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BOOK XII. dors, all in the most splendid dresses, and chiefly approach of which, they alighted, and mounted military

The toasts given were chiefly complio chargers decorated with crimson belonging to the Caap. V. inentary to the illustrious visitors. At eleven they officers of the horse-guards. The first part of

left the ball, and repaired to Covent-garden-thea- the cavalcade having advanced, the prince-re1814.

tre, where they remained till the close of the en- gent's carriage drew up, and the lord-mayor, al. tertainment, and then retired amid loud and uni- dermen, and sheriffs, received his royal highness versal plaudits.

with the usual ceremony. After a short conferOn the 18th, an entertainment was given by ence, the city-officers took the lead of the prothe corporation of the city of London to his royal cession, which moved in the following order: highness the prince-regent, and the Emperor of a troop of the 10th light-dragoons, trumpeters Russia and King of Prussia, which, in costly and kettle-drums; the lord-mayor's state-coach, splendour and magnificence, was never exceeded in which was his lordship’s chaplain alone; the in this country. The prince-regent, to give effect carriages of the aldermen, empty: a party, of mito the scene, went in state, with the full splendour litary; the knights-marshalmen; the city marshalof bis court. The streets, east of Temple-bar, men, two and two; twenty of the aldermen, two were lined with nearly 8,000 troops. The houses and two, on horseback, and dressed in their statewere filled and covered with tens of thousands of robes; two horse-guards ; the town-crier, bearing spectators, and windows, in particular situations the mace; the lord-mayor, in his state-robes, to view the procession, were disposed of so high mounted on a beautiful charger, uncovered and as from twenty to thirty guineas each.

bearing the sword of state ; the state-carriage of The royal procession moved at a slow pace the prince-regent, in which were bis royal bigh. from Carlion-house soon after four o'clock, pre- ness and the King of Prussia, followed by a deceded by parties of the 11th dragoons, and of the tachment of cavalry, after wbich came the carroyal horse-guards (blue.) It commenced with riages of several of his majesty's ministers. His five of the prince-regent's carriages, each with royal highness reached Guildhall about half-past six-horses, coutaining the officers of the house- five o'clock, where he was received by the lordhold and distinguished foreigners. Parties of mayor, and conducted through a line formed by the same guards followed each carriage. Then the aldernen and common-council-men, to the came the state-carriages of the Prince of Orange drawing-room, (the common-council-chamber,) (whose servants wore the stadtholder's liveries of where his royal highness remained in conversablue and gold,) the Dukes of Gloucester, Cam- tion with his royal brothers, and the other illusbridge, Sussex, Clarence, and Kent, in each of trious persons. which was one of the foreign visitors. A

About half-past four o'clock his majesty the walked at each horse's head, and three footmen, Emperor of Russia quitted the Pulteney-hotel, acin state liveries, stood behind each carriage. The companied by his sister, the Duchess of OldenDuke of York's carriage was drawn by six greys. burg, in the regent's state-chariot, drawn by six The two sons of his Prussian majesty rode with fine Hanoverian horses, and attended by his usual his royal bighness. All the horses were decked guard. His imperial majesty's suit occupied four with crimson ribbons. The equipage of the other carriages. His majesty arrived at Guildregent was in the highest degree superb. The hall about a quarter of an hour after the princeroyal carriage was drawn by eight of the king's regent. As soon as his majesty's approach was cream-coloured horses, ornamented with azure announced, the lord-mayor went to receive him ribbons : four footmen, almost covered with and his illustrious sister, and conducted them in gold lace, stood behind. It was preceded by the same manner, and with the same marks of twelve of the knights-marshalmen, in full uniform; respect, as had been shewn to the prince-regent, the royal heralds, wearing their official tabbards, to the drawing-room.

