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BOOK XVII. surround the coast; posts are stationed on the the insulated and uninhabited rock of Ascension.

shore within sight of each other, which render During the four months that you have been at Chap. VI. impracticable any communication with the sea. St. Helena, you have, sir, rendered the situation There is only one small town (James Town), of the emperor much worse.

Count Bertrand 1817.

where there is an anchorage, and where vessels has observed to you, that you violate even the
touch. To prevent an individual from quitting laws of your legislature, and that you trample
the island, it is sufficient to guard the shore by under foot the rights of general officers, prisoners
land and sea. To lay an interdict' on the interior of war. You have replied, that you act according
of the island can therefore have no other object to the letter of your instructions, and that your
than to deprive him of a promenade of from eight conduct to us is not worse than is dictated by
to ten miles, wbich it would be possible to make them.
on horseback, and the privation of which will

I have the honor to be,
shorten the life of the emperor. The emperor bas (Signed) "GENERAL Count DE MONTHOLON."
been established at Longwood, exposed to every
wind, and where the land is sterile and uninha. “ After I had signed this letter, I received your's
bhable, without water, and not susceptible of any of the 17th August, in which you subjoin the ac-
cultivation. There is a circuit marked out of about count of an annual sam of 20,0001. sterling, which
1,200 toises; at about 1,100 or 1,200 toises distance you consider indispensable for the support of the
a camp is established on a hill, and another camp expenses of the establishment at Longwood, after
in an opposite position at the same distance ; in having made all the reductions which you thought
short, in the midst of the heat of the tropic, there possible. We do not think we have any thing to
is nothing to be seen but camps.

do with the discussion of this point; the table of “ Admiral Malcolm having learnt the utility the emperor is scarcely provided with strict newhich the emperor would derive from a tent in cessaries, and all the provisions are of the worst that situation, caused one to be set up by his quality. You ask of the emperor a fund of sailors, at twenty paces distance, in front of the 12,000l. sterling, as your government will only house, it was the only place in which a shade allow 8,0001. for all the expenses. I have already could be found. The emperor had as much rea bad the honor of informing you, that the emperor son to be satisfied with the spirit that animated had no funds, that for a year past he bad neither the officers and soldiers of the brave 53d regi- written nor received any letter, and that he is ment, as he had been with the crew of the Nor- altogether ignorant of what has passed, or is thumberland.

passing, in Europe. Transported by force to “ The house at Longwood was built to serve as this rock, without being able to write or to receive a barn for the company's farm; the deputy gover- any answer, the emperor is now entirely at the nor of the island had since built some chambers; mercy of English agents. The emperor has it served him for a country-house, but it was not always desired, and is still desirous, to provide in a proper habitable state ; workmen have been himself for all his expenses, of whatever nature, employed at it for a year, and the emperor has and he will do it as soon as you render it possible, been continually subjected to the inconvenience by taking off the interdictions laid upon the merand insalubrity of inhabiting a house in the pro- chants of the island with regard to bis corresgress of building. The chamber in which he pondence, and directing that it should not be subsleeps is too small to contain a bed of ordinary jected to any inquisition on your part, or by any dimensions ; but every alteration at Longwood of your agents. Thenceforth the wants of the prolongs the inconvenience of having workmen emperor would be known in Europe, and those there. There are, however, in this miserable ter persons who interested themselves in his behalf ritory, beautiful situations, presenting fine trees, might send him the funds necessary to provide gardens, and good houses. There is, besides, a plantation-house ; but the positive instructions of « The letter of Lord Bathurst, which you have government forbad

you from giving up this bouse, communicated to me, gives birth to strange ideas. although much expense would thereby have been Are your ininisters then ignorant that the specsaved to your governinent-an expense incurred tacle of a great man in captivity and adversity is in fitting up at Longwood a hut, covered with a most sublime spectacle? Are they ignorant paper, which is already unserviceable.

that Napoleon at Si. Helena, in the midst of per* You have interdicted all correspondence be secutions of every description, to wbich he optween us and the inhabitants of the island; you poses nothing but serenity, is greater, more sacred, bave, in fact, placed the house at Longwood au and more vererable, than when seated upon the secret-you have even prevented any cominuni first throne in the world, where for so long a tine cation with the officers of the garrison ;-it seems, he was the arbiter of kings? Those who, in such therefore, to be your study to deprive us of the a situation, are wanting to Napoleon, are blind to little resource which this miserably territory af- their own character, and that of tbe nation which fords, and we are here just as we should be on they represent.


