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member for Corfe Castle. At Elizabeth's death he was and by_Charles Cotterel, London, 1866, and into Lario by instantly received with great favor by James I., and sent Pietro Francesco Cornazzano, Rome, 1745. The best account to Ireland as solicitor-general in 1603. On December 18 of the life of Davila is that by Apostolo Zeno, prefixed to use of that year he was knighted at Dublin. From this time edition of the history printed at Venice in 2 vols. fol. in 1732 forth he abandoned poetry in favor of the most active Tiraboschi may also be consulted with advantage. Bayle is

severe on certain historical inaccuracies of Davila. And it is statesmanship. His activities in Ireland were almost

true that Davila must be read with due remembrance of the foot ubiquitous. In 1606 he was further promoted to be attor that he was not only a Catholic but the especial protege of ney-general for Ireland, and created sergeant-at-arms. In Catharine de' Medici. Also it is not to be forgotten that Bayle the disordered condition of the country he was required was so strongly Protestant. As to the literary merits of Davila, to be stirring at all times, and his abilities seem to have his lucidity, purity of style, abundance of information, there been as conspicuous as his trustworthiness and uprightness. bas never been, and never can be, any difference of opinion. He married Eleanor, daughter of the earl of Castlehaven,

DAVIN, Felix, a French novelist of most brilliant but she unfortunately became insane. In 1612 Davies published his valuable prose work, A Discourse of the True promise

, the fulfilment of which, however, was in a great Reasons why Ireland has never been entirely subdued.. The in 1807 ; 'died in 1836.

measure prevented by his early death. Born at St. Quentin, same year he represented the county of Fermanagh in the Irish Parliament, and was elected speaker. In 1614 he considerable note in his day, was born in 1562, at Cam

DAVINI, GIOVANNI BATTISTA, an Italian physician of represented Newcastle-under-Lyne in the English Parliapent, and in 1619 he threw up his appointments in Ire porgiano; died in 1633. land. In 1622 he issued a collected edition of his poetical 16th century. The date of his birth is unknown; the

DAVIS, JOHN, a celebrated English navigator of the works. In 1626 Davies was appointed lord chief justice place was Sandridge, about 3 miles N. of Dartmouth, in of England, but ere he could enter on the office, he was

Devonshire. He made three voyages under the auspices found dead in his bed (December 8), the victim, it was

of the English Government in search of the north-west supposed, of apoplexy.

passage to the Pacific. In the first, in 1585, he pushed The prose writings of this remarkable man were mainly his way round the southern end of Greenland, across the posthumous, and no attompt was made to collect them, until strait that now bears his name, and along the coast of what ihey were republished in four volumes by the Rev. A. B. Grosart, in 1870, with a full and interesting biography. The Mercy, which he thus designated in the fond belief that

is now known as Baffin's Land, to the Cape of God's poetical works have often been reproduced since the author's his task was practically accomplished; in the second lifetime. Sir John Davies is not to be confounded with JOAN (1587) he reached the entrance to the strait afterwards

(1586) he made but little further progress; in the third DAVIES of Hereford, a contemporary author of a great explored by Hudson. Four years later he joined Cavendish quantity of verse, of which The Holy Roode (1609), The in his second voyage to the South Sea ; and after the rest Scourge of Folly (1611), and The Muses' Sacrifice (1612) are of the expedition returned unsuccessful, he continued to fair typical examples. Gifted with extraordinary volubility and self-confidence, but with no delicacy, or taste, Magellan; he was defeated, but became the discoverer of

attempt on his own account the passage of the Strait of the writings of this John Davies have survived more by the Falkland Islands. The passage home was extremely reason of their bulk and their accidental interest of refer- disastrous, and he brought back only 16 of the 76 med ence or dedication than from any intrinsic merit.

