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intestato, or in any other manner; and their heirs, being citizens of the other party, shall inherit all such personal estates, whether by testament or ab intestato, and they may take possession of the same, either personally or by attorney, and dispose of them as they may think proper, paying to the respective governments no other charges than those to which the inhabitants of the country in which the said property shall be found would be liable in a similar case; and, in the absence of such heir, or heirs, the same care shall be taken of the property that would be taken in the like case, for the préservation of the property of a citizen of the same country, until the lawful proprietor shall have had time to take measures for possessing himself of the same; and in case any dispute should arise between claimants to the same succession, as to the property thereof, the question shall be decided according to the laws, and by the judges, of the country in which the property is situated.


If, by the death of a person owning real property in the territory of one of the high contracting parties, such property should descend, either by the laws of the country, or by testamentary disposition, to a citizen of the other party, who, on account of his being an alien, could not be permitted to retain the actual possession of such property, such term as the laws of the State or country will permit shall be allowed to him to dispose of such property, and collect and withdraw the proceeds thereof, without paying to the Government any other charges than those which, in a similar case, would be paid by an inhabitant of the country in which such real property may be situated.


The present convention shall be in force for the term of twelve years from the date hereof; and further, until the end of twelve months after the Government of the United States on the one part, or that of His Highness the Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg on the other, shall have given notice of its intention of terminating the same.

This convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington within twelve months after its date, or sooner, if possible.

In faith whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present convention, and have thereunto affixed their seals.

Done at Washington, this twenty-first day of August in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, and of the Independence of the United States the seventy-ninth.








Concluded December 5, 1825; ratification advised by the Senate December 29, 1825; ratified by the President January 16, 1826; ratifications exchanged August 2, 1826; proclaimed October 28, 1826. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 121.)

This treaty, consisting of thirty-three articles, terminated as to articles relating to commerce and navigation, August 2, 1838, by their own limitations, and the entire treaty was abrogated by the dissolution of the Republic in 1839.




Concluded May 16, 1832; ratification advised by the Senate December 19, 1832; ratified by the President April 26, 1834; ratifications exchanged April 29, 1834; proclaimed April 29, 1834. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 131.)

This treaty, containing thirty-one articles relating to commerce and navigation, consular and diplomatic privileges, etc., remained in force until January 20, 1850, when it was terminated on notice given by the Chilean Government.

Federal case: U. S. v. Trumbull, 48 Fed. Rep. 94.


CONVENTION ADDITIONAL TO THE GENERAL TREATY OF 1832. Concluded September 1, 1833; ratification advised by the Senate April 24, 1834; ratified by the President April 26, 1834; ratifications exchanged April 29, 1834; proclaimed April 29, 1834. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 140.)

This convention of four articles extended the time for the exchange of ratifications of the convention of 1832, and was explanatory of certain articles. It was terminated January 20, 1850, on notice given by the Chilean Government.



Concluded November 10, 1858; ratification advised by the Senate March 8, 1859; ratified by the President August 4, 1859; ratifications exchanged October 15, 1859; proclaimed December 22, 1859. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 142.)

The claims of the owners of the property referred to in the treaty were submitted to the arbitration of the King of Belgium, who, on May 15, 1863, rendered an award in favor of the United States, allowing $42,400 with interest.



Concluded August 7, 1892; ratification advised by the Senate December 8, 1892; ratified by the President December 16, 1892; ratifications exchanged January 26, 1893; proclaimed January 28, 1893. (U. S. Stats., Vol. 27, p. 965.)

This treaty of twelve articles provided for the submission of the claims of the United States citizens against Chile and of Chilean citizens against the United States to a commission. The commission, met in Washington, D. C., October 9, 1893, and held their final session April 9, 1894, awarding $240,564.35 to the United States for its citizens.




Concluded July 3, 1844; ratification advised by the Senate January 16, 1845; ratified by the President January 17, 1845; ratifications exchanged December 31, 1845; proclaimed April 18, 1846. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 145.)

As the Treaty of 1858 was negotiated as a substitute, the references are here given to the corresponding articles in the later treaty, and the articles not referred to therein are printed.


I. Peace and amity. (See Art. I, p. 96.)

II. Import and export duties. (See Treaty of Novem-
ber 8, 1858, p. 105.)

III. Open ports. (See Art. XIV, p. 100.)
IV. Consular officers. (See Art. X, p. 98.)
V. Commerce. (See Art. XV, p. 100.)

VI. Tonnage duties. (See Art. XVI, p. 100.)

ARTICLE VII. Passenger and cargo boats.

No tonnage duty shall be required on boats belonging to citizens of the United States, employed in the conveyance of passengers, baggage, letters and articles of provision, or others, not subject to duty to or from any of the five ports. All cargo boats however, conveying merchandise subject to duty shall pay the regular duty of one mace per ton, provided they belong to citizens of the United States, but not if hired by them from subjects of China.

VIII. Pilots, etc. (See Art. XVII, p. 101.)

IX. Custom-house officers. (See Art. XVIII, p. 101.)
X. Vessels arriving in China. (See Art. XIX, p. 101.)
XI. Ascertainment of duties. (See Art. XX, p. 105.)

ARTICLE XII. Standard weights and measures.

Sets of standard balances, and also weights and measures, duly prepared, stamped and sealed according to the standard of the custom house at Canton shall be delivered by the superintendent of customs to the Consuls of each of the five ports to secure uniformity and prevent confusion in measure and weight of merchandise.

XIII. Payment of duties. (See Art. XXII, p. 103.)

XIV. Transshipment of goods. (See Art. XXIII, p. 103.)

ARTICLE XV. Liberty to trade.

The former limitation of the trade of foreign nations to certain persons appointed at Canton by the Government and commonly called Hong-merchants, having been abolished, citizens of the United States,

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