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insolent, and put too much confidence in its | ing, and perhaps to put weapons into the own strength. There must always come a hands of those, from whom we may too soon time, and i hat time is actually come to this have occasion to wish them away. - The country, when it must sink back to its pro- period is approaching when the descendants per level, or be destroyed. In the hour of of our antient heroes may find the qualities, bloated prosperity, it has forgot the heroic which brought consideration and honours to spirits and hardy tempers by whom it was their ancestors, again esteemed, and again purs'd, and under whom it grew up; but roused into action. The strength and value the moment is arrived when weakened with of the landed interest will be once more duly splendor and enfeebled by luxury, it must appreciated ; and the false splendour of merforego its pride and look to the saine pro- cantile wealth no longer monopolize the tectors for the preservation of its age! How attention of the legislature and the governabsurd the idea, that this commerce can de- meot. fend itself by its own powers ! A system so
“ Whither is Europe's antient spirit fed? artificial can no longer support itself, when Where are those valiant tenants of her shore, a great nation, actuated by ambition, or Who from the warrior-bow the strong dart sped, wickedness, or necessity, chooses to aban- Or with firn hand the rapid pole-are bore? don the advantages and the evils of a luxu. Freeman and soldier was their common name rious and refined state, and to have recourse
Who late with reapers to the furrow came :
Now in the front of battle charg'd the toe : again to nataral strength. The age of chi
Who taught the steer the wint’ry plough to endure; valry must return; the statesman, the sol- Now in full councils check'd encroaching power, dier, and the sailor, must again find their And gave the guardian laws their majesty to due places in society, and the sensual and
know *." narrow minded citizen, puffed up with If I could but see an end to this degrading wealth, and inebriated with purchased tic system of FUNDING, and the consequent tles, must no longer trample on those, check which would be given to the ruinous from the toils and perils, and perhaps the and revolutionary tricks of the money.marblood, of whose ancestors his opulence has ket, I should yet hope that our military and sprung, and by whom and whose posterity substantial power, instead of thus trembling that opulence can alone be secured. It was on the edge of annihilation, might be greatnot prejudice, or an illiberal principle, which er than it ever yet has been. But the spirit, dictated the inferiority of estimation, in which prevailed in the days of the PLANTAwhich traders were formerly held : it was Genets and TUDORS, must revive: distincwisdom, it was necessity which taught it; tions must fall into other channels; and leand of all odious aristocracies, the aristocra- gislation be delegated to other tongues. cy of wealth, to which a commercial country The days of the Veres, and Percies, and Clifhas so strong a tendency, is the most odious fords, and Nevilles must return; and the the most dangerous, and the least perma- glory of leading vassals into the field, instead Rent. It is now universally agreed that we of bringing the greatest array of bank-notes must become an armed people; our riches towards the completion of a loan, must obcao no longer protect us; our paper curren- tain the smiles of a Monarch and conciliate cy and our flourishes on the Stock-Ex. the regard and admiration of a people.change, can only exist while surrounded by In the conduct of government, with regard the guard of our swords. But it is not by to elections, I am sorry to say, there is an the volunteer companies of towns, it is not by error, which has long been acted upon, and effeminate shopkeepers commanded by effe- which has produced, and is producing, misminate captains from the desk and counting-chief of fearful magnitude: 1 allude to the house, men whose souls are engrossed by cal- rank and quality of the candidates, to whom culations of credit and capital, and who are they give their support. Were they to throw watcbing all day the fluctuations of the funds, their infuence into the scale of the country that we must be guarded. It is on the hardy genıleinen of liberal and cultivated minds, and unsophisticated peasantry, commanded
competent landed estate, honourable conby the antient gentry, of more enlarged minds, nexions, sound political principles, and at. of more unshackled pursuits, and of man- tached to the ancient establishments of Eulier and bolder habits, that we must rely. | rope, their support would not only be free Leave the tradesman and manufacturer to from blame, but would deserve commendatheir shops; but let every country gentle. tion. But look at those who have been the
man and young ploughman be a soldier. ministerial candidates ; Are they men of in• To mix all the classes, in the manner which dependent property? Are they ihe ancient
the volunteering system necessarily pursues, is to destroy at once the efficiency of arm. • See the whole of oikeaside's Ode, 17,8.