whom he had taken with him. In 1598 he took a merDAVILA, HENRICO CATERINO (1576-1631), historian, chant fleet from Middleburg in Holland to the East was descended from a Spanish noble family. His im- Indies; in 1601 he accompanied Sir James Lancaster se mediate ancestors had been constables of the kingdom first pilot on his voyage in the service of the East India of Cyprus for the Venetian republic, from father to son, Company; and in 1605 he sailed again for the same destisince 1464. But in 1570 the island was taken by the nation along with Michelbourn. On his way home he ww Turks; and Antonio Davila, the father of the historian, killed by pirates off the coast of Malacca. had to leave it, despoiled of all he possessed. He travelled into Spain and France, and finally returned to Padua,

A Traverse Book made by John Davis in 1587, an Account est where, in 1756, his youngest son was born, whom he named his Second Voyage in 1586, and a Report of Master John Darís Henrico Caterino, in gratitude for the kindness received of his three voyages made for the Discoverie of the North West from Catherine de' Medici at the French court. At the Passage were printed in Hakluyt's collection. Davis bimself age of seven the father took this son to France, where he published The Worlde's Hydrographical Description, whereby

it appears that there is a short and speedie Passage into the South became a page in the service of Catherine. In due time Seas, to China, etc., by Northerly Navigation, London, 1595, he entered the service, and fought through the civil wars and The Seaman's Secrets, divided into two parts, London, 1595, till the peace in 1598. He then returned to Padua, where,

DAVY, SIR HUMPHRY (1778-1829), the eminent natural and subsequently at Parma, he led a studious life, till on philosopher, was born on the 17th of December, 1778, a the breaking out of war he entered the military service Penzance, in Cornwall. After receiving there the rudiof the republic of Venice, in which he served with distinc

ments of his education, he was in 1792 sent for a year to tion. But during the whole of this active life-many the grammar school of Truro, then under the direction of the details of which are very interesting as illustrative of the Rev. Dr. Cardew. There is little to record of Davy is life and manners of the time,-he never lost sight of a early life except his retentive memory, facility in versifica design which he had formed' at a very early period, of tion, and skill in story-telling. At the age of nine he went writing the history of those civil wars in France, in which

to live with Mr. John Tonkin, who had formerly adopted he had borne a part, and had so many opportunities of Davy's mother and her sisters. In 1794 Davy lost his closely observing the leading personages and events. The father, and in the following year he was apprenticed to Mr. manuscript of this work was completed in, or a little pre- Borlase, then a surgeon-apothecary, and afterwards a phy. vious to, 1630, and was offered in vain by the author to all sician in Penzance. During his apprenticeship he spent the publishers in Venice, and this city was then a great much of his leisure in a systematic course of self-education. publishing centre. At last one Tommaso Baglioni, who While yet young he had exhibited an inclination for devis had no work for his presses, undertook to print the manu: ing experiments, and for examining natural products. At script on condition that he should be free to leave off if the end of 1797, when in his nineteenth year, he turned his more promising work offered itself. The printing of the attention to chemistry, and read Lavoisier’s and Nicholson's Istoria delle Guerre Civile di Francia was, however, completed, and the success and sale of the work were immediate in the garret of his friend Mr. Tonkin, who, alarmed by

treatises on that subject. His experiments were conducted and enormous. Many other editions rapidly followed, of unexpected explosions would exclaim, "This boy Humphry which perhaps the best altogether is that of Milan, in 6 is incorrigible!”—“Was there ever so idle a dog!"-" He vols. 8vo, 1807. Davila was murdered, while on his way I will blow us all into the air!” One of his investigatione to take possession of the government of Crema for Venice at this time was the nature of the air contained in the in July, 1631, by a ruffian, with whom some dispute seems vesicles of sea-weed. To supply the place of an air-pump to have arisen as to the furnishing of the relays of horses in his experiments he had an old French injecting syringe, ordered for his use by the Venetian Government.

and this he actually employed iu his first scientific paper The Istoria was translated into French by J. Baudouin, Paris, "On the Nature of Heat and Light,” published in 1799. 1642; into Spanish by Varen de Soto, Madrid, 1651, and Ant- Though Davy's natural talents would not have permitted werp, 1686; iwice into English by W. Aylesbury, London, 1647, | him to remain long in obscurity, he was in some degree

