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BOOK XIV. the same time, to assist in the coronation of the knew that the advanced-posts of the emperor empress and the King of Rome.

were on the left bank of the Rhone, in the Fau. CRAP. III. On Bonaparte's taking possession of Lyons, boury Guillotiere, where their presence excited

he established a vewspaper, which was published the most lively enthusiasm. It was also known 1315. on the 11th of March. This paper contained the

that all the soldiers were only waiting for their following:

brothers in arms to embrace them; and for the “ Honor, Glory, Country. At last we have emperor, to salute him again as the support of the again beheld thuse eagles a thousand times trium- country. The Lyonese alreally called aloud for phant, and never vanquished! We have seen that powerful genius who had rebuilt their city

, them again, and our hearts leapt with joy! At desolated by the anarchisis; who protected their sight of them we exclaimed, Behold the honor and commerce, and made their manufactures flourish; the glory of the country! And if we could have and who, perhaps, had only been unfortunate

, forgotten for a single moment that French blood because he wished to do too much good to France, ffows in our veins, the sight of the hero of Ma- At two in the afternoon be Duke of 'Tarentum rengo, of Jena, and of Austerlitz, and of his conducted upon the bridge of la Guillotiere two faithful companions in arms, would have recalled battalions of infantry.

Wbile they were apus to that proud and voble character which has proaching the barricades, the 4th bussars

, who always distinguished the Lyovese. Oh! what a had rejoined the eagles at Grenoble, defiled from day was that of the 10th of March ; who can des the faubourg Guillotiere, and entered upon the cribe it as it deserves, that the immortal picture bridge, preceded by about one hundred young may be deposited in the annals of the city! We people of the faubourg, crying out, like then, knew, five days ago, that the emperor bad landed Tive l'Ewpereur !

Vive l’Eupereur! The troops on both sides in Provence, and was advancing on Grenoble by joined at the barricades. Here the same cry si way of Digne and Gap. The news of his en multaneously issued from every mouth; the beans trance into Grenoble reached us on the evening and trees which blocked up the road were thrown of the 8th, and we at the same time learned that into the Rhone; the soldiers embraced with transthe garrison of that city had flown to meet the port, and began their march to the city. More movarch restored to the admiration, to the wishes iban 20,000) inbabitants ranged alorg the quay of of the French, and of the army Joy was there the Rbone and the Cours Napoléon, where ibey seen impressed on every countenance; the cry of were witnesses of this new sort of war, and rent Vive l'Empereur ! did not yet escape from all the air with their acclamations; all the officers mouths; but it was in all hearts, excepting the and soldiers of the 2016 and 24ıb of the line, and per filious and insensible hearts of some trailors, of the 15 b dragoons, gave theniselves up at last vile enough to seek their own elevation in the de to the movements of their hearts. There was gradation of their country. In the mean time

In the mean time only one cry of Vive l'Empereur! They ran Mousieur the Count D'Artois arrived within our before the bussars, and then all drew up on the walls, with the Duke of Orleans and Count de place Bonaparte. The Duke of Tarentum preDanias. The 2011 regiment, drawn froun Mont- cipirately retired, as well as Count de Damas, the brison, reinforced the garrison of Lyons, compos. Governor. Count de Chobrol, the prefect, in like ed of the 24th light intantry, and the 13th dra manner, quited the city. All the superior offia goons. An appeal was made to a portion of the cers remained ; and it was with the most lively national guards. The two bridges on the Rhone satisfaction that the soldiers saw amongst liem were barricadoed: the pipce passed the troops the general-of-division Brayer. At five o'clock in review, and endeavoured to animate them for the garrison proceeded to the bridge la Gulio. the royal cause. Vain etforts! The last and use tiere, and beyond it, to meet the Emperor. At less resource of a weak government, which could half-p::st six, the army which came from Grenoneither reanimate affections long since extinguish ble began its entrance inte Lyons, ainidst the ed, nor make the army forget those colours which, same acclamations. At seven o'clock, the inhabitduring twenty-five years, passed triumplant auts of Lyons had the bappiness of again seeing through all the capitals of Europe, and exalted and possessing the enperor of the French, and the French name to the highest degree of cele. of lavishing on himn new marks of their fidelis brity. In the morning the prince made another and affection. Already this great monarch, al

