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Tagus with the greatest part of liis fleet, then glect prevail now among our naval rulers as all in good order for service, leaving Rear did then? yet what hope can we entertain Admiral Sir John Orde, with s sail of the of better management from the same peolive and 3 or 4 frigates and smailer vessels, ple, should we withhold our censure on their to continue the blockade, which he did un- last conduct when so loudly called for!--. til the month of April following: -Let us Let us remember that Bantry Bay is more suppose however, not withstanding the mise- than 100 leagues distant from Brest; Tourable state of the Spanish feet in Cadiz, lon from Brest about 600; and Egypt from (and more wretched it need not be made Toulon upwards of 500! yer that all these. appear, than a part, and the élite of it proved distances were passed and repassed by hositself when afterwards engaged with Sir tile armaments, except the last, without James Saumarez in the Gut of Gibraltar,) the smallest interruption from our fieels. that it might have been most adviseable for then in the zenith of their power and greathis Lordship only to have detached, at an ness; whilst those of our enemies were at earlier period, the same number of ships froni their lowest ebb. The expedition to Bantry his ficel, that he sent at last off Toulon Bay consisting of ships of war and transwhen too late, (viz. 6 sail of the line, one ports, was some time at anchor in that port, ship of fifiy guns with several smaller,) ina and weeks at sea; and but for providential. stead of keeping them employed, as he interference in our favour, must have been usually did, in cruizing on remote stations completely successful. That from Brest to for prizes, or in carrying passengers and bul- the Mediterranean consisted altogether of locks, to ihe degradation and injury of the ships of war, and was ten or twelve weeks naval service; what might not have been on its tour before it returned with a part of effected by such a force under a skilful lead- the Spanish fleet from Cadiz.-Thial to et in delaying the sailing of the French fieet Egypt was composed of all soris of vessels, from Toulon, dependent as it was on other the worst provided, aniounting to near 400, parts for its transports and supplies of every with 10 or 50,000 troops on board; yet, so kind ?-Retarding the departure of the ex- confident did its commander appear of bis pedition even for a week, would have been security from being intercepled, that he every thing; for, as it was, Lord Nelson stopt and took Malta, that impregoable. with the reinforcement from England reach- fortress, in his way, before proceeding to his ed Malta three or four days only after the final destination. ---On these several occaFrench left it. And who will prelend 10 sions, we had only one port to watch and say, had this force been sent off Toulon one guard at a linie, viz. Brest in iwo instances, month before Lord Nelson went there, that and Toulon in one ; and we had full and it might not have been the means of delaying timely information of the desigos carrying the sailing of the French ficet more than on in each. Comparing those bold attempts that time. What professional man will as- of listant invasion with these we are now sert that with such a force, joined by the menaced, how wide the difference, how Portuguese ships already mentioned, as being much more easy to have been counteracted ! at Lord St. Vincent's disposal, (and which An extent of near 200 leagues of enemies were stationed soon after off Malta), Ruo- coast faces our own), in some parts not naparıé might not have been arrested in his above eight or ten leagues distant from us, course, had he been encountered by it at at most not exceeding thirty; full of harsea, before our reinforcement arrived, with bours, from which expeditions for crossing his numerous and ill appointed Armada ? the channel may be fitted out, and many of Had he been so, what a difference would it them difficult to be effectually watched. A have made to this country! Malia and few bours, a single night might land our eneEgypt would not have been possessed by mies on our shores from different points, in the French; quantities of British blood and small vessels, or even in 'open boats. Let us. treasure would have been saved ; and the reflect on all this, and afterwards decide war now commencing, might eventually whether more skill and vigilance than was have been prevenied ! With such instances manifested by Lord St. Vincent in opposing brfore us of successful enterprise on the part | Buonaparté, are not requisite at present ia of the French during the last war, under save us from serious mischief?-In palliacircumstances the most desperate, as this tion, for I never heard an attempt at justifinow spoken of; that from Brest to Baniry cation of Lord Si. Vincent's conduct on this Bay; and from the former port up the Me- occasion, I have heard some friends of his diterranean and back again ; how can we say, it would bave been imprudent to have reasonably expect to be safe from invas on sent the force I have spoken of in March or at presenta should the same unforeseen ne- April off Toulon, as we had no port in ibe.


