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BOOK XIV. “ On the 20th, at five in the evening, the king escorting his majesty himself to the gates of the

arrived at Abbeville, where, expecting his bouse town, he still hoped to command respect from Crap. Vi hold-troops, he remained on ihe followivg day: the soldiers, but that would no longer be

but Marshal Macdonald, who rejoined his nia possible if the departure was for a moment de 1815.

jesty on the 21st, at noon, proved to the king the layed.
necessity of removing farther, and, in consequence • The king then judged it necessary to order
of his report, his majesty resolved to shut himself his military household to march on Dunkirk, but
up

in Lille, and sent an order to bis household the order unfortunately was not received. With to repair to him there by the route of Amiens. respect to hiinself, being unable to go directly to “ On the 22d, at one in the afternoon, the king, that town, he went to Ostend.

His majesty left preceded by the Duke of Tarentum, entered Lille at three o'clock, accompanied by Marshal Lille, where he was received by the inbabitants Morrier, and followed by the 'Duke of Orleans with the strongest demonstrations of affection and On arriving at the bottom of the glacis, the fidelity. The Duke of Orleans and the Duke of Duke of Treviso considered himself bound to reTreviso had arrived at Lille before the king; the turn, to prevent the disorder which was likely to latter, however, thought proper to recall the gar- take place in the garrison during his absence. rison. This circumstance, of which the king was The Duke of Orleans also returned into the fornot aware, was calculated to disconcert the plan tress, and did not leave it until some hours after. of resistance which had been forined. Had not -Marshal Macdonald did not separate from the the troops been brought in, the national-guards king until they arrived at the gates of Menin

, and, and the household, aided by the patriotism of the to the last moment, he and the Duke of Treviso people of Lille, might have secured for the king afforded to his majesty consoling proofs that the this last asylum on the French territory. With sanctity of oaths and the faith of men of honor a numerous and ill-disposed garrison, this design are not despised by all the brave soldiers of whom appeared most difficult of execution. His ma the French army is proud. jesty, however, persisted in making the attempt. " A piquet of the national-guard of Lille, and a His presence had already raised the enthusiasm detachment of the royal cuirassiers and chasseurs of the people to its highest pitch.

followed his majesty to the frontiers. Some of the “ A multitude, full of zeal, accompanied him at latter, as well as several officers, were unwilling to every step, exerting every effort to interest the abandon him, and accompanied him to the bounsoldiers, and constantly repeating the endearing dary of Belgium. The king arrived at Ostend, cry of Vive le Roi! But the troops, reserved and intending to proceed to Dunkirk, on the occupacold, maintained a gloomy silence, an alarming tion of that town by his household-troops. presage of their approaching defection. In fine, “ In the mean time this unfortunate household, Marshal Mortier declared to the king that he to which were joined a great number of voluncould not answer for the garrison. Being ques teers of all ages aud conditions, followed the tioned as to the last expedient which might pos same route which the king took, in order to prosibly be resorted to, he also declared that it was ceed to Lille. Monsieur and the Duke of Berri

, not in his power to make the troops march out of always at the head, and always sharing the fatigues the fortress.

of this brave chosen band, bad occasion to ad“ Meanwhile the declaration promulgated at mire the heroic firmness of the troops composing Vienna, on the 13th of March, in the name of all it. Youths who, for the first time, burthened their the European powers assembled in Congress, arms with a weapon, old men performing forced reached Lille. The king caused it immediately marches on foot, through roads which heavy and to be distributed and placarded, hoping, but in continual rain had rendered almost impassable, vain, to enlighten the troops with respect to the were associated with this faithful corps, and never dreadful consequences with which their treason were discouraged by the privations they suffered, was about to be followed, and the inevitable nor by the still more painful uncertainty of a misfortunes it would draw apon their country. march depending on advices, which the defection

“ On the 23d his majesty learned that the of the neighbouring garrison might render of the Duke of Bassano, appointed minister of the inte most disastrous nature. In the absence of orders, rior, had sent to the prefect of Lille orders in the which the king had not been able to transmit to name of Bonaparte. On the same day Marshal them, and on information that his majesty had left Mortier stated to the minister of the king's house- Lille, the column proceeded directly to the fronhold, that in consequence of the report that the tier ; but being unable to defile with sufficient Duke of Berri was about to arrive with the promptitude to followin a body, Marshal Marmont household troops and two Swiss regiments, all (who commanded under the orders of the prince