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The narrative of M. Santini contained a variety discontented, the quiet and peace of the rest of BOOK XVII. of interesting particulars; and he endeavoured to Europe cannot be secure. "It perhaps is imposprove that the ex-emperor bad not only been ill sible exactly and fully to point out what line of - Chap. VI. treated in regard to his rank, &c. but that he was conduct Louis ought to pursue, in order to fix absolutely exposed to a state of starvation. “ It his throne on a firm and permanent foundation.

1817. is to be recollected,” says he, “ the governor The military spirit and habits which the people took upon himself the entire charge of the main- of France have acquired, will not soon wear away: tenance of Napoleon and his suite; but the pro- their late disasters,—their country twice conquervisions he furnished were always in too small a ed,-a sovereign twice placed over them by these quantity, and also very often of bad quality. In conquests, will not soon be forgotten; but, undoubts the latter case, when the emperor's house-stewardedly, their oblivion will be accelerated if Louis gains (Cipriani) has found himself' under the necessity over the mass of the population, by securing to them of sending back tbe provisions, the articles were all the benefits which the revolution produced, never replaced by others more fit for use, and it and by protecting them from the evils which it has been necessary to wait until the following day engendered. If, on the contrary, he has not for a fresh supply. It has often happened that, learnt wisdom by experience ; if it be true that on finding himself without any butcher's meathe, as well as the rest of his family, have forgotten for the emperor's table, the steward has sent me nothing which they ought to have forgotten, and to purchase a sheep, for wbich I have paid four have learnt nothing which they ought to have guineas; and often could only procure pork for learnt, during their misfortunes ; then, not all the making soup. Captain Poppleton, of the 53d force of Europe, can, or ought, to keep him on the regiment, appointed to guard the emperor, if he throne of France. But let us bope better things: is the man of honor I believe him to be, will not let us hope that these princes who lived so long fail to bear witness that he has often lent candles in Britain, did not shut their eyes to the facts to lighten this abode of desolation, as well as which there surrounded them ; from which they bread, butter, poultry, and even salt. I was even, might have drawn this lesson--that the most law. from necessity, in the habit of repairing secretly ful, as well as the most happy sovereign, is he to the English camp to purchase butter, eggs, who is powerful and happy in the affections and and bread, of the soldiers' wives, otherwise the happiness of his subjects. emperor would often have been without breakfast, In turning to the affairs of England, it is with and even without dinner.'

regret we have to state, that, notwitbstanding all We have not room to notice any further parti the blood and treasure she had expended in the culars in the statement of Santini; but must defence of Spain, Italy, Germany, and Holland, observe, they were deemed of so much import- those very countries were the first to show their ance that the subject was brought before parlia jealousy, and even hostility, to that greatness to ment by Lord Holland, who made a motion for which she bad exalted herself, by her manufacthe production of certain papers, for the purpose tures and commerce. The journalists of France of shewing whether the statement of Santini was neglected no opportunity of inflaming and keeping true or false. Ministers, however, though they alive this jealousy, and turning it to the account contradicted some of the particulars in Santini's of their own nation, whose commodities were renarration, refused to produce the papers, and the presented as baving gained a decided preference motion in consequence was rejected. Important with Spain and Naples. Indeed, we are conconsequences are, however, likely to occur from vinced, that nothing would give those countries the circumstance of the memorial and the narra greater pleasure, than to see renewed that contion of Santini finding their way into general cir tinental system, as it was called, which proscribed culation on the continent; and the complaints the produce of English industry, although that stated therein may be the means of producing industry was the means of restoring them to a convulsion at a future period. “ Montholon's independence. This spirit was strongly maletter,” says a gentleman residing at Paris, “with nifested at Ghent, on the 22d of July, 1816, the commentary of Santini, has produced a great where a scene, which rivalled any of those that sensation here. The journals have not said a took place under Bonaparte, in the most inve... word respecting them, and the government will terate period of the war. The workmen em

