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But, my Lord, at such a time as the present, line, field-officers have been fixed at onc it is absolutely necessary, that in the selec- Lieut. Colonel and two Majors, by which tion of officers to command armies in de- the Lieutenants in the guards have evidentfence of our country, constitution, liberty, ly a very great advantage over Captains in and religion, no partiality (but for eminent the army, by being able to arrive at the abilities and distinguished services), should rank of Lieut. Colonel by regular succesbe shewn to particular interests or court fa- sion, mucb sooner than the Captains of other vour. The stake is too material, too impor- corps, this is deemed a flagrant act of injustant to be trusted to raw and untried gene- tice. Again, the senior lieutenants of the rals. The guards, my Lord, have been guards have been allowed to raise only tbirspoken of as brave troops, and as such are ty men for the rank of Lieut. Colonel, whereentitled to the commendations of every sol- as the senior Lieutenants of other regiments dier, but let us not forget that their services have to raise the same quota for the rank of

Captain. Is not this, my Lord, a stretch of significant achievement performed by them, partiality too liable to give umbrage? Furhas always found its way into public prints ther, the guards who served in Egypt, and in language the most flowery, and the most who never performed any very memorable exflattering from the most partial authority.-- ploit, is the only corps for whom his MajesThe guards, my Lord, are not superior, if iy's permission has been obtained to wear equal to our troops of the line, their officers their Turkish medals; is this pot an inviare galant men, but not exclusively entitled dious and disgusting mark of distinction? to royal favour and patronage. The zeal What do the troops wbo served in that quarof our officers can alone be kept alive by the ter say? Why, my Lord, they condemn any impartial administration of honours. Men limited act of favour, where all were equally are easily disgusted, and when displeased are worthy of notice. In the army we hate pet ready to enumerate every accidental or pre- regiments, we wish, and expect from a meditated act of injustice with asperity and Commander in Chief liberality and justice; warmıh; their sentiments are not confined from him we hope for encouragement and to themselves or their confidential friends, rewards as we merit them, not according to they are the topic of conversation among our interest with the individuals who comevery class, and, in proportion as their cha- pose his family. We allow a certain latiTacters are esteemed, the stigmas, and loud tude to their infuence, but we wish our censares

, not only of their intimates, but of Commander in Chief to act from his own the country at large, are bestowed on the ideas of justice and propriety, and not mereauthor of such injustice. Is it not, my ly to limit his favours to their friends, or Lord, the subject of conversation through- needy relations; this, my Lord, has been oat this kingdom, why, or how, so many, so

too much the case, and has lead the most friat a proportion of our general staff should respectable of our officers to fear, that be taken from the guards, when officers of H. R. H. has no opinion of his own, and is much greater pretensions are left unno- totally subservient to the advice and recomticed, idle, and unemployed. Every respect- mendation of a few artful and interested able farmer feels the present, a war for the persons. It has been alleged as an accudefence of all that is dear to him in life, sation against the gallant Lord Hutchinson, and feels, consequently, an interest in know that his Lordship was deficient in not aping that the officers who are honoured with plying for his Majesty's permission, for all commands, are men, not only of indisputa. the otficers who composed his army to wear ble courage, and great abilities, but of ex- their medals; and, that Gen. Ludlow made perience and knowledge in the art of war. such an application for the guards, which They naturally say, our existence is at stake, was accorded. Now, my Lord, does it not We require, and must have men at our head appear to your Lordship, as well as to the who have served in various quarters, and army at large, that this mark of Royal grace who are, at least, equal to French generals. ought to have been solicited for the whole We must not have men only accustomed to army by the Commander in Chief, as a retreat, or whose personal courage seems mark of bis approbation of their services, their only recommendation. This is the and consequently, a flattering compliment language, my Lord, of those who have a as well to Lord Hutchinson, as to every offijust detestation of a French yoke. But, be. cer who served in Egypt? I am clearly of fore I conclude, give me leave to point out opinion, that such ornaments are more to your Lordship one or two late acts which pleasing to officers of the guards than those of give general disgust. The staff of general ihe line. At St. James's, a medal given by the

officers is composed of more than three-fouribs Grand Seignior has attractions, which in the * from the guards. The establishment of the field are despised. It is an ornamental part

