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Their exact number cannot be ascertained; but it is said by the prisoners we have taken, to have been a thousand,
Early on the morning of the 27th, having encamped the preceding night at the distance of five miles from them, I detailed Gen. Coffee with the mounted men, and nearly the whole of the Indian force, to cross the river at a ford about 3 miles below their encampment, and to surround the bend in such a manner that none of them should escape by attempting to cross the river. With the remainder of the forces I proceeded slowly and in order, along the point of land which led to the front of their breast-work; having planted my cannon (one six and one three pounder) on an eminence at the distance of 150 or 200 yards from it, I opened a brisk tire, playing upon the enemy with the muskets and rifles whenever they shewed themselves beyond it; this was kept up, with short interruptions, for about two hours, when a part of the Indian force, and Capt. Russell's and Lieut. Bean's companies of spies, who had accompanied Gen. Coffee, crossed over in canoes to the extremity of the bend, and set fire to the buildings which were there situated; they then advanced with great gallantry towards the breast-work, and commenced a spirited fire upon the enemy behind it.
Finding that this force, notwithstanding the bravery they displayed, was wholly insufficient to dislodge theni, and that Gen. Coffee had entirely secured the opposite bank of the river, I now determined to take their works by storm. The men by whom this was to be effected had been waiting with impatience to receive their order, and hailed it with acclamation.
The spirit which animated then was a sure augury of the success which was to follow. The history of warfare furnishes few instances of a more brilliant attack-the regalars led on by their intrepid and skillful comınander, Col. Williams, and by the gallant Major Montgomery, soon gained possession of the works in the midst of a most tremendous fire from behind them, and the militia of the venerable Gen. Doherty's brigade, accompanied them in the charge, with a vivacity and firmness that would have done honor to regulars. The fighting continued with some severity about five hours,
According to my original purpose, I commenced my return march for fort Williams to-day, and shall, if I find supplies there, hasten to the Hickory ground. The power of the Creeks is, I think, for ever broken. I have the honor to be, &c.
CAPT. PORTER'S CRUIZE.
U. S. F. Essex, Pacific Ocean, July 2, 1813. SIR-On the 230 March last, I sailed, shaping my course to the northward, and on the 26th of the same month, fell in with the Peruvian corsair ship Nereyda, mounting 15 guns : she had a few days before, captured two American whale ships, the crews of which (amounting in number to 24 men) were then detained prisoners on board her; and they assigo no other motive for the cap. ture, than that they were the allies of G. Britain, and as such, should capture all American vessels they could fall in with ; therefore, to prevent in future such vexatious proceedings, I threw all her armament into the sea, liberated the Americans, and dismissed the Nereyda.
I then proceeded with all possible dispatch for Lima, to intercept one of the detained vessels, which had parted with the Nereyda only three days before, and was so fortunale as to arrive there and recapture her on the 5th April, at the moment she was entering the port. This vessel (the ship Barclay, Capt. Gideon Randall, of New Bedford, I took under my protection, and have had her with me ever since.
From Lima, I proceeded for Galapagos Island where I captured the following British Letters of marque ships.
Montezuma, 2 guns, 21 men--Policy, 10 guns, 26 men -Georgiana, 6 guns, 25 men-Atlantic, 8 guns, 24 menand Greenwich, 10 guns, 25 men.
The Georgiana being reputed a very fast sailer, and apparently well calculated for a cruizer, I mounted 16 guns on her and gave the command of her to that excellent officer, Lieut. John Downes, with a complement of 42 men.
Lieut. Downes joined me at Tumbez, near Guiaquil, on the coast of Peru. on the 24th June, after capturing three Letter of Marque ships.
Hector, 11 guns 25 men-Catherine, 8 guns, 29 menRose, 8 guns, 21 men.
I found, by experience, that the Georgiana did not deserve the character given of her for sailing. I therefore shipped her officers and crew to the Atlantic, and mounted on her 20 guns, with a complement of 60 men, andiappointed midshipman Rich. Dashell, acting sailing master, on board ber; to this vessel I gave the name of Essex Junior. I also fitted up the ship Greenwich as a store ship, and mounted on her 20 guns, placing her under the command of Lieut. Gambie, of the marines. On board her I have put all the provisions and stores of my other prizes, except a supply of three and a half months for each, and have by this means secured myself a full supply of every necessary article for seven months. I had hoped to dispose other prizes at Guiaquil : the Govs, in Peru, however, are excessively alarmed at my appearance on the coast, as my fleet now aniounts to nine sail of vessels, all formidable in their appearance, and they would if they dare, treat us with a hostility little short of declared enemies.