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indebted for an early emergence into publicity to the | 1807, became the secretary. The most valuable of all his nocidental notice of Mr. Davies Giddy Gilbert, who, learn- scientific writings are his communications to the Royal So ing that the strange-looking boy, whom he observed hang. ciety, scarcely one of which does not announce some new ing over the hatch of Mr. Borlase's bouse, was a son of and important fact, or elucidate some principle of experiDavy the carver, and fond of making chemical experiments, mental philosophy. In February, 1803, he read to the sought his acquaintance, and was ever afterwards his steady society an essay "On Astringent Vegetables, and their Opfriend. Another early friend of Davy's was Mr. Gregory eration in Tanning;" and in 1805 An Account of some Watt, who, having visited Penzance in 1797 for change of Analytic Experiments on Wavellite," and a paper “On the air, took lodgings at the house of Mrs. Davy. By him and Method of Analyzing Stones containing a Fixed Alkali, by Gilbert he was introduced to the notice of Dr. Beddoes, Boracic Acid.” This method is founded on the strong who in the autumn of 1798 engaged him to superintend a affinity of that acid for different substances at a high tempneumatic medical institution, which he had just estab- perature, and on the ease with which borates are decom. lished at Bristol. Davy was now placed in a sphere where posed by mineral acids. his genius could expand; he was associated with men of In his first Bakerian lecture, delivered to the Royal education and scientific attainments, and was provided Society in November, 1806, Davy showed that electrowith excellent apparatus; thus he speedily entered upon chemical phenomena were explicable by one general law, that career of discovery which has rendered his name illus- and illustrated his theory of voltaic action by numeru us trious. He had intended, after the termination of his happily-devised experiments. After pointing out that in engagement with Dr. Beddoes, to study medicine at Edin- all voltaic decompositions acids appeared at the positive burgh, but the all-engrossing interest of his chemical dis- and bases at the negative pole, he generalized his results coveries caused him eventually to abandon this scheme. by stating that hydrogen, the alkalies, earth, metals, and

In an essay “On Heat, Light, and Respiration," written certain oxides are attracted by negatively electrified and before he left Cornwall, but published soon after his re- repelled by positively electrified metallic surfaces, and that moral to Bristol, in Beddoes's West Country Contributions, oxygen and acids are attracted by positively and repelled Davy endeavored to prove the immateriality of heat, by negatively electrified metallic surfaces. He then proby showing its generation through the friction of two ceeded to investigate the law of electro-chemical action, and

pieces of ice under an exhausted receiver. His first concluded that electro-chemical combinations and decom. scientific discovery was that of the existence of silica in positions are referable to the law of electric attractions and the epidermis of the stems of reeds, corn, and grasses. The repulsions, and that both “chemical and electrical attrac intoxicating effects of nitrous oxide when respired were tions are produced by the same cause, acting in the one case discovered by him on April 9, 1799; and in the following on the particles, in the other on the masses." For these year he published a volume entitled Researches, Chemical researches the French Institute awarded him the prize of and Philosophical, chiefly concerning Nitrous Oxide and ils 3000 francs offered by the first consul for the experiment

Respiration. Whilst the impression created by this publi- most conducive to the progress of science. Davy's discovcation was still fresh on the public mind, Davy was recom-ery of the production of potassium and sodium by the mended to Count Rumford by Mr. Underwood and Dr. electrical decomposition of their alkalies was made in OcHope as a suitable person to succeed Dr. Garnet as lecturer tober, 1807, and an account of the new metals was given to on chemistry at the Royal Institution recently established the Royal Society on the 19th of November in the second in London; and accordingly, on February 16, 1801, he was Bakerian lecture. On the 23d of that month a severe fever chosen assistant lecturer to the Institution, and director of attacked him, and he was unable to resume his professorial the laboratory; his appointment to the lectureship took duties at the Royal Institution till March 12, 1808. In place six weeks later. A minute on the records of the the meanwhile barium and calcium, the existence of which Royal Institution shows that he was appointed professor of had been predicted by Davy, were discovered by Berzelius chemistry on the 31st of May, 1802.