, the garrison was ready to mutiny; that he would with zeal and activity worthy of better success) conjure the king to leave the place in order to having got embarrassed in marshy ground, whence avoid the most dreadful of misfortunes; that by the horses were extricated with extreme difficulty,

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a part of these unfortunate men were compelled may afford an idea of the sudden and innumera- BOOK XIV, to remain behind, and Monsieur fearing that their ble difficulties with which the king was surroundattachment might cause them to encounter useless ed. Never did any event more unexpectedly Char. Vi perils, authorized them to retire. But being soon and more rapidly change the face of a great 10

1815. after surprised at Bethune by orders from Paris, narchy: but never did a more striking opposition they had not all time to disperse, and Monsieur between the spirit of the soldier and the citizon can only hope to rally round bim successively, all more completely paralyse patriotism, weaken authose whom be may be able to collect on the fron- thority, and invest with magic terror the man tier, where he for ibat purpose remains.

wbo, appearing almost alone on the French ter" It was on the 25th, at eight in the evening, ritory, had, within two days, at his disposal a nuthat the king learned the arrival of Monsieur at merous force armed against a defenceless people. Ypres, and that the intelligence of the fate which “ To conclude, the simultaneous and general dehis household-troops experienced, made an addi- fection of the army was not, as has been shewn, tion to the weight of the afflictions he had to founded on any motive capable of attaching it for sustain.

any considerable period of time to the fate of the Amidst these disasters his majesty has re man wbo has resumed a too fatal ascendency over ceived brilliant proofs of fidelity; but these must it. The tacit compact which be bas made with it, in some measure still farther aggravate his regret. will soon be broken by the reverses which await He has had to leave a good and amiable people him. It is not Bonaparte proscribed, rejected, a prey to all the excesses of a misled soldiery- and about to be overwhelmed by the indignation there are devoted and courageous servants whom of all Europe, that this credulous soldiery wished he cannot assemble around him-traits of un to follow ; they turned their eyes to the destroyer shaken constancy have been exhibited by several of the world, whom they beheld ready to deliver most distinguished chiefs, to whom he can offer up to them its spoils. But the illusion dissipated, no other recompense than the reward of that es Bonaparte will soon lose his adventitious 'force. teem and eulogium which France and posterity The king awaits that period of reflection which will one day bestow on them.

follows the intoxication of a great error-he awaits Among the recollections too deeply engraved it with an impatience corresponding to the happy ever to be effaced from the heart of the king, result which he anticipates. among the honorable sentiments of which he has Louis, on his retreat to Lille, issued two 'ordi. received the most affecting proofs, he places in nances, the first forbidding all bis subjects to pay the first rank those derived from the conduct of taxes of any kind to the so titled imperial governMarshal Mortier. Since the arrival of his ma ment, and all public functionaries and receivers jesty at Ostend, he has learned, from the Duke of to pay into its chests the sums in their hands, and Orleans, that an order for arresting him and all also suspending the sales of timber and domains the princes had reached the marshal. An officer in the departments invaded by Bonaparte; the of the staff, the bearer of a dispatch from Mar- second forbidding obedience to the law of conshal Davoust, containing the same order, arrived scription, or any other recruiting order emanating afterwards at Lille. The king had then left that from him. Louis afterwards removed his resiplace, and the Duke of Treviso made such ar dence to Ghent, where he had with bim three of rangements that nothing transpired on that sub- his ministers, the Duke of Feltre (Clarke) and ject until after the departure of the Duke of the Counts Blacan and Jaucourt; to these he Orleans.

added in his council Count Lally Tallendal and “ This succinct relation of the principal transac M. de Chateaubriand, The marshals Duke of tions that occured in the short and disastrous pe Ragusa (Marmont) and Duke of Belluno (Vicriod, the picture of which has just been traced, tor), were also at Ghent.

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CHAPTER VI.