to the drawing-room. Here he was received and &c. and a numerous party of the king's yeomen welcomed by his royal highness. The illustrious of the guard, and of the Toth, or prince's light- personages continued for some time in the drawdragoons. The procession was closed by the ing-room; and about seven o'clock, it being anremainder of the horse-guards, with their trum- nounced that dinner was ready, they were conpeters, &c. in full dress; after which came a vast ducted to the hall by the lord-mayor, the music number of other carriages, containing foreigners striking up “ The Roast-beef of Old England ;" . òf distinction, the Marquis Wellesley, Lord and and after parading round the hall, took their Lady Castlereagh, Prince de Wagstadt (Blucher,) seats under the canopy of state, amidst the Count Platoff, Lords Hill and Beresford, and a shouts and acclamations of the company assemlong list of persons of distinction.

bled, and the waving of handkerchiefs and plauTbe lord-mayor and the sheriffs in their state- dits of the ladies in the galleries. On the right carriages, and the aldermen and city officers, had of the prince-regent was seated the emperor, and stationed themselves east of Temple-bar, pre- next to him the Duke of York; the rest of the viously to the arrival of the procession; on the royal dukes were seated at the table of the hust


tings. On the left of the prince-regent sat his of the highest rank. At the upper end of the BOOK XIIPrussian majesty, and next to him the Duchess hall, the place occupied by the hustings, on a of Oldenburg, having her son upon her left. raised platform was placed a table for the sove- Chap. V. Lord Yarmouth stood behind the chair of the reigns, the royal dukes, and foreign princes. In

1814. emperor, attended by three of the regent's ser- the centre of the table was erected a magnificent vants, dressed in their state-liveries and velvet

canopy, formed of crimson velvet, richly ornacaps. The lord-mayor, in the first instance, mented with gold fringe, tassels, &c. Beneath placed himself behind the chair of the prince- the canopy, and raised above the rest of the platregent. At the table next to the hustings were form, were three chairs of state, above which, in seated Marshal Blucher, Platoff, the lord chau

the centre, appeared the prince-regent's feather, cellor, the speaker of the house of commons, the and on each side the Russian and Prussian eagles judges, nobility, &c. The first toast drank, was richly gilt. These chairs, were appropriated to that of " the King of England,” wbich was given the prince-regent and the two monarchs. The by the prince-regent.

table was decorated with an immense quantity of The health of the prince-regent was proposed plate, besides which, there were two side-boards, by the lord-mayor, and drank with general accla- one at each extremity of the platform, with masmations. The prince gave the Lord-mayor and sive services of plate. The table was further Corporation, and thanks to them for our kind re. decorated with a vast number of small flags, richly ception."

ornamented, bearing the arms of the princeThe following toasts were : “ the Queen and regent, the Emperors of Russia and Austria, the Royal Family ;" * the Emperor of all the Russias;" King of Prussia, and the other princes. Opposite si the King of Prussia;" “ the Emperor of Aus- to this table, at the bottom of the hall, was a large tria ;" “ the Duchess of Oldenburg ;" “ the King looking-glass. Down the centre of the ball were of France;" “ Ferdinand the Seventh of Spain; placed three tables for the noblemen and others “ the sovereign Prince of the Netherlands ;" “ the invited, the aldermen, city-officers, and common-, hereditary Prince of Orange;" “ all the Heroes council-men. The ladies' galleries were built on who have served England by sea and land;" arches, and the recesses thus formed were hung * all the Generals of the allied armies."

with tapestry, lighted with rich lustres, and occuThe songs given between the toasts were, pied hy circular tables. Over the steps leading * Rule Britannia," “ Hail! Star of Brunswick," to the King's-bench and Common-council-cham* To Arms, to Arms," &c.

ber, still higher than the ladies' gallery, was a Of the dinner, it is almost needless to say, that small gallery, in which the band of the Duke of every delicacy abounded. The wine was of the York and the city bands were placed; and in most choice kinds, as was the dessert also. two small galleries under the ladies' gallery, and

About a quarter before eleven the royal guests nearly in a line with the prince's table, were the withdrew, amidst the cheers of an assemblage of vocal performers, &c. All external light was ex1,000 persons.

