Page images

when it was notorious to all, that France was the magnanimity which this country displays retaining, and would retain them in perpe. in the present crisis, as not interior to that toal subjection, so that they never could of the Romans, when, after the battle of cultivate our friendship, though it should be Cannæ, ibey unanimously went out to thank ever so much their inclination. This, I af the Consul Varro, “ because he' had not firm, was the basis of the Treaty of Amiens " despaired of the republic," when he had, If ministers deny this ; they must then con.

by his misconduct, nearly brought it to the fess that they made a peace upon the most

brink of ruin. humiliating ierms, because the country could Since then the Treaty of Amiens has been suppert the war no longer. This is the only all along infringed, I ask, are we better preother method by which they can pretend to pared now ihan before it was signed to justify themselves. But, on either suppo- meet our enemy? An auswer in the affir. sition they have brought themselves into a mative cannot be given, Trusting to the dilemma. Oo either supposition, and I can

good faith of Buonaparte, (of which, from think of no other, shey bave done essential

the wliole tenor of his life, who could doub!?) injury to this country. Has Holland ever we dismantled our slips, scattered our sail, acquired her independence? Is the recent ors, and disbanded our soldiers. Much time subjugation of Switzerland a proof of the

has been spent and great exertions made in First Consul's sincerity, or of our ministers equipping our fleets, which were, at the attention to the interests of the Continent ? signing of the treaty, called in from the fuur Was the creation of states in Italy and quarters of hieayen, while carrying terror other usurpations in that quarter consistent and destruction against our enemies, to be wib she Treaty of Amiens ? Is the language laid up (how vain the expectation.) for a of Buonaparte that we have nothing to do length of years, and ibeir thunder to sleep with continental affairs agreeable to the spi harmless in their busons. In this country rit of that treaty? It goes directly in the

we seein to be wrapped in profound peace. face of it. Indeed, it appears from the

Our preparations slow and tardy; nothing wbole of his conduct that Buonaparté never

warlike is beard but the noisy rejoic'rgs of meant to falál the conditions of that treaty.

à birih day, or the solitary drum to remind He knew whom he had to deal with. He

the garrison of the alternaie hours of duiy called loudly upon us to fulfil our part of the

and repose. Are we then botcr prepared, treaty, while he used the utmost expedition

and what have we gained by the Treaty of to occupy the surrendered colonies, and pat

Amiens? What, but an armed truce úbid himself in a capacity.for renewing the war

a more violent and dangerous war? with better hopes of success Have we then

After negotiations have completely failed, gained any thing by the peace? Nothing

we are now told of the insults which Buo. but unanimity; nothing but compleat con

paparıé has offered to ibis country. Is this viction, that, notwithstanding all our nego

coopery indeed, fallen so low as to have suf. tiations, the First Consal has overreached

fered insults so long without assuming the our sapient ministers, and forced us, in an

aspect of revenge? When was it ever known evil hour, into a new war. We hear much

before, that she subuniiled to any acts of age of lac unanimity which the pacific measures

gression on the port of France? Our ancesof our ministers have produced in this coun.

t01s were jealous of the least indigcity from tj. Bat how have they produced it? By

that quarier.

lojury, real or supposed, bringing us into dangers which must be

roused all their manly feelings, and anticiunanimously opposed by every one who is

pared, with terrible effect, the b'ow she not an enemy to bis country. This is that

meditaleil. Lul now, we are told iar it boasted ananimity, which proceeds from ne

was prudent to submit to be brow beaten, -Cessity not choice. This is ibat unanimity

and threatened, and insulied. Why? F'ewhich is our only consolation in disgrace,

cause we injured France, and deiained her Out only defence against ruin. I consider

ships in our barbours? Eecause we required

The First Consul to put a check upon the "I do not mean to say that our ministers were

liberty of the French press!! Because we roog ja negotiating with Buonaparte. But their broke every ariicle of a treaty sanctioned in language ought to have been at once peremptory the face of Europe for the interests of Eu. and decisive. If Buonaparié meant to fulfil the conditions of the treaty, he would have been

rope? No; we did not show such spirit as cbliged to have acred fairly and copaistentiy. if

the First Consul, and yet he insulted us. It he never meant to tulfil then, he would have been

was not over our weakuess; for we bad forced to declare bimsef and leit norcon to doubt

made him creoble. li was vot over our bonour; for the honour of the nation was un