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of dress which adds no sort of consequence jealous of honour," and easily offended. to the wearer but at a levee or in a drawing And now, ny Lord, give me leave to make room. But, my Lord, what value would a suggestion, which, in my mind, seems of Have been attached to this paltry ornament, most material consequence for the safety of had H. R. H. (without an unbecoming | Ireland. The papers some time past, slated solicitation from any quarter,) considered it a plan of exchanging the Irish Militia for his duty to those gallant officers of the army the English, a measure which would have of Egypt, to make an application to his Ma- given a great proof of consummate wisdom jesty for them to wear such medals, as had in our ministers, but, my Lord, that meabeen given by the Turkish Monarch in tes- sure has never been carried into effect, a timony of his sense of their merits, and to measure which every man accustomed to publish such Royal permission in the strong- the Irish, and acquainted with the sentiest terms of merited approbation? The army ments of that class, which is enlisted into is, as your Lordship well knows, composed the Militia, musi ardently desire. The roof men of the nicest, and most honourable bility of Ireland are ignorant, or pretend to feelings; men equally alive to praise or in- be so, of the defection of their countrymen; solt; men emulous to obtain the one, or they gros»ly misrepresent their sentiments, ready to resent the other. The evil to be and ridiculously imagine that a total change expected from such a marked and invidicus has taken place in their ideas, because they partiality to the guards, is not, perhaps, so are too aitful to

avow those principles evident to H. R H. as to every experienced which, at present, they have not the means officer in the service. They must be kept of vindicating and asserting; believe me, distinct from other corps, or broils, discord, my Lord, isothing can render that country and duels will ensue. And your Lordship secure but an exchange of the Militia of is aware that these feuds will not be con- both countries. In England, or abroad, the fined to the officers of corps, there is, my Irish make good soldiers, but their family Lord, an “esprit de corps" existing in the connexions and original dislike to a Protesbosom of every private in his Majesty's ar- tant Government, will render them inmy, a spirit which it would be highly impo- finitely more formidable to this kingo litic to extinguish. A spirit which once dom than to a French

army. - And, destroyed will reduce our army to a mere indeed, my Lord, I will venture to assert merceoary, and, I may add, despicable that there are many regiments of the line force. Every regiment in the line, must now in Ireland which ought to be removed to and will feel a great degree of jealousy to- this country, if we have ihe least fear of an wards the guards, and it will be their pride invasion of that island. Many, my lord, and amusement to ridicule and undervalue have been recruited in Ireland, and are full their services; lo dispute and deny their of those men who were once in arms against pretensions to that extreme degree of favour the beloved Sovereign now on the throne of and affection which is shewn to them; and this country. Many have been there suttiin doing this, my Lord, is it possible to ciently long to have married, and contract. avoid censures on the person who bestow's ed intimacies and friendship with the dissuch mortifying partiality? The true and affected part of that community. Some of seal sentiments of the army will never reach our corps, most complete, are principally his Royal Highness, unless your Lordship or composed of men, whose dispositions I will some other independent nobleman, should not characterize. In Ireland. where liquor point them out to him. And indeed, my is so easily obtained, and where the people Lord, you are of too exalied a rank to be are ready, and studious 10 corrupi ibeir made acquainted with their opinions, but principles by every insinuating attention, through the medium of an anonymous lel- soldiers are easily seduced from iheir duly ter. The great are generally in the dark, and allegiance. The regiments which have until the clouds burst and inundacion en- been two or three years in Ireland ought

His Royal Highness the Duke of certainly to be relieved without loss of time Kent, could not have foreseen the insurrec. by corps from England ; the danger would tion at Gibraltar, although he studies his be much less of an association between profession, and endeavours to form just no- corps just arrived in that country, with the tions of military duty. Governor Johnston disaffected irish, than with those who have is reckoned a sensible man, and yet he was wives, brothers, and near connexions among not aware of the mutiny of his own regi- them, whose influence may greatly tend 10 ment. Indeed, my Lord, great dissatisfac- their seduction. The guards, my lord, betion has been given by innumerable acts of ing considered as troops most incorruptible, decided partiality to particular regiments. and certainly bound to do more than the The army is naturally tenacious of justice, regiments of the line, from the partiality

