« PreviousContinue »
Massachusetts--Yeas, Seaver, Carr, Green, Richardson, Turner, and Widgery, 6–Nays, Quincy, Reed, Taggart, Ely, Brigham. White, Tallman, and Wheaton, 8.
Rhode Island-None---Nays, Potter and Jackson, 2.
Vermont-Yeas, Fisk, Shaw, and Strong, 3---Nays, Chittenden, 1.
Connecticut-None-Nass, Sturges, Davenport, Moseley, Champion, Tallmadge, Pitkin, and Law, 7.
New-York-Yeas, Pond, Avery, and Sage, 3-Nays,
, and Morgan, 2--Nays, Boyd, Hufty, Maxwell, and Newbold, 4.
Pennsylvania-Yeas, Seybert, Anderson, Brown, Roberts, Findley, Smilie, Lyle, Whitehill, Bard, Davis, Lefevre, Hyneman, Piper, Lacock, Crawford, and Smith, 16
Nays, Milnor, and Rodman, 2.
Maryland—Yeas, Kent, Little, M Kim, Ringgold,
Viryin a-Yeas, Nelson, Gholson, Goodwyn, Newton, Taliaferro, Dawson, Bassett, Smith, Hawes, Roane, M'Koy, Pleasants, Clopton, and Burwell, 14–Nays, Randolph, Lewis, Baker, Breckenridge, and Wilson, 5.
North Carolina-Yeas, Alston, Blackledge, Macon, King, Cochran, and Pickens, 6 --Nays, Pearson, M'Bryde, aiid Stanford, 3
South-Carolina-Yeas, Williams, Cheves, Lowndes, Butler, Calhoun, Earle, Winn, and Moore, 8--Nays, None.
Georgia-Yeas, Troup, B bb, and Hall, 3-Navs, None.
Kentucky-- Yeas, Johnson, Desha, New, M'Kee, and Ormsby, 5--Nays, None.
i ennessee-Yeas, Rhea, Grundy, and Sevier, 3---Nays, Noue. Ohio, Yeas, Morrow, 1-Nays, None.
Yeas, 98–Nays 62--Majority 36.
The Declaration of War, was announced the day after its passage, by the President's Proclamation, of which the following is a copy :
BY THE PRESIDENT OF TAE
A PROCLAMATION. WHEREAS the Congress of the U. States, by virtue of the constituted authority vested in them, have declared by their act, bearing date the eighteenth day of the present month, that WAR
exists between the United Kingdom of G. Britain and Ireland, and the dependencies thereof, and the U. States of America, and their Territories : Now, therefore, I, JAMES MADISON, President of the U. States of America, do hereby proclaim the same to all whom it may concern ; and I do specially enjoin on all persons holding offices, civil or military, under the authority of the United States, that they be vigilant and zealous in discharging the duties respectively incident thereto : and I do moreover exhort all the good people of the United States, as they love their country; as they value the precious heritage derived from the virtue and valor of their fathers ; as they feel the wrongs which have forced on them the last resort of injured nations; and as they consult the best means, under the blessing of Divine Providence, of abridging its calamities; that they exert themselves in preserving order, in promoting concord, in maintaining the authority and efficacy of the laws, and in supporting and invigorating all the measures which may be adopted by the constituted authorities, for obtaining a speedy, a just, and an honorable peace. IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF I have hereunto set my hand,
and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed to
these presents. (SEAL) DONE at the City of Washington, the nineteenth day of
June, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, and of the Independence of the United States the thirty sixth. (Signed)
JAMES MADISON. By the President,
Secretary of Stale.
THE FIRST PRISONER, Was taken in Norfok, Virginia. -A gentleman, by the name of Wilkinson, arrived in that place about the first of June, and put up at the British Consul's. The citizens suspected him to be a British officer, and accordingly kept an eye upon bim. On the receipt of the De claration of War, Wilkinson, as the mail boat was about to depart, was seen to make a precipitate retreat through the back street, which led from the Consul's to the wharf, where the boat lay, when he sprang on board, darted into the cabin, and in a few seconds was under way. It was knowu that a man of war was hovering on the coast, and bis intention was to communicate the declaration of war to her. Boats, from the navy yard and fort Nelson, were immediately dispatched, which succeeded in taking Wilkinson. He proved to be a captain in the Royal Marines.
THE FIRST PRIZE. Was the schooner Patriot, J. A. Brown, Master, from Guadaloupe, bound to Halifax, with a valuable cargo of sugar, taken by the revenue cutter Jefferson, Wm. Ham, Master, and arrived at Norfolk, June 26.
MESSAGE To the Senate and House of Represenlatives of the United
States. I transmit, for the information of Congress, copies of letters which have passed between the Secretary of State, and the Envoy Estraordinary and minister Plenipotentiary of Great Britain.
JAMES MADISON. June 15, 1812.
Mr. Foster to Mr. Monroe.
WASHINGTON, June 10, 1812. SIR-It has been extremely satisfactory to me, to find by your ietter dated June 6th, which I had the honor to receive yesterday morning, that it was not the wish of ihe American government to close all further discussion relative to the important questions at issue, between the two
- You note of the 6th instant has, by shewing that the door was not absolutely shut to a continuance of our discussioni, relieved me from further difficulty on this point. · I have no hesitation, sir, in saying that Great-Britain, as the case has bitherto stood, never did, nor never could engage, without the grossest injustice to herself and her allies, as well as to other neutral nations, to repeal her Orders as affecting America alove, leaving them in force against other states, upon condition that France would except, singly and specially, America, from the operation of. her Decrees. You will recollect, sir, that the Orders in Council are measures of defence, directed against the system contained in those Decrees; that it is a war of trade which is carried on by France ; that what you call the municipal regulations of France, have never been called municipal by France herself, but are her main engines in that novel and monstrous system. It cannot, then, be expected that Great-Britain should renounce her efforts to throw back upon France the evils with which she menaces Great-Britain, merely because France might seek to alleviate her own situation by waving the exercise of that part of her system which she cannot enforce.
But, sir, to what purpose argue upon a supposed case ; upon a state of things not likely to occur, since ihe late report and senatus consultum which have been published to the world, as it were, insultingly in the face of those who would contend that any repeal whatever had taken place, of the Decrees in question.
You draw a comparison between the mode in which this instrument has appeared, and that which you call the high evidence of the repeal as stated in Mr. Champagny's nole: and it would almost seem as if you considered the latter as the most authentic of the two; but, sir, you cannot seriously contend that the duke of Bassano's report, with the senatus consultum accompanying it, published in the official paper at Paris, is not a very different instrument from the above letter, offering a mere provisional sepeal of the Decrees, opon conditions utterly inadmissible: conditions too, which really formed of themselves a question of paramount importance.
The condition then demanded, and which was brought forward so unexpectedly, was a repeal of the blockade of