinion of him who urged them, the most persuaabundantly supplied with iron and steel, sive, the astonishing proposal to renounce the powder and lead; shall we, who have a

throne of France, and to require the ame renunftet superior to the maritime force of all

ciation on the part of all the Members of ihe the world, and who are able to bring two

House of Buurbon : the Envyy, moreover, obe millions of fighting men into the field; shall we yield up this dear and happy land,

served that, as a price of this sacrifice, Buonatogether with all the liberties and honours,

parté would secure indemnities to his Majesty, to preserve which our fathers so often dyed and even a splcodid establishment. His Majesty, the land and the sea with their blood ; strongly animated by that sentiment which the shall we, thus, at once dishonour their hand of adversity is never able to obliterate from graves, and stamp disgrace and infany on elevated souls, and which makes bim cling as the brows of our children; and shall wr,

tenaciously to his rights as he does to the happie too, make this base and dastardly surrender

ness of France, immediately wrote the following to an enemy, whom, within these twelve

answer, which he delivered on the 28th February fears, our countrymen have defeated in every quarter of the world? No; we are

to the person who was deputed to him :-not so miserably fallen; we cannot, in so short a space of time hive become so deres

“I am far from being inclined to confound M. tably degenerate: we have the strengih and

" Buonaparté with those who have precede i him. the will to repel the hostility, to chastise the insolence of the foe. Mighty, indeed,

“ I think highly of his valour, and of his military must be our efforts, but mighty also is the

" talents. Neither do I feel ungrateful for many meed. Singly engaged against the tyrants

acrs of his administration; tor whatever is of ibe earth, Britain now attracts the eyes “ done for the benefit of my people, shall always and the hear's of mankind; groaning na. “ be dear to my hea t. He is deceived, however, tioos look to her for deliverance; justice, " if he imagines that he can induce mc to forogo liberty, and religion are inscribed on her

my claims, for otherwise he himself would banners ; ber success will be hailed with

“ confirm and establish them, could they be calle the structs of the universe, while tears of

“ ed in question, by the very step he has now

ANSWER OP THE KING,

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