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tion and strength, set out with party of horsemen, consisting of about sixty ; the Indians had placed themselves in a strong place, on a ridge of land, running between two large and rapid creeks, which could not be ascended only by a steep ravine-our party returned, after a smart skirmish, in which we lost, in killed, wounded, and missing, 18 men. On the 24tli, the main body of the army started for the purpose of destroying the enemy in their strong hold; but when arrived at the spot they found they had fled, previous to the storm of snow, which fell very deep, on the 23d which prevented any further pursuit.

Brig. Gen. Smyth, in November, 1812, issued several addresses to the inhabitants on the frontiers, for the purpose

raising volunteers to cross into Canada, opposite Niagara. Including the regular army under his command, and the volunteers that repaired to his camp, he had, on the 27th Nov. 4000 men. Two parties were sent across the river to destroy a bridge below fort Erie, and capture and spike the cannon in the batteries, and some pieces of light artillery. After accomplishing their object, the parties separated by misapprehension ; Lieut Angus, the seamen, and a part of the troops returned with all the boats, while Capts. King, Morgan, Sproul, and Houston, with about 60 men, remained. The party thus reduced, took and rendered unserviceable two of the enemy's batteries, captured 34 prisoners, and 2 boats, in which Capt. King sent his prisoners, his own officers, and half of his men across, remaining himself with 30 men, refusing to abandon them.

On the 30th Nov. Gen. Smyth again attempted to cross, with 3000 men, but by some misunderstanding only a few would, or could be made to embark. The killed in both these attempts aniounted to about 20--the wounded 30— and prisoners 31. The enemy lost 10 killed-17 wounded, and 34 prisoners, besides an Indian chief.

Capt Forsyth, commandant at Ogdensburg, crossed over to Elizabethtown on the 7th of Feb. 1813, with about 200 volunteers from the militia and citizens, where they surprised the guard, took 42 prisoners, with 1 Maj. 3 Capts. 2 Lieuts, and 120 muskets, 20 rifles, two casks of fixed ammunition, and considerable orber public property, which was effected without the loss of a man.

CHAPTER VIII.

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Gen. Harrason to the Secretary of War.

Lower Sandusky, May 13, 1813. [Extract.] SIR-Having ascertained that the enemy (Indians as well as British) had entirely abandoned the neighborhood of the Rapids, I left the command of camp Meigs with Gen. Clay and came here last night. It is with the greatest satisfaction, I inform you, sir, that I have every reason to believe, that the loss of the Kentucky troops in killed on the north side of the river does not exceed fifty. On the 10th and 11th inst. I caused the ground which was the scene of action, and its environs, to be carefully examined, and after the most diligent search 45 bodies only of our men, were discovered among them was the leader of the detachment, Col. Dudley. No other officer of note tell in the action. Geo. Proctor did not furnish me with a turn of the prisoners in his possesion, although repeatedly promised. His retreat was as precipitate as it could properly be, leaving a number of cannon ball, a new elegant sling-carriage for cannon, and other valuable articles. The night before his departure two persons that were employed in the British gun-boats (Americans by birth) deserted to us. The information they gave me was very interesting; they say

that the Indians, of which there were from 1600 to 2000, left the British the day before their departure in a high state of dissatisfaction, from the great loss which they had sustained in the several engagements of the 5th, and the failure of the British in accomplishing their promise of taking the post at the Rapids. From the account given by these men, my opinion is confirmed of the great superiority of the enemy whichi were defeated by our troops in the two sallies made on the 5th inst. That led by Col. Miller did not exceed 350 men, and it is very certain that they defeated 200 British regulars, 150 militia, and 4 or 500 Indians. That American regulars (although they were raw recruits) and such men as compose the Pittsburg, Penn. and Petersburg, Va. volunteers, should behave well, is not to be wondered at-but that a company of militia should maintain its

ground against four times its numbers, as did Capt. Sebres, of the Kentucky, is truly astonishing. These brave fellows were at length however entirely surrounded by Indiaus, and would have been entirely cut off, but for the gallantry of Lieut. Gwynne of the 19th regiment, who, with part of Capt, Elliott's company, charged the enemy and released the Kentuckians.

A copy of Gen. Clay's report to me of the manner of his executing my order tor the attack on the enemies batteries, is likewise forwarded, by which it will be seen that my intention was perfectly understood, and the great facility with which it might have been executed is apparent to every individual who witnessed the scene. Iudeed, the cannon might have been spiked, the carriages cut to pieces, the magazine destroyed, and the retreat effected to the boats without the loss of a man, as none were killed in taking the batteries, so complete was the surprize.

