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fully and cowardly surrendering a fine army, in high spirits, well supplied with ammunition, arms, and provisions, by a disgraceful capitulation with the enemy, containing no stipulation for the security and protection of such of the inhabitants of Upper Canada, as had joined the American standard ; whereby the territorial sovereignty, rights, and property, were shamefully ceded to the enemy; a brave and patriotic army wantonly sacrificed to the personal fear of the commander, and the service of the U. States suffered a great and afflicting loss.

CHARGE JII-Charged Gen. Hull with neglect of duty and unofficerlike conduct, while commanding a separate army, between the 9th of April, and the 17th of August, 1812.

Specification First-Charged Gen. Hull with unofficerlike conduct, in neglecting and omitting to train, inspect, exercise, and order, the army under his command, whereby the army was exposed, to the hazard of disorder and defeat, in the event of an attack being made thereon by the enemy.

Specification Second Charged Gen. Hull with neglect of duty and unofficerlike conduct, by hiring, or causing to be hired, an unarned vessel to convey his baggage and papers, with his sick soldiers, and medicine stores, to Detroit, from the Miami of the Lake, on which passage the vessel and all on board fell into the hands of the enemy, informing him of the declaration of war, and the number, state, and condition of the army, to the great injury of the U. States.

Specification Third-Charged Gen. Hull with neglect of duty in neglecting to repair fort Detroit, and its armament, on his arrival, in such a manner as to be able to repel, and put to flight an enemy, in the event of an invasion and attack.

Specification Fourth-Charged Gen. Hull, with declas ing and avowing an intention to invade the British province, and to invest and attack fort Malden, in the said province, and having taken possession of Sandwich, was guilty of neglect of duty, and unofficerlike conduct, in neglecting seasonably to repair, and have transported the guns, and gun carriages, which were necessary for the operations of the army against fort Malden ; by postponing in the first

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instance, and by abandoning in the next, an investment and attack upon fort Malden ; and finally evacuating Upper Canada, without providing effectually in any respect, for the safety of the inhabitants thereof, who had accepted his invitation to join the American standard : and without attempting to acconrplish his avowed design.

Specification Fifth--Charged Gen. Hull, of neglect of duty by not keeping open the communication between fort Detroit, and a military post at the river Raisin, which enabled the enemy totally to interrupt, and cut off all communications between said military posts, to the great disadvantage of the U. States service.

Specification Sixth-Charged Gen. Hull, with neglect of duty, in neglecting and omitting to maintain a bridge over the river Aux-'Cannard, which afforded a fair opportunity for investing, and attacking fort Malden, whereby a prospect of a successful investment and attack


the fort speedily vanished.

Specification Seventh--Charged Gen. Hall, with neglect of duty in not erecting batteries at the spring Wells, or preventing the enemy trom erecting them on the opposite side of the river, whereby they were enabled to annoy fort Detroit, and to protect their army across the river, and enabled them to attack fort Detroit without opposition or loss, and to approach the said fort Detroit with the air and confidence of triumph.

A.J. DALLAS, Judge Advocate. January 5, 1814.--The court met at the capitol pursuant. to adjourument.

PRESENT-All the members. General Hull having appeared, the charges and specifications

were read to him by the judge udvocate, and being asked if he was ready to plead to them, answered that he was, and that he pleaded not guilty to all the charges and specifications.

March 25, 1814. All the evidence being read, (whether on thie part of the prosecution or the defence,) applicable to the first charge, and the specifications attached to that charge, and after due deliberation had thereon, the court express the following opinion :

The accused having in his final defence, protested against the jurisdiction of the court to try the charge of treason, and the opinion of the court being, that the objection would have been tenable, if the same had been pleaded by the accused on his arraignment; and believing also, that the court cannot acquire jurisdiction of the offence by the waver or, consent of the accused, they decline making any formal decision on that charge. The evidence on the subject having, however, been publicly given, the court deem it proper, in justice to the accused, to say, that they do not believe from any thing that has appeared before them, that brigadier-general William Hull has .committed treason against the U. States.

On the second charge, and the specifications attached to that charge, (after hearing all the evidence and defence, and after due deliberation thereon,) the court find brigadier-general William Hull guilty of the first, second and fourth specifications under that charge ; and also guilty of the third specification under that charge, except that part which charges the said brigadier-general William Hull with “ forbidding the American artillery to fire on the enemy on their march towards the said fort Detroit.'

