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General stated "the characters and pomINTELLIGENCE.
“ bers of the insurgents to be contemptible FOREIGN.- Advices from Sierra Leone, “ in the extreme," and said that “ those have been received in London, daied on the “ in Dublin, joined by those in the coun-10th day of July, which represent the co- “ try, did not exceed 500 men." He imlony to be perfectly tranquil, and the mili- puted the insurrection “ to the joint ertoris tary works, which have been erected, to be " of those old traitors who had been sufcompletely adequate to its defence. The “ fered to remain, and those who had refailure of the rice-crops bad produced some " turned from transportation ;" and declardistress, but the colonists, who now consist ed the temper ot the coupiry 10 be, at prepartly of Maroons, were in daily expecta- sent, “ much better disposed to resist the tion of supplies from England. - St. Do- intrigues of traitors, than at any former mingo, Martinique, and Guadaloupe have “ period."--The indecisi n which marka experienced some distress in consequence of the conduct of Government towards the rothe severity with which all trade to those lunteers has increased the disobedieni spirit islands is annoyed by the British cruizers. of those corps, and caused great dissatisfacThe Americans bave been invited to bring tion among the people in general.
The in their produce, without its being subject members of one of those heterogeneous asseto the payment of any duties whatsoever, and ciations in the western part of the metroseveral American vessels which have enter- polis, met some days ago, to deliberate on ed the ports of those islands bave disposed the plan which had been communicated to of their cargoes with immense profit. The them, by their colonel, for reducing their negroes of St. Domingo have divided, and number : and after a very long discussion the two hostile parties lately had an engage- it was determined that “ the plan was such ment which was attended with considerable
Corps could not possibly receive. slaughter. Great consternation prevails in This determination is to be made known to Martinique, caused by the fear which the the Government, and it is understood, that inhabitants entertain of an attack from the if all these persous be not exempted from English: and as the island is in a defence- the operation of the Army of Reserve and the less state, it could make but feeble resist- Militia Bills, they will all lay down their arms, ance. For some time past there has been -Early in the morning of the 2d inst. a fire a considerable scarcity at Guadaloupe ; and brokeout in Astley's Theatre, and in the course Ernouf, the Governor, has declared Basse- of a few hours, ihat, and several of the adjaterre, Point-Petre, and the other principal cent buildings were completely destroyed, ports, free to the importation of naval and and many others greatly damaged. Mr. military stores and provisions of every kind : A.'s loss is slated to be 428,000.--A he has also issued a proclamation, filled with chain of night signals has been formed with the most bitter invectives against Great Bri- fire-beacons along the coast of Essex, Suftain.-Accounts from Jamaica, by the folk, Norfolk, and Cambridge. --On the way of the United States confirm the report 30th ult. a notice was issued by Lord of a conspiracy among the begroes in that Hawkesbury, informing Foreign Powers, island. Port Royal was to bave been burnt, that the Port of Havre de Grace was block. and tbe inhabitants massacred : the plot, aded by the ships of his Britannic Mahowever was discovered, several boxes of jesty.* arms were seized, and many of the ne- MILITARY,The French are raising groes who were concerned, were apprehend- 12,000 men in Switzerland, who are lo re• ed and executed.
main in the service of the Republic during Domestic.-A proclamation was issued the continuance of the present war. It is said, by the King, on the 31st of August, requir- that 40,000 French troops, destined to attack ing all foreigners, who may be the subjects Portugal, bave entered Spain; and that the of any state at war with his Majesty, and Spaniards themselves, are engaged in great who may have arrived within this country military preparations.