Mediterranean where to repair in case of in lily, and tle bittle of Marengo would damage, or where to procure supplies. never have taken place !! What would Lord St. Vincent say to this 17eb Jure, 1803.

T. U. pretended friend for his defence? or to any cifiver wlo should arike such a difficulty, if directed by his lord-bip on service similar to ihar alluced to off Toulon? Let the officers

Observations on the Conduct of whimiral Sir John Jerris, of the navy answer this question !-But to

K.E.row Earl St. Vinceni, from the 6ch of cipril,

1796. reply to it effectuallv; Lord St. Vincent did

Admiral Sir John Jervis left St. Fiorenza Bay ia a force off Toulou---He sept a the Island of Corsica, she 6th of April 1796, with smaller.-He sent a larger when we had no ihe squadron under his command, and proceeded port in the Mediterranean; when Malta to Toulon, to biock up the French squadren. In Hrad become a French port; and, when by

the month of Octobir tollowing, Roar Admiral

Man in the Windsor Castle of 98 guns arrived off the French preparations at Toulon, all the

Toulon, making the fleet under Sir John Jervis to nejiral states bordering the Mediterranean, consist of 22 sul of the line, including two said of were more than usually apprehensive of of- the line detached under Commodore Nelson off fending them.--Lord Nelson, when there

Genoa.--- Hos:ilities evith Spin, were ki.olun to be with only three sail of the line, one fitiy gun

commenced, not withstanding which, Sir jobo Tervis

ordered Rear Admiral Man to return to Gibraltar. ship, and some frigates, had his o'vn ship -On Admiral Man's passage to that fortress, his disaasiel; and his lordship repaired io Sar- squadron of seven sail of the line, tell in with he didia without molestation. His lordship Sinish aset consisting of 36 sail of the line, and aferrards, and before the glorious batile of

the Windsor Castle narrowly escaped bocins Aboukir, waiered and victualled his squa

broughero action, and wich might have eavan

gered his whole squadro.-From Gibraltar Ada dron in Sicily. But, if none of these sup. miral Man sailed without delay for Ingiand; plies could have been bad on the spot, he was sensible Gibraltar was not a fit anchorage might they not have been sent frona Gibral. in time of war, for a squadrou in the winter seatar: Have our ships on much less impor

son, as the ships conld not remain there for any

number of days, because, the first hard Levanter tant occ sions, never been at sea three or

(strong east olind) would liave diiven soine of the four months without going into port? ships over the Bay, and oiher, into the Gut of Some others have said, we had evacuated Gibraltar, at ihe risk of being lost.-The latics the Mediterranean, and Lord St. Vincent part of October, Admiral Sir John Jervis reurned had nothing to do with it!-Strange indeed

to St. Fiorenza Bay in Corsici, to assist in evacu

ating that Island. During the stay of the "qu4• would it be, if his lordship with a commis- dron in St. Fiorenza Bay, intelligence was recive sion of cocamander in chief in the Mediter- ed of the Spani h fleet of thirty-six sail of the line ranean in his pocket, should have nothing to being of the Island of Corsica. --If Rear Adiniral do with it; when Egypt and Malta, the

Man had not been detached with his squadron,

Admiral Sir John Jervis would have had twentykeys to our Indian possessions, were threat

tuo sail of the line to have fought ihe Spaniards, ened by the Frepcb, and he had ships to and mighi liave captured and destroyed twenty or spare to defend them! If such an argument thirty sail of the enemy, for the Spanish fleee duis worth any thing, it should have been used ring the three days they were off the Island of Coi. against our sending a squadron there at last,

sics, sailed in a saggling manner, and their sbips

were much separated from each other.--- That a when too late fully to counteract Buona