. attempt on the spirit of the soldiers ; he went ways indefatigable in bis activity, is busied with through all the ranks, but he found thein frozen: his good city of Lyons, on which he means to he saw that it was then neressary to resolve og beap new benefits. He will review his army in departing and carrying off the troop. The Mar the morning; and we know that several regimrits shall Duke of Tarentum having arrived in the will arrive this evening within our walls, in order morning, visited the two bridges; preparations, to icin their brethren in arms. for resistance appeared to recommence; the regi During this time, the partizans of Bonaparie ments approached the bridges, but every oue were most active in every part of France. Gene

6 At

ral Lefebvre Desnouettes, an officer who had of 6,000 men proceeding to Paris hy forced BOOK XIV. broken his parole of honor in England, had en marches. Astonished at this unexpected rencontre, deavoured to seduce the troops in the North, He he inquired whither they were marching. He Chap.III. had marched the regiment of royal chasseurs, of was answered “ to Paris, to quell an insurrection

1815. which be was the colonel, from Cambray to Com- against the government.” More astonished, he peigne, where he first unfolded his intention of demanded so see the orders. They were evidently leading them to Lyons to join their former master. forged. It was doubtless a preconcerted moveBarau Lyons, the inajor of the regiment, gives au ment to fill Paris with regular troops, to awe the interesting account of the transaction.

national guard and the populace, and to prepare seven o'clock of the morning of the 9th, Ge for the arrival of Napoleon. It is scarcely necesneral Lefebvre Desnouettes arrived from Lisle. sary to say that these regiments were immediately He caused his regimeut to mount their horses. ordered to return to their former cantonments. We put ourselves in motion, and came to sleep at These troops were confidently expected at La Fere.

Paris, and there was reason to believe that the “ On the morning of the 10th be had a violeat garrison would have opposed no resistance. The altercation with the general commanding the time of their arrival had been preconcerted, and artillery, on the requisition which he male to him a crowd of persons collected round the gate by for putting the artillery and artillerists of the which they were to enter. On a false aların that place at lois disposal ; and on the formal refusal they were approaching, the cry of “the emperor of that general we set out and passed the outs for ever!” was suddenly raisest; when the gardes posts. There were some cries of · Vive l'Em du corps rushed on the crowd, and speedily dispereur" excited by General Lelebvre, which gave persed it, after a short but ineffectual resisiance. us reason to suspert that he had conceived some One was killed, many wounded, and the ringcriminal project. We continued our roule upon

learleis secured and imprisoned. Noyon : ihere he told us, for the first time, ihat It was confidently reported hy the partisans of we were likely to fid ourselves from twelve to the Bourbens, that numerous troops were advance fifteen thousand strong of all arms, without inform- ing from the south to surround Bonaparte and ing us the object of that assemblage. We were cut oil his retreat. Tbe king, however, plared astonished not to find a wan, and this confirmed little reliance on this intelligence, to which the our suspicion,

greatest importance was atrached by bis impru* On the 12ılı, he set out at the head of two, dent and infatuated courtiers. In fact, what relisquadrous, and arrived at Compeigne at five in ance could be place on the professions of any of his the morning Ile caused the colonel of the 6th troops, after the shameless defections of Grenoble chasseurs to be asked whether he would follow and Lyons! He was more fully justified in this him with his regiment. The rolonel peremptorily distrust by the intelligence which he had just rerefused. This conversation took place while I was ceived of the conduct of the garrison of Lisle. two leagues in the rear with the rest of the regi- Count Erlon had endeavoured to seduce the ment. I learned the occurrence in the course of troops, to abandon the cause of the monarch. He

had partially succeeded, when Marshal Mortier, “ I was on the watch as well as the rest of the discovering the plot, caused him to be immediately officers. At length we determined to demand of put under arrest. He was inmediately tried and the general what he proposed to do with us, and condemned to death. He was led to the square whitler he meant to lead is, entreating him to the citadel ; his eyes were bandaged; a file of solexplain himself distinctly, and acknowledging that diers were drawn up before him; their pieces were we suspected he had committeil the honor and ex- presented, and the fatal word was momentarily istence of the regiment, and that it only remained expected; when the troops sudilenly rose against for us to inplore the king's clerueney. We were Mortier, and declared Erion commander of the tben much inore astonished by fis proposing to fortress. Erlon, however, speedily released the us to alvance as partisans on Paris or Lyons. marshal, and sent him to Paris. We did not hesitate a moment, and declared that It was in opposition to the advice of the princes we could not follow him, which determined him of his family, that Louis bad convened the two

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iis on the instant and to fly. I immediately chambers. These misguided men had been unordered the trumpets to sound to horse, and we able to relinquish the lofty ideas of the kingly fell back towards Cambray, where I shall arrive prerogative in which they had been educated. to-morrow."