The court find the said brigadier-general William Hull guilty of the second charge.

On the third charge, the court after having heard the evidence, (as well as the defence, and after due delibera-tion, find the said brigadier-general William Hull guilty of neglect of duty, and unofficer-like .conduct, as charged in the first specification under this charge, in omitting, with sufficient care and frequency, to inspect, train, exercise, and order, and to cause to be trained, inspected, exercised and ordered the troops under his command, from the sixth day of July, until the seventeenth day of August, 1812 : and acquit him of the residue, of the charge contained in that specification.

The court acquit the said brigadier-general William Hull of the second and third specifications of the same charge.

The court find the said brigadier-general William Hull guilty of the whole of the fourth specification of that charge, except that part which charges him with not seasonably repairing, fitting, and transporting, or causing to be fitted, re

paired, and transported, the guns and gun-carriages which were necessary to the operations of the war in the said British province of Upper Canada.

The court tind the said brigadier-general William Hull guilty of so much of the fifth specification to that charge as relates to neglect of duty and unofficer-like conduct, in suffering his communication with the river Raisin and the state of Ohio, to be cut off, and sending majur Van Horn to attempt to open the same with an adequate force ; he the said brigadier-general William Hull, having reason to know or believe the same was insufficient; and the court acquit him of the residue of that specification.

The court find the said brigadier-general William Hull guilty of the sixth and seventh specifications of that charge,

The court find the said brigadier general William Hull guiity of the third charge.

The court then adjourned to meet to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock.

March 26, 1814,
The court met pursuant to adjournment.
PRESENT-All the members.

The court, in consequence of their determination respecting the second and third charges, and the specifications under these charges, exhibited against the said brigadiergeneral Williani Hull, and after due consideration, do sentence him to be shot to death, two thirds of the court concurring in the sentence.

The court, in consideration of brigadier-general Hull's revolutionary services, and his advanced age, earnestly recommend bim to the mercy of the President of the U States.

The court then adjourned to meet on Monday morning next, at 10 o'clock

March 28, 1814.-The court met pursuant to adjournment.--PRESENT--All the members.

The proceedings having been read over, and approved and signed by the President, the court then adjourned, sine die.

H. DEARBORN. President of the court.

M. V. BUREN, special judge advocate. PHILIP S. PARKER, Army judge advocate, assistant,

April 25, 1814–The sentence of the Court is approved, and the execution of it remitted.


By directions of the court martial the President gave the following directions to General Hull:

Albany, March 28, 1814. Sir—You will please return to your usual place of residence in Massachusetts, and there continue until you shall receive orders from the President of the United States,

Your humble servant,

H. DEARBORN, President of the court martial. Adjt. and Insp. General's office, Washington Apr. 25, 1814.

GENERAL ORDER The roll of the army is not to be longer dishonored by having upon it the name of brigadier General William Hull.

The general court martial of which Major-General Dearborn is President, is hereby dissolved. By order,

J. B. WALBACH, Adit. Gen.

Capt. Porter to the Secretary of the Navy.

U. S. F. Essex at sea, August 17, 1812. SIR-I have the honor to inform you that' on the 13tlı inst. his Britannic majesty's sloop of war Alert, Capt. T. P. Laugharne, ran down on our weather quarter, gave three cheers, and commenced an action (if so trifling a skirmish deserves the name) and after 8 minutes firing struck her colors, with 7 feet water in her hold, and much cut to pieces, and three men wounded.

I need not inform you that the officers and crew of the Essex behaved as I trust all Americans will in such cases, and it is only to be regretted that so much zeal and activity could not have been displayed on an occasion which would have done them more honor. The Essex has not received the slightest injury:

The Alert was out for the purpose of taking the Hornet! I have the honor to be, &c.

DAVID PORTER. Capt. Porter to the Secretary of the Navy.

U. S. F. Essex, at sea, August 20. SIR--Finding myself much embarrassed by the Alert, from the great number of prisoners we have already made, {about 500] I concluded that before our arrival in America, the number would be considerably augmented, and as soon as I found my provisions and water getting short, and be

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