glorious opportunity at one bisw, was hire lost, of parté; and not ag inst our sending it earlier destroying or capturing, the naval force of Spain, when it might bare defeated his views al- ---'iad this event fortunately happened, Buonatogether. We had, it is true, evacuated

parté rever could have sailed for Egypt.-A disthe Mediterranean for some time, and the

poscable naval force might in thar case have been

spares iv have continued the blockade of Touloo. most fatal measure it was that we adopted -What plea can Earl St. Vincent frame for reiluduring the whole war; had we, instead of cing his torce liy dioaching Admiral Man, who had employing our troops to parade uselessly

at that time no service to pertore: although, with Lord St. Vincent in Portugal, whilst he

prior to his arr val off Toulon, he had wird seven

sail of the line bee inan y months blocking up, in Pred upon our poor Consel at Lisbon, sent

the most officer-like minner, Admiral fichery them togeities with some of our mercenaries with eight sail of French ships ofibelive in Cadiz

1323ed on disgraceful expeditions on the barhour?-On the appearanse of hostilities wicht Convient, to iake possession of Minorca, we

the Spaniards, the Marquis of Pute (the British might as easily have had the Is, and iivelve

Ambassador and Plenip itentiary in Spain.) re

commended to Admiral 1!3n1 without delay!o remonths before it was attacked by Sir Charles inforce wish his squadron Ad nial Sir John ictv's $iusti, 25 we got it then; and, having ihat oft Toulon, and which Rear Admiral Mar.1. pori, with such a fleet in the Vicditerranean, as It may be presumed Sirl. Jervis directed strain by proper cretions we might have had at the

ral Man to return to Gibraltar, because, a Hricista

Ambassador with the best intentions and priority end of 1797, no Egyptian expedition would of intelligence, should not directly or indireadly ever have been thought of by the French. dictate discretionally to any part of bis squadron, The Austrians would have been successful although, by zu vice only. The above is partectly