[ocr errors]

stained *. It was over the pusillanimous sion upon the Continent in favour of this conduct of ministry, who seemed to tremble Empire, because we choose to risk irs indeat his frown. It was necessary to submit tol pendence for the possession of Malta? Are indignity, hear it Britons, because the First the groans of Europe, still bleeding under Consul, fushed with victory, and new in her recent wounds, and still trembling undes tyranny, chose to lord it over this once gal- the frown of a despot, to be overlooked ? Jaot and formidable country. What? Must Are the generous, but ill-fated sons of an. we subinit to be brow-beaten and insulted cient heroes and freemen to be left unpitied, by an infidel, by a barbarian, by an usurper, and unassisted under the galling goke of sla. by a tyrant, a name ever detested by Britons? very, while the far distant and barren rock We are surely fallen low indeed, when we of Malta interests so deeply oar avaricious are brought 10 this. With arms in our feelings? Are the injuries and insults we hands, with an unconquerable spirit, with have received at home not to be taken into every thing deat and valuable before our the account? You must convince Germany, eyes, yet it was thought prudent to submit. Holland, Switzerland, and Russia, that their It was mean; it was disgraceful.

interest is connected with your own. You The detention of Malta is certainly an ob- must make it a common cause against the ject of great importance in the present emer- robbers and plunderers of the human race. gency. But I cannot agree with those po- You must proclaim a crusade, and paint on liticians, who declare, that it is for Malta its banners, Tbe conservation of Liberty, alone ihat we are engaged in the war. We Religion, and Laws." I see a great and are undoubtedly justified in retaining it in magnanimous spirit in this country that our possession, considering both the extinc- rises against the least infringement of its tion of the Order to which it was to be given rights, and is delicately sensible of the up under the guarantee of some independent smallest injury done to its honour. I see e power, and the unequivocal views of France proud superiority over every other nation upon it. We have already inade too many under Heaven, with regard to its religion, sacrifices, while France has not made one. laws, and government. I see that just inAs she refused to fulfil her part of the treaty, dignation which the unprincipled and mad we were justified in retaining it and much ambition of a despot raises in every breast, more, if it had been possible, in our power. prompting to wise and patriotic measures; Wbile we retain it, we preserve the Duo- to a cheerful submission to great sacrifices, man Empire. It is of great importance to and rousing all the firm and determined re. our commerce, and perhaps, to the safety of solution of Britons. We want neither fleets our East-India possessions. But it is ex- nor armies to maintain the contest. We tremely impolitic to hold out Malta alone as want, not spirit nor unanimity to vindicate the object of dispute. It is a ready way to our riglus. We have not forgot the ancient increase the jealousy of the maritime pow. bravery of our fathers. The British thunder ers upon the Continent; already, it is said, is carried, with irresistible effect, as far as alarmed at the strength of our navy, and the seas extend, and the winds can blow. the extension of our commerce which has Our swords are scarce wiped from the blood swallowed up that of almost every other na. of our enemies. We have still before our tion. Whai then? Will you gain a single eyes the victories of Howe, and St. Vincent,

you tell the European states that you and Duncan, and Nelson. We stretch our fight for Malta? Will you convince them

view to the glorious plains of Egypt, and to that their interest is connected with your

the walers of the Nile, still red with the detention of Malta ? Will they make a divi.

