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Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:
From the point on the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, where the boundary laid down in existing treaties and conventions between the United States and Great Britain terminates, the line of boundary between the territories of the United States and those of Her Britannic Majesty shall be continued westward along the said forty-ninth parallel of north latitude to the middle of the channel which separates the continent from Vancouver's Island, and thence southerly through the middle of the said channel, and of Fuca's Straits, to the Pacific Ocean: Provided, however, that the navigation of the whole of the said channel and straits, south of the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, remain free and open to both parties.
From the point at which the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude shall be found to intersect the great northern branch of the Columbia River, the navigation of the said branch shall be free and open to the Hudson's Bay Company, and to all British subjects trading with the same, to the point where the said branch meets the main stream of the Columbia, and thence down the said main stream to the ocean, with free access into and through the said river or rivers, it being understood that all the usual portages along the line thus described shall, in like manner, be free and open. In navigating the said river or rivers, British subjects, with their goods and produce, shall be treated on the same footing as citizens of the United States; it being, however, always
understood that nothing in this article shall be construed as preventing, or intended to prevent, the Government of the United States from making any regulations respecting the navigation of the said river or rivers not inconsistent with the present treaty.
In the future appropriation of the territory south of the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, as provided in the first article of this treaty, the possessory rights of the Hudson's Bay Company, and of all British subjects who may be already in the occupation of land or other property lawfully acquired within the said territcry, shall be respected.
The farms, lands, and other property of every description belonging to the Puget's Sound Agricultural Company, on the north side of the Columbia River, shall be confirmed to the said company. In case, however, the situation of those farms and lands should be considered by the United States to be of public and political importance, and the United States Government should signify a desire to obtain possession of the whole, or of any part thereof, the property so required shall be transferred to the said Government, at a proper valuation, to be agreed upon between the parties.
The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent cf the Senate thereof, and by Her Britannic Majesty; and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Lon
don, at the expiration of six months from the date hereof, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.
Done at Washington the fifteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-six.
THE INDEPENDENT TREASURY Act, 1846
This Act was to provide for the better organization of the Treasury and for the collection, safekeeping, and disbursement of the public revenue. The Act was originally passed on July 4, 1840; repealed on August 13, 1841; again introduced in modified form on December 19, 1845; and passed on August 6, 1846. Extracts from text in “United States Statutes at Large," Vol. IX., pp. 59-66. (See page 124.)
Whereas, by the fourth section of the act entitled “An Act to establish the Treasury Department,” approved September two, seventeen hundred and eightynine, it was provided that it should be the duty of the treasurer to receive and keep the moneys of the United States, and to disburse the same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the comptroller, and recorded by the register, and not otherwise: and whereas it is found necessary to make further provisions to enable the treasurer the better to carry into effect the intent of the said section in relation to the receiving and disbursing the moneys of the United States: Therefore
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the rooms prepared and provided in the new treasury building at the seat of government for the use of the treasurer of the United States, his assistants, and clerks, and occupied by them, and also the fireproof