Declaration of the Congress at Vienna.-Remarks.- Treaty of the 25th of March.- Preparations for War.Attempt to carry off the King of Rome from Vienna.-Prince-regent's Message on the

Landing of Bonaparte in France.— Interesting Debates. BOOK XIV. The ministers of the European powers had solved on, or shall hereafter resolve on, to com

closed their deliberations, and the sovereigns plete and to consolidate it, they will employ all Coor. Vi. bad announced their departure for their respec. their means, and will unite all their efforts, that

tive capitals, when the intelligence of the landiug the general peace, the object of the wishes of 1815.

of Bonaparte at Cannes unexpec:edly burst upon Europe, and the constant purpose of tbeir la. them.

To the undisguised asłonishment with bours, may not again be troubled ; aud to gua. which every statesman was at first overwhelmed, rantee against any attempt which sball threaten succeeded apprehension and dismay. Although

Although to replunge the world into the disorders and mi. the force which he had brought with him from series of revolutions. Elba was feeble and contemptible, they knew “ And although entirely persuaded that all not how soon the discontented soldiery of France France, rallying round its legitimate sovereign, might Aock round bis standard, and enable him will immediately annihilate this last attempt of a once more to menace the peace of Europe. It criminal and impotent delirium, all the sovereigns was therefore necessary, by some prompt and of Europe, animated by the same sentiments and unequivocal manifesto, to declare their resolution guided by the same principles, declare that if, to oppose him with their united forces. Lord contrary to all calculations, there should result Castlereagh had departed from Vienna for Eng from this event any real danger, they will be land, and was succeeded by the Duke of Wels ready to give to the King of France, and to the lington. The intelligence that Bonaparte had French patiou, or to any other government that quitted Elba arrived at Vienna on the 7ih; but shall he attacked, as soon as they shall be called his real destination was not known. On the Ilth upon, all the assistance requisite to restore public Talleyrand received a dispatch, announcing bis tranquillity, and to make a common cause against landing on the coast of France; and, on the 13th, all those who should undertake to compromise it. the following declaration was published.

The present declaration, inserted in the re“ The powers who have signed the treaty of gister of the Congress assembled at Vienna, on Paris, assembled at the Congress at Vienna, the 13th March, 1815, shall be made public. being informed of the escape of Napoleon Bona “ Done and attested by the plenipotentiaries of parte, and of bis entrance into France with an the high powers who signed the treaty of Paris. armed force, owe it to their own dignity and the Vienna, 13th March, 1815." interest of sucial order, to make a solemn decla Here follow the signatures, in the alphabetical ration of the sentiments which this event has ex order of the courts. cited in them.

AUSTRIA.- Prince Metternich, Baron Wissen“ By thus breaking the convention which has

berg. established him in the island of Elba, Bonaparte FRANCE.- Prince Talleyrand, the Duke of destroys the only legal title on which bis exist Dalberg, Latour du Pin, Count Alexis ence depended; hy appearing again in France and Noailles. with projects of confusion and disorder, he has Great Britain.—Wellington, Clancarty, Cathdeprived hitoself of the protection of the law, and cart, Stewart. bas manifested to the universe, that there can be PORTUGAL.-Count Pamella Saldonba Lobs. neither peace nor truce with him.

PRUSSIA. Prince Hardenberg, Baron Hum. “ The powers consequently declare, that Na

bol. poleon Bonaparte has placed himself without the Russia.-Count Rasumowsky, Count Staee. pale of civil and social relations ; and that, as kelberg, Count Nesselrode. an enemy and disturber of the tranquillity of the SPAIN.-P. Gomez Labrador, world, he has rendered himself liable to public SWEDEN.-Lafmeu lelm. vengeance.