A large body of since the 1st of October, 1801, to depart French troops which was stationed in the from the kingdom before the 15th of Sep- environs of Mantua, lately crossed the tember.*The trials of those concerned Adige, and having passed througis Ferrara in the rebellion in Ireland, began on the and Ancona has entered the Neapolitan do Ist inst, at Dublin : several were condemn. minions.-Gen. Mortier has marched with ed, and two of them have been since exe- the greatest part of the army wbicb 1:4 cuted in Thomas Street. The Attorney- commanded in Hanover, towards the coas
* See page 359
of Holland, in order to join the troops now then praises the conduct of the Prince, says collecting there for the invasion of England. that his heing invested with a nilitary com
- The Batavian troops are assembling in mand must have produced the best possible North Holland and Zealand, and a consi- consequences, that “ the objections urged derable force has been sent to the Island " against it are frivolous, unworthy of a of Walcheren. Accounts from Ceylon on " serious answer, and that the only reason the gth of February, state that a corps of
66 which does, or can exist, is a inean and Milica had been formed there, for the pro- “ mischievous spirit of jealcusy in some loz mind.” tection of the town and district. Gen. Mac- But, having thus disapproved of the refusal dowal's army was at Kattaderria, upon the to give his Royal Highness a command, Candian frontiers, and were in daily expec- this candid gentleman disapproves still more tation of crossing the Kaymelle.
of “ the spirit of faction, which it is atNAVAL.--Letters from Cape François “ tempted to raise in consequence of it." dated the 14th of July, state that the block- He thinks that the Prince, having done all ade is strictly kept up by the British crui- that there was any occasion for him to do, sers, and that a great number of ships have having“ acquitted himself to the people, been taken and sent into Jamaica. Several “ having already derived from the offer alí French vessels were, a short time ago, cut 6 the honour of actual service," he should out of the harbour of Jeremie, notwithstand- “ display magnanimity, as well as ardour, ing that a very heavy fire was kept up from “ in ihe cause of his country, and thereby the batteries on shore. Two French 74's “ endear himself to it still more by giving and 4 frigates were preparing to sail for Eu- an example of submission.”—It is imposrope, and men were pressed from all the sible to proceed further without asking,merchant ships at the Cape, to complete submission to what, and to whom? Because, their crews. --The entrance of Port Royal if it be a submission to any thing but the in Martinique, is closely blockaded by one paternal authority, or the laws of the realm; of our small squadrons, and the inhabitants if it be a submission to the interested views of the island are in perpetual dread of an at- of a minister, then his Royal Highness tack from our troops. - British ships are
would set a most dangerous example to the constantly cruising off Guadaloupe, and se country. Besides, if he has “ already veral prizes have been made, and seot in.- " derived from the offer all the honour On the 141h of June, Capt. Nowbray, in
“ of actual service," where is the room the Maidstone, captured ihe French brig for this grand display of his mignonimity? L'Arab, of 8 guos and 58 men, returning But, how shamefully fallacious is it, to prefrom Athens to L'Orient.--Advices have tend, that the making of an offer, which been received from the Mediterranean sta- has been rejected, docs, of itself, reflict ting that Lord Nelson had been joined by Sir on his Royal Highness all the honour of Richard Bickerton's squadron.
actual service! When a person has offered
to fight, and has been prevented, by the SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
refusal of his adversary, or by some other Prince of Wales. The censures insurmountable obstacle, such person is, inwhich have been passed upon the ministers, deed, justly entitled to all the praise due lo on account of their conduct with respect the action which he was desirous of persormto their rejection of the offer of his Royal ing. Very different is the case of thic Highness the Prince of Wales, have been Prince: he is not prevented from fighting attributed to factious motives ; to enmity by the refusal of the enemy, but by that against the ministers, and not to friendship of the minister : pol by the refusal of him, for the Prince. To inculcate this opinion, against whom he wished to fight; but by and, at the same time, to prevent the effect that of him for whom he wished to fight, of the general desire, which the Prince and who, to use a somewhat vulgar phrose, must perceire to prevail, as to the publi- seems to have considered his room as precation of the correspondence, which pass. ferable to his company. So weak, indeed, ed between him and the ministers, seems is this argument, that the writer himself to have been the object of a very insidious appears to despair of it; and, as is not article, which appeared in a daily paper
