Page images
PDF
EPUB

LIST OF PRESIDENTS.

Administration.

Presidents.

Began.

Ended.

George Washington.
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison.
James Monroe
John Quincy Adams.
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren.
William Henry Harrison
John Tyler..
James K. Polk
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes..
James A. Garfield.
Chester A. Arthur..
Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
William McKinley -

March 4, 1789. March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809. March 4, 1817. March 4, 1825. March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841. March 4, 1845.. March 4, 1849.July 9, 1850. March 4, 1853. March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865. March 4, 1869. March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881.. March 4, 1885. March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893. March 4, 1897.

March 4, 1797. March 4, 1801. March 4, 1809. March 4, 1817. March 4, 1825. March 4, 1829. March 4, 1837. March 4, 1841. April 4, 1841. March 4, 1845. March 4, 1849. July 9, 1850. March 4, 1853. March 4, 1857. March 4, 1861. April 15, 1865. March 4, 1869. March 4, 1877. March 4, 1881. September 19, 1881. March 4, 1885. March 4, 1889. March 4, 1893. March 4, 1897.

SECRETARIES OF STATE.

[ocr errors]

In the “Notes upon the foreign treaties of the United States," prepared by Hon. J. C. Bancroft Davis, and republished in the volume of Treaties and Conventions concluded between the United States and other Powers, Senate Executive Document No. 47, Forty-eighth Congress, second session, is given, in concise form, the history of the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States up to the time of the establishment of the Department of State. From these notes the following statement has been gathered:

On the 29th of November, 1775, Congress appointed a “Committee of Secret Correspondence,” whose duty it would be to correspond with the friends of the colonies in other parts of the world. From the date of the appointment of this committee until the autumn of 1781, the management of the foreign affairs of the country was in the hands of committees of Congress. Robert R. Livingston, of New York, was then appointed “their Secretary of Foreign Affairs,” and took the oath of office on the 20th of October, 1781. Livingston resigned in June, 1783, and Elias Boudinot, the President of Congress, acted officially as Secretary in the interim.

General Thomas Mifflin was chosen President of Congress on the 3d of November, 1783, at the beginning of a new Congress, and as such succeeded to Boudinot as ad interim Secretary. John Jay was elected Secretary May 24, 1784, but did not qualify until December 21, 1784, and he remained the Secretary of Foreign Affairs until the adoption of the Federal Constitution. On September 15, 1789, the President approved “An act to provide for the safe-keeping of the acts, records, and seal of the United States, and for other purposes," in the first section of which it was provided “that the Executive Department denominated the Department of Foreign Affairs shall hereafter be denominated the Department of State, and the principal officer therein shall be called the Secretary of State.” Jefferson was appointed Secretary of State September 26, 1789, but did not enter upon the duties of his office until March 21, 1790. Jay, notwithstanding he had been selected to be Chief Justice, continued to fill the office of Secretary until Jefferson entered upon its duties, although never commissioned as such under the new government.

The following list contains the names of the different Secretaries, the Presidents by whom appointed, and the dates of their respective commissions:

Secretaries of State.

Presidents.

Commissioned

September 26, 1789.
January 2, 1794.

...do

December 10, 1795.

..do

May 13, 1800.
March 5, 1801.

March 5, 1801.
March 6, 1809.
April 2, 1811.
March 10, 1817.

.do

March 5, 1817.
March 7, 1825.
March 4, 1829.
March 6, 1829.
May 24, 1831.
May 29, 1833.
June 27, 1834.

Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia ...

George Washington...
Edmund Randolph, of Virginia ...
Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania (Secre- ||-...do
tary of War).

John Adams
John Marshall, of Virginia.....
Levi Lincoln, of Massachusetts (Attorney- .do

General), ad interim.
James Madison, of Virginia

Thomas Jefferson Robert Smith, of Maryland.

James Madison James Monroe, of Virginia..

..do
Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania (Attorney. James Monroe.

General), ad interim.
John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts
Henry Clay, of Kentucky....

John Quincy Adams
James A. Hamilton, of New York, ad interim.. ..do
Martin Van Buren, of New York.

Andrew Jackson
Edward Livingston, of Louisiana

do Louis McLane, of Delaware

do

-..

....do

March 3, 1841.

ŞMarch 5, 1841.
May 9, 1843.

..do John Forsyth, of Georgia...

Martin Van Buren J. L. Martin, of North Carolina (chief clerk), ad interim.

William H. Harrison Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts

John Tyler
Hugh S. Legaré, of South Carolina (Attorney. ....do

General), ad interim.
William S. Derrick, of Pennsylvania (chief

...do
clerk), ad interim.
Abel P. Upshur, of Virginia (Secretary of the

Navy).
John Nelson, of Maryland (Attorney-General), ...do

ad interim.
John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina

..do James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania..

James K. Polk

Zachary Taylor John M. Clayton, of Delaware..

Millard Fillmore Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts..

do Charles M. Conrad, of Louisiana (Secretary, do

of War), ad interim. Edward Everett, of Massachusetts.

.do William Hunter, of Rhode Island (chief

clerk), ad interim. William L. Marcy, of New York

Franklin Pierce Lewis Cass, of Michigan......