and Pontin. In 1808 Davy announced to the Royal Soci. The ungainly exterior and peculiar manner of Davy on ety his discovery of magnesium and strontium. Alumina, his first appearance in London prejudiced Rumford and silica, and zirconia he was unable to decompose, but he others against him; when, however, he began to lecture, showed it to be highly probable that they contained metallic he won the approbation of all. His ingenuity and happy bases. Various opinions as to the nature of the new metals facility of illustration gained him a high reputation; his of the alkalies and alkaline earths were at first entertained, company was courted by the choicest society of the metrop- some chemists considering them to be compounds of hy. olis; and soon his presence was regarded as indispensable drogen with unknown bases. In the third Bakerian lecin the soirées of the fashionable world. His style of lec- ture, read in December, 1808, and its appendix of next wuring was well adapted to command attention—it was ani- spring, Davy adduced conclusive evidence of the elemen. mated, clear, and impressive, notwithstanding the naturally tary nature of potassium; he discussed also the nature of änharmonious tones of his voice; his experiments, moreover, sulphur, phosphorus, and carbon, and described the prepawere both ingeniously conceived and neatly executed. The ration of boron, which he then regarded as a metal. The young chemist was fortunate in the time in which he com- original galvanic batteries used by Davy having become unmenced his metropolitan career. Experimental chemistry serviceable through wear, a liberal voluntary subscription was beginning to be the fashion of the day; and the dis among the members of the Royal Institution, in July, covery of the decomposition of chemical substances by vol. 1808, put him in possession of a battery of 2000 double taic electricity had excited the greatest interest amongst plates, with a surface equal to 128,000 square inches. His the votaries of science. The liberality of the committee of electro-chemical discoveries had, however, all been made the Royal Institution supplied to Davy what few private before this new power was provided. The fourth Bakerian individuals could afford—a battery of 400 five-inch plates, lecture, read in November, 1809, brings forward proofs that and one of 40 plates a foot in diameter. With these were oxymuriatic acid, contrary to Davy's previous supposition, conducted the brilliant investigations which resulted in his is a simple body, termed by him chlorine (see vol. v. p. discovery of potassium and sodium.

589), and that muriatic acid is a compound of that element The earliest of Davy's communications to the Royal So- and hydrogen. ciety, and the first of his contributions to electro-cheinistry, Davy's reputation had now reached its zenith; and his was “An Account of some Galvanic Combinations formed audience in the theatre of the Royal Institution numbered by an arrangement of single Metallic Plates and Fluids,” | little less than 1000. At the invitation of the Dublin read in June, 1801. In all hitherto constructed piles, plates Society he gave, in November, 1810, a course of lectures of two metals, or one plate of metal and another of charcoal, on electro-chemical science, and in the following year and some interposed fluid had been employed. Davy showed other courses on the elements of chemical philosophy and in this paper that a battery might be constructed of a single on geology. For the first of these he received £525, and metal and two fluids, provided one of the Auids was capable for the two latter £750 ; and before he left Dublin, Trinof causing oxidation on one of the surfaces of the metal. ity College conferred upon him the degree of LL.D. . On In addition to the duties of his situation in the Royal In: the 8th of April, 1812, Davy was knighted by the Prince stitution, to which those of joint editor of the Journal had Regent; on the next day he gave his farewell lecture at been added, Davy for ten successive years gave courses of the Royal Institution; and on the 11th he married Mrs. lectures for the Board of Agriculture on the connection be. Appreece, daughter and heiress of Charles Kerr of Kelso, tween agriculture and chemistry. In 1803 he was admitted with whom he had a considerable fortune. His usual a member of the Royal Society, of which he, in January, I employments were in great measure suspended during the 745

vinter of 1812 in consequence of an injury to an eye, re- sea-water acts only on positively electrified copper, the su lting from an explosion of chloride of nitrogen, which he sheathing would be protected if he could render it slightly bad begun to experiment upon after receiving intelligence negative. He found that plates of copper having portiona of its discovery by Dulong. The first and, as it proved, of iron or zinc attached remained unchanged after prolonged the only volume of Davy's Elements of Chemical Philosophy immersion in sea-water. In consequence of this discovery appeared in 1812; and in 1813 he published his Elements directions were given by the Government, after some pre of Agricultural Chemistry, the substance of his lectures de liminary experiments, to apply plates of iron, or proHivered to the Board of Agriculture.