cluded from the ball, which was lighted by a vast Before the prince-regent left the anti-chamber number of wax-lights, in eight most superb lusto proceed to the hall, he conferred the title of tres, suspended from the roof, by similar lustres baronet on the lord-mayor.

suspended at equal distances above the ladies' The interior of Guildhall was, on this occasion, gallery, and by a triple row of gold-coloured fitted up in grandeur unequalled on any former oc- lamps carried all round the hall along the corcasion. A temporary entrance was erected at nice. From the upper part of the hall also, near the front door of Guildhall, extending seve- the roof, were suspended the city and several comral yards into the street

, covered on the sides panies' banners.' The painted windows at the and top with green cloth, and the flooring with upper and lower end of the hall formed two beaufine matting, and it was lighted by a number of tiful transparencies, by means of strong lights glass globes. Immediately preceding the en- behind them. trance to the hall, in the large porch, were placed From the entrance of the hall to the steps leada number of delicate foreign plants and flowers ing to the King's-bench a passage was left. The in full bloom, whose fragrance perfumed the air. court of King's-bench was converted into a retirThese shrubs were raised one above another, and ing-room. It was hung with crimson cloth, lightwith them were intermingled variegated lamps, the ed by rich Lustres, and furnished with elegant whole producing a most splendid effect. On en- sofas and chairs. At the upper end was an ele"tering ihe hall, the beholder was astonished at gant transparency of stained glass of our venerthe magnificence which surrounded him. The able sovereign in his robes : on one side Britanwalls .were covered with crimson cloth. The nia, on the other the figure of Plenty ; above, in body of the hall was surrounded with a gallery,

gallery, the centre, Peace with the olive-branch in her about eight feet wide; which at an early hour was hand. In another part of the piece was a ship, filled with ladies elegantly dressed, many of them surmounted with the name of Nelson; and in a

BOOK XII. corresponding situation, warlike-trophies thrown Tower of London, which they viewed en passant ;

together, over which appeared the name of Wel- and passed over London-bridge, at half-past CRAP. V. lington. The Common-council-chamber was

twelve, on their way to the seat of the Earl of fitted up in a magnificent style as a drawing-room. Liverpool, at Coombe-Wood, to breakfast. The 1814

It was hung, and the floor was covered with crim. King of Prussia, followed by the princes, left son cloth ; all the seats were removed, and their Clarence-house at balf-past nine, in a royal carplaces supplied by costly chairs. At the upper riage, for the Earl of Liverpool's seat. His royal end a splendid throne was erected for the prince- highness the prince-regent set off from Carltonregent; the room and the avenues to it were house a few minutes after nine, accompanied by illuminated with cut-glass chandeliers.

his royal brother, the Duke of Cambridge, and Among the persons of distinction present, be

General Bayley, in bis travelling-carriage, for
sides the Prince-regent, the Emperor of Russia, Portsmouth.
the Duchess of Oldenburg, and the King of On the same evening, the Emperor of Russia,
Prussia, were all the British Royal Dukes ; the the King of Prussia, and a number of distin-
Princes of Oldenburg, Cobourg, Bavaria, and guished personages arrived at Portsmouth, in order
Wurtemburg ; the Prince-royal of Prussia ; to witness a grand naval review, wbich was to
Prince William, the king's second son; Princes take place on the following day. Early the next
Frederick, Henry, William, and Augustus, of morning, the royal standards' floated in the air
Prussia; Prince Charles of Mecklenburg, the over the public buildings, and the troops were
Prince of Orange, and the Dukes of Orleans and drawn out in front of the government-house. The
Saxe-Weimar, Princes Radzivil, Hardenberg, prince-regent got into his carriage under a dis-
Blucher, Metternich, Lichtenstein, Gagarin, charge from the battery, at half-past nine, with
Tcherbatoff, Czartoriski, Prince and Princess the Duke of York, and drove to the residence of
Volkowski, Generals Platoft

