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on the Continent is a proof both of bis'am. feel sore at the generous indignation of a bition and the little respect he pays to the free and independent people. But the Chief rights of nations. By breaking the spirit of Consul; if he be a despot, is a hero also ; resistance, and forcing them to crouch under and heroes must not be confined, like ordithe banners of France, he has made them, nary men, within the bounds of old preinstead of independent states, the abject scriptions, and the beaten track of dull unislaves of his will; the miserable subjeces of formity. They must astonish by their achis rapacity, and extortion, the wretched tious. They must force their way over the victims of his perfidy and ambition. I will neck of laws, and rights, and opinions, and not slew him in that accommodating garb justice, and every thing which other mea in which he wished to become all things to hold sacred. How else should they be all men. · I will not raise ibe abhorrence of known to be heroes ? And who does not my countrymen, whom I know to be relia know that the greatest heroes are the greatgious, against the most sacrilegious conduct est madmen ? Satan in his Palace of Pan. the world ever witnessed. I will not bold demonium would scarcely have been distinup to view the speckled features of his re- guished from his internal counsellors, had Jigious transformations, from the adoration he not had the daring to issue out at hell of the naked Goddess of Liber y, and the gates to explore and ruin the world. soothing idea of an eterual sleep, to the joys " As when a l'iture on Imaus bred, of a Alahomeian Paradise, and the blessed Whose snowy ridge the roving 'Tartar bounds, society of the faithful. Such a daring out- Disindging from a region scarce of prey, rage to all religious opinions would bave To gorge the tiesh of lambs or yearling kids
On hills where llocks are led, lics towards the called down the vengeance of Greece or
springs Rome upon the impious wretch; but which,
Of Ganges or Ilyelaspes, Indian streams, by a Frenchman, will be considered as a But in his way lights on the baren plains mark of greatness of mind, and a happy
Of Sericana." stroke of political sagacity. Let 115 pardon The conduct of the First Consul towards his past failings, for he is now a good Chris- this country, if it has not been equally via. Lian, and desires his pious bishops to ufler lent as towards other nations, did not pro• up prayers to the Almighıy, that he may ceed from any regard to justice, but from a prosper in bis injustice and villainy, Here well grounded fear of openly enraging a too we trace the features of his character, high spirised and forn:idable people. He for it is in every respect singular and con- krew our strength; he had felt our power; sistent. From the Palace of Şi. Cloud he he sbrunk from our vengeance.
Like a issues mandates that astonish Europe, as well fugitive and deserter le fed from his brale by their novelty as their injustice. Amidst army in Egypt to usurp the ancient throne the representatives of Sovereigos, his rage of the Bourbons. From that time till the breaks out with all the acriniony and inso. present nioment, power has been his objecte Jence of a leader of banditti, traversed in his and be has but 100 well succeeded. We schemes of rapine and plunder. Before the alone had vie courage to oppose biin, and eyes of Lurope be açıs ile political mad. to oppose him with rigour. Our success in m; and the boldness and singularity of the late war, not withstanding the defection h s gestures and actions are really astonish- of our allies, was such as to warrant us to ing His paroxysnis would be highly prescribe ternis instead of receivingiliem. amusing were he deprived of the means of We had taken from France ihe best part of rendering them dangerous. To the roice her West-India possessions, and all that she and sentiments of mankind he pays no re- held in the East. We had almost annihigard. . To ihe authority of religion he is lated her navy. The remnant of her ships too great and 100 unprincipled to submii. were either rotting in her harbours, or taken Bow despots are proof against the keen at. successively by our 'cruizers. All her atticks of public censure. They endeavour to tempts upon us baffled by the vigilance of colour over their injustice with some plausible our minisiers and the skill and bravery of prçtence; and it is not until they are dead our sailors and soldiers. What then did to all shame, and regardless of the opinion Fiance gain from us? Not an inch of ter. cither of contemporaries or of posterity that ritory: not the shadow of an advantage. they venture upon actions which transmit We indeed felt sorely the perfidy and distheir pames with infamy to all eternity. tresses of our' allies; and it was for them They may disregard the sullen curses of the
we made so many sacrifices. "For ourselves, miserable wretches, subject to their autho- we did not despair. We stood firm as a riy, but they ought to be considered as rock; growing, every day more formidable bardened indecd in villainy if they do not a's dangers thickened around us. The