gentry of the kingdom ? Are they neigh- and rapid operation of the system on the bours to the boroughs for which they offer- return of every successive Parliament for 70 ed? Are they men of any natural interest years. At each election more and more there? Have many of them even the legal country gentlemen withdraw; more names qualification in land ? Placemer, adventurers, familiar in our history retreat to private life, bankers, stock brokers, shop keepers, law. and then expire; the respect for birth deyers, East and West Indians, and mushroom cays; and the public become habituated to gentry, came down to almost every town and see obscure men in honourable stations. city, and some of them even to counties. It But, never were the strides so rapid as in is remarkable, that in the rich and well in- the formation of the present ministry. habited county of Kent, which has many Never before was a man, without a pre. ancient families of good estate still resident tension to family, or even fortune, placed in it, that, out of 10 members returned to in a high political situation, much less in the present Parliament, for the cities and the rank of Premier; and above all, when boroughs, there is but one country gentle there is a deficiency of abilities, for which man of landed estate, and he is of a new even the noblest descent and largest fortune family. Of the others, there are at least would not make amends, it must excite ineleven, who have not, as I believe, a single expressible astonishment and regret!! But foot of Kentish land. Indeed, out of the even this is not all. Look at his coadje513 members returned by England and tors! Yet I must forbear to enter into their Wales, there are not more than 141, who history, Jest I should appear too personal, come under the character of country gen- I may hereafter have an opportunity to artlemen! All this arises from the ruinous range what I have to say on this subject in system of FUNDING, which bas gone farther a manner which requires time and cantico, towards the destruction of the power and for I would not offend the rules of delifortune of the ancient gentry, the extinc- cacy: and perhaps the indignation of my tion of the old families, and the ruin of the spirit might at this moment utter more than aristocracy, than the waste of successive is necessary, and more than your paper civil wars, and the revolusions of many could at once find room for. ANJOU. centuries. As long ago as 1757, Postlethwayt in his “ Great Britain's True Syz
TO THE EDITOR. ten," makes the following assertion : " when “ the art of funding was first introduced,
Orford, Sept. 19, 1503. " the common talk of mankind was that Sir,- We have read here with pleasure " the people of England must be undone. your strictures on the senseless bombast of “ Some tell us that the event bas proved Pizarro. The Public should often be re" the vanity of that apprehension. But the minded of the objects to which the moral
prediction bas been verified, perhaps, in and political influence of the stage is now " the strict sepse. All that was then meant directed. In the School for Scandal our « by the assertion, we may suppose, was youth were taught that decency of conduct “ that the then land possessors, and their and morality of sentiment are never failing
posterity, must be undone, and their in. symptoms of hypocricy and vice : that ge“ heritance given away from them, and nuine virtue is found only among the de" become the property of the chiefs of the bauched and the profligate: and that true
money-mongers. It could never be their generosity consists in squandering away the “ meaning, that the land would run away, property of others, and lavishing on idleness
or cease to be occupied by somebody. and vice the hard-earned substance of an “ Since our debts have taken place, not industrious and indigent creditor. In the
near one-tenth of the land of England is Stranger we were presented with a studied
possessed by the posterity or heirs of apology for adultery, beightened by trea. “ ihose who possessed it at the revolution. chery, and aggravated by the blackest in“ And if the extermination, (as it may be gratitude But Pizarré has soared still
justly enough termed) is not universal, higher. If motives may justly be inferred “ it is only because there were a few over- from words and actions, ihe original íron
grown estaies, such as the Devonshire, which this English play is servilely copied
Bedford, Curzon, &c. wbich have been was written with a deliberate intention of " prout against ihe waste of luxury and vilifying the Christian religion, and by an
taxes."---I have taken the pains 10 injurious and false comparison, degrading it analyze the lisis, and have felt a painful even below the bloody institutions of Peru. conviction of the truth of these assertions, vian or Mexican idolatry.--When Louis by seeing thein exemplified in the regular the Sixteenthi, who perished only because
be was afraid to spill the blood of his peo
PUBLIC PATER. ple in a just cause, was to be rendered odious to that very people; their minds were
DECREE of the government of MARTINIQUE and Sr. prepared for regicide by representation, in
Lucia, concerning the DUTIES of Import and lix.