, Tolstoi, Czernicheff, the emperor, whither the King and Princes of Woronzow, Barclay de Tolli, Potemkin, de Yorck, Prussia, the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, &c. shortly de Bulow, all the foreign ministers, and the Bri- after repaired. The illustrious company walked tish officers of state and of the royal-house- from thence about eleven to the place of embark. hold, the Ladies Liverpool and Castlereagh, and ation, where the whole naval procession, headed the Lady-mayoress, the Duke of Devonshire, by the Duke of Clarence, as admiral of the fleet, Marquis Wellesley, Marquis of Lansdown, Earl was ready to receive them. It commenced with Grey, Lords Holland, Grenville, Erskine, Beres- men-of-wars' barges, commanded by captains, ford, Hill

, Combermere, and Lynedock; Messrs. clearing the way. The admiralty-barge, with its Ponsonby, Whitbread, Canning, Coke, Warren characteristic ensign, came first, and was follow. Hastings, Tierney, the judges, the members of ed by the royal barge, with the royal standard; the corporation, &c. &c. &c.

and two other barges, one hoisting the Rassian On the 21st, in the evening, the prince-regent, flag of yellow, with the black spread eagle, the the illustrious visitors, and their suites, went by other of white, with the sable eagle of Prussia. invitation to White's fête, which was graced hy They contained the regent, the emperor, the one of the most handsome assemblages of women Duchess of Oldenburg, the King of Prussia, his ever seen in this country. The Emperor of sons and relatives, many German princes, and Russia and the King of Prussia paid due homage the suites of the three royal personages. The to their charms—the former by keeping it up“ on procession passed along the line of men-of-war, the light fantastic toe” till five in the morning. amid a general salute of forty-two guns from each

The allied sovereigns having now visited ship. The ships' yards were all fully manned, every place in and about the metropolis, prepared and the loud cheerings of the crews, and of the for their departure to the continent. On the 22d countless company in the surrounding boats, emuof June, in the morning, the emperor and grand lated the roar of the cannon. The Duke of duchess sent for M. Escudier, the proprietor of Clarence had previously gone on-board the Imthe Pulteney-hotel, and, acknowledging the great pregnable, where the procession had stopped, to attention he had shewn them, kindly bid him welcome the visitors. A short interval elapsed adieu. Count Orloff, Count Woronzow, Baron after their going on-board, when the universal Nicholai, Colonel Fenshaw, and a number of slout for the Emperor Alexander brought his imRussian gentlemen who remained in England, perial majesty to the entering port, where he attended to take their farewell of the emperor, stood some minutes, bowing very graciously and and they embraced according to the custom of gracefully to the surrounding spectators. Similar their country. The emperor, the Grand Duchess calls were made to the Prussian monarch, who in of Oldenburg, , the Duke of Oldenburg, and a similar way testified bis gratification. The the Prince of Wurtemburg, entered an open car- same bonors were paid to the prince-regent, riage of the prioce-regent's exactly as the clock who in recognising the public attention seemed struck nine. The carriage then drove to the highly delighted. The Duchess of Oldenburg


was the next object of applause, and her impe- princes were quite enraptured : the veteran leaders BOOK XII. rial highness in the kindest manner imaginable of hosts contemplated, with the firmness behowed repeatedly. The Dukes of York, Clarence, coming their martial character, an exhibition of Chap. V. and Cambridge, were in like manner hailed; and a sort to wbich they had been hitherto perfect

1814. each appeared, howed, and thanked. Blucher strangers. Leaving the Impregnable, salutes apd Platoff were loudly vociferated ; but the were again fired for the regent, the emperor, Duke of York declared they were not on-board. and king, followed by a general salute; after Another grand salute was then fired, mixed with which the whole party repaired to the governmentthe cheerings of the ships' companies, in which house, where another grand banquet was given the prince-regent beartily joined. Soon after by the regent to near 150 persons. Blucher arthe royal party came on-board, they proceeded rived in the evening at nine, at the bank on the to explore the ship, each as he pleased. The parade, and appeared at the window several regent was very curious and attentive. The times. King of Prussia examined much, and appeared a On the 24th, the prince-regent, the Duke of very careful observer. Alexander lost no time: York, the King of Prussia, with the Prussian he left the main deck, and went about the ship and other princes, repaired early to the emperor, alone for a time. He then took his illustrious whence they proceeded to view the various estasister, and descended to the place where the crew blisbments. The ships building or repairing in were receiving their allowance, at twelve o'clock. the slips, the immense naval stores of