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and affection shewn them, ought to be sent your selection be such that the character of so that country tor two or three years. every individual can stand the rest of miTlos w uld give them some claim to that nute inquiry or investiga ion. This, my afects in so greatly displayed on every oc- lord, your own existence as a peer, your casi 1; it would seconcile the army in some fortune, your afety, your country, and relidegree to that (cospicuous notice which gion demand. All these may be lost by a is puii to iben) ; and it would eventually be want of talents in our comma:ders : all

great service to them. provided they may fall a sacrifice to their ignorance : all were paced under the command of some be transferred to French mastery, by their Veerap and able generals. Not men of folly. It is a great, a momentous, a critical the'r own corps, or of the horse guards, or period! The country requires the exertion of right dragnons, or men who have only of talent and abilities.

Mach may be 7134sed our defeat on the Continent. dreaded when 28 general officers are taken There are, my lord, but F generals of from the Guards out of 32, when interest Cerence and tried ability in that King- | is allowed to influence the conduct of godam. There are as few on this side the vernment, and when ability and experience Wa'cr. What iben must be our hopes if are so evidently wanting in those who are be french are forion le in effecting a land- entrusted with important commands. Exing, under the protection of men who know ert yourself, my lord, to rouse every peer bale range of a lett of cannon, the ad- from that state of lethargy, and of fatal selactagai of pruition, the most skilful me- curity into which they seeni to be lulled, ehdot tig-ting, or how to defeat the purposes The country will bless you, and you will india.eotions of an artful and walke foe? attract the admiration of i be world. A. B. ploch must depend on the ability and ta- P. S. How, my lord, do all our able offileals of a general conducurg an army cers grumble at the contents of the late Gaagair et a desperate and enterprising enemy.

zettes! Who, my lord, are the men enAgainst able brave, experienced, and active titled to regiments ? Oll and distinguished | genera's. It is not only necessary to oppose oti cers, suthiciently active in body or mind

tuce 10 force, skuli musi be opposed to skill, to serve their King and Country effretually. and in ibe latter, my lord, I greatly fear the Where, my lord, did Colonel Vaosiitart see French will possess an imto tant and mate- service At the Cape!!!!! And by holdtal advantage. Thry will be commanded ing an inactive command in the West-inby na who have been accustomed to meet dies !!! How far does his abilities soar and to sormount difficuities, to defeat as above those of officers who served in Egypt mach by their talents and ingenuity as the

or in India. Tie oratorial talents of Coloto ce of their arms; the vivacity of their nel Maitland are known wit in and without w'nda readily places before them an artful the walls of the House of Commons, but is Duct bond of deceiving, of misleading, and he is e nioent for his conduct witbout the eventually of discomfiting our gallant, but

walls of the fortrees that protects the eninapt and inexperienced countrymen.

Sa

trance to Ferrol ? Which, my lord, is most Sacity is acquired by experience in the essential in a soldier, the epistolary art, or $id, which the French possess in an emi- the art of war? The name of the Earl of bret degree, and agaivist which the most Cavan is but litle known to military men. Robe courage will occasionally fail. These His uniried abilities may hereafier justify uzsiderations will, I trust, induce your

the choice of H. R. H.-s it not a morti. krdship and every patriotic peer to make fying circumstance to find Col. Durham Equiry into the military characters of those distinguished by the command of a regiabuse hands our safety and security is ment. For what? for raisirg a frncible faced; to find out ihe proper officers fit corps

from wh'ch, it is well known, great and able to oppose the abilities of the French, emolument wis gained, and for serving in ud to recon mend them to his Majesty's Ireland !!!! This, my lord, is a sore cut utice. In acting thus, my lord, you will on the army-that feucible officers should receive the approbation of the whole King- be introduced among us, not at the botto:n, com, you will be admired as a true patriot, but at the top of our profession. The very you will be beloved as a real Englishman, privales of the army feel and consider fen3d you will be considered as the most use- cible officers as interior to, and a distinct tul defender of all that is dear to your

class from, the othcers of the line. They conatrymen. Let not personal attachment ought to be so. The spirit of the army will et pariiality intluence your conduct, take a b: broken if it is not so,