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true, and which no one can deay.-When the Spa- and was near being totally lost, but was saved by nish flect was off Coisica, the Island of Elba was the great exertions of her captain, who, with the in possession of the British and Corsica was not St. George re urned to Lisbon -Could act Admis at that time evacuared by the British troops, who ral Sir John Jervis have taken a proper time of had possession of Calvi, Bastia, and St. Fio scoza, tide to sail with the squadron, and left a frigate -The probable reason for evacuating Corsica, was to follow him with his dispatches? When Ad: the knowledge that a 'war with Spain was not tar miral Sir Horatio Nelson, K. B. sailed to attack distatit.-Had the Spanish fleet beco captured or Tenerife, his orders were positive so to do. destroyed off that Island, other directions might Neither Sir Horario Nelson nor any officer in his have been kent from England relative to it. squadron knew where to land, or the sate of the After the evacuation of Corsica in the month of fortifications ; a description of those at Santa November, 1796, the squadron under Sir John Jer. Cruz may not be unacceptable to the Public. vis sailed for Gibraltar, to procure a supply of The militia of the Island of Teneriffe amounts to provisions and coals. They arrived there after a seven or eight thousand men, and the garrison passage of three weeks. The tanks being out of generally consisted in time of peace of twelve order, no water could be procured though sheets hundred soldiers, besides artillery men. There of water fell.-Gibraltar is well known to be a are four circular forts on an extensive esplanade dangerous anchorage in the winter, especially for behind the line wall. These forts are nue to the a large squadron.-Was not Sir John Jervis ac- norihward of the lan ling place in the centre of quainted with this circumstance, and also, that he the curtain of the line wall.-The fint of these was going to Lisbon ? Could not the victuallers forts crosses cach other, and commands the espla: have met the squadron at Lisbon ? Or, if already nade.--The Gurernos's house is about two hun. at Giraltar, cı uld they not have sailed with the dred yards from the northernmost fort.-The squadron to the Westward, and as frequently guns of the forts are 24 pounders, and are under happens, been cleared of their cargoes at sea?- arches, and the parapet is above the guns. Eack The squadron did not leave Gibraltar until the fort has a ditch and draw bridge, nor are the forts Courageux of 74 guns was shipwrecked, and only commanded by any hill near, except one in the 30 persons out on a crew of 630 men, saved. The town, and which is built upon and covered with Zcalous of 74 guns, and Gibraltar of 80 guns, were houses..The line wali reaches norib and south, damaged by striking on rocks under water, and beyond where the anchorage extends, and is both were néar being lost. The Zealous was after- mounted with heavy cannon. There are two wards hove down at Lisbon, and as the Gibraltar's demi-bastions with ftanks, and a straight curtaio. damages could only be repaired in a dock, she was -The two faces of the demi-bastions, the two sent to England. In the middle of December the Aanks and the curtain have twentyosis pieces of squadron sailed for Lisbon, and on irs arrival off heavy cannon mounted upon them to defend the the Tagus, the signal was made by Sir John Jer- wharf, and which is the only one. - The wharf vis, for the commanding officers of divisions, :o projects from the centre of the curtain some dislead their divisions into port.-The channel into iance into the sea. The centre of the curtain is Lisbon is one of the most awfully dangerous, pero open about eight feet, and there is a large che. haps, in the world, because the surf beats high, vaur-de-frize seven feet high, and which closes and with uncommon violence on the North and the centre of the curtain every night.-About the Soub Catchops, the two grear shoals at the middle of the wharf is a draw bridge, and from entrance of the Tagus, and between which the thence on each side of the wharf, there is an half squadron had to sail. The Britannia of 100 guns chevaur-de-frize (the points outwards) all the (the fiag ship of Vice Admiral Thompson) sailed way to the wall of the curtain ; so that, at night, so badly that she retarded part of the squadron, whien the draw bridge of the wharf is hauled up, and many ships were in consequence obliged to it is iinpossible to pass. 10 the curtain. It is by anchor.-A store ship (44 guns) was, owing to this, no means difficult to land four thousand soldiers ncar being lost; but was saved by the assistance with field pieces, without any accident to be ap. of boats, and she again in the evening anchored prehended from the surf; but this landing cannot (to the Eastward of the Bougee Fort) near the be made at the town of Santa Cruz.-How many South Carchop:--The Bombay Castle of 74 guns, brave men were here sacrificed ? The fault was (that separated a few days before in chase) not Sir Horatio Nelson's. Where does blame was coming in from sea, and about six o'clock then attach jiseif? What motive could induce in the evening, in” an endeavour to avoid Earl St. Vincent to send so small a force to Tenethe store ship by passing to the southward sisse to capture the Spanish treasure? Was it that of her, the Bombay Castle broached to and the late Hon. Geucral Sir Charles Stuart and the went on the South Catchop, where she was British troops uuder his command at Lisbon finally lost.-Had Sir John Jervis allowed the might not have a share? Hoping to reserve all ships to put into port as most convenient, all the the plunder for the navy alone. For plunder the squadron (withouc heading the Victory, his flag trcasure on shore must certainly have been, and sbip) would have been 'safely anchored in the not prize money: and, therefore, the treasure Tagus hcfore dark, and the channel would then (had it been capiured,) must have been divided have heen lett clear for the Bombay Castlc.- Let according to the directions of the King, and in any one attempt to refute this assertion.--The such proportions as his Majesty thought proper. latier part of January 1997, Admiral Sir John -The fact is, the Spanish treasure was not af Jervis waited for his dispatches at Lisbon, and at Teneriffs, but was afterwards supposed to have half ebb made the signal for the squadron to weigh. been landed at one of the Western Islands, and The consequence of doing this, and not taking a brought from theuce in Portuguese men of war proper tinre of ride to sail out of the Tagus before to Lisbon, and by American merchant ships to the fund lide made, was the St. George of 99 gons, Cadiz..When the British fleet ander Earl St. Vin(Cipt. Peard) meeting the food ride and wind to cent were cruizing off Cadiz, iwo Spanish frigates the north ward bei wixt the Catchops, and the ride laden with creasure to a great amount, hailed Earl of food scoring to the south-east, carried her on St-Vincent's flag ship, ai twelve o'clock at night; the South Catchop, where she beat off her rudder and no notice being then taken of them, they


made their escape in shore, and immediately land- such time (and not otherwise) the master certained chcic treasures in safety. Whose fault was ly was paid for him; it was meant he should be this? What would have been the consequence,