POKT of these Clinies, Datid June 20th, 1803. which one of his predecessors was intro. In the name of the French Republic. Lewis Tho. duced as a sharer in the massacre of St. mas Villaret Joyeuse, Captain General of Mar. Bartholomew. In close imitation of this
tinique and si. Lucie; and Charles Henry Bertin,
Counsellor of State and Colonial Prefect of said happy model, Kotzebue presents to us the
Islands.-----In consideration of the acts of hostiferocious adventurers who deluged America licy committed some days past by the English, on with blood, as the true representatives of French and foreign vessels in sight of this colony : the Christian character ; while he ascribes -Considering the urgency of providing supe to the savage and superstitious worshippers
plies of provisions and objects of ihe first neces.
sity for the Islands of Martinique and St. Lucie: of the Sun, all the mild and benevolent - And cons dering, moreover, the great impose principles, promulgated only by the true re- tance of securing for the inhabitants a vent for the ligion. If truth had been considered, or colonial producrions, and of discharging the exhistory consulied, he would have learnt by penses incurred by providing for the detence of the
said colonies, whom the Spanish cruelties in America
-Decree as follows:---Art. I.
From this day, the entrance of all the ports of the were first condemned; and would have
Islands of Martinique and St. Lucie shall be open found that the venerable Las Casas was to foreigners, for the introduction of all kinds of Deither an idolator nor a deist, but a Chris. provisions, and articles of the first necessity, and tian bisbop:
for the exportation of colonial produce, on the role Yet this is the play which is selected lowing conditions:-- Art. 11. The arrêıé of the
nith Nivost, year 11, relative to the duties of exfor the instruction or the Brit sh people, port and import in the islands of Martinique and in the present awful moment: these are St. Lucie, is renewed, as far as concerns the introthe scenes which challenge the patriotic duction of provisions and articles of the first neacclamations of British audiences : and
cessity; and the 3d article of the arrêté of the
Consuls of the 4th Messidor, year ro, establishing though they fail of these, obtaio at least the
the duty of entry at six francs on every tive myrivedal applauses of the British press! Of
agrammes of foreign cod-fish, and the sih article of that loyalty which would insinuate that the the arreêté of the ci-devant council of state of the British crown is elective, you have already 30th of August, 1784, which establishes a duty of spoken. On that philosophy which asserts
entry of three francs per quintal on foreigo salted
beef and fish, and provisionally repealed :-Art. with Robespierre, that the sleep of death is III. AU previsions and articles of consumption eternal *, others have often aniinadverted, arriving from a foreign country, shall be subject to But the general tendency of this play obvi- a local duty of one per cent, and to an additional ous as it is, has been suffered to pass un
duty of two per cent.---- Art. IV. Colonial procensured. There was reason to hope, that, subject to the duty called Domaine d'Occidene, viz.
ductions experied to foreign countries shall be when the gilt leather was tarnished, and thice and a half per cent. on iheir value, and ren the white robes of the actresses were black- sols per livie, and sugars to the duty besides of ened with dirt, this wretched copy of a forty sols per quintal; and also to the duty of ten wretched original would have been allowed
sols per livre. The said productions shall like
wise be subject to a local duty of one per cent. and to rest in that obscurity to which taste apd
to an additional duty of one per cent.--Art. V. classic judgment condemn it.
