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feven more at Naufit, and carried them to the Island of Malaga, where he fold them for twenty pounds each, to be flaves for life. This conduct, which fixes an indelible ftigma upon the character of Hunt, excited in the breasts of the Indians fuch an inveterate hatred of the English, as that, for many years after, all commercial intercourfe with them was rendered exceedingly dangerous.

Capt. Smith arrived at London the last of Auguft, where he drew a map of the country, and called it New-England. From this time North-Virginia affumed the name of New-England, and the name Virginia was confined to the fouthern colony.

Between the years 1614 and 1620, feveral attempts were made by the Plymouth Company to fettle New-England, but by various means they were all rendered ineffectual. During this time, however, an advantageous trade was carried on with the natives.

1617.-In the year 1617, Mr. Robinson and his congregation, influenced by feveral weighty reafons, meditated a removal to America.

Various difficulties intervened to prevent the fuccefs of their de1620 figns, until the year 1620, when a part of Mr. Robinson's congregation came over and fettled at Plymouth. At this time commenced the fettlement of New-England.

The particulars relating to the firft emigrations to this northern part of America; the progrefs of its fettlement, &c. will be given in the hiftory of New-England, to which the reader is referred.

In order to preserve the chronological order in which the feveral colo

nies, not grown into independent ftates, were first settled, it will be 1621 necessary that I should just mention, that the next year after the fettlement of Plymouth, Captain John Mason obtained of the Plymouth council a grant of a part of the present state of New1623 Hampshire. Two years after, under the authority of this grant, a fmall colony fixed down near the mouth of Pifcataqua river. From this period we may date the settlement of New-Hampshire.

1627.-In 1627, a colony of Swedes and Fins came over and landed at Cape Henlopen; and afterwards purchafed of the Indians the land from Cape Henlopen to the Falls of Delaware on both fides the river, which they called New Swedeland Stream. On this river they built feveral forts, and made fettlements.

1628. On the 19th of March, 1628, the council for New-England fold to Sir Henry Rofwell, and five others, a large tract of land, lying round Maffachusetts Bay. The June following, Capt. John Endicot, with his wife and company, came over and fettled at Naumkeag, now called Salem. This was the first settlement which was made in Massa


chusetts Bay. Plymouth, indeed, which is now included in the Com monwealth of Maffachusetts, was fettled eight years before, but at this time it was a feparate colony, under a diftinct government, and continued fo until the fecond charter of Maffachusetts was granted by William and Mary in 1691; by which Plymouth, the Province of Main and Sagadahok were annexed to Maffachusetts.

June 13, 1633.-In the reign of Charles the First, Lord Baltimore, a Roman Catholic, applied for and obtained a grant of a tract of land upon Chefapeck Bay, about one hundred and forty miles long and one hundred and thirty broad. Soon after this, in confequence of the rigor of the laws of England against the Roman Catholics, Lord Baltimore, with a number of his perfecuted brethren, came over and fettled it, and in honour of queen Henrietta Maria, they called it Maryland.

The firft grant of Connecticut was made by Robert, Earl of Warwick,

prefident of the council of Plymouth, to Lord Say and Seal, to 1631 Lord Brook and others, in the year 1631. In confequence of feveral smaller grants made afterwards by the patentees to particular perfons, Mr. Fenwick made a fettlement at the Mouth of Con1635 necticut river, and called it Saybrook. Four years after a number of people from Massachusetts Bay came and began fettlements at Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windfor on Connecticut river. Thus commenced the English fettlement of Connecticut.

Rhode Island was firft fettled in confequence of religious perfecution. Mr. Roger Williams, who was among thofe who early came over to Maffachusetts, not agreeing with some of his brethren in fentiment, was very unjustifiably banished the colony, and went with twelve 1635 others, his adherents, and fettled at Providence in 1635. From this beginning arose the colony, now state of Rhode-Island. 1664. On the 20th of March, 1664, Charles the Second granted to the Duke of York, what is now called New-Jersey, then a part of a large tract of country by the name of New Netherland. Some parts of New-Jersey were fettled by the Dutch as early as about 1615.

1662.—In the year 1662, Charles the Second granted to Edward, Earl of Clarendon, and feven others, almoft the whole territory of the three Southern ftates, North and South Carolinas and Georgia. 1664 Two years after he granted a second charter, enlarging their boundaries. The proprietors, by virtue of authority vested in them by their charter, engaged Mr. Locke to frame a fyftem of laws for the government of their intended colony. Notwithstanding these 1669 preparations, no effectual fettlement was made until the year 1669, (though one was attempted in 1667) when Governor Sayle came

over with a colony, and fixed on a neck of land between Ashley and Cooper Rivers. Thus commenced the fettlement of Carolina, which then included the whole territory between the 29th and 36th 30' degrees, north latitude, together with the Bahama Iflands, lying between latitude 22 and 27" north.

