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of commons, the purpose of which was to inform ceeded to Boulogne, where they embarked on- BOOK XIF the house, that his royal highness had conferred board the Impregnable frigate, on the 6th of upon that victorious commander the rank and June, and arrived at Dover at half-past six o'clock. Chap. V. title of a duke and marquis of the United King- the same evening. The Impregnable was accom
1814. dom, and recommending the grant to him and his panied from Boulogne by the Jason frigate, the successors of such an annuity as might support Royal Sovereign, and Royal Charlotte yachts, the high dignity of the title conferred, and prove and several other vessels. a lasting memorial of the gratitude and munifi- The guns of the Impregnable and the other cence of the nation.
ships of war fired a salute at the moment whert On the 12th, the message being taken into con- the sovereigns left the ship, which they repeated sideration, the chancellor of the exchequer rose on the landing, and which was answered by a full to call the attention of the house to the distin- discharge of artillery from the batteries on shore, guished services of the Duke of Wellington. Of and by the joyful testimonials of thousands of the substance of this speech it is not necessary to the British people, whose acclamations rent the recite the particulars, since our readers are well air. The coup d'oeuil of the spectacle was magacquainted with the actions which, during a series nificent; the sailors, who were all dressed in new of years, had been accumulating fresh laurels on blue jackets and wbite trowsers, manned the yards this eminent character. The climax of praise in of the vessels, and joined in the plaudits of the this as in other parliamentary eulogies, was a com- multitudes on-shore, by their hearty cheerings, parison between him and the great Duke of Marl- The chief persons among those who landed borough, the only British commander wbo, in the with the Emperor Alexander and the King of general estimation, could be named as his rival in Prussia were the Prince-royal of Prussia, Prince military fame; and the public rewards bestowed William, the king's second son, Prince William, in his day upon the latter, were apparently the the king's brother, Prince Frederick, nephew to measure of those destined upon the hero of the the king, Prince Augustus, his majesty's cousin, present age. The speaker concluded with mov- Marshal Blucher, Baron Humboldt, the king's ing a resolution, “ That the sum of 10,0001. be chamberlain, Count Hardenberg, Count Nesselpaid annually out of the consolidated-fund for rode, Baron Anstet, Prince Adam Garldriske, the use of the Duke of Wellington, to be at any General Czernicheff, Dr. Wylie, physician to the time commuted for the sum of 300,0001. to be laid Emperor of Russia, Sir Charles Stewart, Colonel out in the purchase of an estate.”
Cooke, Captain Wood, &c. Mr. Whitbread, Mr. Ponsonby, and Mr. Can- Their majesties were received on-shore by Lord ning, who followed, all agreed in the high talents Yarmouth, Lord Charles Bentinck, and the Earl of the noble duke, and objected to the grant as of Rosslyn, and were escorted by a detachment of too small, especially since a large sum would be Scotch greys to the house of Mr. Fector, under a necessary for a mansion suitable to the dignity discharge of cannon. The guard of honor apconferred upon him. A motion was in conse- pointed to attend their majesties consisted of the quence made for an additional 100,0001. making 43d regiment of foot and the Scots greys. The in all the sum of half a million granted to the whole of the garrison were under arms; composed noble duke, which was passed nem. con. A simi- of a very strong brigade of artillery, of 'three lar message from the prince-regent being commu- troops of the Scotch greys, the 430, 51st, 52d, and nicated to the house of lords, an equal unanimity 95th regiments of the line, and the Galway militia. took place in the proceedings upon it. At the The royal equipages, &c. were brought over in a same time, the following honors were bestowed transport vessel. The Duke of Clarence had upon the duke's principal officers:-Sir John provided a splendid entertainment, of which most Hope was created Lord Niddry; Sir Thomas of the royal and illustrious persons partook with Graham, Lord Lynedock; Sir Stapleton Cotton, much cheerfulness. Their majesties retired to Lord Combermere ; Sir Rowland Hill, Lord rest between ten and eleven. The emperor slept Hill; and Sir William Beresford, Lord Beres- at Mr. Fector's; the king and other princes at the ford. In June, also, a royal grant of crosses York hotel; Lord Yarmouth, with all the general and medals. was made to the various officers offrcers, &c. at the Ship hotel. who had distinguished themselves in Spain and This is the second time that a Russian emperor, France.