They wished to have seen the sovereign assume He was followed by two officers only, who were a dičia orial power, for which the present crisis pursued and taken, but the traitor escaped and would have formed come colourable excuse, and joineri Napoleon.

which might have prepared the way for the fuAs the Duke of Treviso (Mortier) was, about ture extension of the monarch's prerogative. But

to g

BOOK xiv. cruel concurrence of circumstances, and not of Was it not unanimous for the expulsion of Bona

bis own ambition, was now perfectly convinced, parte? On-what ground then can be reclaim bis Crap. III. that even if the pretensions of Bonaparte were rights? The author of the most tyrannical go

crushed, there would be no security for himself vernment by which France had ever been op1815.

and his family, but in the strict observance of the pressed ; he, who, during fourteen years, had been constitution which be had sworn to respect. The employed in underming the cause of freedom, Duke of Berry sent the following letter to his and trampling on the rights of men, now speaks father, which was intercepted by the agents of of liberty. He had not the excuse of former reBonaparte.

collections, and the habit of power. They were Paris, March 7, Afternoon. his fellow-citizens whom he enslaved ; his equals “ Dear Papa,-You have learned, by our tele- whom he enchained. Though not born to power, graphic dispatches, that the king has ordered me he meditated tyranny. What liberty can be proto stay here for the present. All the ministers, mise us? Are we not a thousand times more free Desbrays, Gerardin, &c. fell at my feet to per under a good king than we were under his emsuade me to stay. I also believe it of the bighest pire ? He promises victory ! and three times, like importance. Paris is always the grand point; and a base deserter, he has run from bis troops in at Besancon I should only be a superfluous wbeel Egypt, in Spain, and in Russia ; abandoning bis to a carriage which I believe will have no occa faiihtol companions in arms to the threefold mi. sion to move. The proclamation is perfect. I sery of cold, famine, and despair. He has drawn should not have convoked the chambers; but if on France the humiliation of being invaded, and they are dissolved in time, there will be no barm. he bas lost the conquests which we had made All is calm here. I have been very dissatisfied without him and before him. with Macdonald, who is gone to join you; you might He promises peace, and his name alone is a send him to Napoleon, but I believe this Napoleon signal for war. À people sufficiently degenerate is already deceased, which wouid secure our go to submit to him would become the object of Euvernment more than any thing else. Adieu, dear ropean hatred; and his triumph would be the papa ; I embrace you, as I love you, with all my coinmencement of an interminable war against heart."

the civilized world. He promises also the security Many of the most enlightened friends of ra of the national property ;-that property which is tional liberty, and particularly those who were only attacked by the absurd and imprudent declaknown in Paris at that time under the deno. maiions of unknown and disavowed writers. But mination of liberales, eagerly rallied round the this promise he will not be able to keep. No king. Though they disapproved of some parts longer has he Europe to partition for the reconof the constitution established by Louis, and se pense of his accomplices, and be must, of necessity, riously distrusted the spirit in which it was reward them with the property of the French. He executed, and the maxims prevalent at court ; has nothing to offer, and nothing to reclaim. though they had been treated with undeserved Whom then can he gain? W bom can be seduce ? insult by the crowd of emigrants, who filled every Civil and foreign war are the only bribes which apartment of the palace, and prevented the best he has to present. Against such an adversary friends of the monarch from approaching his the government peeds neither extraordinary meapresence, they now ranged themselves on the sures, nor jealous precautions, nor an extension side of loyalty and justice. A most eloquent ap of power. The constitution is sufficient, and peal was made to the French people from the the king bas already rendered a faithful homage pen of Benjamin Constant. It is as follows:

to it, in calling around him the representatives of “ During fourteen years we had groaned under the nation. the yoke of the despot. He had carried destruc-, “ The king appeals with confidence to all tion through every country of Europe, and at those to whom, in every period of the revolulength bad embattled the whole of Europe against tion, the interests of their country have been dear; us. The author of these calamities was finally to those who have anxiously surrounded the compelled to abdicate the throne, and to quit monarch with the safeguards of liberty ;-to the the soil of France. We fondly hoped that he bad French exiles, to whom he has restored the quitted it for ever. Suddenly he re-appeared. land of their nativity ;-to the new proprietors, He reclaims his rights, or those of bis son. He whose acquisitions be has sanctioned; to all who promises the French liberty, victory, and peace. acknowledge, who feel,