Chief Consul, aware of all these advantages the other, we found outselres deserted by on our side, made some concessions, which, our allies, and left to maintain the combat it is plain, he never meant to ratify. He alone. Thos, that balance of power, which probabiy thought, that, could he once make cost our ancestors so much blood and trea03 drop our arms, we would not suddenly sure, and which cost us little less to mainresume them, though he should convince in tain, has, for the present, by unforeseen wound us through the subjugation of Swit- events, been in a great measure overturned. zerland, the oppresion of Holland, and We are now to consider France as the mo: Sebastiani's famous mission. He thought, dangerous enemy to the liberties of Europe, no doubt, that, since we were alipost en- and as avowedly aiming at universal emtirely excluded from the Continent, we pire. Viewing her in aliis light, what are would pot have the bliness to encounter we to do? Ought we to sit quietly dowr, him single handed. He certainly valued and give up the cause as hopeless? Ought himself much upon bi: dextrous policy in we to look quietly on and see her hem us forcing the contiaental powers to withdraw in on every side by ber conquests? We from our alliance; and not without reason. ought surely more than ever io make the ba. It appears to have been the intention of lance of power the object of our thoughts, France, for more than a century, to loos n and direct all our measures for restoring it oor connexion with those nutions on the to its proper level. The language of BuonaContinent, who, apprehending dangerfion parle upon this head is equally unjust to this her growing power, had joined in a strict country, and insulting to ihe other nations of alliance with us. Our salesmen were, Evrope. Rightly interpreted, it runs thos: towever, better acquainted with the in- “ The powers upon the Continent are all terests of this country; and those nations under the dominion and protection of hver too well the value of our alliance, to France. Not one of them dares move surfer France to obtain this important end.
wiibout her permission. They have it not Louis XIV. entertained ihe sanie ambitious in their power to conclude, or break off alview, as Buonaparte; but Europe was pre- liances. You alone are our rivals. But served from slavery, chiefly by the exertions you are our rivals only by sea. On the of ibis country, conducted by the abilities Continent you have no ally, no force, do of a man who, to the talents of a great ge- interest." Such language, the weakness peral, onited those of a consummate stales- alone of Germany ought to prevent ber man and politician. France was driven from chastising. But we ought, from the withio ber ancient limits; and only saved first, to have remonstrated with spirit, and if by the discensions which broke out among remonstrances were of no avail, io have fol. the confederates. The issue of last war has lowed them up by action. not been so favourable to Europe. During From our insular situation we never can the course of it we lost or allies one after endanger the liberties of any nation upon a norber. The King of Prussia basely be- the Continent, nor acquire any permanent trașed us. Tlie Durch, most fatally for their authority among them, farther than mutual own interest and independ-oce, threw them. interest may promore. We have long since selves into the arms of France. Spain, af. abandoned ihe idea of continental conquests. ter a few feeble efforts, joined the con- All the efforts we have made in that quarter Gorror. The intrigues of the lialian powers were either intended to divide the power of Saniched before. French ferocity. Some of France, or, more frequently, to protect our the smaller states have been blotted out of allies. But the situation and views of erktcoce, and others have risen upon their France are very different. She has shewn TUDS. Russia, atier making a considerable herself both able and inclined to wrest from impression upon France, withdrew from the them their independence, laws, and possescoomen alliance, and was only preventer, sions. She maintained herself, during the by the premature death of her Sovereigó, greatest part of the late war, at their exfrom terping her arms against us. And pense. And, had it not been for the defeats the Emperor of Germany, our only valuable she received from us, defeats which checked aad best tried ally, forced, by a train of her pride and taught her to stop in ile defeals, to conclude a treaty in which we career of conquest, all Europe, and, pu. We not comprehended. Thus, after a baps, most of Asia, would, ere now, have series of events which have no parallel, been subject to her power. There cannot party occasioned by ill-judged policy, per- be a doubt, that, should France ever have hdy, and weakness, on the one haod and the good fortune to ruin our wavy (which by a spirit of enthusiasm, ambition, irre- Goi forbid !) ihe balance of power in Eusistible power, and astonishi ag success, on rope would be entirely lost; and she may
then go on conquering and to conquer, ac
countries subject to her : then, from a quiring an increase of strength from every treacherous design to seize upon our colonew decussion otvtcrritory. : Nor is this al- nies and obtain-Malta; and, lastly, to invade toget ber improbable while she commands this country and subject it under her domi. such an extensive :lipe of coast.. From the nion. This has been the avowed design of mouth of the Elbe, * it takes a wide sweep the Chief Consul both before and since the along the German and Atlantic Ocean up signing of the treaty of Amiens. This is the shores of the Mediterranean. It bounds an important consideration. It interests us the most fertile and populous countries in most nearly. It ought to be guarded against Europe. I know shat other means are ne- with the most scrupulous care. But it can cessary to create a great and respectable not be indifferent even to the independent navy tit to cope with ours. Bui these means, nations of Europe. Shoold France succeed I affirm, - France has been labouring to ob. in conquering this country, what other tain: first, by excluding us from the Con- power is there that could make bead against Linent; next, by preventing all British ma her?. In our fall would be involved that of nufactures from entering France and the Europe. The existence, the success of the
continental powers depend upon our existe
ence and success. We deprive France, by * The French have taken possession of Hano
our navy, of the sinews of war. Put her for, and also, it is saidt, of Hamburgli and other free maritime towns in Germany. These are ac.