doubtless continue faithful to its system of allow. ployed in the different manufactories, having coli ing nothing to be said in the public papers

apers lected all the articles of English origin, which respecting the situation of Bonaparte and his fa- they could lay their hands on, stripping even mily. Copies, however, of Montholon's letter, passengers of their shawls and handkerchiefs, and translations, are openly circulating in great made a bonfire of them in the public market. . numbers; and that does more harm than if the That this was not a mere ebullition of vulgar journals were allowed to speak of them." prejudice, is proved by the laboured vindication In fact, while the public mind in France is of the act, that afterwards appeared in the Ghent:

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BOOK XVII. newspapers, in which the necessity of a general and, consequently, the less enabled to pay his

proscription of English manufactures upon the landlord, and his quota of the public burdens. CHAP. VI. continent was expressly insisted upon. In fact, This depressed state of the farming, the com

the continental sovereigns found it was necessary mercial, and manufacturing interests, threw an 1817.

to encourage their own manufactures, and, to do immense number of the lower orders out of emSo, they must exclude the English from their ployment; and it was calculated that, at the close markets, which was done, in a great measure, by of 1816, not less than 500,000 families were thrown several severe edicts, issued against the importa- on their parishes for relief. The distress was felt tion of various articles, the produce and manu so much in some districts, and the poor-rates rose facture of Great Britain, These measures were to such an enormous heigbt, that the few farmers soon felt in England; and the commercial and that remained were obliged to abandon their manufacturing interest never experienced such farms, being unable to pay even the rates. The distress, since England was a nation. The little manufacturing towns were in a still worse condi. trade that is left, has not a particle of that confi- tion, and some thousands of artizans and weavers dence and enterprize which formerly charac were compelled to seek, in foreign countries, that terized the English merchant, wherever the traces employment which they despaired of ever finding of his spirit and industry might be found. It is again in their own. In consequence of this gemuch to be regretted, that we scorned the homely, neral distress, complaints and dissatisfaction at

but substantial and peaceful benefits, of being the the measures of government were every where · baberdashers and cutlers of the world : we must, heard ; and meetings were called in all the coun

forsooth, become government and constitution- ties and towns, for the purpose of petitioning the makers to our neighbours; and, wbile we have legislature for retrenchment, and for reform in the been fighting for the shadow, we have evidently commons house of parliament; the people rightly lost the substance. Our policy sacrificed the judging, that if they had been properly representmanufacture of broad.cloths, which would bave ed, the nation would never have been brought in. suited every nation, for the manufacture of laws, to that state of misery in which it was involved. which, notwithstanding all our efforts, we can The British government seem to have been aware never construct, so as to suit any race of people of the distress which would be felt throughout but ourselves, and which every nation upon the country; and, therefore, on the copclusion of whom they have been forced will throw aside the war, they got a parliamentary vote for keepthe very instant a favorable opportunity shall ing a standing army of 150,000 men. They sti present itself. That we have acquired glory, however, did not think themselves secure even there can be no doubt; but, alas! glory is a poor with this force ; for, finding the popular resentsubstitute for our manufactures and commerce. ment so strong against them, they procured an