blood of the French. And we anticipate

equal if not more splendid victories. But * 'Ev de ti rovov, says Demosthenes, viquors in this impending storm. We want the

we want a pilot to direct the reeling stare των ευ φροναντων εν εαυτη κεκτηται φυλακτηριον firm integrity; the deep penetration; the ο πασι μεν έν άγαθον και σωτηριον, μαλισα extensive views; the commanding eloδε τοις πληθεσι προς τες τυραννες. τι εν έτι τετο; quence; the unbending soul of one able άπιςια. ταυτην φυλατζετε ταυτης αντεχεσθε. to steer this country through storms which εαν ταυτην σωζητε, ουδεν δεινον μηπαθητε. have wrecked the noblest states of Eul'hil. Septi, I wise politician possesses in himself rope. Place such a man, at the head of a delence that reaches to all, But it is useful and affairs and we shall be secure. We will salutiry, particularly-tó free states against the

safely repose upon his vigilance and discreambition of Kings. And what is this defence ? Distruse. Maintain it; keep it always io view;

lion.-We will not be slaves. The enemy if you preserve it, you shall have nothing to may inyade us.

ally if

[ocr errors][ocr errors]


"Let them come,

it is easy to remark in the respective Noces transThey come like sacrifices in their trim,

mitted in the course of that discussion, in which And I the fire eyed maid of smoky war, one docs not know at which to be more astoAll but and bleeding will we offer them:

nished, at the indecent demands of the Englista The mailed Mars shall on his atrar sit

Government, or at the pacicnt moderatioa of Up to the ears in blood."

the First Consul. The issue of such a Négoriae Let them come; and if ever they reach

tion it was easy to fore see.The Euglista Golaad, which, with the First Consul himself,

vernment published, on the 16th of May, a De.

claration of War. His BRITANNIC MAJESTY for. I think scarce possible, we shall soon lear hid his Subjets from catering the Dutch and of this melancholy epistic being sent to buo. French Ports, or those which were occupied by naparté the Consul: "The groans of the

French Traops. He ordered an Embargo upon French: The English on, the one hand

the Vessels balonging to those wo powers, that

were in his Ports, and upon the Persons and chase us into the sea ; the sea on the other Merchandize that were on board those Vessels. chases us back upon the English, and we They authorized the atting out of Privateers have only the bard choice left us of perish.

against all Ships belonging to Frenchimen, or lgiog by the sword or by the waves."

habitants of Fiance ; and even before any Declas Edinburgb, 21st June, 1803.

ration of War, two English Frigates took porn session of two French Merchanimen at a little

distance from Brest. The Government, disapPUBLIC PAPERS.

pointed in its expectarina of maintaining che Nite precated by Gasilciphe, Chargé d'Affuires of the

general Peace, was bound to adopt such measures

as the dignity and the interests of the Republic French Republic, so the Landamman of the Helve

sequired. li published all the official papers sese tia Republic. Dard, Eerne, June 3, 1803. pecting the Negotiation with England, from the The Undersigned Chargé d'Affaires of the firse overtures which led to the signature of the French Republx, kus received orders from his

Preliminaries to the period at which Lagland teGovernmeat to make known to that of Helve- fused to comply with her eagagements; and licing tia, the aew provocations of England, its hos- forced to refer the decision of such great iatereses cilities, aad the motives of defence, and honour, In the decision of Arms, the French Gustrothent which have directed the conduct of the French

wishes, by a frank explanation of its conduct, to Gorcram at. The Trcaty of Amiens was scarcely aaswer the pretexts upon which England justifies signed, when the English Government already its aggression --The Helvetic Government will tocikned a breach of it. The condect wlijch it

without doubt see in the Communication which has adopied sioce, ibat epoch, clearly announces chat intchrisa. Il suffered the French Govern

is thus made to it, a new proof of the desire of

the French Government to preser te chose relameet to be dziły insulted by its periodical Wri- cings of Amity which have so long anited France ters and by Pamphlcs, the Anthors of which, and Switzerland. The Vadersigned eagerly seizes for the greater part Foreigocis, were consequently this opportunity of assuring the Laudamman of in the power of Government. It continued to

Switzerland of his respectul consideration. give an asylum and proccciion to dangerous Men