We shall expect comprehensive view of all who have prove with despondency to be perpetually super

usefal to the state, who have evinced ceded by that species of soldiers accustomed merit, and possess abilities as soldiers ; let to home service only. Pray, my lord, is our list of colonels so deficient in able and ac- said treaty in what relates to changing the tive officers as to render it necessary, de- establishment of New Orleans, for another on cent, or proper to bring Colonel Stapleton the borders of the Mississippi, in order that or Lord Roden in among us? Or are their the depositing of the merchandize and effects talents or services so transcendently conspic of the United States be fulfilled—which I cuous as to impose an obligation to confer communicate to you by royal order, for its distinction and rank on them? This, my more punctual performance on your part."Jord, is a severe and open censure on our And whereas the edict of the 16th October colonels-perhaps there may be terror in last past, which prohibited the introduction their names which the French have learnt and depositing of the merchandize and efto dread. If these things occur, adieu to fects of the citizens of the United States, unall zeal, all emulation, all desire for rank, til the Intendancy should receive express when a gallant and experienced officer may orders from the King, to authorize its contie suddenly find himself superceded or com- nuance, is hereby becoine null and void, and manded by an heterogeneous animal who without force. Given at New Orleans, Ibe bas been of all other trades before he tries 171h May, 1803, under my hand, and counsoldiering. All upstart officers are obnoxi- tersigned by the notary of royal finance. ous to the army. We wish for men who

Juan Ventura Merales. have entered on our profession at an early period, and have steadily persevered in the Letter from the Governor General of Louisiana duties of a soldier. Not such as by Court to ibe Governor General of the Mississippi favour have made a traffic, a mere mercan- territory. tile profession of our service. How would Most Excellent Sir,As the smallest a captain of one of our ships of war gaze circumstance respecting this important subwith confusion and astonishment should he ject is so interesting to the general satisfacreceive an order from the Admiral:y to tion and tranquillity of our respective go make a landsman steer his ship into action ! vernments, I take the particular pleasure in Or should he receive as a lieutenant on communicating to your Excellency, that yes board bis ship a man who never saw the terday at twelve o'clock, one hour after the

How then, my lord, must the army arrival of the courier, the deposit for Ame: wonder to see men brought in among us rican merchandize and effects was restored who are only conspicuous for having raised and put on the footing it formerly stood. regiments, much to their own protit and God preserve your Excellency many years gain! Men placed at the helm of a regi

MANUAL DE BALCEDO ment, without having served a regular ap- New Orleans, May 18, 1803. prenticeship in the different gradations of His Excellency W.C.C. CLAIBONE. our service! How mortifying, how dis- By a treaty concluded at Paris, on the gusting, how vexations are these circum. 30th of April last, between the United State stances to all zealous, steady, and able of America and the French Republic, Loui officers !

siana, in its full extent was ceded to Americ on the following terms :-Ist, 11,250,00

dollars to be paid to France in 6 per cents Proclamation of the Spanish Intendant at New three months after the delivery of the coun

Orleans, for restoring to the Americans the try.--.-2d. An assumpsit, not exceeding rigbt of Deposit at tbat Town,

3,750,000 dollars, on the part of America It is bereby made known that his most ex- of the debts and captures provided for under cellent Sir Don Pedro Ceballos, Secretary of the Convention of September, 1800.—3d State, &c. has forwarded to me under date of The admission of French and Spanish ves the 1st of March past, the following royal or- sels, laden with the merchandize of their der:-“The king being informed of the edict country, and coming directly from its ports that

you have published, prohibiting the de- into the ports of the ceded countries, for posit of the goods, the effects of the citizens twelve years, without paying a higher duty of the United States, granted to that nation than Americans: a privilege which is to be by the 22d article of the treaty of 1795, his extended to no other pation. The country Majesty has thought fit to order, that you is to be delivered up immediately on the rapermit the said deposit in New Orleans, tification of the treaty, and it is to be incor without prejudice to what the two govern- | porated with the United States, as soon as it ments may agree upon between themselves,

can be done, consistently with the Amerirespecting ihe construction to be given to the can Constitution,

sea.

LOUISIANA.

Pinted by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Bow Street, Covene

Garden, where former Numbers may be had; sold also by E. Harding, Crown and Mitre, Pall-Mall.