It must, indeed, prove a matter of the deepest other vote for suspending the Habeas Corpus Act, regret to every lover of his country, when he se and an act was passed for preventing all popular riously reflects on the amazing advantages which meetings, that were not called by the sberiff or we have lost, and feels that it is totally

out of the magistrates. Notwithstanding, the discontent of power of wisdom or strength to recal them. The the country keeps pace with its distresses ; and great decrease of trade has been, from time to while the taxes are so heavy, and our debt so time, more or less observable, according as the great, the interest of which is 44,000,0001, there temporary stimulants of war supplied us with an can be no prospect of better times. As to the confeartificial vigor. A partial elevation of the agri, derated states on the continent, war or peace must cultural interest kept large masses of capital ac be nearly the same to them; or, if there be any tive and afloat; but agriculture is now equally difference, it must be in favor of the former

. depressed with general commerce. Even the dis- They have no national debt grinding them to the tressed state of the agricultural interest may be earth; and that for the bappy reason, that they traced to the long and expensive wars in which have neither our credit nor our credulity. Per we bave been engaged. They have given birth haps, on the whole, it may be fortunate for them to a system of taxation which, pressing heavily on that they have not. We are embarrassing and the superior classes of society, impelled them to impoverishing our posterity, and consigning to raise their rents to such a height, that the farmer them the legacy of our political folly. was scarcely able to gain a scanty subsistence,


ABDALLAH Kezkaori, 1. 191, 193.

Examinations and correspondence re Aostria, conduct of, i. 34. War against, 38.
Abercromby, Major-general, (Sir Ralph) specting the same, 876-895. Mr, Madi. Her success, 40, 45. Troops of, 47. Un-

i. 36, 47, 48, 51; wounded, 52; attacks son's complaint, 897. Proceedings of the successful, 54. Forces of, defeated, 114.
Porto Rico, 128 ; his death, 329.

congress, 906. Riot and Massacre at Bal. Again takes the field, 115. Assumes the
Aboukir, naval battle of.-See Nile, battle timore, 914. War declared against Eng hereditary dignity of emperor, 444. Dis.
at, i. 327.

land, and letters of marque issued by the pleased with Russia, 523. Declares war
Achmet Pacha el D'Jezzer, governor of latter, 918. President's message to con against France, 839. Manifesto on the

Syria, collects an army against the French, gress, 944. Madison re-elected, 948. His occasion, 840. A general arning to de-
i. 189. Receives a letter from Bonaparte, speech, 955. Captures and losses, 956 pose Bonaparte, ii. 1301. Proclamation
191.--See Acre.

962. American discipline, 968. Cap issued by the einperor of, 1376.
Acland, general, i. 501, 621.

tures and losses, 975--980. Attacks, 983 Auteen, bishop of. - See Talleyrand.
Acre, defended by the English, i. 192. Ope --987. Proclamation, 988. President's Ayscough, Captain, i. 293.

rations at, 193. Situation of the French, toessage, 990. Defeats and captures, 1159 Baccum, action at, i. 223.
194. Assaults on, ibid. The siege of, -1166. Battle of Bladensbary, 1167. Bachelors put under requisition, i. 39.

raised, 195. Retreat of the French, 196. Washington entered by the British ariny, Badajoz, treaty of, i. 685. Action at, 734.
Actions. - See Battles.

1168. Capture of Alexandria, &c. 1170. Captured by the French, 735. Siege of
Adam, Captain Charles, i. 331,

Invaded by the British, 11784-1190. De abandoned, 762. Taken by storm, 763.
Adams, Major-general, ii. 1407, 1426.

feated, 1198. Peace signed, 1202. Baden, Margrave of, assists Great Britain,
Addresses from Great Britain to the Conti Amerongen, i. 54.

i. 37. Solicits peace, 104.
pent, i. 26.–See Declarations, Manifestoes, Ainers fort, i. 54.

Bagration, Prince, i. 471.
and Proclamations.

Amiens, congress at, and treaty of peace Baillard, General, i. 225.
Adolphus, Prince, wounded, i. 40.

sigr.ed, i. 361.

Baird, Major-general, i. 333. (Sir David,
Xrostation.-See Balloon.
Amsterdam, petition of, i. 53.

532, 630.
Agnew, Major, i. 85.
Ancona taken by the French, i. 216.