An extensive open plain intervenes between the river and the hill upon which the batteries of the enemy were placed; this plain was raked by four of our eighteen pounders, a twelve and a six. The enemy, even before their guns were spiked, could not have brought one to bear on it. So perfectly secured was their retreat, that 150 men who came off, effected it without loss, and brought off some of the wounded, one of them upon the backs

of their comrades. The Indians followed them to the woods, but dared not enter into the plain.

I am unable to form a correct estimate of the enemy's force. The prisoners varied much in their accounts; those who made them least, stated the regulars at 550, and militia at 800; but the numbers of Indians were beyond com· parison greater than have ever been brought into the field before; numbers arrived after the siege commenced, and they were indeed the efficient force of the enemy, I have the honor to be, &c.

W. H. HARRISON.
AMERICAN LOSS.
Killed 81-Wounded 189,

British loss not known.

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The following conversation took place between Maj. Chanbers and Gen. Harrison, on a demand for the surrender of fort Meigs.

Maj. Chaberms--Gen. Proctor has directed me to demand the surrender of this post. He wishes to spare the effusion of blood.

Gen. Harrison—The demand, under present circumstances, is a most extraordinary one. As Gen. Proctor did not send me a summons to surrender on his first arrival, I bad supposed that he believed me determined to do my duty. His present message indicates an opinion of me that I am at a loss to account for.

Maj. ChambersGen. Proctor could never think of saying any thing to wound your feelings, sir.—The character of Gen. Harrison, as an officer, is well known. Gen. Proctor's force is very respectable, and there is with him a larger body of ludians that have ever before been embarked.

Gen. Harrison I believe I have a very correct idea of Gen. Proctor's force, it is not such as to create the least apprehension, for the result of the contest, whatever shape he may be pleased hereafter to give to it. Assure the Gen. however, that he will never have this post surrendered to him upon any terms. Should it fall into his hands, it will be in a manner calculated to do him more honor, and to give him larger claims upon the gratitude of his government than any capitulation could possibly do.

CAPTURE OF FORT GEORGE.
Gen. Dearborn to the Secretary of War.

H. Q. Fort George (U.C.) May 27, 1813. (Extract.] SIR-The light troops under the command of Col. Scott and Major Forsyth, landed this morning at 9 o'clock. Major Gen. Lewis's division, with Col. Porter's command of light artillery, supported by them. Gen. Boyd's brigade landed immediately after the light troops, and Gens. Winder and Chandler in quick succession. The landing was warmly and obstinately disputed by the British forces; but the coolness and intrepidity of our troops

compelled them to give way in every direction. Gen. Chandler, with the reserve, composed of his brigade and Col. Macomb's artillery covered the whole. Commodore Chauncey had made the most judicious arrangements for

soon

silencing the enemy's batteries, near the point of landing. The army is under the greatest obligations to that able naval commander for his co-operation in all its important movements, and especially in its operations this day. Oar batteries succeeded in rendering Fort George uztenable, and when the enemy had been beaten from his positions, and found it necessary to re-enter it, after firing a few guns and setting fire to the magazines, which soon exploded, he moved off rapidly by different routes. Our light troops pursued them several miles. The troops having been under arms from one o'clock, in the morning, were too much exhausted for any further pursuit.

pursuit. We are now in possession of Fort George and its immediate dependencies-tomorrow we proceed further on. The behaviour of our troops, both officers and men, entitles them to the highest praise ; and the difference in our loss with that of the enemy, when we consider the advantages his positions afforded him, is astonishing -Col. Meyers of the 49th, was wounded and taken prisoner. Of ours, only one commissioned officer was killed-Lieut. Hobart of the light artillery. I have the honor to be, &c.

H. DEARBORN.

Gen. Dearborn to the Secretary of War.

H. Q. Fort George, May, 29, 1813. [Extract.] Lieut. Col. Preston took possession of fort Erie and its dependencies last evening ; the post had been abandoned and the magazine blown up.

I have ordered Gen. Lewis to return without delay to this place, and if the winds favor us, we may yet cut off the enemy's retreat.

I was last evening honored with your dispatch of the 15th inst. I have taken measures in relation to the 23 prisoners, who are to be put in close confinement I have the honor to be, &c.

H. DEAR BORN.
AMERICAN LOSS.
Killed 39Wounded 111-total 150.

BRITISH LOSS.
Killed 108--wounded 163-Prisoners 622-total 893,

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