GANDOLPIC. pointed out by the French Govánment. Some were hostilely assembled at Jersey, whilst others Proclamar eher of Maria Luisa wwfanga of Spain, Rigon were comited on our Ceasts by the Englista them- of the King door of Etruria. Dated Florence, May 27, sekes, without the Ministry doing any thiog else 1803 turvading the complaiots which were made in His Majesty tbe King, our exalted Corsort, lave it upon that occasion. As much as good faith

ing, after a short and incurable illness, to our ada desire of executing quickly Ne Treaty of deep regret, and the extreme grief of lus loving Amicas was displayed on the part of France, so subjeces, passed co eternal rest, the Sovereignty Back the Riore was araft and diay exhibited OR of the States of the deceased Monarch, wiib all the part of England. Tea moaths passed away righes appertaining to the same, devolves, by she without its being perceived that the English Go- legal order of succession, and the testamentary serencat and the least disposition to evacuate regulation of the late King, to his son, tee lafant the Island of Alalta, whichi, according to the of Spain, Charles Louis, aow King of Etruria, terms of the Treaty, was so taave beca at the end and the administration of those S121csg till olie of three Thorshs. This Clause was too important royal successor shall attain the age of eigbeco, for the French Goverement to neglect requiring is by the same regulation vested io us. “We its execution; it was then that is itead of that, therefore, having taken upoa es clris important came the Message by which the King announced othice, it is our wist and resolution to discharge to Partiasacar, chat formidable Armamears were our trust suitable to the congdence reposed in us preparisg ia che pores of France and Holland, and

by our late Royal Consort; and we here by conthat there existed between the two Governments

firm the present Constitution and Laws of the impatant Discussions, of which the result was

coxotry, and continue in their offices all Mae Uncertais. All Europe knew the object of these gistrates, &c. All regulations of Governmeat and Arzanesits, and as to the pretended Discussions, Finance will be decreed, and istued by us, with they were evidently imaginary, since the French the concurrence of our Private Council. Given Government tad sa knowledge of td eam. It was Florence the 27161 of May, 1803. (Siqacd)

, Martin necessary to demand an explanatica with respect Louisa. N.G. Muzzi. G.8. Nuri. to these fake assertions, and it did it with ibat calicces zad dignity which was congeniai witla Communication made to the City of Bremen Gom Kasoa. The Eoglish Ministry, on the conttary, Mortier, Commander of the French tmy. French **525 xogane in is stide as unjust in its pre

Respublic, Head- Quarters at Nicdangh, Jumat de tes. Such is the constant dillerkace which

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


To THE SENATE оғ віEMEN. The English appoint Sir kupert George, Knight, Ambrose Government,' 'Gentlemen, having seized French Serle, and Thomas Hamilton, Esquires, the Hon. Vessels without any declaration of War, the Edward Bouverie, and James Bowen, E:q. to be French Government orders that reprisals he made his Majesty's Commissioners for conducting the with respect to ships belonging io the subjects Transport Service, and for the care and custody of Great Britain. I request you, therefore, on the of Prisoners of War. -Crown-Office, July 2.Teceipt of this letter, io confiscate, for ihe French Member returned to serve in the present ParliaRepublic, all English vessels and Magazines, and ment. - Borough of Southwark.- The Right Hon. to arrest all Officers and Sailors in the service George Tierney. of Great-Bricain, who happen to be in your city. Londen, July 2.—Mr. Tierney's election was ceo I rely, Gentlemen, on your readiness to con- lebrated this day, by himself and his friends in form to the intentions of my Government.-- have the Borough, by a numerous procession and a abe honour to salute you.--Edward Mortier. great fcasi —th. Upwards of 100 meu, who had

been impressed by the different parties of patrole, FOREIGN.

were examines this morning at Bow Street, when

about 70 of them appearing to be idle and disorNap!rs, June 12.- The Commandant of the Bri.