• Tbey declare, at the same time, that firmly The return of Napoleon to France, at the head resolved to maintain entire the treaty of Paris of of an armed force, had annulled all the rights 30th May, 1814, and the dispositions sanctioned which the treaty of Fontainebleau had given him, by that treaty, and those which they have re and had again placed him in a state of hostility

with the coalesced powers. Until he bad shewn states, for the maintenance of the treaty of peace BOOK XIV. that the treaty had been previously violated on concluded at Paris on the 30th of May, 1814, as the part of the allies, and he was again acknow. well as that of the Congress of Vienna, - to carry Char. VI, , ledged by the French, and re-invested by them into fall effect the dispositions contained in these with the sovereignty, be was a mere brigand treaties,-inviolably to observe their ratified and

1815. chief ; not, indeed, the proper subject of private subscribed agreements, according to their full assassination, but amenable to the legal ven import,—to defend them against every attack, geance of the country which he had invaded. and especially against the projects of Napoleon

Much as Europe bad suffered from the unre Bonaparte. Towards this end they bind themstrained ambition of this man, and from the per- selves, should the King of France desire it, and verted and restless character of the French army, in the spirit of the declaration issued on the 13th it was politic in those who had been the means of of March, with common consent and mutual delivering Europe, promptly to declare against agreement, to bring to justice all such as may the first attempt, however impotent, to revive the have already joined, or shall hereafter join, the system which they bad overthrown. And, as it party of Napoleon, in order to compel him to rebad been whispered that there were considerable linquish his projects, and to render him incapable misunderstandings between the principal courts, in future of disturbing the tranquillity of Europe and Bonaparte had affirined that he was secretly and the general peace, under the protection of supported by some of the allied powers,--that which the rights, the freedom, and the independAustria was his assured friend, that his return ence of nations have been established and secured. would be immediately followed by that of the II. “ Although so great and salutary an object empress and the King of Rome, and that does not permit that the means destined to its England and Russia, tired of war, were indis- attainment should be li nited, and although the posed to interfere in a quarrel in which they had high-contracting powers have resolved to devote no concern; it was necessary for the members of to this object all such resources as they can, in the Congress to convince the world, by some their respective situations, dispose of; yet they solemn and striking proceeding, that they were have nevertheless agreed, that every one of them determined to complete and consolidate the work shall constantly have in the field 150,000, men which they had begun, and that they were ready complete, of whom at least one-tenth shall be to combat against every one as a coinmon enemy cavalry, with a proportionate artillery (not reckonwho should threaten, by a new war, or a new re- ing garrisons), and to employ them in active and volution, to disturb the general peace of Europe. united service against the common enemy. On the 25th of March, before the arrival of Bo III. “ The high-contracting parties solemnly baparte in Paris was known at Vienna, but after engage not to lay down their arms but in agreo it had appeared evident that no effectual resist ment with each other, nor until the object of the ance could be opposed to him, the following war assigned in the 1st article of the present treaty was entered into by the allied powers : treaty shall have been attained ; nor until Bona

“ Their majesties the Emperor of all the Rus- parte shall be wholly and completely deprived of sias, tbe Emperor of Austria, the King of Prussia, the power of exciting disturbances, and of being and the King of the United Kingdom of Great able to renew his attempts to obtain the chief Britain and Ireland, considering the consequences power in France. which the entrance of Bonaparte into France, IV. “ As the present treaty principally relates and the present situation of that kingdom, may to the present circumstances, the engagements in have with respect to the security of Europe, have the treaty of Chaumont, and particularly that determined, in these weighty circumstances, to contained in the 16th article, shall again recover carry into effect the principles consecrated in the their full force, as soon as the present object treaty of Chaumout. They have therefore shall be attained. agreed, by a solemn treaty, mutually signed by V. “Every thiog relating to the command of each of the four powers, to renew the engage- the allied armies, the maintenance of the same, ment that they will defend the so-happily restored &c. shall be regulated by a'special convention. order of things in Europe against all violation, VI. “The bigh-contracting parties shall have and to adopt the most effectual measures for the right reciprocally to accredit with the genecarrying this engagement into effect, and also to rals, commanders of their armies, officers, who give it that necessary extension which existing shall be allowed the liberty of corresponding with circumstances imperiously demand.

their governments, in order to inform them of the (Here follow the appointments, in the usual military events, and of all that relates to the opeform, of the different plenipotentiaries whose rations of the armies. names are undersigned.)