uncommonly the case, attempts to prop it of the 27th ultimo, and which, it is credibly up by another, by which it is completely asserted, was published at the express request destroyed. So partial and so unwise, le of Mr. Sheridan The writer sets out with says, have been the military appointments, condemning the rejection of the Prince's that, it is difficult to decide whether av offer, especially as ihe measure appears to
ceptance or rejection be a prooi of talent; bave been the effect of narrow policy. He and, he assures the Prince of Walus, “ that
“ the rejection of his services rather reies “ them," the object of all which, doubt" than lowers him in the esteeme of the public !” | less, is to turn them out of their places This statement, so comforting to the people allowing, for a moment, that the object ard so flattering to the ministry, contains, be wirat is here describert, it will then nevertheless, very litile to satisfy the Prince: remain for this moderate genileman to for, if it be a very questionable point, whetkerit shew the harm that is likely to arise be an lioxcar or a dishonour to serte, in the present from the ousting of a ministry, who proceed state of military arrangements, what be. upon narrow policy ; " who, in rejectcomes of “ all the honour of actual service,” ing the offer of the heir apparent, have which the Prince is said to have “ already acted under the influence of “ “ derived from his offer," and with which " and mischievous spirit of jealousy in some loro honour he is conjured to rest satisfied ? 66 mir /;" who have so distributer the comBut, be his injuries what they may, he is, mands in the army, as to render it “ doubt. it seems, to bury them in oblivion, let ful, schether rejection or acceptance be a prop the espression of his discontent should of talent;" and, who, at a moment when operate as an example to the “ thousands the existence of the State depends upon « of volunteers, whose services are at this deeds of arras, have so degraded the mili“ moment rejected, and who will be tary profession, that for an officer to have “ rendered refractory, if they see the Prince his offer of service rejected, “ rather raises 6 of Wales raising an opposition to go- " than loruers him in the esteem of the public." “ vernment.” Raising an opposition to What harm there can be in effecting the government! This is precisely the doc- political dissolution of a ministry like this
, trine, which Mr. Sheridan preached at the it will be very difficult for any one to point breaking up of the parliament, but which out, unless he believes what the ministers doctrine he very properly reprobated on themselves tell the world, that, if the sathe roth of February, 1801. What oppo. tion will not suffer them to remain in pow. sition is the Prince of Wales raising to er, there can be no ministry at all. - Where the government? ': it raising an opposi- this gentleman has discovered those pertion to governmert to be discontented at sons, who have taken up the cause of the the iT-treatment he 'as received ? To Prince, simply with a view of attacking complain of usage such is no Prince in the ministry, he does not tell us; and, it Engiand ever before endured; of being does appear a little uncharitable, that a stigmatized in the eyes of the people, and motive so unworthy of a defender of the of ihe whole world, as a person either in- Prince should have been sought for by a capable, or otherwise unworthy, of military person, who himself describes the conduct command, after having been twenty years of the ministers towards the Prince as comin the military service, and after having prizing every thing that is unjust, misattended its duties with great regularity;chievous and base. Speaking with refeis it being factious to resent treatment like rence to this work, of which it is evident this? The volunteer corps, indeed! So, the writer in question did not entirely lo e his Royal Highness is to ..erlook the con- sight, it can be safely asserted, that, in tumelious behaviour of ministers towards none of its pages, nor in those of any work himself, because their follies have excited ever conducted by the same editor, can di contents in other quarters ! But, after there be found one expression, which is; all, in what way is the l'rince raising an either directly or indirectly, unfriendly" opposition to government? What has he to the Prince of Wales.
