Page images
PDF
EPUB

1

THE

NEW WERNER TWENTIETH CENTURY EDITION

OF THE

ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA

A STANDARD WORK OF REFERENCE IN

ART, LITERATURE, SCIENCE, HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY,
COMMERCE, BIOGRAPHY, DISCOVERY

AND INVENTION

NEW MAPS AND FULLY ILLUSTRATED, WITH THOU-
SANDS OF PORTRAITS, PLATES, AND ENGRAVINGS

THE ENGLISH NINTH EDITION IN TWENTY-FIVE VOLUMES WAS EDITED BY

PROFS. SPENCER BAYNES, LL.D., AND W. ROBERTSON SMITH, LL.D.

ASSISTED BY OVER ONE THOUSAND CONTRIBUTORS

The first twenty-four volumes of the New Werner Edition contain thirty-one new and later articles, written

by American authors, replacing articles on similar subjects written by different

authors for the original ninth English (Foreign) Edition

WITH

New AMERICAN SUPPLEMENT

COMPLETE IN THIRTY VOLUMES

VOLUME VI

THE WERNER COMPANY

AKRON, OHIO

1907

ROBERTA SARAH TWYFORD
MEMORIAL PUBLIC LIBRARY

PARKSLEY, VA,

AE

5 E36 1901

V.G

Copy!

MADE BY

THE WERNER COMPANY

AKRON, OHIO

NEW WERNER TWENTIETH CENTURY EDITION.

VOL. VI.- (CLI-DAY).

Total number of Articles, 761.
PRINCIPAL CONTENTS.

CLIMATE. ALEX. BUCHAN, Secretary, Scottish

Meteorological Society.
CLIVE. G. SMITH, LL.D., Editor of “ Annals

of Indian Administration, 1868–69."
CLOCKS. Right Hon. Lord GRIMSTHORPE, Q.C.
CLUB. Rev. Canon }. S. NortHCOTE, and J.

CLAUDE WEBSTER, Athenæum Club.
COAL. H. BAUERMAN, F.G.S., Royal School of

Mines.
COBDEN. HENRY RICHARD, M.P.
COCHIN CHINA. C. MAUNOIR, Société de Geog-

raphie.
COFFEE. JAMES PATON, Corporation Galleries,

Glasgow
COFFEŘ-DAMS. DAVID STEVENSON, C.E.
COLEOPTERA. JOHN GIBSON, Industrial Mu-

seum, Edinburgh.
COLERIDGE. Rev. G. D. BOYLE, M.A.
COLOMBIA. H. A. WEBSTER.
COLOSSIANS. Rev. W. SAUMAREZ SMITH, Prin-

cipal, St. Aidan's College, Birkenhead.
COMÈT. J. Russell HIND, F.R.S., Superintend-

ent of the “ Nautical Almanac."
COMMERCE. ROBERT SOMERS, Author of

"Trade Unions."
COMMUNISM. Mrs. FAWCETT.
COMPANY. EDMUND ROBERTSON, LL.D., M.P.,

Professor of Roman Law, University College,
COMPASS. F. H. BUTLER, M.A. (London.
COMTE. JOHN MORLEY, M.P., Editor of the

“Men of Letters ” Series.
CONDILLAC. Rev. D. BALSILLIE, M.A.
CONDORCET. ROBERT FLINT, D.D., Professor

of Divinity, University of Edinburgh.
CONFUCIUS. Rev. JAMES LEGGE, Professor of

Chinese, University of Oxford.
CONGRESS. HENRY REEVE, C.B.
CONGREVE. A. C. SWINBURNE.
CONIC SECTIONS. H. M. TAYLOR, Fellow of

Trinity College, Cambridge.
CONNECTICUT. W. G. ABBOT, Hartford, Conn.
CONSTANTINE. W. BROWNING SMITH.
CONSTANTINOPLE. Rev. C. G. Curtis, Chap-

lain to British Embassy, Pera.
CONSTITUTION OF BODIES. Prof. CLERK

MAXWELL.
CONTRABAND. W. C. SMITH, LL.B., Advocate.
CON VOCATION. Sir TRAVERS Twiss, Q.C.
COOKERY. J. C. BUCKMASTER, South Kensing-

ton Museum, London.
COOLIE. R. WILSON.
CO-OPERATION. R. SOMERS.
COPPER. JAMES PATON.
COPTS. S. Birch, LL.D., D.C.L.
COPYRIGHT. Prof. ED. ROBERTSON (AMERI-

CAN), E. S. DRONE.
CORALS. Prof. H. A. NICHOLSON.
COREA. H. A. WEBSTER.
CORINTH. Percy GARDNER, British Museum.
CORINTHIANS. Rev. W. SAUMAREZ Smith.
CORK. R. CAULFIELD, LL.D.
CORN LAWS. R. SOMERS.
CORNEILLE. GEORGE SAINTSBURY.
CORNELIUS. W. Cave THOMAS.
CORNWALL. R. J. KING.
CORONATION. Rev. S. H. REYNOLDS.
CORREGGIO. W. M. Rossetti.
COSMOGONY. Rev. Prof. CHEYNE.
COSTUME. A. STUART MURRAY and Rev.

CHARLES BOUTELL.

