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BOOK XIII. the country before described shall hereafter be disorderly, or disobedient conduct, or who refuse found in arms against his majesty, or aiding and

to take the oath before directed, to be removed CRAP. IX.

assisting his majesty's enemies in any other shape, from that country, and to punish such person or 1814. either by conveying intelligence, or otherwise, persons who may return to the same, after such

such person or persons shall be immediately removal, according to military law, as for a breach
brought before a court-martial, and, on conviction, of orders.
shall be punished agreeably to military law. And “ And all persons inhabiting, or residing witbin
all collectors and receivers of the public revenue that country, being owner or owners of any ship or
of that country are enjoined and coinmanded im- ships, vessel or vessels, and who shall have taken
-mediately to render, to the proper officer of his the oath of allegiance to bis majesty, shall be enti.
majesty's customs, appointed for that purpose at tled to receive from the officer of the customs, ap-
Castine, a true and exact account of all and every pointed at Castine, a certificate and coasting-license

, sum or sums of public money in their hands at the countersigned by the military officer commanding time possession was taken of that country for his in that country for the time being, which shall majesty, and to pay over the same to the said officer protect such ships or vessels respectively, in fishof the customs; and all such collectors and receiv ing or coasting from one harbour or river to the ers are to account for, and pay over in the said other, within the limits of the country aforesaid; manner, all monies by them collected or received and it shall be lawful for such vessels, when fursince possession of that country was taken by us as nished with coasting clearances and permits aforesaid. And all persons inhabiting within the from the proper officer of the customs at Castine said country and islands, are required to appear aforesaid, to carry, without molestation, from before the proper officers appointed for that pur one harbour to another, within the said district, pose, as speedily as possible after the publication the produce of that country, or any goods, wares, hereof, and to take an oath to behave peaceably or merchandize lawfully imported into Castine. and quietly, and, while inhabiting and residing Provided, always, that if any ship or vessel so li. within that country, not to carry arms, or in any censed for fishing or coasting shall be found at respect act hostilely towards his majesty, or the distance of ten leagues from the shore of said any of his subjects and such inhabitants, after country, or to the southward or westward of the taking such oath, shall be protected in their per eastern side of Monbegan island, or shall be found sons and properties until his majesty's pleasure to the northward or eastward of the line of the shall be known. Nothing, however, herein con- province of New Brunswick, the licence of such tained, is to extend to any property seized, and vessel or vessels shall be null and void, and it sball taken as prize previous to the publication hereof

, be lawful to seize and make prize of such vessel or to the security of persons or property of those or vessels, the same as if owned by the enemy. who refuse to take the oath before-mentioned. “And it shall and may be lawful, until his maAnd all and every person and persons not being jesty's pleasure shall be known, for any British an inhabitant or inhabitants of that country, at subject, or persons inhabiting within the said the time it was taken possession of by his ma eountry, who shall be admitted to the privilege of jesty's forces, whether such person be a British a British subject, to import, and bring from the subject or otherwise, who shall be found sojourn- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or ing in that country, within the same limits, or any of the colonies or plantations thereto belong. passing or repassing within the same, without a ing, into tbe port of Castine, and no other port or proper pass and license, granted either by the go- place within the said district, in British ships, vernor-in-chief of British North America, or by ihe owned and navigated according to law, all goods, admiral commanding in chief his majesty's ships wares, and merchandize which can be lawfully on the coast of North America, or by the lieutenant- exported from Great Britain or Ireland to the governors or commanders-in-chief for the time British colonies; and all goods, wares, and mer. being of the provinces of Nova Scotia, or New chandize which can be lawfully imported from Brunswick, or by the admiral commanding for one British colony to another; and to export in the time being at Halifax, or from the said Gerard like manner, in British ships oply, from the said Gosselin, or whoever may succeed bin as senior port of Castine, any goods, wares, or merchandize officer commanding within the said country, shall ihe produce of the said country, or goods conhe immediately apprehended and brought to trial demned as prize, and to carry the same to Great before a court-martial, and punished as for a Britain or Ireland, or any of the British colonies. breach of orders, according to military law; and

ary law; and Provided always, that any British ship entering, full power and authority is bereby granted to the or attempting to enter any other port, harbour, or said Gerard Gosselin, or whoever may hereafter place, within the limits of the said country, save be commander in that country, until his majesty's the said port of Castine, shall be liable to be seizpleasure be known, to compel any person or per ed as prize, and condemned as a British ship sons, who may hereafter be guilty of any hostile, trading with the enemy; and provided also, that