tectors" as they were called, to several ships of the royal Having obtained from the French emperor permission to 'navy; many merchantmen also were supplied with them. travel in France, Davy, on October 13, 1813, went thither Experience, however, showed that the bottoms of the prewith his wife and Faraday, the latter in the capacity of tected ships soon became extremely foul-seaweed and

assistant in experiments and writing.” Faraday had been shell-fish accumulating in such quantities as seriously to engaged on the 1st of March previous to help Davy in the impede sailing; 80 that in June, 1825, much to the mortilaboratory of the Royal Institution. On the 29th of Oc- fication of the inventor, orders were issued for the removal tober, after a detention of six or seven days at Morlaix, of the protectors. Davy arrived in Paris, where he stayed two months, and In 1826 Davy's health had so far declined that he was began the course of investigation on iodine which enabled with difficulty able to indulge in his favorite sports of bim to prove its elementary character. This body had angling and shooting; and on returning to London from bitherto been regarded as a compound by the French chem. Somersetshire he was unable to attend the anniversary dinists. On the 13th of December Davy was elected a corre- ner of the Royal Society. In January, 1827, he published sponding member of the first class of the Imperial Institute his six anniversary discourses, delivered on awarding the at Paris. From Paris he proceeded, in the end of Decem. Royal and Copley medals. Early in 1827 he was seized ber, to Montpellier, and thence to Italy. At Genoa and with an apoplectic attack, which rendered his removal to Florence he continued his experiments on iodine; and at the Continent advisable. After some short stay at Ravenna the latter place he effected the combustion of the diamond he removed to Salzburg, whence on account of the continuby means of the great lens in the cabinet of natural history, ance of his illness, he sent in his resignation of the presiand discovered that, when once ignited, it will continue to dency of the Royal Society. At the end of autumn he burn in pure oxygen. He next proceeded by Rome to returned to England, and in the winter he published his Naples, where he collected specimens of the colors used by Salmonia, a book of some interest, written in imitation of the ancients in their pictures, which formed the subject of a Izaak Walton's Complete Angler. memoir presented to the Royal Society. After spending the In 1828 Davy quitted England, and spent most of the winter in Italy, he returned to London on April 23, 1815. summer and autumn at Laybach. In the winter he fixed