As to friendshin, done or said, to oppose measures of nii- indeed, it is a sentiment, which it would nisters? Most people are disposed to think, be presumption in a person in common life that he might, with no impropriety, have to affect to entertain towards one so far employed his influence to oppose the mi- exalted above him. The
proper nistry; but, that he has done it, there is is loyally. Not that sort of loyalty, which not the shadow of a proof. His cause has, Sows so flippantly from the tongue of indeed, been espoused by others; and, he drunkenness, or that issues, in noisy shouts, is told, that if he looks round him, “ he from the lungs of the rabble ; much less “ will see many, who give him support, that loyalty which, in praying for the King,
on the present question, who are far has in view the preservation of the funds “ from being friendly to him on other oc- No; but that sort of loyalty, which in“6 casions. He will see, that his cause is cludes attachment, fidelity, and zeal
, aris“ taken up, as any other cause would be, ing, not froin reflection and calculation, “ simply with a view of attacking the mi- but from an ever-operative principle im. “nistry, or weakening and embarrassing planted in the heart; a principle quite sul
fik ieni to call forth, in the cause of his explicitly stated (for they state nothing exRoyal Highness, persons totally uninfiu- plicitly), in Parliament, that it is the King's enced by party feelings. It is, too, a very freelt, that the Prince is not employed; but, awkward compliment to the Prince, to this is the report most industriously circusuppose, that his cause has been espoused lated by them, through all the numerous From no other than dishonourable, or, at channels, which they have at their comI east, very low and selfish, motives ; but, mand; and, when the Parliament meets,
ti bi no means unnatural, that this notion This will be as well understood, and as stea. should be inculcated by those who have base'y dily acted upo!, by the Ministers and their skse ted his Ryal Highness, and who, of partizans, as if it were declared in a mes. course, are desirous of destroying the cre- sage to both Houses. But, is it possible, dit due to the fidelity of others.--The that this nation, once so jealous of its liberPrince is exhorted to remain silent for fear ties; that the British Parliament, so long of " the dreadful consequences to which famous for its watchfulness of ministerial “ his discontent may lead in the event of an encroachment; is it possible, that they will irare." This danger of invasion, which
suffer themselves to be the sport of his jogthe ministers themselves hare created, is, gling system of conducting the affairs of the to them, a thing of standing and general government! Will they ta rely hear every use; and, if the new doctrine laid down, good and gracious act ascribed to the Minisin their behalf, by Mr. Sheridan, should be ters, and every bad and ungracious act, to admitted, a ministry, in order to be per- the King ? Lord Oxford, when accused of fectly secure from all opposition, have no certain crimes, pleaded the positive order of thing to do but to place the country on the the Queen; but, so far was this plea from brink of destruction. What! Because this being admitted, that it was numbered miserable selfish set of men have com- amongst the additional charges against him, mitted ten thousand follies, for either of as “ a slander on the memory of his Royal which they would, at any other period of “ Mistress," towards whom ihe Commons, our history, have been driven from oflice; in consequence of this his plea, added, that because they have lost the continentaldomi- he was guilty of the foulest ingratitude. mions of the House of Brunswick, and because And, indeed, this is the only principle, upon they have placed this kingdom itself in a which one can, in such questions, possibly state of iniminent danger; for this very proceed; for, as the King can do no wrong, if feason it is, that they are to insult the Prince The Minister be allowed to shelter himselt unof Wales with impuniiy! So preposterous a dera pretended command of the King, the Midoctrine never niet with an advocate, except nister can do no wrong; and, if this were ada in some unprincipled tool of an unprincipled mitted, we should live under a government, ministry. --That his Royal Highness will which would not be worth defending even obtain no redress is very evilent; nor would against the hordes of Buonaparté. The quesit be at all surprising, if the ingenious ma: tion then would be, not between the British lice and insolence of the ministers were 10 monarchy and the despotism of France; not find some new mode of furturing his feel- between the ancient, the royal, and paternal ings, and of rendering him completely dis- House of Brunswick, and the Corsican gusted with public coucerns. This is their Usurper; but between the Addingtons and great object He stands in their light. the Buonapartés; between the upstarts of They have taken their places for life; and, Reading and those of Ajaccio ; and, when they want no Prince of Wales to be seen, or the characters of the two were taken into to be heard of by the people. Under the consideration, there really would be more Usurped title of “ the King's fricuuls,” they shame in submitting to the former than to are endeavouring to secure to themselves the latter.---- Every exertion will be made an absolute and endless sway over boil to undermine the influence of ihe Prince, to King and People. With them all responsi lessen the number of his adherents, and lo bility is at an end; for, every measure, injure him in the opinions of the people ; which is successful or popular, they take to but, it is to be hoped, that his Royal Highthemselves, while every foolish, ungracious, ness will never forget what is due to bimof, eren wicked act, they attribute to his sell, and that he will yield to no comproMajesty. However strange a way this may
mise that shall not include an acceptance of be of showing that friendship, to which they his other of service, make an exclusive claim, it assuredly is the OFFENSIVE War.-_That the war, in way that they bave constantly practised, and which we are now engaged, should not be particularly in the affair which is the subject exclusively defcusive, appears to le allowed of these remarks. They have not, indeed, by every one, who writes, or wi.o speaks,
upon the subject. But, while all agree as to merce and ber colonies, and even all h the expedience of offensive operations, there ' commercial and colonial hopes.'--TE is great difference of opinion as to the scale, absurdity of these sentiments would rend the manner, the time, the place, the object, them totally unworthy of attention, did n and, strange to tell, men are not quite una- the source wbence they come give them nimous as to the abstract nature of those fearful importance. As to Hanover, how operations; for, the partizans of the minis- at all found its way into remarks of this so try either believe themselves, or wish to de.
