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the fourishing villages of Black Rock and Buffaloe a prey to the enemy, which they have pillaged and laid in 'ashes. They have gained but little plunder from the public stores; the chief loss has fallen upon individuals.'
Our loss was 50 killed-40 wounded—and 69 missing, and one cannon. I regret to add, (says Gen. Hall, to Gov. Tompkins in his letter of Jan. 13) that on repossessilig the battle ground, we collected 50 dead bodies, yet unburied, of the battle of the 30th ult. The enemy admit their loss to be, in killed and wounded, 300.'
Col. Butler to Gen. Harrison.
? Detroit, March 7, 1814. [Extract] SIR--By Lieut. Shannon, of the 27th regiment U. s. infantry, I have the honor to inform you, that a detachment of the troops under' my command, led by Capt. Holmes, of the 24th regiment Ŭ. S. infantry, have obiained'a signa! victory over the enemy.
The affair took place on the 4th inst. about 100 miles from this place, on the river De Trench. Our force consisted of no more than 160 rangers and mounted infantry. The enemy, had from their own acknowledgment, 236. The fine light company of the royal Scots is totally destroyed; they led the attack most gallantly, and their commander fell within ten paces of our front line. The light compány of the 89th has also suffered severely; one officer of that company fell, one is a prisoner, and another is said to be badly wounded. In killed, and wounded, and prisoners, the enemy lost about 80-whilst on our part there were but four killed and four wounded. This great disparity in the loss on each side is to be attributed to the very judicious positioni occupied by Capt. Holmes, who compelled the enemy to attack him at great disadvantage; this, even more than his gallantry, merits the laurel. We took one hundred head of cattle also from the eneintended for Long Point or Burlington.
U. S. sloop Peacock, at sea, April 20, 1814. [Extract.] SIR-I have the honor to inform you, that we have this morning captured, after an action of 42 min
utes, his majesty's brig Epervier, rating and mounting 18 32 pound carronades, with 128 men, of whom 11 were killed and 15 wounded. Not a man in the Peacock was killed, and only two wounded, neither dangerously so. The fate of the Epervier would have been determined in much less time, but for the circumstance of our fore-yard being totally disabled by two round shot in the starboard quarter from her tirst broadside, which entirely deprived us of the use of our fore and fore-top-sails, and compelled us to keep the ship large throughout the remainder of the action.
This, with a few top-mast and top-gaflant back stays cut away, a few shot through our sails, is the only- mjury the Peacock has sustained. Not a round shot touched our. hull; our masts and spars are as sound as ever. When the enemy struck, he had five feet water in his hold;' his main-top-mast was over the side, his main boom shot away, his fore-mast cat nearly in two and tottering, his fore rigging and stays shot away, his bowsprit badly wounded, and 45 shot holes in his hall, 20 of which were within a foot of his water line. By great exertion, we got her 'in sailing order just as the dark came on.
In 15 minutes after the enemy struck, the Peacock was
Lieut. Woolsey to Com. Chauncey.
Sackett's Harbor, June 1, 1814. (Extract.] SIR-I had the honor to receive per express your communication of the 27th, vesting in me discretionary powers. I immediately despatched Mr. Dixon in the long gig to reconnoitre the coast, and went with my officers to the falls, to run the boats down over the rapids. At sun set we arrived at, Oswego with the boats (19 in number) loaded in all with 21 long 32 pounders, 1024 pogoders, 342 do., (carronades), and 10 cables, besides :some light articles, and distributed in the batteaux a guard of about 150 riflemen, under command of Major Appling. Mr. Dixon having returned with a report of the coast being clear, we set off at dark and arrived at Big Salmon river about sunrise on the 29th, with the loss of one boat having on board two 24 pounders and one cable.
At Big Salmon we met ihe: Oneidas, whom I had 'despatched the day previous, under the command of Lieut. Hill, of the rifle regiment. As soon as they had taken up their lipe of march along the shore to Big Sandy Creek, I started with all the boais and arrived at our place of destination about two miles up the Creek. At 2 P. M. on the 30th, I received your letter of the 29th, 6 P. M.
