Page images

It is further ordered and declared, that all American vessels and their cargoes, being American property, that shall have been captured subsequently to the 28th of May last, for a breach of the aforesaid Orders in Council alone, and. which shall not have been actually condemned before the date of this Order, and that all ships and cargoes as aforesaid, that shall herceforth be captured under the said Orders, prior to the 1st day of August next, shall not be proceeded against to condem ation, until further orders, but shall, in the event of this Order not becoming null and of no effect, in the case aforesaid, be for thwith liberated and restored, subject to such reasonable expences on the part of the captors, as shall have been justly incurred.

Provided that nothing in the Order contained respecting the revocation of the Orders herein mentioned, shall be taken to revive wholly, or in part, the Orders in Council of the 11th of November, 1807, or any other Order not herein mentioned, or to deprive parties of any legal remedy to which they may be entitled, under the Order in Council, of the 21st of April, 1812.

His royal highness, the prince regent is hereby pleased further to declare, in the name and on the behalf of his majesty, that nothing in the present Order contained shall be understood to preclude his royal bighness, the prince regent, if circumstances shall so require, from restoring, after reasonable notice, the Orders of the 7th of January, 1807, and th. 26th of April, 1809, or any part thereof, to their full effect, or from taking such other measures of retaliation against the enemy, as may appear to his royal highness to be just and necessary.

And the right honorable the lords commissioners of his majesty's treasury, his majesty's principal secretaries of state, the lords commissioners of the Admiralty and the Judge of the high Court of Admiralty, and the Judge of the Court of Vice Admiralty, are to take the necessary measures herein, as to them may respectively appertain.

Gen. Hull to the Secretary of War.

MONTREAL, Sept. 8th, 1812. SIR-The inclosed dispatch was prepared on my arrival at Fort George, and it was my intention to have forwarded it from that place by Major Witherell, of the

Michigan volunteers. I made application to the commanding officer at that post, and was refused ; he stating that he was not authorised, and Gen. Brock was then at York. We were immediately embarked for this place, and Major Witherell obtained liberty at Kingston to go home on parole.

This is the first opportunity I have had to forward the dispatches.

The fourth U. States' regiment is destined for Quebec, with a part of the first. The whole consist of a little over three hundred

Sir Gerorge Prevost, withont any request on my part, has offered to take my parole, and permit me to proceed to the States.

Lieut. Anderson, of the eighth regiment, is the bearer of my dispatches. He was formerly a Lieut. in the Artillery, and resigned his commission on account of being appointed Marshal of the Territory of Michigan. During the campaign he has had a command in the Artillery ; and I recommend him to you as a valuable officer.

He is particularly acquainted with the state of things previous, and at the time when the capitulation took place. He will be able to give you correct information on any points, about which you may think proper to enquire.

I am, very respectfully, &c.


Fort George, August 26, 1812. SIR-Inclosed are the articles of capitulation, by which the Fort of Detroit has been surrendered to Major-General Brock, commanding his Britannic Majesty's forces in Upper Canada, and by which the troops have become prisoners of war. My situation at present forbids me from detailing the particular causes which have led to this unfortunate event. I will, however, generally observe, that after the surrender of Michilimackinac, almost every tribe and nation of Indians, excepting a part ot the Miamies and Delawares, north from beyond Lake Superior, west from beyond the Mississippi, south from the Ohio and Wabash, and east from every part of Upper Canada, and from all the intermediate country, joined in open hostility under the British standard, against the army I commanded, coutrary to the most solemn

assurences of a large portion of them to remain neutral; even the Ottawa Cheifs from Abercrotch, who formed the delagation to Washington the last summer, in whose friendship I know you had great confidence, are among the hostile tribes, and several of them distinguished leaders. Among the vast number of chiefs who led the hostile bands, Tecumseh, Marplot, Logan, Walk-in-the-water, Split-Log, &c. are considered the principals. This numerous assemblage of savages, under the entire influence and direction of the British commander, enabled him totally to obstruct the only communication which I had with my country. This communication had been opened from the settlements in the state of Ohio, two hundred miles through a wilderness, by the fatigues of the army, which I marched to the trontier on the river Detroit. The body of the Lake being commanded by the British armed ships, and the shores and rivers by gun-boats, the army was totally deprived of all communication by water. On this extensive road it depended for transportation of provisions, military stores, medicine, clothing, and every other supply, on pack-horses-all its operations were successful until its arrival at Detroit-in a few days it passed into the enemy's country, and all oppo sition seemed to fall before it. One month it remained in possession of this country, and was fed from its resources. In different directions detachments penetrated sixty miles in the settled part of the province, and the inbabitants seemed satisfied with the change of situation, which appeared to be taking place--the militia from Amhertsburg were daily deserting, and the whole country, then ander the control of the army, was asking for protection. The Indians generally, in the first instance, appeared to be neutralized, and determined to take no part in the contest.