derly, and being deemed fit for his Majesty's sertish Naval Force in the Mediicrranean, has de

vice were sent on board a tender.-bih. Upwards clared, that it the French occupy the Kinguiom of

of 40 more were examined this morning, and the Naples and inc Roman States, he will treat those countries with hostility

greatest part detailed for the service. It is stated Cuxhaven, June 16.—This place is now in pos

that 23,cou volunteers are actually embodied in

Scotland, exclusive of cavalry, of which there is session of the French troops. A few days before their arrival, the English carried on a very heavy

2 regiment at Edinburgh, and many disciplined

troops in various parts of the country. Several press among the sailors.

offers of service have been made by different miFrankfort, June 16.-The Deputies from the Ha

litary bodies in Scotland.-la consequence of a noverian Regency, passed through here this day. suminons from the Lord Lieutenant, a mcering ot They had an audience of his Prussian Majesty the Deputy Lieutenants and Magistrates of kent last evening at Wilhelmsbade. Dunkirh, June 20.-Geni Dicres, Minister of Ma

was heid, and a plan adopted for the defence of rine, arrived here this day, on his route along the

that county in case of an invasion.
An hundred and fifty of the Consular
Guards have been here two days.
Puris, June 28.--Cherbourg, St. Lucentances,

and Bayonne have resolved to construct a
ber of flat-bottomed boats at their own expense.

Gen. MORTIER, with his army, still The department of the Seine and Oise has voted

continues on the left bank of the Rhine, 800,000 francs, that of the Channel 750,000, and

and it is said, will not, for the present, pass that of the Isere 50,000, for the construction and the frontiers of the electorate of Hanover. armament of ships of war. The following nodi- -Gen. DESSOLLES is carrying on the ticarious have taken place in the decree for the

most vigorous organization of the army of imprisonment of the English:-1. The Artists and Artizans, employed in French manufactories,

reserve, of which he is to have the comshall not lit ahliged to quit ihe Commune where mand. It is to be assembled at Deventer, those establishments are situated, if the princi- whither French and Batavian troops are pals claim them, and engage to answer for them. 2. Such Englishmen as have established manulac

daily marching from all directions. The tories or commercial houses in rural Communes,

second battalion of the regiment of Saxe: or small towns, in which there is no Military

Gotha passed through Utrecht on the 234 Commandant or Officer of Geosdarmerie, may, af- ult, on its way from Schoonhorn: the se. ier submitting themselves to the Officers of the cond squadron of Bataviau dragoons which neaiest City, returu to their manufactories or commercial houses. 3. Those Englishmen who,

was on its march for Harlem, received orsince the peace, and before the declaration of

ders on the 22d to return : the first batwar, magilested an intention of establishiog them.

talion of the 6th Batavian demi-brigade is selves in France, and of becoming French Cici- on its way from Leyden; and the first zens, and who have complied with the formalities battalion of the 5th deini-brigade, which requisite for that purpose, are not comprised in the dispositions of the Decree. Buonaparté,

was on its march for Hardwicke, received alter having lelt Paris, proceeded on his route

counter-orders on the 22d, and was on its through Compeigne, Montidier, Amiens, Bou- return for Deventer. The body of 4000 logne, Calais, Dunkisk, Nieuport, and Ostend. Batavian troops, which is to form a part of He was every where received with the most joyful acclamacions. Addresses and congratulations

this army, will, it is supposed, provisionally were presenter boch to him and Mad. Buonaparié

occupy a camp in Ovirgssel. It is said, that by Bishops, Priests, Prefecis, Commissaries, and

the army will not remain in the Batavian every other description of public persons. His territorics, but will establish their head. time was emploved in crimining the various quarters at Osnaburg, which is at present works in the diferent places through which lie passed.

garrisoned by 1000 French infantry and

400 hussars, under the command of Gen. DOMESTIC.