1681.-The Royal charter for Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn on the 4th of March, 1681. The first colony came over the 1682 next year, and fettled under the proprietor, William Penn, who acted as Governor from October 1682 to August 1684. The firft affembly in the province of Pennfylvania was held at Chefter, on the 4th of December, 1682. Thus William Penn, a Quaker, justly celebrated as a great and good man, had the honour of laying the foundation of the prefent populous and very flourishing State of Pennfylvania

The proprietory government in Carolina, was attended with so many inconveniences, and occafioned fuch violent diffentions among the fettlers, that the Parliament of Great-Britain was induced to take the province under their immediate care. The proprietors (except Lord Granville) accepted of £.22,500 fterling, from the crown for the property and jurifdiction. This agreement was ratified by act of 1729 Parliament in 1729. A claufe in this act referved to Lord Granville his eighth fhare of the property and arrears of quitrents, which continued legally vested in his family till the revolution in 1776. Lord Granville's fhare made a part of the present state of North-Carolina. About the year 1729, the extenfive territory belonging to the proprietors, was divided into North and South Carolina, They remained separate royal governments until they became independent States.

For the relief of poor indigent people of Great Britain and Ireland, and for the fecurity of Carolina, a project was formed for planting a colony between the rivers Savannah and Alatamaha. Accordingly application being made to king George the Second, he issued letters 1732 patent, bearing date June 9th, 1732, for legally carrying into extion the benevolent plan. In honour of the king, who greatly encouraged the plan, they called the new province Georgia. Twenty-one trustees were appointed to conduct the affairs relating to the settlement of the province. The November following, one hundred and fifteen perfons, one of whom was General Oglethorpe, embarked for Georgia, where they arrived, and landed at Yamacraw. In exploring the country, they found an elevated pleasant spot of ground on the bank of a navigable river, upon which they marked out a town, and from the Vol. I. Indian


Indian name of the river which paffed by it, called it Savannah. From this period we may date the fettlement of Georgia.

The country now called Kentucky, was well known to the Indian traders many years before its fettlement. They gave a description of it to Lewis Evans, who published his firft map of it as early as the 1752 year 1752. James Macbride, with fome others, explored this 1754 country in 1754. Col. Daniel Boon visited it in 1769.

1773.-Four years after Col. Boon and his family, with five other families, who were joined by forty men from Powle's valley, began the fettlement of Kentucky *, which is now one of the most growing colonies, perhaps, in the world, and was erected into an independent state, by act of Congrefs, December 6th, 1790, and received into the Union, June 1ft, 1792.

The tract of country called Vermont, before the late war, was claimed both by New-York and New-Hampshire. When hoftilities com menced between Great-Britain and her Colonies, the inhabitants confidering themselves as in a state of nature, as to civil government, and not within any legal jurisdiction, affociated and formed for themselves a constitution of government. Under this conftitution, they have ever fince continued to exercife all the powers of an independent State. Vermont was not admitted into union with the other ftates till March

4, 1791, yet we may venture to date her political existence as a 1777 feparate government, from the year 1777, because, fince that time, Vermont has, to all intents and purposes, been a fovereign and independent State. The first fettlement in this state was made at Bennington as early as about 1764.

The extenfive tract of country lying north-weft of the Ohio River, within the limits of the United States, was erected into a separate temporary government by an Ordinance of Congrefs paffed the 13th of 1787 July, 1787.

Thus we have given a fummary view of the firft difcoveries and progreffive fettlement of North America in their chronological order. The following recapitulation will comprehend the whole in one view.

*This fettlement was made in violation of the Treaty, in 1768, at Fort Stanwix, which expressly ftipulates, that this tract of country fhould be reserved for the western nations to hunt upon, until they and the crown of England fhould otherwife agree, This has been one great cause of the enmity of those Indian nations to the Virginians.


Names of places.





Maffachufett's Bay,





South Carolina,




Territory N. W.

When fettled.

1608 June 10, 10 1610 June, 1610

about 1614










By whom.

By the French.

By Lord De la War.
By Governor John Guy.

By the Dutch.

{By part of Mr. Robinson's congre

By a fmall English colony near the mouth of Pifcataqua river.

By the Swedes and Fins.

ByCapt. JohnEndicot and company. f By Lord Baltimore, with a colony of Roman Catholics.

By Mr. Fenwick, at Saybrook, near the mouth of Connecticut river. By Mr. Roger Williams and his perfecuted brethren.

Granted to the Duke of York by Charles II. and made a distinct government, and fettled fome time before this by the English. By Governor Sayle.

{By William Penn, with a colony of

Erected into a feparate government,
fettled before by the English.
By General Oglethorpe.
By Col. Daniel Boon.

about 1728



about 1764 [By emigrants from Connecticut and parts of New England.

1787 By the Ohio and other companies.

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The above dates are from the periods, when the first permanent settlements were made.


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