But what was he paid? Only the first year at the if an inferior admiral or captain had acted in a

small rate allowed by governmeat for the appreasimilar manoer? As Vice-Admiral Sir John Orde tice of is, and 2d. per diem; increasing ad, érciy could not obtzia a court-martial on Earl St. Vin- year, and to the last year and day of his apprencent for his conduct towards him, Earl St. Vin. iiceship, his pay was still inferior to the workmen. cent may, perhaps, consider himself as placed be- This is the true statement, and surely it was fair. yond the reach of all law; but his lordship must

So when they worked on board of ships, skeping at the same time be aware that he cannot soar hard, and from their homes, they were allowed by above the opinions of mankind, whose judgment establishment additional pay; likewise at their will be formed from actions alone. B. N.

dionér time when deprived of it, as some compen. sation for such deprivation. This was the regu.

lation of those who had well considered the busi. CONDUCT OF THE ADMIRALTY: ness, and which had stood the test of time. It

would have been wise, if those who have made the SIRI am a plain man, not spending my changes had duly reflected on a trite adage : “ Let time in copiest, but a lover of truth ; and having

well alone.” The giving one-third of the pay to read in the Times, an answer, as it is termed, to

the apprentice (mind if he behaves well), does not your assertion, that " by the mode which the Ad.

induce parents to place their children; for they miralry has adopted in distributing apprentices

were accustomed to give them their board during to the shipwrighes, in a few years the modellers and draftsmen will be extinct." I request that

their apprenticeship, in short, 10 find them ia

every thing. This expense ceased the day they you will be pleased to insert my rejoinder to it, as

were out of their time; when ia their turn, they i have the opportunity of being somewhat conver.

could, if necessary, assist their parents with the sant with the subjeci in question. The writer

pleasing prospect of obtaining, probably, in the says, “ It was not this Board of Admiralty, but

course of uime an apprentice themselves, and of their predecessors, who procured an order in coun

reaping the same advantages, which they had becil, &c. &c." I cannot exactly say, who it was

fore been the means of giving to their masters. procured it; but this every dock-yard man does

This is now no longer an object of plcasidg exkaow, that no such mode was ever put in prac.

pectation. Forineriy, people of some property, tice relative to apprentices until the present Board

placed their soos at school with the intention of of Admiralty presided : and most unfortunately, like all the dew regulations, this hash given gene

apprenticing them, after gaining a proper educa

tion, to the master shipwright or his assistanis, or ral discontent. I am greatly apprehensive that

to the master mast maker, master boas-builder, this cannot be benefiting the nation; but with

&c. in the fair hope of their succeeding, if fortu. the present Admiralty every thing must be chang.

nate, to those employments, them: elves; they et; every thing must be novel; for former segulations, by whomsoever planned, however they serving, the masters, as they rose, made a point of

gave with them from 20 to 80 pounds.When des have stood tie test of time and experience, will

bringing them forward. It was the fair condition But do now. Valuckily the impossiblity of com

of the obligation. It was right individually, and plying with some of the new orders obliged the

in a national view. The writer again says,'" the Board to cancel them, and have recourse to those

doccur to the master shipwright is the indispensae again which they had superseded. Meo would res,

ble and only key to the mould loft. There is no cerid a submit to them. Whether the present

reason for supposing that the masters of the shipiatroduced mode is more eligible than the former,

wrights are worse than other men, (although they remajas to be determined, but the boys now

have seen shamefuliy stigmatized ;) bur, I would picked up are chiefly of the lowest order of the

ask, in whose hands can the key be so properly peopie. - Shipwrights not thinking it worth their

kept? The fallacy of the above representation will while to bring their children up to a crade, where

plainly be seen, when it is kaown, that master the extra is taken away, which formerly was uni

shipwrights, and evca surveyors of the pavy have Sersally allowed for a servant; and which the de