and the first that a Prussian king, has visited The allied sovereigns having been in vited by this country. As their visit will form a most importthe British government to visit England, the Em- ant epoch in the history of Great Britain, we shall peror of Russia and the King of Prussia, accom- describe some of their principal proceedings during panied by a number of princes, cabinet-minis- their stay in this country. The Emperor of Rusters, and those generals who had distinguished sia's sister, the Duchess of Oldenburg, bad been themselves during the war, left Paris soon in England since the month of March. after the definitive treaty was signed, and pro- At an early hour on the following morning, the
BOOK XII. road from London to Dover presented a spectacle hearty welcome. Pulteney-botel bad been fitted
unequalled in its kind. The whole population of up in a most magnificent style, particularly the Chap. V. London and the neighbouring districts seemed principal apartments, wbich the grand-duchess
to have been assembled in order to hail the arri- gave up for her brother. A new state-bed was 1814. val of the illustrious guests.
put up for bis imperial majesty. The grandThe first carriages of the royal suites approach- duchess and the emperor dined together without ed London at nearly two o'cloek; there were any companion. three or four of them filled with Russian or Prus- The prince-regent, to sbew due attention to the sian persons of distinction; some with four, others emperor, prepared a residence for him at St. with six horses. Several followed at intervals for Jalues's, in the bouse of the Duke of Cumberland, some hours afterwards; one of which contained which was newly fitted up for the occasion. the Prussian princes. At three, the expectant The lord-chamberlain, the lord-tewards the multitude became quite impatient, when intelli- Duke of Montrose, and Colonel Thornton, were gence arrived at Shooter’s-hill
, that at Welling, in attendance during the whole of the day, till where the cavalcade changed horses, Sir Charles seven o'clock, full dressed, in expectation of the Stewart had said, that their majesties had gone emperor's coming there to take up his resiup to town two hours before in a private manner. dence. A guard of honor, with two bands in their Tbis could not be credited, as avaunt couriers and state-uniforms, attended in the court-gard, oppodetachments of dragoons were yet seen on the site the house, during the day. road, and the prince-regent's servants and horses The King of Prussia, his sons, their numerous were kept waiting as a relay on Shooter's-bill. suites, came also in a very private manner, and Marshal Blucher left Welling by the lower road. arrived at Clarence-house, St. James's, about The unexpected news, however, was soon found tbree o'clock. A party of the yeomen of the to be true; the fact was, that the emperor had guard, royal servants and attendants, as at Cumentered London about half-past two. He came berland-house, were in readiness receive him. up the road immediately after a post-chaise, in A few minutes before four, his majesty, attended which were Lord Yarmouth and Lord C. Ben- by an aid-de-camp, went to Carlton-house. The tinck. His imperial majesty was in the carriage prince-regent received him in the same manner and four of Count Lieven, the Russian ambas- as the Emperor of Russia. He remained with sador, without a single attendant: from the ar- the prince about half-an-hour. His majesty remorial bearings it was supposed to convey some
ceived visits from the Prince of Orange, the foreign nobility.