VII. " As the engagements entered into by the Art. I. « The bigh-contracting powers solemnly present treaty have for object to maintain the geengage to upite the resources of their respective beral peace, the high-contracting powers agree to

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BOOK XIV, invite all the powers of Europe to accede to them. wherein bis most Christian majesty is invited to

VIII. “ As the present ireaty is simply and accede, under certain stipulations, is to be under Char. VI. solely entered into with a view to support France, stood as binding the contracting parties, upon

and every other threatened country, against the principles of mutual security, to a common effort 1815.

attempts of Bonaparte and his adherents, bis against the power of Napoleon Bonaparte, in purmost Christian "majesty shall be specially invited suance of the third article of the said treaty; but to accede thereto; and in the event of his ma is not to be understood as binding his Britannic jesty's claiming the force specified in article 2, majesty to prosecute the war with a view of im. he shall make known what assistance his circum- posing upon France any particular government. stances enable him to contribute towards the ob “ However solicitous the prince-regent must ject of the present treaty.

be to see his most Christian majesty restored to IX. “The present treaty shall be ratified, and the throne, and however anxious he is to contrithe ratifications exchanged within the period of bute, in conjunction with bis allies, to so auspione month, or sooner if possible.

cious an event, he nevertheless deems himself “ In testimony whereof the respective plenipo- called upon to make this declaration, on the extentiaries have signed and sealed the same. change of the ratifications, as well in consideration

(L.S.) “ Count RASUMOWSKY. of what is due to his most Christian majesty's in(L.S.) Count NessELRODE. terests in France, as in conformity to the prin(L.S.) Prince MetterNICH. ciples upon which the British government has (LS.)

Baron WESSENBERG. invariably regulated its conduct. (L.S.) Prince HARDENBERG. At this time an event occurred at Vienna which (L.S.) Baron HUMBOLDT. caused considerable sensation. Several persons (L.S.) WELLINGTON."

arrived in the villages near Schoenbrunn, the re

sidence of the little Ex-king of Rome. Among Separate article.-"As circumstances might pre- them was Count Montesquieu, a near relative of vent bis majesty the king of the united kingdom the governess of the child. He contrived to gain of Great Britain and Ireland from keeping con admittance into the palace, under the pretence of stantly in the field the number of troops specified visiting his aunt; and corrupting some of the in the second article, it is agreed that his Britan- domestics, he formed the plan of carrying off the nic majesty shall have the option, either of fur son of Napoleon. The time was appointednishing his contingent in men, or of paying at the Carriages were ordered to be in waiting, and rerate of thirty pounds sterling per annuin for each Jays were bespoken at every post to the very froncavalry-soldier, and twenty pounds per annum for tiers of France. each infantry-soldier, that may be wanting to A chambermaid overheard some suspicious complete the number stipulated in the second language from one of the women who attended on article.

the young prince, a d immediately hastened to " In testimony whereof the respective plenipo- the imperial palace to put the court on its guard. tentiaries bave signed and sealed the same.” In the meantime, the police had been informed

The eighth article of the treaty, which invites of the whole plot, and suffered it to proceed to the accession of the King of France, seemed to in the last moment, that they might secure all the clude a determination in the allies, not merely to accomplices. attack the usurped power of Bonaparte, but to Every thing was prepared. A maid had the reinstate the Bourbons on the throne, thus inter little Napoleon in her arms, and, attended by one fering with or denying the right of the French to of the chief of the conspirators, was just stepping choose their own form of government.

into the carriage, when the officers appeared, and To force any particular dynasty or form of go- the whole band was arrested. vernment on a people is inconsistent with the fun It was probably with the hope of the success of damental principles of the British constitution, and this plot, that Napoleon had so diligently dissethe liberal policy on which it has been the pride minated the account that the King of Rome and of England ever to act : wben, therefore, the rati- bis mother would soon arrive at Paris. fication of the treaty by the prince-regent was All the powers of Europe now began to arm; sent to Vienna, the following explanatory decla. and the different roads in Germany and Prussia ration accompanied it,-a declaration highly ho were covered with troops marching to the French porable to the British government.

frontiers. These, however, were only precautionary

measures, the allies not having yet resolved on war. Declaration.

The British government sent strong reinforce“The undersigned, on the exchange of the rati ments to the troops in the Netherlands. fications of the treaty of the 25th of March last, The imperial parliament had hitherto been on the part of his court

, is hereby commanded to chiefly occupied with matters of internal policy, declare, that the eighth article of the said treaty, when the extraordinary event of Bonaparte's land.

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