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nothing herein contained shall authorise British rity and happiness : but nothing contained in this' BOOK XIII. subjects, or persons trading to that country under proclamation is to extend, or be construed to exthe authority of this proclamation, to take up a tend, to the establishment of any form of govern- Chap. IX. residence in said country, unless specially licensed ment thatshall exist longer than until his majesty's for that purpose as aforesaid. pleasure shall be known, and subject to all such

1814. “ And all goods imported and exported into or orders and regulations as the Prince-regent of the from the said port of Castine, or carried coastwise United Kingdom, acting in the name and on the within the limits of the said country, and all ves behalf of his majesty, may think expedient to apsels trading to or from the same, whether coast point and establish, for the permanent government wise or otherwise, shall be subject to all the du of that country, until which period we promise to ties, rules, orders, and regulations, wbich the laws carry into effect this proclamation in every way of trade and navigation, and the British acts of that will best conduce to the safety and prosperity parliament regulating the trade and fisheries of of the inhabitants of the country. Provided they the British colonies appoint: and which duties contribute by their peaceable demeanour to the shall be collected, and laws of trade, rules, and measures necessary and expedient to be taken to regulations executed after the same manner as hold possession of the country against his maat the custom-house in Halifax, in the province jesty's enemies, to which object the officer comof Nova Scotia.

manding in that country, for the time being, is to " And we do assure and promise the inhabitants employ his whole force, and any opposition from of the country taken possession of by us as afore the inhabitants of that country to the measures said, that so long as they shall conform to this necessary to accomplish that object will render proclamation, and behave themselves peaceably this proclamation null and void. and quietly, and shall take and subscribe either “ Given under our hands and seals at arms at the oath of allegiance to his majesty, or the oath Halifax, this 21st day of September, in the 54th by this proclamation appointed, they shall be year of his majesty's reign. Annoque domini protected both in person and property, until his 1814. majesty's pleasure shall be known; and as far as “ John COAPE SHERBROOKE, Lieut.-generat possible shall have the laws which were in force

commanding at the time we took possession of that country EDWARD GRIFFITH, Rear-admiral.” carried into execution by the judges, magistrates, and peace-officers, who were in authority at the This step of the British commanders in many time we took possession of said country : subject, points of view was very impolitic; since to declare however, to sucb alteration and ordinances as the any territory as essentially and permanently atofficer commanding for the time being may deem tached to the conqueror, of which he has only gainnecessary and expedient, to enable him to sup ed a temporary possession, can only serve to expose port and maintain the power and authority of his bis weakness when he is compelled to give it up, majesty, in and over that country, and subject to and to irrilate the enemy. It was said, that the terthe authority of that summary and military course ritory of wbich the British gained possession was of proceeding which the defence of the couutry necessary for the purpose of an open and direct may render necessary, and which the laws of war communication between Canada and New Brunsamongst the civilized nations authorise. And we wick :-but as it was to the Americans of little hope, that the peaceable demeanour and behaviour value, it might have been obtained, in the event of the inhabitants, under present circumstances, of peace, for an equivalent; whereas they were will be such as will enable the officer coinmand not likely to permit the disgrace of having it ing for the time being, to carry into effect every forced from them, of however little real value it measure necessary to promote their present secu might be to them.

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Invasion of the United States by the British Army under Sir George Prevost.-Attack upon Platts.

burgh.-Defeat of the British Flotilla on Lake Champlain.-Retreat of the British Army in consequence.-Remarks.--Battle near Fort Erie.-Curious Proclamation of an American Cuptain,-Meeting of Congress.- Message of the President.Budget.-Negociations at Ghent.Proceedings of the British and American Commissioners published by the American Government. -Impression made by this Event.-Proceedings of the Congress.