. per express, and agreeably to the order contained therein, sent Lieut, Pierce to look out as far as Stony Point: about 6 hereturned, having been pursued by a gun boat and three barges. Tie best possible disposition was made of the riflemen and Indians, about half a mile below, our boats, About 8 A.M. a cannonadling at long shot was
commenced by the enemy, ( land with their small force, I ordered Lieut. Pierce to proceed in erecting sheers, and making preparations to unload the boats. About 9 o'clock Capt. Harris with a squadron of draggons, and Capt. Melvin with a company of light artillery and 2 6-pounders, arrived, fapt. Harris the commanding officer, agreed with me that this reinforcement should halt, as the troops best calculated for a bush fight were already on the ground, where they could act to the greatest advantage, and that the eyemy seeing a large reinforcement arrive would most probably, retreat About 10, the enemy having landed and pushed up the creek with four gun boats, three cutters, and one gig--the riflemen
and stores for upwards of four months, and sailed for the
under that excellent officer, Major Appling, arose from their concealment, and after a smart fire of about 10 minutes, succeeded in captaring all the boats and their crews, without one having escaped. At about 5 P. M. buried, with the honors of war, Mr. Hoare (a British midshipman) killed in the action. The enemy's loss in this affair, is 4 gan
boats, one carrying 1 24 pounder, and one 68 lb. carronade ; each of the others carrying two heavy guns; two cutters and I gig. I håve the honor to be, &c.
M. T. WOOLSEY.
LOSS OF THE ESSEX.
Essex Junior, at sea, July 3, 1814. [Extract.] SIR-I sailed from the Delaware, Oct. 27, 1812, and repaired to Port Praya, Noronho, and Cape Frio. On my passage from Port Praya to Noronho, I captured bis B. M. packet Norton ; after taking out 11,000 pounds sterling in specie, sent her for America. 'Off Cape Frio I captured a schoorfer with hides and tallow, and sent her into Porto Rico. I proceeded to St. Catherines to supply my ship with provisions. From St. Catherines I shaped my course for the Pacific, and arrived at Valparaiso March 14, 1813. Of the success we wet with in our next cruise you have been informed in niy letter of July 2, 1813. I receiverl'infornration that the Phoebe 'frigate, and Racoon and Cherub sloops of war, were in parsuit of me. My ship, after being near a year at sea, required sonie' repairs to put her in a state to meet them; which I determined to do, and repaired, with my prizes, to the Island of Nooaheevah, or Madison Island, where I completely overhauled my ship, and took ou board, from the prizes, provisions coast of Chili, Dec. 12, 1813. Previous to sailing I secared the Seringapatam, Greenwich, and Sir A. Hamniond, under the guns of a battery which I had erected for their protection ; (after taking possession of this tine Island, for
the shore, u
the United States, and establishing the most friendly intercourse with its natives) I left them under the care of Lieut. Gamble and 21 men, with orders to repair to Valparaiso after a certain period. Believing Com. Hillyer would be most likely to appear at Valparaiso first, I therefore determined to cruise about that place. Agreeably to my expectations the Com. arrived at that place; but, contrary to my wishes, he brought with him the Cherub sloup of war, mounting 28 guns, and a complement of 180 men. The force of the Phoebe, the Commodore's flag ship, was 30 tong 18 pounders, 16 32 lb, carronades, and 7 3 pounders in her tops, in all 53 guns, and
and a crew of 320 men ; making a force of 81 guns and 500 men. The force of the Essex was 40 32 lb. carronades and 6 long twelves, and her crew had been reduced by manning out her prizes to 255 men. They provisioned, and went off the port for the purpose of blockading me. I often endeavored to provoke a challenge, and bring the Phoebe alone to action with the Essex, bui without success. There were no hopes of any advantages to my country, from a longer stay in port; I therefore determined to put to sea the first opportunity. The 28th of march, the day, after this resoluțion was formed, the wind blew fresh fron the south, when I parted my larboard cable and dragged directly out to sea. moment was to be lost in getting sail on the ship. On rounding; the point a, heavy, squall struck us, and carried away our main top-mast, precipitating four men into the sea, who drowned. Both ships now, gave chase ; seeing I could not recover my former anchorage in my disabled state, I ran close into a small bay, and anchored within, pis
. paraiso, whichi being neutral were bound to protect me; at least till I had repaired danages. I bad not succeeded in repairiog or getting a spring on my çable when the enemy at 54 minutes past 3, P. M. made his attack. The Phoebe placing herself ander my stero, and the Checab on my starboard bow; but finding that situation, a hot one, she bore up and run under my stern also, where both ships kept up a rakiog fire. I had got 3 long 12 pounders out of the steru ports, which were worked with so much bravery that iu hail an hour we so disabled both as to compel them to haul off to repair damages. My ship had received many