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In the following table these enlistments are further classified according to arm or service, the percentage in each being shown:
53, 313 60,839 | 60, 548
6,829 8. 285 8, 280 22, 578 26, 051 26, 047 18, 517 22, 142 22, 072 96, 576 105, 928 105, 922 2, 285 3,070 3,070 8, 314 9, 470 9, 470 7, 301 8, 457 8, 452 19, 131
23, 040 23,026 732 979 979 17, 620 19, 793 19, 764 5,171 6,313 6,282 1, 377 1, 550 1, 549 3, 034 5,930 5, 929
410 510 510
6,50736, 031 270, 901 313, 439 305, 703
7, 736 313, 439
The following table shows separately the personnel enlisted, inducted, or called to active duty in all components of the Army of the United States by months and by arm or service, during the fiscal
60, 839 Cavalry.
8, 285 Field Artillery..
26, 051 Coast Artillery Corps. 22, 142 Air Corps
105, 928 Armored Force
3,070 Corps of Engineers 9, 470 Signal Corps.
8. 457 Quartermaster Corps 23, 040 Finance Department
979 Medical Department 19, 793 Ordnance Department.
6,313 Chemical Warfare Serv.
1, 550 Detached enlisted men's list.
5, 930 Unassigned..
510 Aggregate.. 302, 357
36, 686 7, 554
1, 498 12, 1909,584 325, 629 272, 59920, 892 293, 491 629, 273 1, 248, 93
REGULAR ARMY RESERVE
At the beginning of the fiscal year 1941, the enlisted strength of the Regular Army Reserve was 28,020. All enlistments in the Regular Army Reserve were suspended as of December 31, 1940.
Pursuant to the provisions of Public Resolution No. 96, 76th Congress, 3d Session, the President directed on December 20, 1940, that members of the Regular Army Reserve be called to active duty by February 15, 1941, and 12,190 members were placed on active duty prior to that date.
The number of Regular Army Reservists discharged prior to February 15, 1941, for dependency, physical disability, as keymen in industry, or who reenlisted in other branches of the armed services was 15,759.
Instructions were issued on January 17, 1941, deferring those who had entered upon attendance for the Academic Year 1940-41 at any college or university to pursue a course of instruction leading to a degree in arts or science and who made application for deferment from active duty until the end of such academic year would be ordered to active duty on July 1, 1941, instead of February 15, 1941. Seventy-one reservists were deferred until July 1, 1941, in compliance
1 with these instructions.
On June 30, 1941, the number of Regular Army Reservists in the active Federal service was 10,919.
RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS There was an appreciable increase in the number of students enrolled in both the senior and junior units of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps during the fiscal year, 1941. Many applications were received from educational institutions desiring to initiate military training, and from institutions with established units desirous of expanding their present facilities, particularly for advanced course students. Included among these applications were numerous requests to increase the number of students in both the junior and senior units.
Available appropriations provided funds for enrollment of 125,647 senior students and 72,151 juniors for the school year 1940-41.
Early in the summer of 1941 the Programs of Instruction and Training Guides for the Reserve Officers' Training Corps were revised in order to bring the courses up to date.
At the close of the school year the Reserve Officers' Training Corps consisted of units distributed as follows:
The following table shows the unit organization and enrollment in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps on June 30, 1940 and June 30, 1941, respectively:
At the cļose of the school year 1940-41, 35 preparatory schools, including high schools, were receiving Government aid under the provisions of section 550 of the National Defense Act, as amended. A limited amount of equipment is loaned to these schools for instructional purposes. The total enrollment in military training was 10,576.
The following table shows, by arm or service, the number of students enrolled in the second-year advanced course and the number of commissions as first and second lieutenants in the Officers' Reserve Corps issued to graduates up to the date of this report. There is also shown the number of certificates granted to those eligible for appointment, but who had not yet reached the age of 21 or who did not desire appointment at the time. These certificates entitle the recipients to appointment at any time within five years from date of graduation.
1 The number is subject to increase through removal of disabilities existing at the date of this report and also through the exchange of certificates for commissions during the next 5 years, by recipients of certificates who reach the age of 21 in good physical condition. On the other hand, some of the commissions may be declined.
As in the case of commissions issued, the number may be increased through removal of existing disabilities.
• Ope Quartermaster Corps R. O. T. C. unit has been established, effective at the opening of the school year 1941-42. However, students from units of the other branches may be granted commissions or cer tificates for the Quartermaster Corps.
The number and grades of officers and the number of enlisted men assigned to Reserve Officers' Training Corps units are shown under “Commissioned Officers on 'Other Duties' and “Detached Enlisted Men's List."
RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS CAMPS Under the provisions of section 47a of the National Defense Act, as amended, 58 Reserve Officers' Training Corps' camps were held during the summer of 1940, at 39 Army Posts for a period of 6 weeks each. The arm or service represented, together with the number of camps and the enrollment for each arm or service, are shown in the following table:
CITIZENS' MILITARY TRAINING CAMPS Pursuant to section 47d of the National Defense Act, as amended by the act of June 4, 1920, citizens' military training camps for the summer of 1940' were conducted for the instruction and training of civilians, and warrant officers and enlisted men of the Regular Army, with a view to their preparation for commission as Reserve Officers or for appointment as noncommissioned officers. The amount of $2,275,000 was appropriated for this purpose for the fiscal year 1941, and applications were received from 62,587 young men, of whom 40,380 were ordered to camp, 38,281 reported at camp, 37,152 were enrolled, and 36,151 completed the training.
The following table shows the number of camps, the corps area in which located, and the number in attendance at both opening and closing of camps:
1 Includes trainees from another corps area.