deHe made inquiries concerning it, and asked what scription in the warehouses, the rope-house, the quantity of water was added to the rum? Being copper-works, and all the other important branches, told that the proportion of water was as six to were examined with much attention. But the one, a tar observed, that it would be no worse emperor and king appeared more peculiarly in-, for being stronger. Alexander requested the terested by the machinery for making the ships' usual allowance, and drank it off readily, smiling, blocks, the rapid operations of which they witand adding his approbation of the liquor, “which," nessed with particular pleasure. The numerous said his majesty, in very intelligible English, objects of curiosity and utility in the yard occu- i call

grog, and I think it very good.” He pied all the forenoon. About two o'clock the had a smaller quantity poured out for the duchess, royal barges, and the rest of the grand aquatic who drank it with much good humour. The men procession, left the king's stairs at the dockwere ordered an extra allowance. Alexander then yard, in the same order as the day before, to went into a marine's birth of about eleven who pay another visit to the fleet in the roads. Royal were at dinner.) He seated himself by them, and salutes were fired from all the batteries. On their took a portion of their mess. He then pulled arrival at the fleet, they went on-board the Royal out a sum of money, and left with the company, Sovereign yacht, which immediately hoisted ihei bidding them "good bye.” He did the same in royal standard. The emperor had previously crossing from Dover, where he gave the marines gone with the Duke of Clarence on-board the coin worth about 501. The sons of the king of Impregnable, the interior of which seemed to Prussia also drank grog with the men with much afford his imperial majesty peculiar delight. satisfaction. A grand collation was pow. pre He was as assiduous as before in making himself pared in the cabin, where a inost superb display personally acquainted with nautical arrangements. of the regent's plate decorated the tables. Admi- The fleet formed a line of seven or eight ral Blackwood, captain of the fleet, and Captain miles in extent, in front of the Isle of Wight. Adam, captain of the ship, did the table honors They received the royal visitors with a general to this exalted party. On coming again on deck, salute, after which they slipped their cables, and nothing could exceed the satisfaction of the guests. were immediately under sail with a brisk northIt has been said, that the place where a British east gale. They speedily cleared_St. Helen's, king should receive ambassadors is the deck of a and went quite out at sea. The Royal Soveman-of-war. The prince-regent can never feel reign yacht led the van. The yachts and barges himself more truly the sovereign of the greatest of the admiralty, the naval commissioners, the maritime power that ever existed, than when he ordnance, and other public offices, a great number thus beheld his country's greatness witnessed by of private yachts, and above 200 vessels of all foreign monarchs on his country's own element. descriptions sailed out, keeping at various disHe evidently felt bis high destiny, and declared it tances from the fleet. About five o'clock the to be the grandest sight he ever saw. The whole line-of-battle ships hove-to by signal, when Duchess of Oldenburg particularly expressed the prince regent, the King of Prussia, &c. left her delight, and bore the shock of firing with the Royal Sovereign, and went to the Emperor much fortitude. The amiable and meditative of Russia in the Impregnable, to which the Frederic was wrapped up in the sublimity of a royal standard was accordingly shifted. At this spectacle so new to him. Alexander seemed to time the leading ships were about twelve miles from

BOOK XII. entertainment in the Impregnable's cabin. The All the streets were lined with bussars, dragoons,

signal was made soon afterwards for the retarn and infantry. The Duke of Wellington dined Char. V. of all the ships-of-war to their anchorage. The with them; and about half-past ten appeared at

wind was not so favorable for sailing back; but the balcony again, in company with the regent, 1814.