Balaguier, fort of, i. 42, 44.
Airey, Lieutenant-colonel, i. 350.
Andaya, i. 46.

Balgowen, Colonel Graham, i. 634.
Alava, General, ii. 1427.
Adrieux, Captain, ii. 1935.

Ballasteros, his dismissal, i. 779.
Alba, action of, i. 674.
André, fort of, i. 52, 53.

Balloon, used for military purposes, i. 50.
Albert Cassimir, Prince.-See Sare Teschen. Angier, General, ii. 1252,

Baltimore, riot and massacre at, ii, 914.
Albuera, battle of, i. 743.

Anglesea, Marquis of, (Earl of Uxbridge,) Attack on, 1172.
Alcantara, battle of, i. 654. Second attack, ii. 1419, 1428.

Bambecke taken by the French, i. 40.
Angouleme.-See D'Angouleme.

Baneal arrested, i. 34.
Alcoy, the French escape from, i, 812. Anniversary meetings, i. 24, 25.

Banda taken by the English, i. 708, 728.
Alcudia, Duke of, i. 314.

Anselme, General, succeeds Montesquiou, i. Bantry Bay, (Ireland,) arrival of a French
Aldenhoven, Lieutenant-general, Lanoue 48. Proceeds to Sardinia, ibid. Arrested squadron at, i, 108. The French made
defeated at, i. 31.
aud sent prisoner to Paris, 49.

prisoners, 109.
Alexander I. his accession, i. 312. Magna Anspach surrendered, i, 509.

Barcelona, occurrences at, 588.
nimity, 444. His interview with Bona. Anstruther, General, i, 621.

Bard seized by the French, i. 275.
parte, 555. His proclamation on joining Antioch, isle of, i, 46.

Barfleur, the, i. 57.
the allies, 789. His address, 796. Arrives Antoinette, Maria, married to Louis XVI. Barlow, Captain R. i. 349.
at Wilpa, 818. Apother proclamation, i, 2. -See Queen of Frunce.

Citizen Joel, i. 26.
ii. 1376.

Antrim, (Ireland,) insurrection at, i, 150. Barnes, Major-general, ii, 1426.
Alexandria, (America) capture of, ii. 1170, Antwerp, siege and surrender of the citadel Barras, deputy, i. 43.
Alexandria, (Egypt) i. 168. Capture of by to the French, i, 21. Captured by the Barrere accuses Houchard, i, 40. His pro-

the French, 169. Again, 214. Capture allies, 33. Congress at, 34. Evacuated sumption, 46. Is accused, 67.
of by the English, 559.-See Nile.

by the allies, 51.

Barrosa, victory at, i. 735.
Alexandria, (Italy) taken by the allies, i. Appolthein, i. 52.

Basile, Captain, i. 57.
Arabs, the, i. 193, 327.

Bassano, battle of, i. 100.
Algesiras, naval actions of, i. 129.
Arcole, battle of, i. 100.

- Duke of, (Maret,) ii. 1298.
Algiera, battle of, ii. 1713, 1714.
Arentzchild, Colopel, Sir F. ij. 1408.

Basten, the French driven from, i. 856.
Alcmaar, battle of, i. 223.
Arethusa frigate, i. 44.

Bastia taken by the English, i. 856.
Allen, an Irish rebel, i. 406.
Argonne, forest of, defended, i. 20.

Bastile, destruction of the, i, 10.
Allies, the, driven from Haguenau, i. 45. Arklow, (Ireland,) insurrection at, i. 149. Bathurst, Colonel, i. 662.
Il success of, 50, 54. Great success of, Arlon taken, i. 49.

Battles, i. 42, 45, 47, 48, 49, 54, 55, 73, 75,
736. Military forces of (1815), ii. 1336. Armies.--See the names of the respective Ge 96, 101, 108.--- See the names of the re-
See Battles under the names of the different nerals and of the different places attacked. spective commanders and of places; also

Armistices. See Conventions, Treaties, &c. Naval History, &c.
Almarez, victory at, i. 776.

