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very good impression upon the "Celtic fringe" before he was brought before the public notice of his future English subjects.

He made his first official appearance in London on 30th October 1849. It had been arranged that the Queen was to be present at the opening of the Coal Exchange, but she was not able to go as

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THE REV. HENRY MILDRED BIRCH, THE PRINCE'S FIRST TUTOR

Photograph by Eastham, Manchester

she was suffering from chicken-pox. Accordingly it was arranged that the Princess Royal and the Prince of Wales should represent their Royal mother.

"Puss and the boy," as the Queen called them, went with their father in State from Westminster to the city in the Royal barge rowed by twenty-six watermen. All London turned out to meet

the gallant little Prince and his pretty sister. Lady Lyttelton, in a letter to Mrs. Gladstone, gives a charming account of the event, and tells how the Prince Consort was careful to put the Prince of Wales forward. Some city dignitary addressed the young Prince as "the pledge and promise of a long race of Kings," and, says Lady Lyttelton, "poor Princey did not seem to guess at all what he meant."

In

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THE QUEEN, THE PRINCE CONSORT, AND THEIR CHILDREN

From the Painting by Winterhalter

honour of the Royal children a great many quaint old city customs were revived, including a swan barge, and both the Prince of Wales and the Princess Royal seem to have retained a very delightful recollection of their first sight of the City.

It must have been about this time that Miss Alcott, the author of Little Women, paid a visit to London, and sent home to her family the following description of the Prince :-" A yellow-haired laddie, very like his mother. Fanny, W., and I nodded and waved

as he passed, and he openly winked his boyish eye at us, for Fanny with her yellow curls and wild waving looked rather rowdy, and the poor little Prince wanted some fun.'

Two years later the Prince assisted at the opening of the Great Exhibition of 1851; and in the same year Mr. Birch retired from

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THE PRINCE OF WALES AT THE AGE OF EIGHT, AND THE DUKE OF
SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA AT THE AGE OF FIVE

From the Painting by F. Winterhalter

his responsible post, greatly to the sorrow of his young pupil, who was a most affectionate and open-hearted little boy.

In the June of 1852 Viscountess Canning wrote from Windsor Castle: "Mr. Birch left yesterday. It has been a terrible sorrow to the Prince of Wales, who has done no end of touching things since he heard that he was to lose him three weeks ago. He is such an

affectionate, dear little boy; his little notes and presents, which Mr. Birch used to find on his pillow, were really too moving."

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As was natural, there were many discussions as to who should become the Prince's next tutor. On the recommendation of Sir James Stephen, Mr. Frederick W. Gibbs was appointed. He re

mained in his responsible position till 1858, and was rarely separated from his Royal pupil during those seven years.

But although so very much attention was devoted to the education and mental training of the Prince, he spent a very happy and unclouded childhood; and, like all the Queen's children, he is very fond of referring to the days spent by him as a boy in his parents' Scotch and English homes, Balmoral, Osborne, and Windsor.

The Baroness Bunsen in her Memoirs gives a charming account of a Masque devised by the Royal children in honour of the anniversary of the Queen and the Prince Consort's marriage. The Prince of Wales, then twelve years old, represented Winter. He wore a cloak covered with imitation icicles, and recited some passages from Thomson's Seasons. Princess Alice was Spring, scattering flowers; the Princess Royal, Summer; Prince Alfred, Autumn; while Princess Helena, in the role of St. Helena, the mother of Constantine, who was, according to tradition, a native of Britain, called down Heaven's benedictions on her much-loved parents.

Shortly before this pretty scene took place, the Prince of Wales had made his first appearance in the House of Lords, sitting beside the Queen upon the Throne. It was on this occasion that the addresses of the two Houses in answer to the Queen's Message announcing the beginning of hostilities in the Crimean war were presented, and there is no doubt that the sad and terrible months that followed made a deep and lasting impression on H.R.H. He took the most vivid interest in the fortune of the war, and in March 1855 went with his parents to the Military Hospital at Chatham, where a large number of the wounded had recently arrived from the East.

The popular concern was exhibited in many ingenious and touching ways. An Exhibition was held at Burlington House in aid of the Patriotic Fund, and all the Royal children who were old enough sent drawings and paintings, the Prince's exhibit obtaining the very considerable sum of 55 guineas.

The worst of the terrible struggle was over by the time the Prince of Wales and the Princess Royal accompanied their parents to Paris in the August of the same year. The visit was in many ways historically eventful. Queen Victoria was the first British Sovereign

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