The year 1815 is memorable in the history of Davy, as his residence at Rome, whence he sent to the Royal Society
that in which he turned his attention to the frequent occur. “Remarks on the Electricity of the Torpedo," written in
rence of accidents from explosions of fire-damp in coal. Illyria in October. This, with the exception of a posthu-
mines. At his request specimens of the gas were sent from mous work, entitled Consolations in Travel, or the Last Days
Newcastle to London for him to examine. He ascertained of a Philosopher, was the final production of his pen. While
that it would not explode when mixed with less than six at Rome, he was attacked by paralysis, from which he had
or more than fourteen times its volume of air, with one already suffered. His wife and brother having hastened
seventh its volume of carbonic acid gas, or with one-sixth to his assistance, he left Rome for Geneva, where he died
lis volume of nitrogen; that in tubes one-seventh of an inch on the 29th of May, 1829. His remains were deposited on
in diameter explosive mixtures of air and fire-damp could the 1st of June in the burying-ground outside the walls of
not be fired; and that metallic tubes prevented explosions that city.
better than glass tubes. On November 9, 1815, Davy made Davy was of a sanguine, somewhat irritable tempera-
known to the Royal Society these results of his experi- ment. To all his pursuits he devoted himself with a char
ments; and before the close of the year he had completed racteristic enthusiasm and firmness of purpose. His tone
the invention of what has since been known as the Davy of mind, as indicated by his poems, was highly imagina-
safety-lamp (see p. 68 of the present volume). In this a tive. "I attend Davy's lectures,” said Coleridge, "to in-
cage of wire-gauze, by its cooling action, prevents the flame crease my stock of metaphors.” The power and perspicacity
from igniting an explosive atmosphere exterior to the lamp, of his intellect is sufficiently attested by his numerous and
even though the flame reach as far as the gauze. Of this brilliant discoveries. He was not 21 years of age when he
invaluable aid to the miner the coal-owners of Newcastle wrote“It is only by forming theories, and then como
and its vicinity were not slow in availing themselves; and paring them with facts, that we can hope to discover the
on the 11th of October, 1817, they testified their apprecia- true system of nature.”. As an experimenter he was re
tion of the boon disinterestedly conferred upon them by markably quick; “with Davy," it has been remarked,
Davy, who had taken out no patent for his invention, by “rapidity was power.” Of the minor observances of eti-
presenting him with a suitably inscribed service of plate. quette he was careless, and his great frankness of disposition
In the succeeding year Davy was created a baronet. For sometimes exposed him to annoyances which the exercise
his various communications to the Royal Society on the of tact and caution might have obviated. His manner in
subject of fire-damp, and on the nature of fame, in 1815, society, which gave to many the impression of a hanghty
1816, and 1817, he received the Rumford medals. consciousness of superiority, is ascribed by Dr. Paris to

In 1818 and 1819 he produced four memoirs, “On the ungraceful timidity, which he could never conquer."
Fallacy of the Experiments in which Water is said to have
been produced by the Decomposition of Chlorine,” “On

See Dr. J. A. Paris, The Life of Sir Humphry Davy, 183); some Combinations of Phosphorus," "Observations on the Dr. J. Davy, Works of Sir Humphry Davy, 1839. The former Formation of Mists over Lakes and Rivers," and "On (vol. ii. pp. 450-456) contains a list of Davy's publications.

(1. LB.) Electro-Magnetism.” In 1818 he was sent by the British Government to examine the papyri of Herculaneum in the DAWLISH, a watering-place of England, on the south Neapolitan Museum, his remarks on which are contained coast of Devonshire, situated a little beyond' che mouth of in a paper in the Philosophical Transactions for 1821. In the Exe, twelve miles south of Exeter. It lies in a core of 1820 Davy returned to England, and on the death of Sir the English Channel formed by two projecting cliffs, and is Joseph Banks, in that year, he was elected president of the admirably sheltered from the weather. A small stream, Royal Society; in this position, however, it cannot be said which flows through the town, is lined on both sides by that he always appeared to advantage, or on every occasion pleasure-grounds. The town is much resorted to during acted in a manner calculated to render himself popular spring and early summer by the seekers after health. The amongst the members. In 1821 he busied himself with parish contains an area of 5512 acres, and a population electrical experiments, and in 1822 with the investigation (1871) of 4241 persons, 2492 of whom are females. of the fluids contained in the cavities of crystals in rocks. DAX, formerly Ax, or Acqs, the ancient Aquce Tarbellicos In 1823 he read before the Royal Society a paper “On the a town of France, at the head of an arrondissement in the Application of Liquids formed by the Condensation of department of Landes, situated in a fertile plain on the left Gases as Mechanical Agents.” In the same year he in- bank of the Adour, 28 miles north-east of Bayonne, and vestigated the cause of the rapid destruction of the copper connected by a fine stone bridge with the suburb of Sablar. sheathing of sea-going ships. It occurred to him that, as It is still partially surrounded by its old tower-flanked