risen to those posts, having served their appreasering sere always in the hope of receiving in

ticeship to persons in the yard very inferior to the thcir cura with their apprentices. Whereas, now

master shipwright. This violeni correspondent however many extra' hours the master works

has either very superficial knowledge of the suba with the apprentice by his side ; he neither re

ject, or he lets oui only just as much as will ana caires any extra advantage from the extra labour

swer his purpose, using the shadow of truth, whi's of the apprentice, nor dues che appremice (though he hides the substance. But what will he say forced to work such extral receive any more for when I make it public, (for I will not call it in. the performance of bis diury, either now or in ex

forming him,) that by the new and wise regulapectation hereafter. At this very instant, three

sions, svery shipwright apprentice cow indenied da;s for one are paid to the shipwrigkt, if he is positively bound io the master shipwright; so works tbe hours, which have by the trade been

his indeniure runs; and the man, who receivts the Hipulated to go for sucb; all able working men trifling advantage from bim is called his instruc. Ro* seccive at least two days, or what is termed

tor; he has no other right in, or authority over ceable days pay; while the apprentice, who

him; and consequently, has no stimulus to a care works all that ime, only receives a single day's of him. It would be unreasonable to suppose the pay. When this informant set forth, obat" for

master shipwrights immaculaie, however the great merly the master was paid three daysfer one, in

Board may be so.-A certain number of these afthe first ytas, day, in the first weck of his appren- prentices must successively go to the mould love : tices tiine, if he came within the line of truth;

and any further commenc is unrecessary. The it was nevertheless, a misrepresentation. For writer next says, " Mr. Cobbet pretends (and I what was the fact? Guvernment had settled what

asso?) that che Admiraliy have been obliged to reshould be a day's worky, what should be considered sort to the assistance of warranted carpenters of as two and three days. If the apprentice worked ships (i.e. the master carpenters) to do the com



He again


mon duty of working bipwsights, &c.” And he hy a French army, led on hy French enthusiasm, adds, “that when the cauikers and shipwrights in and supsorted witn French courage and persevethe 1.erchants' yards refused to work, ihe carpen. rance is a most tremendous danger; but because, ters of slips offered their service.”-I must owo, people will not believe that this danger exists; never heard this before; but I well know, lo re- because people are so persuadre of the difficulties lucion: these officers are to be classed with wosking and dangers of such an attempt, that they think men in the King's yard at this time. He is very that the end my will not daje to meet these d31)right in saying some caulkers were discharged; gers and diflicuities, or meeting them must yield for these, although they were only common men, to them ; because people reckon up all the difii. refused to go; and would io a man, but from their culties of ile passage, and talk of the difficulties haviug families, so they were afraid to reluse. Not of embarkation and diseinbarkation, with as much one of them would have been again entered, had pride and sausiaction, as if they were securities of it not been from the impossibility of finding own ereeting; and enumerate with great others to supply their places; old nen and boys pomp, all the chances of their buing met by our being the only caulkers left in any of the dock- cruicers, and all the havock that a single trigate vards, so very general was the rclusal.

could make in such a rencounci.-In short, bee says, "that if there is not three years consump- cause people cruise to the “ Little Dirch,” (to use tion of umber on hand, every clerk at the Admi- a common expression) that surrounds us; io ralty knows, that one of the Board's standing or

Wooden Walls," to the chances against ders has been neglected." That ile Navy Board invaders, and in shiort, to any thing but their have been cramped in all iheir proceedings, from own exertions and citons.--Now this feel. the commencement of the present Admiralty to ing, or ratlier this want of feeling, I must altiithis day, is well known to every clerk at

bute to a want of spirit or to a proper sense of the Admiralty, and 10 every other public office; the danger io which we are exposed. --That the and that the harshness and rigidity of the Admi- feeling exists, is I think undeniable. li is proved, raly have been such, that merchants are posi- I think, by what we daily hear of and see nowja tively a rerse to contract, is fully experienced. No towD.--- Kalls and rours, and parties of pleasure, tourersant person, of the many thousands who buyivg and selling, horse dealings at Tatier all's; are masters of the subject will attach the least auctions at Christie's, &c. now all going on just as Wame to the Favy Board; but admire their pa- if we were in a state of perfect salety, or to use tience and unabated zoal in the performance of the soporitic phrase of the Doctor, in “ profound their duty.--Knowing the value of room in your


