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BOOK XII. in peace—they had long suffered and severely from was so placed, that he could not go so far as they

the anti-commercial spirit and plans of Bonaparte: wished and expected, nor probably so far as he Chap. IV, peace, therefore, but especially a peace with Eng was disposed to do. Great part of the property

land, was particularly necessary and desirable to of the church was sold : this could not be restor1814

them. On these two classes, therefore,—the ed; nor could any steps be taken towards a resagricultural and commercial classes,—the hope toration, without creating great alarm in the of the security and permanence of Louis's govern- breasts of all those who had purchased confiscated ment must mainly depend.

property. The revenues of the clergy before the There is only one other class in France whom revolution were also in part derived from tithes: it will be necessary to consider with respect to to endeavour or seem to wish to re-impose these their influence on Louis's government; and that would undoubtedly be dangerous, as the landed is the clergy. Bonaparte, from whatever motive, property had been bought under the idea that certainly curtailed their power; and even endea no tithes were to be paid ;-besides, there could voured to separate, as much as he possibly could, bę no doubt, that the improvement in French agrithe church from the state, by reducing the emo culture had arisen in some degree from the aboluments of the clergy, and not permitting them lition of tithes. It seemed, therefore, impossible to assuine a rank at all proportionate to that in to reinstate the clergy in their possessions. But fluence which they retain in most other govern- Louis plainly shewed, by his behaviour to them, ments. This circumstance, united to the strong and in all things connected with religion, that he and general passion for military rank and glory, wished France to return to her former faith in and the indifference to religion, created or aug- every point. This conduct of the sovereigo, espemented by the revolution, must have operated in cially his ordering mass to be said for Louis XVI., diminishing the influence of the priesthood over and his endeavours to enforce the strict obserthe people of France; and yet it inay be doubted vance of the sabbath in Paris, has been censured whether in the country they did not retain much as highly imprudent. Undoubtedly, he ought to more of it than might have been expected. Louis, have buried' in oblivion every thing regarding from his natural disposition and habits, must have Louis XVI. and the revolution, and in this light been strongly urged to replace the clergy as his ordering mass for that monarch was imprunearly as possible in the same scale of rank and dent: but his attention to the ceremonies of the wealth which they beld before the revolution; be Catholic religion, in other respects may be viomust also have seen, that if he could accomplish dicated as politic, even if it were not with him a this, he would secure in his favor a most powerful matter of conscience. body. They were no doubt disposed to assist and Such were the principal circumstances which support him; but as they naturally expected that were favorable, or the reverse, to the support and his restoration would lead to theirs, and that theirs permanence of the government of Louis XVIII. would be complete, there was some danger, that on his first restoration, so far as they depended on their zeal in bis behalf would cool, if he adopted his own personal character, and on the disposition half rheasures with regard to them. And yet be of the different classes of his subjects.

CHAPTER V.

Joy diffused throughout England on hearing of the Abdication of Bonaparte.The Services of Lord

Wellington rewarded with a Dukedom.Generals Hill, Beresford, Graham, &c. raised to the Peerage.--Visit of the Allied Sovereigns, fc. to England.Their Arrival in London.-Anecdote of Blucher.Proceedings of the Sovereigns. --Visit to Orford.Grand Entertainment at Guildhall.-Departure of the two Monarchs for Portsmouth.- Naval Review.Embarkation of the Emperor of Russia and King of Prussia at Dover.Their Arrival at Calais.-Observations.

WHEN the intelligence arrived in England of vice that the taste and invention of the exhibitors the entrance of the allies into Paris, and the ab- could supply. dication of Bonaparte, the joy that was diffused The national gratitude was bestowed upon throughout the country was unbounded. In the Lord Wellington, and some of his most distinmetropolis it was celebrated by a splendid and guished associates in arms, on the conclusion of general illumination for three successive nigbts, the war. On the 10th of May, a message from in which the public joy was testified by every de- the prince-regent was communicated to the house

THE NEW YORK IPUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.

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