The fort of Amherstburgh was eighteen miles below my encampment. Not a single cannon or mortar was on wheels sa table to carry before that place. I consulted my officers whether it was expedient to make an attempt on it with the bayonet alove, without cannon to make a breach in the first instance. The council I called was uf opinion it was not. The greatest industry was exerted in making preparation, and it was not uutil the 7th of August, that two 24-pounders, and three howitzers were prepared. It was then my intention to have proceeded on the enterprise


While the operations of the army were delayed by these préparations the clouds of adversity had been for some me, and seemed still thickly to be gathering around me. The surrender of Michilimackinac opened the northern Live of Indians, and they were gwarming down in every direction. Reinforcements from Niagara had arrived at Amherstburg under the command of Col. Proctor. The desertion of the militia ceased. Besides the reinforcements that came by water, I received information of a very considerable force under the command of Major Chambers, ou the river Le French, wit four field-pieces, and collecting the militia on his route, evidently destined for Amherstburg; and in addition to this combination, and increase of force, contrary to all my expectations, the Wyandots, Chippewas, Ottawas, Potawattamies, Munsees, Delawares, &c. with whom I had the most friendly intercourse, at once passed over to Amherstburg, and accepted the tomahawk and scalping knife. There being now a vast number of Indians at the British post, they were sent to the river Huron, Bro:vnstown, and Maguago, to intercept my communication. To open this communication, I detached Major Vanhorn, of the Ohio volunteers, with two hundred men to proceed as far as the river Raisin, under an expectation that he would meet Capt. Brush with 150 yolunteers from Ohio, and a quantity of provision for the army. Anamuscade was formed at Brownstown, and Major Vanhoru's detachment defeated and returned to camp without effecting the object of the expedition.

In my letter of the 7th inst. you have the particulars of that transaction, with a return of the killed and wounded. Under this sudden and unexpected change of things, and having received an express from General Hali, commanding opposite the British shore on the Niagara river, by which it appeared that there was no prospect of any co-operation from ihat quarter, and the two senior officers of the artı:lery having stated to me an opinion that it would be extremely difficult, if not impossible, to pass the Turkey river and river Aus-Cannard, with the 24 ponders, and that they could not be transporled by water, as the Queen Charlotte which carried eighteen 24 pounders, lay in the river Detroit above the mouth of the river Aux-Cannard ; and as it appeared indispensibly necessary to open the communication to the river Raisin and the Miami, I found

myself compelled to suspend the operation against Amherstborg, and concentrate the main force of the army at Detroit. Fully intending, at that time, after the commu'nication was opened, to re-cross the river, and pursue

the object at Amherstburg, and strongly desirous of continuing protection to a very large number of the inhabitants of Upper Canada, who had voluntarily accepted it under my proclamation, I established a fortress on the banks of the river, a little below Detroit, calculated for a garrison of three hundred men. On the evening of the 7th, and morning of the 8th inst. the army, excepting the garrison of 250 infantry, and a corps of artillerists, all under the command of Major Denny. of the Ohio volunteers, re-crossed the river, and encamped at Detroit. In pursuance of the object of opening the communication, on which I considered the existence of the army depending, a detachment of six hundred men, under the command of Lieut. Colonel Miller was immediately ordered. For a particular account of the proceedings of this detachment, and the memorable battle which was fought at Maguago, which reflects the highest honor on the American arms, I refer you to my letter of the 13th of August, a duplicate of which is enclosed, in this. Nothing however but honor was acquired by this victory; and it is a painful consideration, that the blood of seventy-five gallant men could only open the communication as far as the points of their bayonets extended.

The necessary care of the sick and wounded, and a very severe storm of rain, rendered their return to camp indispensably necessary for their own comfort. Captain Brush, with his small detachment, and the provisions, being still at the river Raisin, and in a situation to be destroyed by the savages, on the 13th inst. in the evening, I permitted Colonels M'Arthur and Cass to select from their regiment four hundred of their most effective men, and proceed an upper route through the woods, which I had sent an express to Capt. Brush to take, and had directed the militia of the river Raisin to accompany him as a reinforcement. The force of the enemy continually increasing, and the neces. sity of opening the communication, and acting on the defensive, becoming more apparent, I had, previous to de

taching Colonels M’Arthur and Cass, on the 11th inst. 'evacuated and destroyed the fort on the opposite bank.

« PreviousContinue »