Arnheim, i. 52. Taken by the French, 54. Bavaria, contributions in, i. 283.
Almeida taken by the French, i. 706.
Arragon, patriotism of, i. 733.

Baudet, Citizen, i. 253.
Almeira, battle of, i. 742.

Arroy de Molino, the French defeated at, Bautzen, battle of, i. 839,
Alsace, i. 34.

i, 766.

Bazire, M. defends royalty, i. 21.
Alten, Sir Charles, ii. 1407.

Assembly, constituent, i. 66. Legislative or Beaver, Captain Philip, i. 291.
Alvinzy, or Alvynzy, Lieutenant-general, second, 67. National, 68.„See Decrees, Beauharnois, (Prince Eugene,) i. 454. De-
1, 47, 101. His retreat, 115. Dismissed,

feated by the Russians, 833.
Astrolenka, battle of, 541.

Beaulieu, General, i, 49, 90.
Amand, St. i. 35.

Auckland, Lord, ambassador from England, Beaumont, General, i. 460. ii, 1392.
Amboyna taken by the Englisb, i, 708.

i, 34. His death, &c. ii, 1195.

Beaupreaux, i. 46.
America, i. 56. Delay of ber fleet, 57. Audacious, the, i. 56.

Becket, Brigadier-major, i. 662.
History of, 261. Resignation and death Audreaux, Adjutant-general, i. 271.

Bedaux, Major-general, governor of Gero
of Washington, 262, 265. Action between Anerstadt, baitle of, i. 514.

truydenberg, i. 31.
his majesty's ship Little Belt and the Augereau, General, i. 91, 93.

Rejaz, the enemy repulsed at, i, 811,


Bellegarde, i. 33.

Mulatto general, taken, i. 46.,
Evacuates Bellegarde, 60.
Bellerophon, the, i. 56, 57.
Belliard, General, i. 333, 609.
Bellingham, an assassin, i, 783.
Belpuig, its castle attacked, i. 764.
Bels, Little, 749, ii. 874–895.
Belvidere, the, i. 55.
Bender, Field-marshal, i. 15, 73,
Benningsen, General, i, 521, 554.
Bentinck, Sir William, i. 631.
Benzowski, Lieutenant-general, i. 460.
Berg taken by the French, i. 76.

· Duke of, (Murat,) i. 596. His procla-
mations, 598.
Bergen, battle at, i. 223.
Bergen-op-Zoom invested and taken by

Colonel Le Clerc, i. 30. Again invested,

Bergfield taken, i. 539.
Berkley, Hon. Captain G. i. 57.
Berlin, court of, i. 47. Decree of, 519. ii.

895. Entered by the Russiaus, i. 821.
Bernadotte, General, i. 438. Biography of,

806. His victories, 846, 860.
Berneron, General, i. 30.
Bernstooffe, Count, i, 295.
Berthier, General, i. 94, 438.
Bertrand, General, ii. 1357.
Bessierres, General, i. 438, 601.
Best, Colonel, ii, 1407.
Betignies, i. 49.
Beurnónville, General, joins General Du-

mouriez, i. 21. Arrested, 34.
Bey, Captain, i. 230.
Biberach, battles of, i. 106, 278.
Beaurepaire, commander of Verdun garri-

son, shoots himself, i. 20.
Eeresford, Marshal, Sir William, i. 738.
Bianchi, General, ii. 1316.
Bickerton, Rear-admiral, i. 292.
Binasco burnt, i. 96.
Bingen, i. 39.
Bingham, Colonel, i. 662.