Vol. IV. No.9.]

London, Saturday, 31 Séptember, 1803.

Price 10

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ALTEN

EXTRUSTED

" The Right Hon. Gentleman, [Mr. Pili) who takes great pride to himself for the support he is about "to lend to his succersors in oftice, has made a sorange assertion : according to him, the worse the ctuntry " is situated, the more ready should the House be io teril their assistance to ministers! What would be the "effect of such doctrine, if it were to be adopted by the House? Would it not onnihilate their first "duties, by exinguishing that vigilance and jealousy by which alone those duties can be performed ?" -MR. SHERIDAN'S SPEECH, FEB. 16, 1801.--Debrett's Parliamentary Register, Vol. 11. of 1801, p. 158. 321]

[322 LETTER III.

the agreement of several news papers, as to TO R. B. SHERIDAN, ESQ. M. P.

this soint, there are some marks of internal Sir,The desire which I have to pre- evidence, which show it to bave been the serve my proper place in the estimation of fair sense of your language. Why, then, honourable men, is the motive by which I instead of the person of his Majesty, did you have been actuated in hitherto seriously ad- substitute the abstract term government, undressing you on the subject of your misrepre- less it were for the pleasure of introducing sentations; but, iu coining to your fourtb one of your old jacobinical sophistries? The charge, I am reaily at a loss to know how to expression may, indeed, frequently be used; answer, with a grave face, to the general ac- but, it is peculiarly improper, where it is apcusation of treating “ with derision and con- plied in reference to a supposed libellous at" test the GOVERNMENT and all the substack, which must always be presumed to be

POWERS." You directed against some living person, and not could not have been serious in preferring against a metaphysical crea'ore of the imathis charge. it must bave been meant as gination or the intellect. --The givernment, one of those banters, with which you are in properly so called, is a monarchy, consisting ibe babit of entertaining the House; and of Kings, Lords, and Commons, or, in anothe mortification that you must have expe- ther view, of the Church and the State. To rienced, at its failing to excite bursts of prove, that I had not derided or contemned laughter, must have been litile short of that this government is what I am not called upon wach you are said to have suffered, when, to do; it was your place to prove that I had; on the first representation of your other but if to have been, during the whole of School for Scandal, the audience, in sober my political life, the constant eulogist of this sinplicity, applauded all the fine sentiments government; if 10 have extolled it as the ut.ered by Joseph Surface, while Lady Tea- Wisest, the most just, the most merciful, zle was concealed bebind the screen.

How and the most free, in the world; if to have could your new right honourable friends, exerted all my feeble powers in showing its cheek by jowl with you on

the Trea- superiority over even ihe govern:nent of ihe sury Bench, have so mistaken you! You, country in which I was many years resithom, for years, they have never known, ding; if to have zealously, perseveringly, escept by the epigrams and jests, by and disinterestedly, endeavoured to defend it which you have derided and endeavoured against all its revilers, foreign and domestic, to bring into contempt, every branch and yourself not excepted: if never 10 have let power of the government, whether civil, fall one single expression disrespectful !0military, or ecclesiastical ! ----But, Sir, in wards his Majesty, or towards any one memproceeding to the charge itself, the first ber of his family; if, on all occasions to thing that strikes one, is, its curious phrase- have made it my pride to be devoted to my ology. What do you mean by “ the go- Sovereign; it to have constantly boasted of

VE, NMENT and all the SUBALTERN EN- my allegiance to him, as the greatest of ho

TRUSTED POWERS?" You could hardly nours; if to have sacrificed my interest and mean the King's ministers and thuir under- my case, to have borne persecution, to have lings? To have extended your notice to the lost my property, and io have risked my clerks in office would have been a striking life, rather than remain silent in the hearinstance indeed of the art of sinking in ora ing of his slanderers : if all these amount to tory. Wbat, then, did you wish to be un- a proof of my not having derided and con, derstood by these quainé terms? Your and temned the government of my country, that my Sovereign, and the ministers under him? proof will, I trust, be found upon record, I wish not to lay too much stress on the long after your factious rabble-coaxing ba**:ds of a news-paper report: but, brzides rangnes shall have sunk into their merited

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