in possession of these ; put her jo possession quisitions which ought to alarm every State upon
of our immense wealth, of our navy, of our the Continent, but more particularly the Germans colonies, and what other power ever was or ebenselves. The avowed design of the First Cou- will be more formidable? Do you suppose $ul is to exclude our manulaciuics and commerce that the northern nations would then be from the whole of the Continent. This measure involves in it a train of evils which will not fall
able to cope witb her ? No: they are at so ficavily upon this country as upun Germany too great a distance to stop her in her career and France herself. The commerce of France and and lie out of the direct line of conquest. her maritime allies, it is to be hoped, will be soon She will not allack them until she has entirely ruined loy the superiority of our fleels. Germany has so foreign possessions, nor foreign
over-run all Germany and Italy, and broken trade. The Northern nations possess nearly as
asunder the feeble Ottoman Empire. One dittle, and cannot furnish her with ihose commo. might naturally suppose that a sense of their dities which she has been accustomed to receive own danger and the liberty of Europe sbould from us. She will find it alınost impossible to rouse them before it be too late. At pre. want them. And France herself will sustain a heavy loss by the interruption of that contraband
sent they may do much either as arbitrators trade of British manufacturcs, which, in spite of
or parties; and effec!ually assist us in raisthe jcalousy aod vigilaoce of his Consular Majes- ing the Emperor of Germany to bis former ty, was poured in upon her through the medium influence and authority, and in reducing of Germany. What will be the consequence ? France within her ancient limits, where France will either be obliged to give up the free towns or incense every state upon the Continent
alone she will cease to be formidable. The so much against her, that she will be attacked by policy of Frauce in supporting Prussia enemies on every side. Even the politic and ava- against the Emperor has tended much to risivus Piussian will find his inccrest severely their mutual aggrandisement. But it noust · wounded by destroying the liberty of the fiec have fatal effects. towns. Perhaps it would be beliei for this coun.
It has weakened the try, while her navy blocks up the French fleets
only power upon the Continent capable of and armies in their ports, thai the Germans sub- resisting the French. li baş raised Prussia, mitted patiently to this act of injustice and rob- the natural rival of Austria, from a subur
bery. The First Consul must keep up numcious dinate rank in which she could never be armies, but how shall he pay them when he has no provinces to plunder, no commerce to tax?
dangerous, to a pitch of power equal, if not Lerche continental powers think of this. If we
superior to her rival; and given her the keep him at hay, as I hope in God we shall, when. means of preventing ihe immense power of ever he is siraiened, he will seek a pretence to the Germanic body from being turned invade Italy or Germany, and gather the glean, against France. Something similar to this ings of his former capacity. We are threatened
was the conduct of the Elector of Bavaria with burticns and dangers, but they are threatened with the loss of every shing; and, what is worse,
in the time of Louis XIV. He too was they seina no pucrawed by France, or so jealous of the rival of ihe then Emperor. But he fell, us, that they never make the lease remonstrance. and his fall ought to be an instructive les. Their supineness is astonishing. They are not a ware that the mist temporising ainnig them will
son 10 his more powerful imitator. The only be the last victim of Consular ambition.