appears quite unaccountable; and, if i1 ctive others into a belief, that the nation is writer was, for some reason or oiher u at this moment carrying on a most vigorous known to all the world bat himself, resolve and fortunate offensive war. To propagate to introduce that Electorate, he might, sure this notion has been, of late, a leading ob- ly, have confined himself to those censare ject with the ministerial writers; and, in- that were passed on ministers, relative to is deed, the dissertation, which is here more and not have put others into the mouths o particularly alluded to, bears every mark of their adversaries. No one, either in par Official dictation. Viewing it in ihis light, liament or out of parliament, ever censure the sentiments it contains are of importance. the ministers for not attempting to defen --The writer states, in substance, that the Hanover by the means of British troops; no • blame which was, in parliament, thrown man in his sound senses ever thought o
upon the ministers, on account of the loss such a thing. The charge, now that all the * of Hanover, was without foundation ; be- circumstances are known, is, their no
cause, not being able to rouze the North- having saved Hanover by influence wit! ern Powers, it would have been madness Prussia; and the charge in ihe House of
10 attempt the defence of the Electorate by Commons, was, their not having sent trans • the means of British Iroops : that small ex- ports in time to fetch away the troops, when • peditions to the coast of France may pos- it appeared, that they had intended to send
sibly be of use; but that considerable ex- them: instead of being charged with pot
peditions, 10 any part of the Continent, sending out a British army to Hanover, they ' would, at present, be useless, and would were charged with having neglected to bring
only terminate in new battles of Marengo, a Hanoverian army to Britain, when it was • and in making a great addition to the fame in their power so to do, when they designed 6 and influence of ibe Consul of France: that to do it, and when they failed in effecting • Holland is the only weak point of the their design only because they were weak
Continent; but, as Buonaparté is well and indecisive. With respect to the ' aware of this, he is so strengthening him- schemie of war, which is here described, it • self on that side, that another attack on it may possibly be the only one that is left us would, in all probability, terminate in
to act upon; but, if it be in itself, so excel• another Dutch expedition : that, though lent, il inust alivays bave been a most desi
we cannot make, or excite, war against rable thing, that France should have been • France upon the Continent, we must not, mistress of Europe, and in proportion, there
that reason, conclude, that we are un- fore, that she should have been mistress of • able to wage offensive war against her ; the several parts. Formerly the notion was
for, that, an offensive war may be carried different: we thought, that every acquisi• on against her marine, ber commerce, and tion of France was an evil; but, now we • her colonies ; and that this is, 100, the find it was a great good, as contributing to, • safest and most effectual species of offen- and making part of, the grand
consumma• sive war: that this sort of war-fare will, tion, when she is to be mistress of the whole, • if no ciher is carried on, become of vast and we are to be in possession of all the
importance in the eyes of the world; it mighty means of distressing and disgracing will be the object of universal attention; her! But, to give a somewhat more rational and, as it is a scene where British valouris turn to the argument, adınit, that our war.
sure to dazzle, the more powerful France fare against the commerce and colonies of • is by land, the more she will be exposed to France is, in every instance, crowned with • The derision and contempt of mankind,
Will this success put an end to ' and the more swiftly the fame of Buona- The war? Will it induce France to yield 10
parté will decline : and, finally, that, if terms of peace that will give us sécurity? we place our finances, our army, and our If the answer be in the affirmative, the next
naty, on such a footing as to be able to say question is, why were such terms not ob• to France, here we will stand for ever unless iained from her at Amiens, when her coru. ' you yield, she must submit, she must so- merce was destroyed as far as it ever can • licit peace, or else she must lose her con- and when she had almost forgotten thai she