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BOOK XII. under my directions. The confidence reposed in mon destinies of our nature shall have swept away
me by his majesty's ministers, and by the com the present generation, you will have left your Caar. VI. mander-in-chief, the gracious favors conferred great name an imperishable monument, exciting
on me by his royal highness the prince-regent, others to like deeds of glory, and serving at once 1814.
and the reliance I had on the support of my gal- to adorn, defend, and perpetuate the existence of
loud and frequent; and at the close of it there
was a general and long continued cry of hear, Loud cheers followed this speech, at the con hear, hear. clusion of which the speaker rose, took off bis
The duke then took his leave, bowing repeatbat, and addressed the Duke of Wellington as edly as he retired, and all the members, as at his follows:
entrance, uncovered, rose and warmly cheered
him. My Lord, -Since last I had the honor of ad Lord Castlereagh.—Sir, in commemoration of dressing you from this place, a series of eventful so grateful a day—a day on which we have bad years has elapsed: but none without some mark the happiness to witness within these walls the and note of your rising glory.
presence of a hero never excelled at any period “ The military triumphs which your valour bas of the world, in the service of this or any other achieved upon the banks of the Douro and the
country-in commemoration of the eloquent manTagus, of the Ebro and the Garonne, have ner in which that hero was addressed from the called for the spontaneous shouts of admiring na chair, on an occasion which must ever be dear to tions. Those triumphs it is needless on this day Englishmen, and which will ever shed lustre op to recount. Their names have been written by the annals of this house, I move, sir, that your your conquering sword in the annals of Europe, address to field-marshal his grace the Duke of and we shall hand them down with exultation to Wellington be printed.” The motion was unaour children's children.
nimously agreed to. “ It is not, however, the grandeur of military This was the termination of one of the most success which has alone fixed our admiration, or impressive and dignified scenes that had been commanded our applauses ; it has been that gen- witnessed by modern times in either house of erous and lofty spirit which inspired your troops parliament. with unbounded confidence, and taught them to On the 30th of July, the prince-regent came in know that the day of battle was always a day of state to the house of lords, and being seated on victory; that moral courage and enduring forti the throne in full robes, with his great officers tude, which in perilous times when gloom and ranged on each side, and the peers being present doubt bad beset ordinary minds, stood neverthe in their places, a message was sent to the house less unsbaken, and that ascendency of character, of commons, requiring their attendance. The which uniting the energies of jealous and rival speaker shortly after arrived, accompanied by nations, enabled you to wield at will the fate and several members, and presenting to his royal fortunes of mighty erupires.
highness the vote of credit bill for three millions, “ For the repeated thanks and grants bestowed made an address to him, in which he recapitulated upon you by this house, in gratitude for your the principal proceedings of the house during the many and eminent services, you have thought fit session, and adverted to the great and glorious this day to offer us your acknowledgements; but events which had made so happy a change in the this nation well knows that it is still largely your affairs of Europe. debtor. It owes to you the proud satisfaction that The prince-regent then delivered a speech to amidst the constellation of illustrious warriors, the following effect. After lamenting the continu. who have recently visited our country, we could ance of his majesty's unfortunate indisposition, he present to them a leader of our own, to whom all, said, that on assuming the powers of government, by common acclamation, conceded the pre-emi- which that event had placed in his hands, he had nence; and when the will of heaven, and the com determined to adhere to the line of policy which
his majesty bad adopted, and in which he found ment of that country, was sincerely desirous of BOOK XII. zealous support from parliament, from all classes the restoration of peace on conditions honorable of his majesty's subjects, and from the valour of to both; but that until this object could be obtain- CHAP. VI. bis majesty's forces by sea and land. That be ed, parliament would see the necessity of his em
1814. had the satisfaction of contemplating the full ac- ploying the means at bis disposal for prosecuting complishment of all the objects for which the ibe war with increased vigour. war was undertaken or continued, and the final His royal highness then thanked the house of deliverance of Europe, by the combined exertions commons for the liberal provision they had made of this nation and its allies, from the most oppres- for the services of the year, and adverted to the sive tyranny under which it had ever laboured. necessity of maintaining for a time a body of That the restoration of so many of the ancient troops in British pay on the continent. governments of the continent afforded the best cluded with assuring both houses that full justice prospect of the permanence of peace, and that was rendered throughout Europe to the manly his efforts might be relied on at the approaching perseverance displayed by this country amidst the Congress for completing the settlement of Europe convulsions of the continent, and with expressing upon principles of justice and impartiality. That his persuasion that they would ascribe the advanhe lamented the continuance of hostilities with tages they have possessed, under providence, to the United States of America, and, notwithstand that constitution which for a century it has been ing the unprovoked aggression of the govern- the object of his family to maintain unimpaired.
France evacuated by the Allied Armies.- Prince Schwartzenberg's Address to his Army.—Meeting
of the Legislative Body.—The King's Speech.—Constitution presented by his Majesty.-Last Will and Testament of Louis XVI.