James Buchanan William Hunter, of Rhode Island (chief

clerk), ad interim. Jeremiah S. Black, of Pennsylvania...

..do...

SAbraham Lincoln William H. Seward, of New York.

Andrew Johnson. Elihu B. Washburne, of Illinois

Ulysses S. Grant. Hamilton Fish, of New York.

..do. William M. Evarts, of New York..

Rutherford B. Hayes..

June 21, 1843.

.....do

June 24, 1843.

February 29, 1844.

March 6, 1844.
March 6, 1845.

March 7,1849.

July 22, 1850.
September 2, 1852.

...do .....

November 6, 1852.
March 3, 1853.

March 7, 1853.
March 6, 1857.
December 13, 1860.

do.

December 17, 1860.

March 5, 1861.

March 5, 1869.
March 11, 1869.
March 12, 1877.

Secretaries of State.

Presidents.

Commissioned.

March 5, 1881.

December 12, 1881.
March 6,1885.
March 5, 1889.
June 4, 1892.

June 29, 1892.
February 24, 1893.

....do

James A. Garfield
James G. Blaine, of Maine

Chester A. Arthur
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey. do
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware..

Grover Cleveland
James G. Blaine, of Maine

Benjamin Harrison William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts (As- .do

sistant Secretary), ad interim. John W. Foster, of Indiana

do William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts (As

sistant Secretary), ad interim. Walter Q. Gresham, of Illinois...

Grover Cleveland Edwin F. Uhl, of Michigan (Assistant Secre- la-...do

tary), ad interim. Richard Olney, of Massachusetts.

do John Sherman, of Ohio.

William McKinley William R. Day, of Ohio

.do Alvey A. Adee, of the District of Columbia

.do (Second Assistant Secretary), ad interim. John Hay, of the District of Columbia..

do

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF TREATIES, CONVEN

TIONS, ETC.

('ountry.

Subject.

Signed.

Proclaimed.

[ocr errors]

France
Alliance

February 6,1778 May 4, 1778.
France
Separate and secret article.

February 6, 1778 May 4, 1778.1
France
Amity and Commerce

February 6, 1778 May 4, 1778.1
France

Contract for the Repayment of July 16,1782 January 22, 1783.1

Loans made by the King of France. Netherlands Peace and Commerce

October 8,1782 January 22, 1783. Netherlands Recaptured vessels

October 8, 1782 January 23, 1783. Great Britain Provisional Peace.

November 30, 1782 April 11, 1783. France

Contract for a New Loan and the February 25, 1783 October 31, 1783.1

Repayment of the Old Loans

made by the King of France. Sweden... Amity and Commerce

April 3, 1783 September 25, 1783. Great Britain Definitive Peace

September 3, 1783.. January 14, 1784. Prussia Amity and Commerce

September 10,1785. October, 1786, 2 Morocco Peace and Friendship

January, 1787 July 18, 1787.1
France
Consular.

| November 14, 1788
Great Britain Amity, Commerce, and Navigation November 19, 1794 February 29, 1796.
Algiers
Peace and Amity

September 5,1795. March 2, 1796.3 Spain

Friendship, Boundaries, Com- October 27, 1795 August 2, 1796.

merce, and Navigation.
Great Britain. Explanatory to Article III, Treaty May 4, 1796

May 9, 1796.3
of 1794.
Tripoli.
Peace and Friendship

November 4, 1796 June 10, 1797.
Tunis

Amity, Commerce, and Navigation August, 1797 December 24, 1799.3 Great Britain Explanatory to Article V, Treaty March 15, 1798. June 5, 1798.3

ot 1794. Prussia Amity and Commerce

July 11, 1799. November 4, 1800. France

Peace, Commerce, and Navigation. September 30, 1800. December 21, 1801. Great Britain... Payment of Indemnities and Set. , January 8, 1802. April 27, 1802.

tlement of Debts. Spain Claims ...

August 11, 1802. December 22, 1818. France Cession of Louisiana..

April 30, 1803 October 21, 1803. France

Payment for the Purchase of Lou- April 30, 1803. October 21, 1803.

isiana. France Claims.

April 30, 1803. October 21, 1803. Tripoli. Peace and Amity.

June 4, 1805. April 12, 1806.3 Great Britain Peace and Amity.

December 24, 1814. February 18, 1815. Algiers Amity and Peace.

June 30, 1815. December 26, 1815. Great Britain..... Commerce and Navigation. July 3, 1815. December 22, 1815. Sweden and Nor- Amity and Commerce

September 4, 1816.. December 31, 1818. way. Algiers Peace and Amity...

December 22, 23, February 11, 1822.

1816. Great Britain..... Respecting Fisheries, Boundary, October 20, 1818 January 30, 1819.

and the Restoration of Slaves. Spain

Friendship, Cession of the Floridas, February 22, 1819. February 22, 1821.

and Boundaries. France.... Navigation and Commerce .. June 24, 1822. February 12, 1823. Great Britain. Claims.

July 12, 1822. January 11, 1823. 1 Ratified by Congress.

Ratifications exchanged.* Ratification advised by the Senate.

« PreviousContinue »