The colonial productions exported to France by But if instead of this it is once more to be French subjecis, shall remain subject to the duty held forth as a standard for British feeling, we
of two per ceni, on their value, which duty shall
be charged to the seller or shipper, and shall be trust it will be your task to write in opposition
paid 10 the Customs, by the master of the vessel. to it being the standard of that religion which -Ait. VT The Director General of the Customs it insults, and of that monarchy which it is charged with the execution of the present ardegrades: and we are persuaded that by so rêté, which shall be printed, rcad, published, and
affixed in all the customary places : a copy of doing, you will render a more essential ser
which shall be sent to the Chict Judge with a revice to the cause of our common defence,
quest to have the same recorded in the registry of iban will result from all the declarations the cribunals.Decreed at fort de France, in against the perfidy, ambition, and tyranny the island of Martinique, the first Messidor, year of Buonaparté, that can be uttered by all
IT of the French Republic.
Signed) the admirers of his former justice, modera
VILLARET, BERTIN. tion, and love of liberty.
DECREs of the Government of St. DOMINGO, for ADI am, Sir, yours, &c.
MITTING PROVISIONS into the island FREE OF DE. ACADEMICUS,
Dated Jury 5, 1803. In the name of the French government :----The Geo neral in Chief, Captain-General of the colony of
St. Domingo decrees :----Art. I The duties estaSee the Song of Cora.
blished by the tarif of the roth Nivòse last (3156
December,) on the commodities hereinafter enu- he off red were readily agreed to by his Highmciated, are suppressed, to wit: on grain, biscuit, ness, who has lately expressed his satisfaction rice, and all kinds of salt provisions whatevero- at the result of the measures then concerred, by II. These articles will be admitted to enrry free of which considerable additions have been made duty. The importer will be subjected only to the
to his revenue. Mirsa Ahmed Ali Khaun, the fees of the Custom-House, and other duties established by regulations.--Ill. This exemption
Nabob vizier's second son, is to command a from duty shall continue during the war, to com
strong detachment, with which he is to je in the mence from the date of this arrêté in all the ports
coalition against Juswunt Rao Holkar - Col. of the colony, which are henceforward open to fo
Wellesley has taken the field agains: the Wesreign commerce. -IV. The Colonial Prefect is tern Mchrattas, and captured Pounah. The charged with the execution of this decree, which object of these movements is to support the will be inserted in the Official Gazette. At the Peishwa agains: Holkar and Scindea. 'An ioquarters of the General of the Cape, the 16th surrection has broken out in Candahar, and Messidor, Iith year.
DT. ROCHAMBEAU. Ahured, a celebrated chief, has assembled a
large number of military followers, and avowed Decree of the Government of St. DOMINGO, declaring
his intention of disputing the sovereignty of the Island in a state if Sirge. Duted July 6th
the Kingdom.-The Hamburgh Correspor. 1803.
denten of the 30th ult, contains an article, dated In the name of the French Government. The Ge- on the 20ih, on the frontiers of Russia, stating Deral in Chiet, Captain-General of the Colony of that “the remonstrance which had been made St. Domingo, considering that the hostilities com- " at Paris, against the occupation of the Hanomitred on the coasts of St. Domingo by English “ verian territories had been unsuccessful, and ships do not leave the least doubts of a rupture " that a written answer had been made, declarbetween France and England. Considering that “ ing that the measures which had been adopted it is absolutely necessary to cut off all communication between the interior and exterior enemy.
“ with regard to the electorate could not be “ changed.?
- It is said at Berlin, that negoConsidering also that the Colony, situated as it is, can and ought to be governed by a single adminis.
tiations are going on for the removal of all tration, and under the immediate orders to the mi
French troops from the Elbe and the Weser, litary authority decrecs :--Art. I. St. Domingo
and for withdrawing the British ships from the is declared in a state of siege.-mil. All civil and
blokade of those rivers. The great inconvejudiciary authorities are su pended.lll. The nience which has ariseo in all the countries present shall be executed under the care of Ge. which were formerly supplied, through those neral Thouvenot, Chief of the Staff of the Army rivers, renders the raising of the blockade a in the Cape, on the day of this publication, in the measure of the first importance. -On the 24 chief places, besides it shall be printed, publish- instant the states of the territory of Hanover, ed, posted up, and inserted in the Official Ga
both ecclesiastical and civil, and the depu. zette. Ar the head-quarters of the Cape, 17th
ties of the
convened in the Messidor, year 11.