Prince of Oldenburg, and a number of others. When the emperor arrived at the Pulteney-hotel His majesty visited the Duke and Duchess of he alighted, entered the house, and passed through York, whose house is just opposite. the lower apartments without being recognised. At six o'clock Marshal Blucher arrived in St. He ascended the first Aight of stairs, when the James's-park by the horse-guards, in the princePrince Gagarin announced his arrival. At the regent's open carriage, escorted by a party of lightsame instant bis sister, the grand-duchess, met horse. Three troops of the queen's bays were him on the stairs. They saluted each other in drawn up on the parade. The moment he observ. the most affectionate manner. The emperor af- ed them, he arose and pulled off his hat, steadfastly terwards embraced the interesting child Prince looking at them, and remained in this position Alexander. The tidings of the emperor's arrival until he had passed the whole. His countenance resounded not only throughout the house, but in was most manly and expressive, bearing the effects the street, where an inmense concourse of people of the severities he had encountered ; ibe mustaexpressed their joy by buzzas and" Long live the chios on his upper lip were exceedingly prominent. enperor,” &c. &c. His imperial majesty appear. The drivers, as directed, made first for Carltoned shortly afterwards at the balcony, and bowed bouse. No sooner were the stable-gates opened, in the most condescending manner, which he con- than there was a general rush in of the horsemen tinued to do occasionally, till eleven o'clock at and the public at large. All restraint upon them night, the people shouting their applause. Lord was in vain; the two sentinels at the gates, with Morton, the queen's chamberlain, waited upon their muskets, were laid on the ground, the porter ihe emperor, in the name of the
queen, express was completely overpowered, and it was with the her congratulations on his arrival in England. greatest difficulty that he could get the gates At half-past four o'clock, the emperor went in
hut. The multitude proceeded up the yard of Count Lieven's carriage, accompanied by his Carlion-house with the general's carriage, shouting excellency, to see the prince-regent, at Carlton- the praises of Blucher. The carriage stopped house; but he went so privately, that the escort of at the side-door, but he did not enter Carltonhorse, who were appointed to attend him, missed house that way: on his arrival being notified, him; but they escoried him back to the Pulteney- Colonels Bloomfield and Congreve came out, hotel. He was received in a very private manner
dressed in full regimentals, received the general by the prince-regent, who gave his majesty a most uncovered, and in that state conducted biîn to the
principal entrance of Carlton-house. The crowd field. From thence they rode to Westminster, BOOK XH. assembled in Pall-mall now lost all respect for and through Southwark'into the city, passing the decorum of the place; they instantly scaled the Royal Exchange, and proceeding through Chap. V. the walls and lodges in great numbers : their Finsbury-square along the City-road, and the impetuous zeal upon this occasion was indulged, New-road, returned down the Edgware-road and and the great doors of the ball were thrown Hyde-park to the Pulteney-hotel. After breakopen to them, and some of the horsemen had fast the emperor, with the duchess and a party nearly entered the ball. After the first interview of distinction, left the hotel in their open carof the general with the prince, an interesting riages without military escort, and proceeded scene took place. The prince-regent returned through the Strand and city to the London-docks with the gallant Blucher from his private apart- -those great works and symbols of unexampled ments, and in the centre of the grand ball, commercial prosperity. The veteran Blucher surrounded by the people, placed a blue rib- visited the Admiralty at two o'clock, and was bon on his shoulder, fastening it with his own received by Lord Melville and other members band, to which was bung a beautiful medallion, of the board. After viewing the interior, he exwith a likeness of the prince, richly set with dia- amined the telegraph. The view from thence monds. Marshal Blucher knelt while the prince to the east over the Thames, and to the south was conferring this honor; and on his rising and west over St. James's-park, and into Kent kissed the prince's hand. The prince and and Sussex, is particularly attractive; and, tothe general bowed to the public, whose ac- gether with the immense coucourse of spectators clamations in return exceeded
description. parading the streets, struck the attention of the When the general was at Dover, he was sur- marshal in a great degree; and te observed rounded by a crowd of females, some of whom to Colonel Lowe, in German, “ that there was requested a lock of the general's hair. He bowed no such place as London in the world." In and smiled: but begged to be excused, adding, the evening the hero accompanied the Duchess with an allusion to the baldness of his head, that of York, the Prussian princes, &c. to the Opera. “ if he gave them all a hair a-piece, he should not The populace uniformly thronged round Blucher have one hair left."
and Platoff to shake hands, which those veterans Illuminations, more splendid, perhaps, than did with great cordiality, adding, “ I thank you ; were ever before witnessed in the metropolis, I thank you."--At a court held at Carlton-house, took place on this and the two following evenings. the King of Prussia, Emperor of Austria, with Some of the public offices, in particular, exhi- Lords Liverpool and Castlereagh, were elected bited a combination of taste and brilliancy not less knights of the order of the garter. The priucenovel than striking.