Indeed, sir, when I compare my present situation with what it was when I doubled Cape Horn, I cannot buit esteem myself fortunate in an extraordinary degree. There my ship was shattered by tempestuous weather, and destitute of every thing; my officers and crew half starved, naked, and worn out with fatigue. Now, sir, my ship is in prime order, abundantly supplied with every thing necesa sary for her. I have a noble ship for a consort of 20 guns, and well manned, a store ship of 20 guns, and well sapa plied with the best of every thing that we may want, and prizes which would be worth in England two millions of dollars; and what renders the counparison more pleasing, the enemy has furnished all. :
The times of my best men have expired; but their at: tachment to the ship, and theiv zeal for the service we are
12 .1!,boumot seit
er of collecting a force, (militia) sufficient to defend
engaged on, prevent all complaints on that account. It is not probable that you will hear of me for several months to come, unless some disaster happens; but I beg leave to assure you, sir, that I shall not be idle. I bave the honor to be, &c.
D. PORTER. Loss of fort Niagaro.--Gen. M'Clure, about the first of Dec. 1813, abandoned fort George, in Canada, and burnt the town of Newark, adjoining it, as a' measure, to prevent the enemy's occupying fort George after he had left it. On the 18th of the same month, the British crossed to Lewistown, in considerable force, and burnt it to the ground; when their Allies were set at liberty, and indulged freely in their brutal excesses, in murdering our 'defenceless citizens ; they then attacked and burnt Manchester, and Tuscarora, the latter an Indian town. In the mean time the British attacked fort Niagara, and took it by storm, at 4 o'clock on the morning of the 19th ; the gate being open, they surprised the picket, and entered the fort before they were discovered, when a scene of terrible slaugliter took place. They were not opposed by any, except a few wounded men in the southeast block house, and a few of the guard ; but, strange as it may appear, the enemy bay. onetted about 80 of our men, chiefly, after they had cried for quarters. The preceding facts were sworn to before a justice, hy Robert Lee, a gentlemán of Lewistown, whu was in the fort when taken.
1 my tone, 1 l si liian
Burning of Buffaloe and Black Rock. Soon after the storming of fort Niagara, and the burning of Lewistown, &c. Maj. Gen. Fall repaired to the frontiers, for the par, pose : Buffaloe and Black Rock! From the 22d Dec. to the 29th, Gen Hall had collected about 2000 froups, militia and exempts, but was reduced to 1200 by desertions, on the morning of the battle of the 301h. I the evening of the 29th (says Gen. Fall, in a letter of the 30ih Dec. to Gov. Tompkįga,) at aimut 12 o'clock, I received information that one of our patroles had been fired on, one mile below Black Rockor The lenemy advariced and took possession of the battery near Conjokaties ereek. The troops were immediately formed, and stood by their arms. I was not yet
certain what point the enemy meant to attack. Being, anxious to anticipate the enemy's landing, and meet him at the water's edge, I gave orders for the tronps at the Rock, to attack the enemy, and dislodge them from the battery, and to drive them to their boats. The attempt failed through the confusion into which the militia were thrown, on the first fire of the enemy, and the darkness of the night:) I then ordered the corps under Major Adams, and Col. Chapin to make the attack. These three detachments were thrown into confusion, and were of no service afterwards. As the day dawned, I discoyered a detachment of the enemy's boats crossing to our shore, and bending their course towards the rear of Gen. Porter's house. I immediately ordered Col. Blakeslie to attack the enemy's force at the water's edge. I now became satisfied as to the disposition and object of the enemy. Their left wing composed of 2000 regulars, militia, and Indians, had been landed below the creek, under cover of the night. With their centre, consisting of 400, royal Scots, commanded by Col. Gordon, the battle was commenced. Their right which was purposely weak, was landed near the main battery, merely to divert our force, the whole under the immediate command of Lieut. ten. Drummond, and led on by Maj. Gen. Riall. They were attacked by four field pieces in the battery and at the water's edge; at the same time the battery from the other side of the river opened a heavy tire upon us, of shells, hot shot, and ball. The whole force now opposed to the enemy was at most, not over 600 men, ihe remainder bavi ing filed, in spite of the exertions of their officers. These, few, but brave men, disputed every inch of ground, with the steady coolness of veterans, at the expence of many valyable lives. The defection of the militia, and the reserve, and loss of the services of the cavalry, by reason of the ground on which they must act, left the forces, engaged, exposed to the enemy's fire in front and Aank. After standing their ground for half an hour, opposed by an avern whelming force, and nearly surrounded, a retreat became necessary to their safety, and was accordingly ordered. I then made every effort to rally the troops, with a view
to attack their columns as they entered the village of but all in vain. Deserted by my principal force, I fell back that night to Eleyen Mile creek, and was forced to leave