Captain, i. 749.
Biritan, i. 46.
Biron, a Vendean general, arrested, i. 72.
Blacas, Count, ii. 1324.
Badiosbury, battle of, ii, 1167.
Blake, General, i. 626.
Blanket, Admiral, i. 87.
Blaw-sluys, fort of, taken by the French,

i. 30.
Blenheim, battle at, i. 210.
Bliecastel stormed, i. 45.
Bligh, Rear-admiral, i. 126.
Blocus, Grand and Petit, i. 47.

w, Captain, i. 748.
Blucher, Prince, i. 517, His gallantry,

867. His proclamation, ii. 1372. Bio-
graphy of, 1388.
Blundell, Lieutenant-colonel, i. 61.
Boetzelaer, Baron de, governor of William-

stadt, his gallantry and reward, i. 31.
Bors-le-Duc taken by the French, i. 52.
Bologna takea by the allies, i. 254.
Bommel, isle of, i, 53.
Bon, General, i. 171.
Bonaparte, Jerome, i. 531.

Joseph, i. 294. Promoted, 438.
Enters Naples and assumes the royal diga
Dity, 498. Made king of Spain, 599. His

light, 620. Hia narrow escape, 699.
Bonaparte, Louis, i. 438. His address to

the Dutch, 707.
Bonaparte, Lucies, i. 232, 315. Promoted,

438. ii. 1308.
Bonaparte, . Napoleon, employed in the

French army as engineer, i. 49. Ap

pointed to the command of the army of
Italy, 87. His biography, 88. His ad-
dress to the army, 92.

Passage of the
Po, 93. Actions, 94. Seizes upon Leg-
horn, 95. Quells the insurgents in Italy,
ibid. Arrives at Brescia, 96. Blockades
Mantua, 97. Enters Trent, 98. His suc-
cess, 99, 100. War with the Pope, 115.
His answer to the pope's letter, 116.
Various battles and captures, 117. His
letter to the Archduke Charles and the
answer, 118. His proclamation to the
Tyrolese, 119. Peace of Leoben signed,
120. His disputes with Veoice, ibid. His
proclamation to the senate, 121. Enters
Venice, ibid. Treaty of Campo Formio,
ibid. Returns to Paris, 122. Congress
of Radstadt, 148, 155. Fresh disputes with
the pope, 156. Enters Rome with his
army, 157. Roman republic proclaim-
ed, 158. His ambitious projects against
Egypt, 159. His proclamation on the
occasion, 160. Sails with the expedition,
ibil, Effects a landing at Malta, 161.
Attacks the city, 161. Massacres the
knights, 165. Captures the island, ibid.
Arrives at Alexandria and addresses his
army, 167. Effects a landing and captures
Alexandria, 169. Marches against Cairo,
ibid. Actions near the Pyramids, 170.
Enters Cairo, 171. Battle of the Nile,
172. Embarrassed by unforeseen obsta.
cles, 184. Fortifies Cairo and Alexan-
dria, 185. Introduces festivals, theatrical
exhibitions, &c. to delude the inhabitants,
ibid. His address to the beads of the
mosque, 187. Prepares to meet a Turco-
Syrian army, 188. Leaves Cairo, ibid.
Captures El Arisch, 189. Reaches Ghaza,
ibid. Captures Jaffa, 190. Massacres the
garrison, ibid. His letter to D'Gezzar Pa-
cha, 191. Advances to Acre, 192. His
successes against the Turks and Mame-
lukes, 194. Repulsed at Acre, 196. His
disasters and retreat, 197. Re-enters
Cairo, 198. His losses during the expe-
dition, 199. Is attacked by the Turks at
Aboukir, 200. Embarks for Europe,
ibid. Arrives at Paris, 233. Acbieves a
new revolution, 234. Becomes first con-
sul, 236. His letter to the King of Great
Britain, 237. His letter to General Kle.
ber, 248. His proclamation to the army
of the East, 250. His goveroment disturb.
ed by insurrections, 255. Adopts measures
for the apprehension of the insurgent
chiefs, 257. Executes Frotté, 258. His
conduct at Egypt considered, 259. De-
crees the formatiou of an army of reserve,
272. His address on the occasion, ibid.
Leaves Paris, and joins the army of re-
serve in Germany, 273. Enters Piedmont,
274. Seizes on the fortress of Bard, 275.
Enters Milan, and re-establishes the re-
public, ibid. His successes, 276. Losses,
&c. ibid. Concludes an armistice in Italy,
277. Returns to Paris, ibid. Makes peace
with the Barbary powers, &c. 296. Pre-
liminaries of peace with Austria signed at
Paris, 297. Disavowed by the emperor,
ibid. Convention of Hohenlinden, 298.
Ruptures of the armistice in Germany, 304.
Consequences, ibich Convention of Lune-
ville, 306. His message to the legislative
body, 307. Actions, 308. Treaties of
Badajoz and Madrid, 309. Treaty of
peace with the King of Naples, 310. His
embarrassments in consequence of an.
English expedition to Egypt, 337. Is en.
Taged, and threatens to invade England,