regent was, at the same time, invested hy the The pursuits of the Emperor Alexander, like Austrian minister with the order of the golden those of his sister the Grand Duchess of Olden- fleece; and by the Prussian monarch, with the burgh, afforded evident proofs of praiseworthy order of the golden eagle. curiosity and good taste. They had a perfect in- On the 10th, the allied sovereigns breakfasted difference to show and parade. The emperor together at the Pulteney-hotel, with the grandwas remarkably active. On the 8th, in the morn- duchess. They afterwards set out, accompanied ing, he breakfasted by eight, and walked in Ken- by Marshal Blucher, General Platoff, and a nusington-gardens with his sister. He returned to ' merous suite, for Ascot races. They went by the Pulteney-botel at ten, and proceeded to view Fulham-road, and arrived at Richmond-bill at Westminster-hall, and the Abbey, the tombs of nine, at the Star and Garter-tavern, where they the illustrious dead. His sister and himself af- partook of a cold collation. The whole party terwards visited the British Museum. At one he then walked on the terrace, and expressed themheld a levee at Cumberland-house, which he selves quite delighted with the beauty of the used as his state-apartments, and was visited by scene. Between ten and eleven they proceeded the prince-regent, who afterwards attended the to Hampton-court, and viewed its beauties with levee of the King of Prussia, at Clarence-bouse. as much attention as the short time admitted. Between five and six both the illustrious sove- The Emperor of Russia and his sister arrived reigns, with their respective suites, attended the at Ascot about one. The King of Prussia and coart of her majesty, held expressly for their in- his company followed. The Queen of England troduction at the queen's palace. Her majesty, and the princesses arrived next;, and shortly the princesses, the allied sovereigns, their fami- after, the prince-regent and suite. All the royal lies, &c. dined afterwards with the prince-regent, personages occupied the royal stand. About at Carlton-house.
four the illustrious party left Ascot, and proOn the 9th, the emperor Alexander rode in ceeded to Frogmore, where dinner for 100 had Hyde-park_between seven and eight, accom- been provided by the queen. panied by Lord Yarmouth and Colonel Bloom- The next morning, about eleven o'clock, the
BOOK XII. Emperor of Russia and the Duchess of Olden- applause of the audience lasted many minutes.
burg, accompaniad by the Prince of Orange, A hymn, composed in honor of the august viChap. V. Count Lieven, Lord 'Yarmouth, and other dis- sitors, sung in admirable style, was received .tinguished characters, passed through_the city with rapture.
with rapture. “God save the King" was twice 1814.
and alighted at the gate of the Bank, in Lothbury. sung. Just as the second act of the opera was The governor, deputy-governor, and directors con- about to begin, the Princess of Wales, with ducted the visitors ihrough the various depart- Lady Charlotte Campbell
, entered her box, on
every were prepared to show the strength and effect of place was filled, and the house presented a bril. Colonel Congreve's rockets.