BOOK XIII. The British government having determined to and 110 wounded, Captain Downie and two

transfer the seat of war into the territories of the lieutenants being among the former. The loss United States, the Governor-general of Canada, of the Americans was forty-nine killed, among

Sir George Prevost, assembled all the disposable whom were two officers, and fifty-seven wounded. 1814.

force in the lower province of that country; and, The firing from the land against the fort contion the lot of September, entered the state of nued till sun-set, and attempts were made by the New York, and occupied the village of Cham parties to advance to an assault of the works, but plain, near the lake of that name.

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were foiled. The destruction of the naval force sembled under his command amounted to about having now put an end to all hopes of success, it 15,000 men, among whom were a number of vete, was thought necessary hy the British general to rans who had served in Lord Wellington's army, abandon the enterprise. The cannon were withand the commander and appointmenis were such drawn from the batteries, and at two o'clock the as to give sanguine bopes of success. The first next morning the whole army began its retreat operation was directed against Plattsburgh, a for towards Canada, leaving the sick and wounded tified place on Lake Champlain, which was gar to the humanity of the enemy. Great quantities risoned by the American Brigadier-general Ma of provisions were likewise left behind and des. · comb, with about 1,500 effective men, of various troyed; and the Americans found on the ground descriptions. The British army advanced by a large quantity of shot, shells, ammunition, enalow marches, gallantly surmounting every ob- trenching-tools, &c. The Americans being now stacle thrown in its way by the enemy; and, on

collected from all the circumjacent territory, the the 6th, had arrived within a mile of Plattsburgh. British drew back to their lines ; and every idea The following days were occupied in bringing up of penetrating into the territories of the United the battering-train, and making approaches; and States on that side was relinquished. it was planned that the attack should be support The American general gave a very detailed ed by the co-operations of the British naval force account of this affair in his dispatch to the secreon Lake Champlain, consisting of a frigate, a tary of war, which we shall here subjoin. It is a brig, two sloops-of-war, and some gun-boats, un very interesting account, and does not present der the command of Captain Dowcie. On the any of those exaggerations which but too much morning of the 11th, this Hotilla appeared in sight disgraced the dispatches of the French and some of Plattsburgh, and bearing down, engaged at of the American officers. It is dated Plattsburgh, anchor in the bay of the town; at the same September 15. time the land-batteries were opened against the “ The Governor-general of the Canadas, Sir fort, and threw in a continued shower of balls and George Prevost, having collected all the disposabombs.

ble force in Lower Canada, with a view of conThe British flotilla was opposed by the Ame- quering the country as far as Crown Point and rican Commodore M'Donough, with a force nearly Ticonderoga, entered the territories of the United equal, and the conflict was fierce and bloody. States on the 1st of the month, and occupied the Captain Downie was unfortunately killed at the village of Champlain : there he avowed' bis invery beginning of the engagement, and the rud tentions, and issued orders and proclamations, der of his sbip being disabled, and the brig com tending to dissuade the people from their allegimanded by Captain Piercy becoming quite un ance, and inviting them to furnish his army with maneageable, both vessels were left almost at the provisions. He immediately began to impress the mercy of the enemy. After an action of two waggons and teams in the vicinity, and loaded hours, the Americans captured the frigate, the them with his beavy baggage and stores. From brig, and the two sloops, after a loss of 84 killed this I was persuaded he intended to attack this

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place. I had but just returned from the lines, except by their flankers and advanced patroles. BOOK XIII. where I had commanded a fine brigade, which The night previous, I ordered Major Wool to was broken up to form the division under Major- advance with a detachment of 250 men to sup

CHAP. X. general Izard, and ordered to the westward. port the militia, and set them an example of firmBeing senior officer he left me in command; and, Dess; also Captain Leonard, of the light-artillery,