COTTON. Isaac Watts, Chairman of Cotton

Supply Association, Manchester.
COUNCIL. D. PATRICK.
COURT-MARTIAL. W. C. SMITH, LL.B.
COUSIN. John VEITCH, LL.D., Professor of

Logic and Rhetoric, University of Glasgow.
COWLEY. EDMUND W. Gosse, Author of “New

Poems."
COX. W. B. Scott.
CRANACH. J. A. CROWE, Author of “Painting

in Italy.”
CRANMER. W. BROWNING SMITH.
CREEDS. Very Rev. Principal TULLOCH.
CREMATION. W. C. SMITH, LL.B.
CRETE. E. H. BUNBURY, Author of “History of

Ancient Geography.”
CRIBBAGE. HENRY JONES.
CRICKET. H. F. WILKINSON.
CRIME. L. 0. PIKE, Author of “ History of

Crime in England.”
CRIMEA. Commander J. B. TELFER, R.N.
CRIMINAL LAW. Prof. ED. ROBERTSON.
CROMWELL, OLIVER. ALEX. NICOLSON,

LL.D.
CROMWELL, THOMAS. T. M'K. Wood.
CROQUET. HENRY JONES.
CROSS. Rev. CHARLES BOUTELL.
CROUP. Dr. J. O. AFFLECK.
CRUSADES. Rev. Sir Geo. W. Cox, Bart.
CRUSTACEA. HENRY WOODWARD, F.R.S., Brit.

ish Museum.
CRYPT. Rev. Canon VENABLES.
CRYPTOGRAPHY. J. E. BAILEY.
CRYSTALLOGRAPHY. JAMES NICOL, late Pro-

fessor of Natural History, University of Aber-

deen,
CUBA. Keith Johnston.
CUCKOO. Alfred NEWTON, Professor of Zoöl.

ogy, etc., University of Cambridge.
CUDWORTH. Prof. R. FLINT, D.D.
CUMBERLAND. H. I. JENKINSON and J. C.

WARD.
CUMBERLAND (BISHOP). Prof. FLINT.
CUMBERLAND (DRAMATIST). A. W. WARE,

Professor of English Literature, Owens College,

Manchester.
CURVE. ARTHUR CAYLEY, LL.D., F.R.S., Sad.

lerian Professor of Mathematics, Cambridge.
CUTTLEFISH. Prof. H. A. NICHOLSON.
CUYP. J. A. Crowe, Author of “ Painting in

Italy."
CYPRUS. E. H. BUNBURY.
CYRUS. Rev. Prof. A. H. SAYCE, Queen's Col-

lege, Oxford.
DACCA. Hon. W. W. HUNTER, LL.D., Director-

General of Indian Statistics.
DAHOMEY. Col. W. K. ELLES, C.B.
DALHOUSIE. GEORGE SMITH, LL.D., Editor of

“ Annals of Indian Administration."
DALLING. CHARLES KENT.
DALTON. F. H. BUTLER.
DAMASCUS. J. L. Porter, D.D., LL.D., Profes-

sor of Biblical Criticism, Belfast.
DANCE. W. C. SMITH, LL.B.
DANIEL. Rev. Prof. CHEYNE.
DANTE. Oscar BROWNING, M.A., Fellow of

King's College, Cambridge.
DANTON. John Morley, M.P.
DARIUS. Rev. Prof. SAYСE.
DAVID. Prof. W. ROBERTSON SMITH, LL.D.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

VOLUME VI.

Capitol, Washington, The....
Clocks (28 Descriptive Cuts).
Coal (Plate I)..
Coal (Plates II to V).
Coal (25 Descriptive Cuts).
Coblentz, Prussia, Plan of..
Cochin, China, Sketch Map of..
Cocoa Tree, Branch of..
Coffee (3 Descriptive Cuts).
Coffer-Dams (3 Descriptive Cuts).
Coke Oven, Coppée's .
Colchester, England, Arms of.
Coleoptera (Plates VI, VII and VIII).
Cologne, Prussia, Descriptive Plan of.
Columbus, Christopher.
Compass Card......
Congleton, England, Arms of.
Conic Sections (51 Diagrams)
Connecticut, Sketch Map of.
Constantinople, Descriptive Map of.
Copenhagen, Denmark, Plan of.
Corals (15 Descriptive Cuts).
Cordova, Spain, Plan of....
Corea, Eastern Asia, Sketch Map of..
Cork, Ireland, Plan of......
Corsica, Mediterranean, Island of.
Costume (52 Descriptive Cuts).
Cotton (14 Descriptive Cuts).
Coventry, England, Arms of.

PAGE

PAOB 240 Crabs (Plate X)..

476-477 13-35 Cracow, Austria, Plan of .

479 48–49 Crete, Mediterranean, Island of.

503 84-85 Cribbage Board..

509 47-72 Cricket-Field, Diagram of..

512 83 Cronstadt, Russia, Sketch Map of.

537 85 Croquet (3 Diagrams)....

538 93 Cross (16 Descriptive Cuts).

541,542 100-103 Crown (16 Descriptive Cuts).

547, 548 104, 105 Crustacea (86 Descriptive Cuts)...

559-590 108 Cuba and Adjacent Islands, Sketch Map of..... 600 113 Curling-Rink, Diagram of.

629 120-121 Curve, Diagrams of..

632,636 .:,. 136 Cuttle-Fish (6 Descriptive Cuts)..

849653 153 Cyprus, Mediterranean, Island of...

659 201, 203 | Dahomey, Africa, Chart of......

674 235

Dairy Farm-steading, Elevation and Plan of... 678 242–254 Dantzic, Prussia, Plan of...

720 255

Darmstadt, Plan of...
272 | Mosque of St. Sophia, Plan of..

273 305 Congressional Library

240 327-342 346

MAPS 347 Colorado ...

144-145 360 Connecticut

256-257 389 Cornwall

376

377 400_424 Cumberland.

616 617 428-442 North Dakota

680 681 470 South Dakota

680-681

[ocr errors]

729

1

« PreviousContinue »