knowledge, who feel, and who cherish the He re-demands the throne. His rights! What principles which give dignity to our nature. We are they? Can the short usurpation of a dozen are called on to defend a constitution whose years, and the mere designation of an infant as blessings are already known and felt; which conhis successor, be compared with seven centuries tains in it the principles of amelioration and of peaceable possession? The wish of the peo- perfection; and which will become every day ple! Has noi that wish been already expressed ? more dear to the sovereign who finds in it has

best security, and to the people to whom it is the sure some of the measures of the government. BOOK XIV: pledge of liberty and happiness. We are called Let them rush into the first ranks, for in

proporon to defend it against a tyrannical usurpation, tion as liberty is dear to them, must they dread Cuar. II. which has oppressed all classes and every indivi- the triumph of Bonaparte, its eternal foe. The dual; which will rouse against us the whole of government, which in this critical moment has

1815. Europe, and which will bring in its train every given a decisive proof of wisdom and of stability, species of disgrace and misfortune. Perhaps this by respecting the principles of the constitution, appeal is superfluous. The danger may be al- and trusting to them for its best defence, will ready past, and the traitor inay have met the more dearly cherish them in the hour of victory; fate which he merits. But should it be other will be proud to reign over a free people; will wise, let every Frenchman run to arms. Let respect the rights of the people as its most sacred him defend his king, his constitution, and his deposit, and the will and the affection of the country. And let not those be the last who, de people as the base and security of power." voted to the cause of freedom, have dared to cen

CHAPTER IV.

Meeting of the two Chambers.-Address of the President of the Chamber of Deputies to the King.

- Dismissal of Marshal Soult from the Office of War-minister.- Preparations of the French Government to oppose Bonaparte.-Defection of a Regiment of Cavalry at Melun.- Proclamations of the King to the People and to the Army.-Proceedings of the Chambers.--Reviero of the National Guards and Troops of the Line at Paris. The two chambers having met on the 9th of giving to the government that strength which is March, after some preliminary business, they necessary for the safety of the state.” both voted loyal addresses to the king. The To which the king replied : president of the chamber of deputies, on this oc “ I have never doubted the sentiments of the easion, addressed his majesty as follows: chamber. I shall always unite with it for the

“ Sire,—The interest of the country, that of the safety, the liberty, and the bappiness of my crown, bonor, liberty, call us around the throne people.? to defend it, and to be protected by it. The re On the news of the possession of Lyons by Bo. presentatives of the French people feel that it is naparte and his army, now become formidable by wished to prepare for them the humiliating lot re its numbers, consternation began to operate on the served to the subjects of tyranny. If some French French court. The same magical powers which bands dare to raise the flame of civil war, we are had led this extraordinary personage from his certain that the illustrious chiefs and soldiers, island to the centre of France, seemed no less powho have so long defended France against her tent to protect his further attempts if it was his in. enemies, will still lend to their country the assist- tention to wing his way to Paris

. Suspicions arose ance of their swords. The national

guards will at that city that there existed some strange neglect be their noble emulators ; and this fine kingdom in certain departments of the administratious of will not exhibit to astonished Europe the shameful government. It was observed, that not only the spectacle of a nation betrayed by her own chil. southern depôt of Grenoble had furnished the indren. Whatever may be the faults which have vader with every implement of war, and that its been committed, this is not the time to examine garrison had shown a singular alacrity in declaring them. We ought all to unite against the common themselves traitors, but that Lyons had been left enemy, and endeavour to render this crisis pro- without defence, or arms necessary for the nafitable to the security of the throne and to public tional guard. It seemed strange also that the fleet liberty. We conjure you, sire, to exercise all the at Toulon had remained in the harbour, and that, power which the constitutional chart and the laws were it merely to exercise the sailors, no cruize have placed in your hands. The chambers, which had taken place in the space that reaches from the your confidence has convoked, will neither fail isle of Elba to the shores of Provence. It was in duty to the monarch nor to the French people discovered that no reliance could be placed on the They will be, sire, your faithful auxiliaries, in telegraphic dispatches. They were either sup.