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ralls, which present, if not a genuine specimen, at least an main poetic current of his day. Except The Parliament interesting mediæval imitation, of Roman masonry; and it of Bees, which is all in rhyme, his plays are in prose, with has a cathedral (rebuilt in the 18th century, but preserving a occasional rhymed passages of great lyrical sweetness. He sculptured doorway and porch of the 13th), an old episcopal preserved, in a great measure, the dramatic traditica of palace, a court-house, a prison, a mineralogical museum, John Lyly, and affected a kind of subdued euphuism. It and a training college. It manufactures earthenware, pitch, is, indeed, not impossible that the Maid': Metamorphosis

, oil, chocolate, salt, and liqueurs, and carries on cork-cut- 1600, wrongly supposed to be a posthumous work of Lyly's, ting, ham-curing, and a trade in wine, brandy, grain, and may be attributable to the youth of Day. It possesses, ai timber. Its prosperity is further increased by its thermal all events, many of his marked characteristics. The springs, of which the most remarkable, rising in a great res- beauty and ingenuity of The Parliament of Bees were noted avoir 20 feet deep in the Central Square, has a temper- and warmly extolled by Charles Lamb; but no effort has ature of 155–1660 Fahr., and sometimes discharges such been made in our generation to revive his fame, and the volumes of steam as to envelop the whole town in a mist. works of this writer of very distinct and peculiar genius Dax, as its ancient name implies, was the capital of the remain still unedited. Tarbelii, and during the Roman period it ranked as the DAYTON, a city of the United States, the capital of second town of Novem populonia." For some time it was Montgomery county, Ohio, situated on the east bank of the the seat of a viscount, and its bishopric was preserved till Great Miami, which is there joined by the Mad, 46 miles the Revolution. The church of St. Vincent derives its north of Cincinnati, and 135 n'iles south of Toledo. The pame from the first occupant of the see, and is interest- Miami canal, which connects the Ohio river with Lake Erie, ing for its connection with the more famous St. Vincent de passes by the town; and this means of communication, Paul. Population in 1871, 8154.

along with that of the railroads which converge here DAY. See ASTRONOMY and CALENDAR.

from different points, has contributed greatly to the prosDAY, John, a lyrical dramatist of the age of Elizabeth, perity of the place. The city is very regularly laid out, of whose life no particulars have been transmitted to us, and the houses and public edifices are better than in except that he was a student of Caius College, Cambridge. many other Western cities, partly owing to the comparThe first work which he is known to have produced is atively moderate price of the white limestone, or marble, The Isle of Gulls, printed in 1606, a comedy founded upon which abounds in its neiglıborhood. The principal public Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia. In 1607 he published a cu- buildings are the county court-house-designed after the rious drama, written by him in conjunction with William Parthenon at Athens, and erected at a cost of about Rowley and George Wilkins, The Travels of Three English £30,000—and the market-house, containing within its walls Brothers, which detailed the adventures of Sir Thomas, Sir a city hall and the council chamber. There are, besides Anthony, and Robert Shirley. In the same year appeared numerous churches, a high school, and the Cooper Acad. The Parliament of Bees, the work on which Day's reputation emy, belonging to the Presbyterian body, for the instrucmainly rests. This exquisite and unique drama, or rather tion of females. Of charitable institutions the orphan masque, is entirely occupied with “the doings, the births, asylum, the alms-house, and a lunatic asylum may be the wars, the wooings" of bees, expressed in a style at mentioned, and in the vicinity there is the Central Naonce most singular and most charming. In 1608 Day tional Soldiers' Home. A considerable manufacturing published two comedies, Law Tricks and Humor out of industry is carried on, which is facilitated by a copious Breath. In 1610 there was licensed by him a comedy of supply of water conveyed from the Mad. There are sev. The Mad Pranks of Merry Moll, which has not survived. eral machine shops, and works for the manufacture of It is not known when he died, but his works were fre- agricultural implements, railway carriages, paper, cotton, quently reprinted before the civil wars, and as late as 1659 etc. The place, which was first settled in 1796, was incor. one of them, The Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green, first saw porated as a town in 1805, and as a city in 1841. Pop the light. The six dramas by John Day which we possess ulation in 1850, 10,977; in 1860, 20,081; and in 1870 testify to a talent somewhat out of sympathy with the l 30,473.


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