"-All this is very pretiy; but, I copless paper, I will not ohirude at present myself sarcher,

alarıns me. Thcy ate, they drank, they mare only requesiing you will be pleased to give this an " ried, they were given in marriage, till the flood early place, as my remarks would have been for- " came and swept them all away."--- But if die warded to you sopner had the answer, which I thing wanted further proot, I should say that we huve now seplied to, come in my way.

– An,

had it, in the present acquiesence of the county Sir, &c. &c.

S. T. under the cutal isceness of government, and

their slowness in bringing forward any measure :IETTERS TO A FRIEND IN THE COUNTRY. for resisting or preventing the danger.--. plau LTIER I.

has, indeed, lattiy becn broughi fur ward in the London, June 26, 1803.

House of Commons by Mr. JorkeBv the fa. My dear, Sir, I received youis of the 24th

vour of our friend,.... I was in the gallery and gesterday. -Your inquiries about news, and

heard that gentleman's opinion of the business; about the measures, which are taken by govern

and I have just received froi the same friend the ment in the present emergency of the country, are

printed copy of the hill, as completed and perfecto certainly most scasonable. I wish I could send you

cd by them in the Commilice; and I confess, word, that there was apparent any where that spirit,

bolile speech and ihe bill have filled my gloomy which the moment requires. Eur, neither in the

mind with incicused gloon; so inadequate, so cowony ai laige, nor in ihe Parliament, nor above miserably short of the en ergency, and of my ex. all, in ile ncmbers tit administration, can I per

pectation have they both of inom fallen.-fihat ceive any appearance of vigour or excruod, nde.

mees.e I shall bate occasion 10 say something qurie to the occasion -liis therefore, with side

presently -- A» 10 want ut spirit in the country, ther a heavy heart, that I sii down to answer your

do not assert that thicre is no spirit; but I do asqueries.--I will not, however, delay doing so,

sc!!, notwithstanding, that I have bein iced that and, as you have the good nature to set sonje Vas

thai assertion has been Naily contradicted by high authority, that none is appareut.

I know not luc on my opiniov, / vil detail at some lengan to you my sentiments on ihe present siibarion of al

what that high authoriy nay say in the House of fairs..-Iconiess to you, ihat l view that situz

Commons; but this I kiiow, that out of doors ! tion wiili tlie seatest anxiety and apprehcuisin.

do not nicer a single person, who does not comOur friends berc frequently taily me on the dejce

piin of is. lumay be thai the spirit exists, tion and lowness of spirns, which such a view nas

has aot been drawn forth. Ludinit nothing has produced on But I contess, icitlier their

been donc tay draw it fort!, hvihose whose busine's jokes nor their disagreement as to the causes ot ii

it was to do 50; and Ichink that is no smail have been able to make me shake it oil indeed,

charge amongst the many grievous charges that it is in a great degree produced hy that very dis

ought to be brought against the ministers, !!! agreement of seniinien; by tha: want or case of

say, that evenis which have happened, and things the magnitude vi ile arget, which a perelive in

we have witnessed within :hese few weeks ought to them, anu in the darivo in gineral.-I know that

have called forth that spirit; and, it it exisied, mysell, and those who dont like me, are called

think would have ciled forth ihuespirit, not with disponding Persou-l des poi veny ii. I do dia standing all the evitor's scopurilics, and now with spind. But why? Not because we are at war;

standing all the amp dimonis, wiich bis weak, alut because france is powerful; not because

slow, and incfii icnt à mestration, il rows in the Buonapaité is implacable; not because we are way of all manly and spiriicd exertion. I, there chrcaicned with invasion, and because invasion

foré, for one, think this opisie ducs Dul caisteluss

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