1814. 1

except the four companies of the 6th regiment, I was directed io proceed with two pieces to be on had not an organised battalion among those re the ground before day; yet he did not make his maining. The garrison was composed of conval- appearance until eight o'clock, when the enemy escents and recruits of the new regiments, all in had approached within two miles of the village. the greatest confusion, as well as the ordnance With his conduct, therefore, I am not well pleased. and stores, and the works in no state of defence. Major Wool, with his party, disputed the road To create an emulation and zeal among the officers with great obstinacy, but the militia could not be and men in completing the works, I divided them prevailed on to stand, notwithstanding the exerinto detachments, and placed them near the se tions of their general and staff-officers; although veral forts ; declaring in orders, that each de the fields were divided by strong stone-walls, and tachment was the garrison of its own work, and they were told that the enemy could not possibly bound to defend it to the last; extremity. The cut them off. The state-dragoons of New York enemy advanced cautiously and by short marches, wear red coats; and they being on the heights to and our soldiers worked day and night, so that watch the enemy, gave constant alarm to the miby the time he made his appearance before the litia, who mistook them for the enemy, and feared place we were prepared to receive bim. Gene- his getting in their rear. ral Izard named the principal work Fort Mo * Finding the enemy's columns had penetrated reau; and, to remind the troops of the actions of within a mile of Plattsburg, I dispatched my aidtheir brave countrymen, I called she redoubt on de-camp, Lieutenant Root, to bring off the dethe right Fort Brown, and tbat on the left tachment at Dead Creek, and to inform LieuFort Scott. Besides these three works, we tenant-colonel Appling that I wished him to fall had two block-houses strongly fortified. Find on the enemy's right flank. The colonel fortu. ing, on examining the returns of the garrison, that nately arrived just in time to save his retreat, and our force did not exceed 1,500 effective men for to fall in with the head of a column debouching duty, and well informed that the enemy had as from the woods. Here he poured in a destructive many thousands, I called on General Mooers, of the fire from his riftemen at rest, and continued to anNew York inilitia, and arranged with him plans noy the enemy until he formed a junction with for bringing forth the militia en masse. The in- Major Wool. The field-pieces did considerable habitants of the village fled with their families execution among the enemy's columns. So unand effects, except a few woriby citizens and some daunted, however, was the enemy, that he never boys, who formed themselves into a party, re- deployed in his whole march, always pressing on ceived rifles, and were exceedingly useful. By in column. Finding that every road was full ot the 4th of the month, General Mooers collected troops, crowding on us on all sides, I ordered the about 700 militia, and advanced seven iniles on field-pieces to retire across the bridge and forin a the Beekman Town-road, to watch the motions of battery for its protection, and to cover the retreat the enemy, and to skirmish with him as he ad of the infantry, which was accordingly done, and vanced; also to obstruct the roads with fallen the parties of Appling and Wool, as well as that trees, and to break up the bridges. On the Lake of Sproul, retired alternately, keeping up a brisk road, at Dead Creek Bridge, I posted 200 men, fire until they got undercover of the works. under Captain Sproul, of the 13th reginent, with The enemy's ligbt troops occupied the houses orders to abbatis the woods, to place obstructions near the bridge, and kept up a constant firing in the road, and to fortify bimself: to this party from the windows and balconies, and annoyed us I added two field-pieces. In advance of that po much. I ordered them to be driven out with hot sition was Lieutenant-colonel Appling, with 110 sho!, which soon put the houses in flames, and riflemen, watching the movements of the enerny, obliged those sharp-shooters to retire. The whole and procuring intelligence. It was ascertained, day, until it was too late to see, the enemy's light. that before day-light on the 6th, the enemy would troops endeavoured to drive our guards from the advance in two columus, on the two roads before-bridge, but they suffered dearly for their perseIneutioned, dividing at Sampson's a little below

An attempt was also made to cross the Chazy village. The column on the Beekman upper bridge, where the militia bandsomely drove Town-road proceeded most rapidly; the militia them back. The columo which marched by the skirmished with his advanced parties, and ex lake road was much impeded by the obstructions, cept a few brave men, fell back most precipi- and the removal of the bridges at Deal creek ; tately in the greatest disorder, notwithstanding and, as it passed the creek and beach, the gallies the British troops did not deign to fire on them, kept up a lively and galling fire.