Gen. St. Cyr, counsellor of state, who 28. -The King has been pleased to constitute and

commands the French and Italian ariny

[ocr errors]


reserve, forming in Italy, arrived on the prevent them from sailing out against our çth jost. at Rimini, whence he is going to ships and our country, and also to prevent Azma. The second division of this army, them from receiving succours of any and which consists of Italian troops, under the of every kind ; and, if the Hamburghers command of Gen. LECCHI, and the second tell us, that it is the Elbe only which the Hekeike demi-brigade, which was assem. French occupy, and not their city or its bled in Romagna, las followed the first, and port, our answer is, that it is the Elbe only whick has entered the Roman states. Another que blockack, leaving the port and city of division, destined to occupy Capua, is on Hamburgh, together with every other port its march for Tuscany. The Italian re- and place upon the river, to enjoy every public, having no marine, and being there right of neutrality, agreeably to the spirit fure unable to assist the French by mari. and the letter of the Public Law of Europe. tine operations, will make great augmen- | Troops of one of the belligerent powers tation of its troops, which will be suc:- may pass through a neutral territory, without cesively sent and united with the Gallo. subjecting the neutral power to any acts Italian army. All the ships of the Ligurian of hostility from the opposite belligerent republic are to be equipped and placed at power ; but they cannot take possession of, the disposal of the French government. they cannot occupy, they cannot encamp or

quarter themselves in such neutral territory, NAVAL.

without exposing the neutral power to all

the inconveniences of war. While this 24th – The Doris captured the French

mea ure is, however, so well supported, privatcer La Pelagie, of 4 guns and 37 men,

both by tlie rights and interests of the from Vantes, on a cruise.-25th. -Caft.

nation, some of the merchants make it an Mazd in the Iyara, captured La Phæbe

object of bitter complaint. It is, say they, French privateer, of 4 guns and 2 swivels,

effecting as much mischief as our enemies three days from Cherbourg.-27th. ---Lieu

can desire, and more than they were able, terazts Timile and Biwen, of His Majesty's

or expected, to do us themselves. Our ship loire, with three boats, boarded and

export trade

stood still these four carried, after a severe conflict of nearly ten

months ; we now blockade the Elbe, and minutes on the deck, the French national

the instant effect of that measure is, infoce briz l'enteux, of + Tony IS-pounders and 6

mation from the London Houses, that they 56-pound brass carronades, and 82 men.

will not " humour bills" for their most reThe acion was confined to two boals, as

spectable correspondents in the Baltic, and the third, from rowing heavy, did not get

so the orders for the Baltic are stopped, up till the brig was taken possession of.

and the sale of our goods there is ruined. The briz laid close under the batteries of

They further urge, that, as to goods which the Isle of Bas, from which a heavy firing

are wanted, reaching the markets of the was kept up during the whole engagement.

continent, in as great quantities and upon On board the boats, the boatswain, 4 sea

as good terms as we wish them, that is a men and a marine were wounded ; and on

mistake; for, that a smuggling trade, which board the brig the second captain and 2

must be paid for in ready money, is always seinen were killed, and the captain, 4

a retail trade; and the credit must be obxers ard 8 searren wounded.

immense to supply a continent, frozen four

or five months in the year, and supplied SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

as it hitherto has been by us, by shipment, THE BLOCKADE OF THE Elbe, of of a six-months' winter-stock, made befürs luch we have already expressed our the frost sets in. Il any persons now liearty approbation, as being well calcu. make these shipments, how will they be lati' to convince some of those powers,

paid ?

Where is now to be the seat of who froin fear or covetousness, now give the exchange? whillier can it be removed? command of their territories to France, and where will confidence be found or ihat such baseness will not save them from given by commercial men, placed between ruin. The measure is, too, perfectly jus- two fires, the enemies and our own? These dified by crery law and principle of war. are the arguments which merchants use Hambuisli, and persons Trading to Ham- against the blockade of the. Elbe; but, burgh and other places on the Elbe, have though we cannot refrain from expres10 right to complain; for, while the sing, with them, our astonishment at French command that river, while they the genius, which dictated the abanthere exercise hostility against us, we have donnent of Hanover to the French, with. most ass jedly a right to shut them up, to oul a struggle, and then called won tie.

« PreviousContinue »