Knights' Hall, in the palace of Hanover, by
gen. Mortier, to deliberate on the means of sup. FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPER.
plying the arrears of pay, which the electorate
had been directed to provide for the French Noticz respecting the Bills drawn on the FRENCH troops. The states declared their inability to GOVERNMENT, by the GOVERNMENT of St. Do- furnish the requisite sum, without the aid of Dared July 3, 1803.
new loans, or ordering military execution upon Aimy of Sr. Domingo.- At the Heal-Quarters of the inhabitants. The great army which the the Cape, Ine 9th Messidor, Ilth year of the French Re- Prince of Denmark has been for some time past public. The General in Chief orders Citizen Roux,
assembling on the frontiers of Holstein, for mainprinter of the goveroment, instantaneously to
taining the neutrality of the Danish territories, is print in the Official Gazette, and therein to insert,
to be dispersed at the end of September ; and ihe following article:- The General in Chief
the detachments which composed it are to re. gives in the most formal manner, the lie to the
turn to their different garrisons.- -Don Jose letter of the Minister of Marine, addressed to the
d'Almeida, the Portuguese minister, who has First Consul, under date of the sth of Floréal, in- always opposed the inħtuence of France at the serted in the Moniteur of the roth of the same court of Lisbon, has been removed from his of. month. This letier falsely censures the govern- fices, and is to be dispatched on a mission ta ment bills o'rawn on France, and particularly those Germany. The foreign and war departments of Alexander Lindo. I am compelled to remove will, for the present, be filled by it. Pinto, this notorious calumoy, and I owe it to General Le Clerc, who alone with me has issued them, to
who formerly held them, but whó, on the ap. unmask the absurdity of such an assertion.
pointment of Don Almeida, was removed to the DT. ROCHAMBEAU.
home deparıment.--Gen. Lasnes, who was recalled at the instance of the Portuguese goveru.
ment, has been again sent to that court by the INTELLIGENCE.
First Consul, and has succeeded in obtaining
the acquiescence of the government to certain FOREIGN.--Some time ago, the Marquis of
demands favourable to the views of France and Wellesley repaired to the capital of the Nabob injurious 10 the interests of Great Britain. of Oude, for the purpose of making some po.
Accounts from Madrid state that the Spaniards litical arrangements. The propositions which
offered a large sum of money to France as the
price of neutrality, but that the French rejected and throughout Scotland on the 20th : and also it. Accordingly, a second offer was made, and prayers and supplications for the success of our at the same time, Spain dubious of its success, arms in the present just and necessary war.-On ordered a general levy, which was enforced che 17th instant, Astleer was tried at the Old with the utmost severity. - After several con- Bailey for secreting and embezzling certain proferences between the Queen D wager, regent perty of the Bank of England, and after a long and ministry of the kingdom of Etruria, and gen. investigation of the cause, the jury consulted Murat, the French ambassador at Florence, with each other for about five minutes and reCnaries Louis, the young prince, received, on the turned the prisoner guilty. The first embarka13th ult. the homage of the senate and people, tion of foreigners, conformably to his Majesty's as sex crei n of Ecruria.-A letter froni gen. proclamation of the 31st of August, was made Hawkins, commissioner of the United States of at Gravesend, on the 16th instant. The numAmerica to the Creek Indians, to the governor ber amounted to 100, among whom wese two of Georgia states, that a meeting of the chiefs rafractory persons who were cathned on board of the Creeks, joined by a deputation from the a cutter in ihe river. This embarkation is made Cherakees, Chickasaws, and Chocraws. at the expense of governmenw and those wno beid on the 20th of May last, at Ochenpfan, chose to pay the expense of their removal, 'have or Coesan river, and that on the 24th 'hey were gone on board of different neutral hips, and are joined by the Siminolves, and other chiets in op- to be landed either in France, Hollaist, or Italy. position, together with Bowles, director general The Hon. Mr. Paget, the Englih minister to of the Miu kogoes (Creeks). On the 28th. the Court of Vienna, has arrived in London by Bowles was apprehended by order of the chiefs, the way of Lusum, on a lcare of absence. loaded with irons, and sent, under a strong Mr. Merry, our newly appointed minister to guard of indians, to Tolch, the Spanish gover- Ainerica, has left town for Plymouth, where a por of Pensacula.On the 16th July, 1803, frigate is waiting to convoy him to the place of the aresident of the United States is, ued a pro- his destination. damarjon for holding an extraordinary session of MILITARY.-The French army in Hinover, the A verican congress at Washington, on the including those in Osnaburgh, amounts to about 177h October next, for the consideration of mat- 35,000 men, the greatest part of whom it is ters of great importance.