the general effect of so many vessels of war and emperor, king, and princes, about a dozen in
pleasure-boats, turning to windward through a number; and was again received with enthusiastic
narrow channel, the men-of-war ranging up acclamations. The duke lodged at the George-inn.
alongside of the smaller vessels, and the frequent The town was again illuminated, and with ad-
repetition of signals in both directions along the ditional splendour.
line, together with the amazing accuracy of the The sovereigns afterwards proceeded to Dover
naval movements, was of the most beautiful and to embark. On the 27th, the King of Prussia,
of the grandest kind imaginable. As they re- accompanied by his sons, after taking a farewell
turned they continued their firing, so as to af- of his imperial majesty, embarked about eleven
ford, in some respects, the idea of a naval engage-

in the forenoon on-board the Nymphen frigate,
ment. In the visit of the day before, the ships lay under a royal salute from the shore and froin the
at anchor, with their sails down; in that of this ships, and landed at Calais the same evening ;
day they displayed, before assembled sovereigns, the emperor and grand duchess embarked at half-
the prodest boast of this sea-girt isle, a British past six, and landed at Calais at seven the next
fleet in a state of activity. In the course of the morning.
night and morning many private vessels had Although the visit of the allied sovereigns was
come in from various parts of the coast, so shorter than was expected, yet from the intel-
that the number had considerably increased. The ligent ardour with which they embraced every
Prince, of ninety-eight guns, was in the nightsplen- opportunity of obtaining personal koowledge of
didly illuminated. The oldest boatmen of the this country, its arts, monuments, institutions,
harbour never saw before so great a number of both public and private, they must have col-
vessels collected together, nor so fine a sight at lected a variety of useful information on all those
Portsmouth. The whole line were at their an- topics. Certainly, the reception which they met
chorage by half-past seven, off Spithead, when with from all ranks, from the prince to the peasant,
the emperor, king, regent, princes, &c. &c. all was of the most cordial nature, and must have
quitted the men-of-war, and got into their repec- afforded them one of the highest gratifications of

the harbour, and landed. which generous minds are susceptible. The two The salutes, on their coming away, were very sovereigns shewed a wonderful degree of activity, imposing on sbore and in the harbour. The disa both of body and mind ; the Emperor of Russia, cbarge of all the artillery round the works of in particular, visited every place where he could Portsmouth and Portsea, on the Block-house, see any of those mechanical improvements for Cumberland, and South-Sea forts, and on the which this country is so famed ; and be always different batteries at Haslar and elsewhere, fol- examined them most minutely, and inquired into lowed by ten feux de joie of the many thousand their construction, uses, and advantages. From military drawn up, chiefly on the rainparts, was

the arrival of the emperor, Escudier's hotel beprodigious. Under this tremendous firing the came one continued busy scene both night and sovereigns retired to their several residences.- day. The interior of the house was almost conWhen the prince-regent arrived at the govern- stantly crowded with ladies and the juvenile ment-house, he found the Duke of Wellington, branches of distinguished families, who filled the (who had just arrived) the deliverer of nations, great hall, the passages, and staircase, in conwaiting his approach. The multitudes without stant succession, to have a glimpse of the enfilled the royal ear with the shouts of “ Wel- peror. A curious scene always took place on lington," from the landing-place to the doors of his passing in or out of the hotel. On such octhe government-house. The populace instantly casions he very condescendingly shook hauds took the horses from his carriage, and drew him, with some of the females, and would put his in their triumphant tumult of patriotic joy, to the haud between the rails of the staircase to shake portico of the regent's abode. "When he went in, hands with others. This caused such an emulathe voices of a gladdened public resounded from tion with the fair sex, to obtain this honor, that the streets and ramparts ; and, after the lapse of some actually came to a considerable distance a few minutes, bis grace appeared on the balcony, from the country to experience the gratification. and bowed very frequently. Lord Stewart (late After the naval review at Portsmouth, the Sir Charles Stewart) also came in, and was highly Duke of Wellington and most of the foreign honored. Between eight and nine o'еlock the generals returned to London. company were arriving to dine with the prince.

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