For a short time confidence appeared to be in BOOK XIV. pressed or altered by some unknown persons; and

it was now evident that treason pervaded every some degree restored. The government received CEAP. 1V. department of the state.

favorable accounts from the north. Marshal Ou. About this time the office of minister at war was dinot having assembled the garrison of Metz

, 1815.

transferred from the hands of Soult to those of amounting to 13,000 men, told them that he had General Clarke, Duke of Feltre (formerly war never deceived them when they had fought toge. minister to Bonaparte.) Not the slightest intima- ther; that he was ready to give passports to all tion was given respecting the cause of this change. who wished to join Bonaparte; but that he wished As Soult was not appointed to any other situation, to be sure of those who willingly remained with the circumstance was regarded as an impeachment bim. The troops immediately renewed their oath of his loyalty; but the Paris papers stated, that of fidelity to the king. The old guard was fore the king had addressed a letter to the marshal, most in professing its loyalty. “ Although," said expressing his esteem for him, bis satisfaction they, he has not used us well; although he bas with his services, and his wish to have the further degraded us from our rank of guards, and, above benefit of them. The letter was afterwards pub- all, has shewn that he distrusted our honor

, we lished by Soult.

will prove to him and to France that we can be The French government made every effort to generous in proportion as others are unjust," stop the progress of Bonaparte; and troops were When intelligence of this was brought to the king, collected from all quarters to proceed against bim. he instantly ordered that every soldier should have Great preparations were also made to collect a the rank of sergeant; that every sergeant should be formidable army at Melun, a town on the Seine, considered a commissioned-officer; that each subat the distance of ten leagues from Paris; and altern should rank as captain ; and that the whole another at Montargis, a few hours march from should receive pay as in the time of Bonaparte. Fontainebleau. The government now thought, His majesty likewise ordered that they should be that if Bonaparte attempted to proceed on the road henceforth called the king's guards, and should to Paris he would be cut off, as he would thus be proceed by forced marches to Paris, and do the placed between two fires. Marshal Ney, the duty of the palace. Prince of Moskwa, had already reached Lons le The accounts which the government received Saulnier, with an army amounting to about 14,000 from other quarters of the disaffection of the troopa men, with which he threatened his rear. This gave them considerable alarm. A regiment of officer had, in an effusion of loyalty, repaired to cavalry was quartered at Melun. The colonel was the Thuilleries, and, proffering his services, had sitting at breakfast, when the trumpet suddenly assured the king, on receiving the command of sounded to arms. Astonished at a signal for these troops, that he would bring Bonaparte to which he had issued po orders, be leaped on the Paris in an iron-cage. To which the king replied, first horse he could find, and galloped to the square, with mild dignity, that this was not what he re where be found his regiment assembled, and on quired, and that he only desired of the marshal to the point of marching to join Bonaparte. He drive back the invader. The prince took his leave posted himself on the bridge, and demanded who of the king, and departed.

had given orders to march? “ We go to meet Though it was greatly apprehended that the the emperor," was the reply: 6 You have taken spirit of disaffection bad pervaded the army in the oath of fidelity to the king," said be, and general, it was boped that a part would yet be you will not be guilty of perjury! Have I not found faithful. The marshals, the national guard, always conducted you to honor

and to victory, and the representatives of the people, and the civil will you now forsake me? Or will you march authorities, seemed to vie with each other in their

over my body to effect your treasonable purpose!" professions of attachment and devotion. The The soldiers hung their beads in silence, and, with knowledge that armies were placed in front, on the exception of sixty, who rushed desperately the flanks, and in the rear, cheered the drooping over the bridge, quietly returned to their barracks. spirits of the royalists, who, applauding the loyalty The French government issued the following proof the national guard, rather than confiding in clamation to the French people on the lith of their prowess, saw with satisfaction the departure March, and another, on the next day, to the army. of the marshals to head the armies, and particuJarly the Prince of Moskwa, whose assurances to

Castle of the Thuilleries, March 11. the king were cited in his own phraseology, that “After twenty-five years of revolution, we had, he would bring the sovereign of Elba, in an iron. by the sigual blessing of Providence, recalled cage, to Paris.

The king, indeed, placed the France to a state of bappiness and tranquillity;-; , fullest confidence in this general; and meeting to render that state durable and solid, we had with Madame Ney, two days afterwards, he said given to our people a charter, which, by a wise to her with emotion, “Madame, you have a bus- constitution, secured liberty to all our subjects band whose loyalty is equal to his courage."

This charter had been, since last June, the daily

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