838. Preparations for the threatened is-
vasion, 339. Motives for peace, 357.
Preliminaries signed, 358. Congress at
Amiens, 361. Policy and influence of
the first consul, 362. Legion of honor
instituted, 376. Offended with the liberty
of the English press, ibid. His conversation
with Lord Whitworth and insolence, $81
-392. His ambition, and preparations
for invading England, 419. Plot against
his government, 426. His resentment, &c.
429. Proposed to be made hereditary
Emperor of France, 433. Opposed by
Carnot, 434. His elevation decreed, 437.
Proinotes his family, 438. His letter to
the King of England, 452. His rage at
the reply, 453. His insolent triumph,
463. Makes his public entry into Berlin,
516. His measures and success, 536. Bat.
tles, 537. Pacific overtures rejected, 559.
His triumphant proclamation, 543. Cira
cumstances which led to Bonaparte's offers
of peace, 550. His interview with the
Emperor Alexander, 555. His decrees
against the commerce of England, 562.
His chicanery, 571. Journey to Italy, and
threatened invasion of England, 575. His
treachery towards Spain, 581. Detais
the king at Bayonne, 591. His interview
with the Emperor Alexander at Erfurth,
624. Takes Madrid by treachery, 628.
His extraordinary letter to the Emperor
of Russia, 687. Excommunicated by the
pope, 693. His speech on the intended
dissolution of his marriage with Josepbine,
694. Is divorced, 697. His second mar-
riage with the Archduchess Maria Louisa,
698. Birth of young Napoleon, who is
made King of Rome, 753. Denied an in.
terview by the Emperor Alexander, 788.
Joins his army, 790. His reported death,
796. A conspiracy against his govern-
ment, ibid. His critical situation, 797. His
retreat, 800. And escape, 801. Descrip-
tion of bis person advertised, 817. His
precipitate Right from Leipsic, 851. Ef
fects his escape from Germany, and return
to Paris, 857. His critical situation, 859.
His address to the legislative body re-
specting peace, 860. His poliey, fortifia
Paris, and joins the army, 864. His pe-
rilous situation, 866. Defeated, 868. Hin
abdication, 873. Treaty between bim and
the allied powers, ii. 999. Anecdotes re-
lative to his downfall, 1000. His depar.
ture for Elba, and address to the army,
1001. His arrival at Elba, and address
to the iobabitants, 1070. Rides about and
visits the iron mines, &c. 1071. Receives
an account of the death of Josephine, bis
late em press, ibid. Remarks on placing
him at Elba, 1225. Preparations for bis
leaving the island, 1231. Review: his
army, 1234. His departare, 1235. His
entrance into Grenoble, 1236. His pro-
clamations, 1237. Enters Lyons without
opposition, 1943. His departure from
Lyons, 1254. His advance to Melon,
1256. His entrance into Paris, 1258. His
proceedings, and address to his soldiers,
1280. His apswer to the council of state,
1281. His decrees, &c. 1983. Disaffec-
tion of his army, 1292. His letter to the
Prince-regent, 1295. His additional act
to the constitutions, 1304. His means for
supporting himself on the tbrone, 1351.
Two ludicrous instances of the detection
of bis agents, 1952. His acceptanee of the
constitution, and answer to the electors'
address, 1366. Prepares to quit Pazia

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