The French troops having evacuated all the have surpassed my most sanguine expectations. fortresses specified in the convention of Paris, The liberties of Europe and the independence of the allied army began to retire from the French the people were saved on those glorious occaterritories. On the 2d of June, all the forts occu sions. pied by the allied troops within the circumference “ Thus it is, for the last time, that I address of Paris being relieved by the national guards, these brave troops which I have had the honor of General Sacken, the commandant of Paris, ad- commanding: 1'he gratitude of their respective dressed a letter to General Dessolles, chief of monarchs and countries, as well as the conscious. the national guards, expressing his satisfaction at ness of their respective merit and glory, will be the good understanding which had prevailed be- their best reward. The most grateful duty which tween those troops and the allied army. Prince
Prince I can possibly have to perform, is to thank them Schwartzenberg also issued the following order for the courage, the devotedness, the exertions, of the day to his army, before commencing its and the firmness which they have uniformly march to quit France.
evinced. The most flattering recollection of my “ The bravery and exertions of the allied ar life will be that of having fought with them for mies have put an end to the war. Peace, the the accomplishment of the grand object which we important object for which they have been fight have finally attained. ing, is accomplisbed, and each corps of the com
6 SCHWARTZENBERG." bined army is about to return to its country,
• When the allied sovereigns condescended to On the 4th of June, the King of France went confide in me the chief command of the finest and in state to the palace of the legislative body, in the bravest army in Europe, I accepted it, in the which were assembled the senators, peers, and confident hope that the noble spirit of these representatives of the nation. His majesty opened troops, their courage, their loyalty to their sove the meeting with the following speech, which he reigns, their devotion to their country, and, finally, delivered in a firm and audible tone :their conviction of the necessity of conquering or “ Gentlemen,-When, for the first time, I come dying in that contest, could alone justify my ac to this assembly, surrounded by the great bodies ceptance of it. The battles of Culm, Leipsic, of the state, the representatives of a nation,
BOOK Xıļ. ing proofs of its love, I congratulate myself in and contributing without distinction, in proportion
having become the dispenser of the benefits to their property, to the burthens of the state. Chap. VII. which divine providence deigns to grant to my Art. 4. Guarantees personal liberty, so that no people.
one be prosecuted or arrested but according to 1814. "'I have concluded with Austria, Russia, Eng- law. Arts. 5 and 6, declare the Catholic religion
land, and Prussia, a peace, in which their allies the religion of the state; but that every one are comprised, that is to say, all the princes of shall profess his faith with equal freedom, and be the Christian world. The war was universal, the protected in its exercise. By Art. 7, the ministers reconciliation is universal.
of the Catholic and other Christian modes of The rank wbich Frauce has always occupied worship alone receive their stipends from the amongst nations has not been, transferred to royal treasury. Art. 8. The French are entitled another, and remains to her undivided. Every
Every to publish and priut their opinions, while conformthing which other states acquire of security equallying to the laws which will repress abuses of this increases ber own, and consequently adds to her liberty. Art. 9, declares all property inviolable, real power. What she does not preserve of her that called national not excepted. Art. 11, proconquests, ought not to be considered as any re bibits all enquiry into opinions or votes delivered trenchment of her real strength.
before the restoration. By Art. 12, the con“ The glory of the French arms has received scription is abolished. no stain: the monuments of their valour subsist, and the master-works of art belong to us by FORMS OF THE KING'S GOVERNMENT. rights more steady and sacred than the rights of Art. 13, the person of the king is sacred and victory.
inviolable. His ministers are responsible. Art
. • The paths of commerce, so long shut, are. 14, he is supreme bead of the State; commands about to be free: the market of France will be no the sea and land-forces : makes treaties of
peace, longer open only to the productions of her own soil alliance, and commerce; appoints to all public and industry. Those which habit has made a want, employments. Art. 15, the legislative power is or which are necessary to the arts she exercises, exercised collectively by the king, the chamber will be furnished to her by the possessions she of peers, and the chamber of deputies of departrecovers. She will be no longer reduced to the ments. By Arts. 16 and 17, the king proposes want of them, or to the procuring them on ruinous laws, either to the peers or deputies; but tax-bills conditions. Our manufactures will re-flourish, must first be proposed to the deputies. Every our maritime-towns revive, and every thing pro law to be discussed freely and decided by vote
. mises us that a long calm without, and durable By Arts. 19 and 20, the chambers are entitled to felicity within, will be the happy fruits of peace. request the king to propose a law on any subject
“ One painful recollection, however, disturbs whatever, and to suggest what it should contain. my joy. I was born, I had hoped, to have re This request must have been discussed in secret mained
whole life the most faithful subject committee, and is not to be sent from the one of the best of kings-yet, to-day I occupy his chamber to the other, but after an interval of ten place! At least, however, he is not all dead-be days. Art. 21, if the proposition is adopted by lives again in that will which he destined for the the other chamber, it shall be transmitted to the instruction of the august and unhappy infant king; if rejected, it cannot be re-introduced in whom I have succeeded! It is with my eyes the same session. Art. 22, the king alone sancfixed upon that immortal work, penetrated with tions and promulgates laws. Art. 23, the civil the sentiments that dictated it-guided by the list to be fixed for the reign, by the first legislaexperience, and seconded by the counsels of se ture assembled after the accession of the king. veral among you, that I have drawn up the constitutional charter which you will hear read, and which fixes upon solid bases the prosperity of Arts. 24 and 25, declare this chamber an essenthe state.”
tial part of the legislature, to be convoked and The ball resounded with universal applause. closed at the same time as that of the deputies.
After the speech, the chancellor, having on his Art. 27, the king nominates the peers; their knees taken the commands of the king, explain- number is uplimited; they may be nominated for ed, by a series of reasoning full of force, the mo life, or rendered hereditary, as the king pleases. tives of the constitution, which consists of the Art. 28, peers enter the chamber at the age
of following articles:
twenty-five, and have a deliberative voice at that of thirty. By Arts. 29 and 30, the chancellor pre
. PUBLIC RIGHTS OF THE FRENCH.
sides in the senate, and the princes of the blood Arts. 1, 2, 3, declare all Frenchmen, of what are always peers by right of birth. Art. 32, all ever rank or title, equal in the eye of the law, the deliberations of the chamber of peers are seequal admission to civil and military employments, cret, Art. 33, the chamber of peers takes cog
OF THE CHAMBER OF PEERS.