King of Prussia, if he be possessed of any Implacable hatred to this country is the pretence,
political sagacity, ought to consider, that Jawless ambition the object of the politics of Si. France has employed him merely as the Cloud,
fool of her ambition to bumble the power
il she al
of Austria, and, that sooner or later, if be the States of Greece during the Peloponne
does not take care to prevent it, she will sian" war; and afterwards most accurately Digte sirip him of all that power which she per:
understood and diligently inculcated upon Et misted him to acquire for her own selfish the Athenians, on occasions very similar lo Desigt ends.
the present, by Demosthenes, the greatest S100
Aoy person, who will take the trouble to orator, and, perhaps, the greatest politician This is consider the present humbled state of most the world ever saw. He knew too well
of the nations upon the Continent, and the whac it was to trust 10 the protection of an dagen faraidable power and ambition of France, ambitious, faithless monarch. Those intiut it cmp will easily perceive that the contest, on the mate connexions, says he,' which republics Seper is side of France, is for universal empire ; on form with tyrants are generally fatal 10
our side, for self defence and the maintenance lihem. * bator of the balance of
power We are not ac- lp the presene crisis it would, perhaps, be ad agus cesories; we are principais in the present dangerous for ihose states that are conti. ced tbst war. It is the interest of the other nation's
guous to France, and have suffered most Ess of
of Europe to look ap to us for protection from her power, to enter at once into an al our est It is their interest to coalesce with us in liance against her. While we contine her France, 1 bombing France. Had the Durch, instead within her shores, she would direct all her Put
of that mean jealousy of our power, wlich rage against them. Every blow we give her posesindaced them, about the cominencement of marine or commerce she would revenge 5:5, cf cibe last war, to open their gates to the upon them. She would pour in her jme Fer wan Preach and receive ihe fraternal hug which, mense armies and overwhelm them in an u sopa I believe, has squeezed them preity well, in tant. No single, contiguous power is Hibero imitried the conduct of their ancestors, and able to oppose her. A general combination
joined cordially in the league against France, is, perhaps, at present impossible. Fear, her cu afisins might have taken a different turn. would sestrain some, weakness, others. Gercongue Their defection and the dissensions which many is distracted and torn with mutual
prose among the allieś ruined the cause. | jealousies.' Russia is the only power that nd bride Divided counsels and separate views weaken can co-operate with us in such a manner as Ere. Cand destroy the general interesi
It is un- may most injure and humble France; and, ge of 14 fortunate that there was not at that time at the same time, sustain little or no injury ope stow a the bead of the confederatès a man of berself. The Emperor of Russia's" domiAlp superior rank and talents who could unite nions are extensive; his power formidable :
so tuang jarring interests in one. Such a his mariae respeciable; his distaoce from
mas a Mariborough is not always to be France so great, and the points of attack so Dis fortyfound. Boil witbout the abilities of a Marl. few, that she never can make any imprèsredom brogh a confederation is feeble and di- sion
? upon him
while awed and confined by s, Fr vided. The same mean jealousy, which our feets. Two such powerful and forble. 1. lonely proved fatal to them; ought not midable enemies as Great Britain and Rus.
How to subsist anong ihe continental pow. sia, acting together with unanimity and ef
We then fought in defence of their fect, might not only obtain favourable and desima, but we now fight for our own insecure terms for themselves, but likewise csanction witb theirs, without the small. emancipate the oppressed powers upon the think of this; if hey prove enemies, we u news of aggrandisenxent. Let them Continent. Or, should France have the
hardihood to oppose them both, she would sa ruin their conomerce, but we cannot soon have her commerce entirely ruined, her Flerer tanjore their independence. We can prove colonies wrested from her, and her territoa better ally, but not such a formidable ries threatened on all quarters. Should the
Emperor of Russia pour in an army through Hates upon the Continent to attach them. he sagle to be the policy of the small Germany to attack her upon her frontiers,
at the first reverse of fortune she would find selva in somné" respectable power, from hersell deserled and threatened on all points. which they can bave nothing to fear, but Then will be the time for the states of Gerthem against a formidable and ambitious capable of protecting or assisting many to rise and ațrack lier in the moment
of dismay. Then will be ule time for Hol. parsued by the talian States in the fifteenih venge lierself for all her oppressions. Then neighbour: Sack was the system of policy and to assert her independence, and res, of internaty centuries. They carried' it, however, too far, and refined themselves al
• Ου γαρ ασφαλεις ταις πολιτειαις αι προς sezonai tave poems of policy practised by
τες τυραννους αυται λιαν ομιλιαι· Philip. Sερι.