Colonel Congreve's rockets. A superb tent was liant and unexampled display of rank and fashion. erected on the mound for the illustrious visitors The illustrious visitors did not arrive till half- and their suite; and after they bad taken their past ten.. The prince-regent first entered the station, a most interesting exhibition ensued. On box, amidst the most enthusiastic shouts of ap- a signal given by Colonel Congreye, who superplause, followed by the Emperor of Russia, and intended the rocket-department, a demonstrathe Duchess of Oldenburg, the King of Prus- tion was made of the power of the rocket-composia, his two sons, and other of the distinguished sition. At about two hundred yards north-east of characters who had dined at Fife-house. The the mound, where the royal visitors were stationed, a quantity of the composition placed on three Radcliff library, a place never before applied to BOOK XII., pieces of timber exploded, producing columns of such a purpose, but excellently adapted to it. flame awfully grand. The discharge produced A general illumination took place at night; and, CHAR. V. a volcanic appearance, attended by a tremendous on the following day, the royal and noble party roaring ; but the burning property of the mawere received at the theatre, wbere every prepa
1814. terial was most remarkable. After the dis- ration had been made to render the scene auclarge, the timber remained in flames, and ac- gust and striking. Degrees were then conferred tually consumed to a' cinder. The next operation upon the emperor and king, and some of their was a display of the rockets as used in besieging. illustrious attendants, one of whom was the veThey shot upwards to a considerable elevation, teran Blucher; after which, the public orator carrying a tube filled with burning materials a delivered a Latin speech on the occasion; and considerable distance.—They were larger than recitations followed, of English, Latin, and Greek any used on a former occasion, and made a tre- verses. The
emperor and king then went to the mendous roaring. The next experiment was a town-hall, where they received the freedom of the proof of the bavock these engines occasioned in a city; after which they left Oxford for Woodstook field-of-battle. They were fired from the oppo- and Blenheim. site side of the Thames horizontally over the On the 16th, at half-past eleven in the forelow grounds, to the distance of 800 or 1,000 noon, the Emperor of Russia, attended by Lord yards. It is impossible to describe the effect pro- Yarmouth, proceeded to St. Paul's Cathedral. duced by tbese discharges. Wonder was ex- Here his majesty witnessed the annual assempressed by the beholders. The shells thrown blage of upwards of 6,000 of the charity children by the rockets flew to the distance required, and belonging to the different parishes of the metroexploded with horrible sounds. There can be polis, an interesting sight, which does so much little doubt that a single volley would disunite honor to British benevolence, and which cannot a body of cavalry. Against that description of fail to make the most affecting impression on force they are peculiarly operative, as they not every beholder. His Prussian majesty and the only kill, but spread terror among the horses. princes his sons were also present. At three The foreign officers were struck by the effect of o'clock, the emperor, accompanied by the grandthis new engine in the art of war. The royal duchess, proceeded to view the new mint, where party, leaving the extraordinary exhibition, went they were received and attended by the deputyto the new saw-mill, where human in vention ap- warden and other officers of that establishment pears elevated to a very high point. Sawing both In the evening, the Emperor of Russia and King vertical and horizontal, is here erformed by ma- of Prussia honored Drury-lane theatre with chinery moved only by steam. Huge logs of their presence, which was crowded to excess. On elm, ash, and fis-timber, were cut into planks on the next morning, at eleven, the emperor set out this occasion, with order and precision truly asto- a visit to the military asylum and Chelsea nishing. They were then conducted to the royal Hospital. He was accompanied by his sister, the carriage department, where Major-general Cup-. Duchess of Oldenburg, and attended by Lord page attended; and having visited other ma- Yarmouth and his suite. At the military asylum chinery, they went up to the cadet barracks, his imperial majesty was joined by the King of where an elegant collation was prepared. The Prussia; and the royal party was received by the prince and his staff took their station, and the Duke of York as governor, and the other officers brigade went through a variety of evolutions and of this noble institution. _After inspecting its varapid firing till near six o'clock. General Blucher, rious departments, the Emperor of Russia, acthe King and Prince of Prussia, and the foreign companied by his sister, proceeded to Greenwich generals, appeared much interested in the general Hospital, and then returned to the Pulteney-hotel. appointments of the brigade, and rode up to in- The King of Prussia, after viewing Chelsea Colspect the boxes, limbers, &e.--The last visit was lege and the military asylum, visited the Duchess to the royal repository, which forms an immense of York and St. James's palace.--Soon after depôt; and after a minute examination they pro- eight o'clock the same evening, the Emperor of ceeded to their carriages for town, amidst a royal Russia, King of Prussia, Duchess of Oldenburg, salute, and dined with the Marquis of Stafford. &c. &c. went to Merchant Tailor's-hall, and par
On the 14th, the Emperor of Russia, the took of a splendid dinner given by the merchants King of Prussia, and the prince-regent, accom
and bankers of London. The Duke of York was panied by a number of persons of distinction, in the chair (the prince-regent being prevented paid a visit to the university of Oxford. They from attending by soine cause) the Emperor of were received, on their entrance, in grand cere- Russia on his left hand, and the King of Prussia mony by all the authorities academic and civic, on bis right. Next to the emperor sat the of the place; and in the evening a sumptuous Duchess of Oldenburg ; the rest of the table