Oar troops:


BOOK XIII, being now all on the south side of the Saranac, I fifty men; drove off the working party, consisting

directed the planks to be taken off the bridges of 150, and defeated a covering party of the same Сң АР. Х.

and piled up in the form of breast-works, to cover number, killing one officer and six men in the 1814.

our parties intended for disputing the passage, charge, and wounding many. At dusk the enemy
which afterwards enabled us to hold the bridges withdrew his artillery from the batteries, and
against very superior numbers. From the 7th raised the siege; and at nine, under cover of
to the 14th, the enemy was employed in getting the night, sent off, in a great burry, all the bag.
on his battering train, and erecting his batteries gage he could find transport for, and also his ar-
and approaches, and constantly skirmishing at the tillery. At two the next morning the whole army
bridges and fords. By this time the militia of precipitately retreated, leaving the sick anů
New York and the volunteers of Vermont were wounded to our generosity; and the governor
pouring in from all quarters. I advised General left a note with a surgeon, requesting the humane
Mooers to keep his force along the Saranac to attention of the commanding-general.
prevent the enemy's crossing the river, and to “Vast quantities of provision wereleft behindand
send a strong body in his rear to harass him day destroyed, also an immense quantity of bomb-shells,
and night, and keep him in continual alarm. The cannon balls, grape-shot, ammunition, flints

, &c., militia behaved with great spirit after the first entrenching tools of all sorts, also tents and marday, and the volunteers of Vermont were exceed- quees. A great deal has been found concealed ingly serviceable. Our regular troops, notwith in ponds and creeks, and buried in the ground, and standing the constant skirmishing, and repeated a vast quantity carried off by the ir habitants. Such endeavours of the enemy to cross the river, kept was the precipitance of his retreat, that he arrived at their work day and night strengthening the de- at Chazy, a distance of eight miles, before we disfences, and evinced a determination to hold out to covered he had gone.

The light troops, volunthe last extremity: It was reported that the teers, and militia, pursued immediately on learning enemy only waited the arrival of his flotilla to of his flight, and some of the mounted made make a general attack. About eight in the even- prisoners five dragoons of the 19th regiment, and ing of the 11th, as was expected, the flotilla ap- several others of the rear-guard. A continual fall peared in sight round Cumberland Head, and at of rain and a violent storm prevented further purnine bore down and engaged at ancbor in the suit. Upwards of 300 deserters have come in bay off the town. At the same instant the bat- and many are hourly arriving. We have buried teries were opened on us, and continued throw. the British officers of the army and navy with ing bomb-shells, shrapnells, balls, and Congreve the honors of war, and shewn every attention and

ockets until sun-set, when the bombardment kindness to those wbo have fallen into our hands. ceased, every battery of the enemy being silenced The conduct of the officers, non-commissioned by the superiority of our fire. The naval engage- officers, and soldiers of my command, during the ment lasted but two hours, in full view of both trying occasion, cannot be represented in too bigli armies. Three efforts were made by the enemy terpis. (Signed) 1. Alex. MACOMB. to pass the river at the commencement of the “ The loss of the enemy in killed, wounded, cannonade and bombardment, with a view of as- prisoners, and deserters, since his first appearsaulting the works, and they had prepared for ance, cannot fall short of 2,500." that purpose an immense number of scaling-ladders. One attempt to cross was made at the vil It is scarcely possible to conceive the degree lage bridge, another at the upper bridge, and a of mortification and disappointment which the third at a ford about three miles from the works. intelligence of this defeat created in Great BriAt the two first be was repulsed by the regulars tain. Troops, which had been victorious in Spain at the ford by the brave volunteers and militia, and France; which had not only fought and con; where he suffered severely in killed, wounded, and quered under Wellington, but which had received prisoners: a considerable body crossed the stream, his particular commendation for their steadiness but were either killed, taken, or driven back. and bravery, had been defeated by the AmeriThe woods at this place were very favorable to cans,-by men who could scarcely be called solthe operations of the militia. A whole company diers ;-who but a few months before had run from of the 76th regiment was here destroyed, the three the Canadian militia : --and not only had the belieutenants and twenty-seven men prisoners, the roes of the Peninsula fled before such raw troops, captain and the rest killed. I cannot forego the but also before a very inferior force ; since Sir pleasure of here stating the gallant conduct George Prevost had at least 14,000 men, while of Captain M'Glassin, of the 15th regiment, the American army was not half that number. who was ordered to ford the river, and attack a In Canada the complaints were loud and geneparty constructing a battery on the right of the ral against Sir George Prevost ; and Sir James enemy's line, within 500 yards of Fort Brown, Yeo, who commanded his majesty's ships and which be handsomely executed at midnight, with vessels on the lakes, distinctly gave it as his opi

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