arbitrat - in 21
Denis as France:
het ve lo
as the power
will be the time for Switzerland to resume concluded from our patient endarance that the bow and arrows of Tell, and steep their we were afraid to involve ourselves in a points in the blood of their tyrants. The quarrel with him. Robbery after robbery, more distant nations will catch the same and insalı after insuli, suffered to pass une spirit. That cothusiasm, which inipelled noticed or gently remonstrated against, F.enchmen upon the swords of their ene- would confirm the supposition. Our con. mies, and rendered them intrepid and fear- duet smelled strongly of quietism. When leis, is gone. They have not even the mis- strutk on the one clicck we turned the other taken but fascinating name of liberty to also. But the moment of aggression was fight for. That enthusiasm, and that name the time to remonstrate. To oppose the dewill animate their enemics. They will be- signs of Buonaparré by secret negotiation gin to inquire for what purpose, and for and under band management, was merely 10 wion they are again to be dragged from protract the disfresses of this country and their homes, and driven in the face of their disgrace is in the eyes of Europe, wiilioni en mies. They will not raise against them answering any purpose of policy, or pruthe arms and vengeance of all Europe for dence from beginning, io end it has the sake of a tyrant's ambition, who, should been a series of complainis and negotiations, he succeed in baffling the designs of his vainly endeavouring 10 patch up a faithles enemies, will become only the more formi. treaty by oifers on the one hand as base as dable and dangerous to his own people. they were disgraceful, and by an extraordi.
After having endeavoured to point out the nary mixture of weakness and resolution, of necessity of maintaining the balance of
curicension and levacity in the other. Coupower abroad, it follows next that we take rier afier courier departed and returned. a view of our own situation, and the cir- Vessenger after messenger was burried cumstances wbich have forced us into the
away or came post with sone new project, present war. The Treaty of Ainiens, not- Furmay a day was the sta vexed wiihiheir withstanding the encomiums bestowed upon fruities voyages. The people, in the meario it by the advocates of his Majesty's minis- tine, lefi io gaze in idle wonder, and busy ters, was certainly an unfortunate one for themselves in endless conjectures. The this country; unfortunate, because it left us
clouds at last began to gather and the storm stripped of many valuable possessions, for to burst. But the causes for a rupture with which we - received no equivalent. It ap- France bad existed ever since the signing pears to have been made, if we may judge of the Treaty of Amiens ; nay, the first by the event, rather to gain a short breaib- Consul was violating every article of it at ing time, than as the foundation of a last- the moment he signed the treaty. This reing and secure peace. The terms were not quires a serious investigation. It deeply af. sufficiently explicit; the interest of this fccis not only the honour of this country, country and Europe not sufficiently attended but the conduct of his Majesty's ministers to. , If Buonaparte's conduct, since the sign- also. Let us examine it with candour and ing of tbat treaty, has been villainous, that impartiality. I have already, mentioned, of our ministers has not been dignified and that, at. The conclusion of the last war ve firm. They seemed always to think they had acquired many advautages, while France were in the wrong. Their blundering, po. had not made the least impression upon litics needed perpetual corrections. Their us. By the Tieaiy of Amieps we surren- views were always too limited; their lan- dered several West-India Islands to France guage too tame; their policy too shallow and the Dutch, and made some sacrifices to and confined. And what has been the cons Spain. . In the East, the Cape was to be desequence? After repeated aggressions on livered up to Holland, and Pondicherry 10 the part of France, of patient submission and the French, ., What then did France or her concession on our part; after orders were allies surrender to us as equivalents for iho sent to give up the Cape ; counter-orders many valuable possessicns we restored to to retain it; orders again to surrender it; them by the Treaty of Amiens? Nothing aud counter-orders, I suppose, would again but she declaration of the indepenhave been sent to retain it, could they have dence of these our formerly well iried reached it soon enough ; it was not, until and most faithful allies! This inderd, the most flagrant proofs of the ambitious had some appearance of attending to the views and hostile desigos of the First Consul balance of power upon the Continent. apgeprod that his Majesty's ministers began how far was our influeuce.10 esteud. To
spuak join in the language which mi- Holland, und Naples, only. We were to tuisters of the country ought ever to use rescue them from ihe pang of French ty. hair is paired Buonaparté certainly.ranny.bj so many and so great sucrifices,