said, will be withdrawn from the territories of DOMESTIC.-On the 12th instant day-guards the Electorate, as soon as their arrears of pay were mounted in Dublin, for the first time, and shall be su,'plied. Hanover will then be garrisoned every coach and boat which left the city was by 8,000 Prussian troops, upon condition that strictly examined. One of the rebels was tried the payment of rwo millions of livres shall be and cuavicted on the 13th ; Emmett was ar- secured to the French government, during the szigned on the 14th, but his trial was post- war. The daily expense of the French army pooed till the 20th : six others were put to the there, amounts to upwards of 10,000 rix-dolbar and received sentence of death, on the lars : and the pay due to the disbanded Hanosame day : one was executed in Thomas Street verian soldiers, who amount to 14,537 men, is on the 15th, and on the 17th iwo more were to 543,000 dollars.--Sixteen French soldiers were be executed at Palmerston, near Dublin, Rus- lately condemned by a court martial, for planse!! was lodged in Kılmainham jail on the 14th, der four of them were shot on the parade at and was to be tried at the next term, when he Hanover, three were sent to the gallies, and will appear in the King's Bench, and be iden. the rest were otherwise punished. Several Dified as a person who has been outlawed.- waggons loaded with chests of arms, which On the 16ın, several persons connected with were found in the Hanoverian arsenals, have Emmett were examined by Mr. Morsden at the been sent off for Irance. - General Mortier Castle; and the keeper of the tower was shot has proposed that strong works shall be erected by ene of the insurgents whom he was attempt- at different points on the Elbe and the Weser ; ing to apprehend. Twenty-five rebels who and the Hanorerian magistrates have been rewere assembled in a retired place near Ballyna- quired to furnish the French officers, who are to kill, Queen's County, were discovered, and superintend the execution of the measure, wirba after a desperate resistance were taken by a every thing requisite.-- i he French general at party of the Abueyleix yeomaory, and com- Cuxhaven has been endeavouring to obtain posmmitted to Maryborough jail. lé is said that session of the Castle of Ritzburtic, together Divyer, who is so well known by the name of with the cannon and military stores contained in the Moun ain Robber, and was iniimately con. it. The governor, however, positively refused cerned in the lare rebellion, has been arrested to yield it, and his refusal has received the apar Baitinglass, in the County of Wicklow - probation of the Senate of Hamburgh.-Great On the 14:h instant, his Majesty's order in numbers of French troops are in motion on the council was issued, for the further prorogation left bank of the Rhine, and all that were reof Parliament from the 6th of October to the cently stationed at Brussells, are marching to 3d of November. It is supposed that it will join the army which is collecting between Ghent nect for the dispatch of business, on the 29th of and Bruges. All the troops garrisoned in November. The Gazette of last Saturday con- Picardy, and the old frontier of France, froin tains his Majesty's proclamations directing a Lisle to Metz, have received orders from the general fast and humiliation, throughout England minister at war, to hold themselves in readiness jad Ireland on Wednesday the 19th of October ; to march within twenty-four hours after they