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French, but they did nothing for the allies. As to the offer of free dom, it was well known that a British general could make no political arrangement without an instruction, and he had no such instruction. The original instructions contemplated a case of insurrection, which did not exist, and the case not existing, the instructions had no force. In the meantime came lord Castlereagh's instructions, which positively directed that no definitive arrangement should be entered into, but for Tuscany, and the king of Sardinia's territory, which were the only states to be restored to their old governments. A proof that the Genoese did not consider the arrangement as final, was that they prayed a confirmation of it from Lord Castlereagh. His lordship, in his instructions to Lord W. Bentinck, expressly desired him, if it had been understood by the Genoese that his proclamation pledged this government to the re-establishment of their republic, to explain our real intentions to them; and requested him to avoid alluding to the ancient forın of their government in terms which might cause their disappointment should the future arrangement be different from that form. The Genoese themselves did not consider the provisional government as perinanent, for they sent a representative to the Congress, not merely with a view of remonstrating against an annexation to Piedmont, but to know on what condition they were to be annexed. Such were the principal arguments by which this minister endeavoured to do away the im

pression which the preceding resolutions might have made.

The Earl of Harrowby, in his additional vindication of the transfer of Genoa, said, that in 1797 the Genoese placed themselves under the protection of France, and that in 1805 they sent a formal deputation petitioning that their country might become a part of the French territory: there could not, therefore, be a case in which all the prerogatives of the jus dominii were more strictly applicable. He also quoted Mr. Pitt's opinion, that it was desirable that Genoa should be annexed to Piedmont, as consti tuting by their union the best bulwark that could be establish ed for the defence of the Italian frontier.

The Earl of Liverpool brought to the assistance of his colleagues one argument, which was un doubtedly founded on the real fact. He said, that all that lord W. Bentinck could do was to establish a provisional government, and Great Britain could do no more, since there was a combined concert between her and her allies, and we could not make conquests except in their name. The allies alone could decide the fate of Genoa.

Several lords on the other side spoke in favour of the resolutions, but it was difficult to add any thing to their force. On a division there appeared for the motion 39; against it 111.

The same subject was brought before the House of Commons on April 27th in a motion for similar resolutions, introduced by Sir James Mackintosh which was negatived by 171 votes to 60.

It has been remarked, in the zecount of a former debate, that no doubt could really exist of the determination of government to join with the allies in a war against Buonaparte. This, however, was a measure of such serious consequence, that many hesitated to concur in it without fuller proof of its political necessity; and some felt considerable doubts as to the moral justice of drawing the sword to compel a nation to discard a ruler whom it had with apparent consent adopt ed. Under the impression of these feelings, Mr. Whitbread, on April 28th, rose to make a motion for an address to the Prince Regent. As his speech, and those of the members on each side who joined in the debate, consisted chiefly in the recapitulation of matter already brought into discussion, a very concise account of the result will be here sufficient. The Hon. gentleman began by commenting upon the gross delusion practised on the public by the ministers in taking no notice of the treaty between the allies signed at Vienna, on March 25th, of which they had received an account on April 5th, when the Regent's message was brought down on the 6th, and taken into consideration on the 7th, by which suppression they had held forth the possibility of an alternative between peace and war, whilst in fact they had engaged themselves to the latter. He then made some severe animadversions on the declaration of

the allies, by which one individual was placed out of the pale of civil society, and endeavoured to show that there was neither justice nor policy in making him the object of a war.

He concluded by moving, "That an humble address be presented to the Prince Regent to intreat his Royal Highness, that he will be pleased to take such measures as may be necessary to prevent this country being involved in war on the ground of the executive power being vested in any particular person."

Lord Castlereagh, in opposition to the motion, began with defending the conduct of government with respect to the charge of concealment, by saying, that he was unwilling, by a premature disclosure of a treaty of which the ratifications had not been exchanged, to prevent a re-consideration of the policy to be pursued towards France under the circumstances which had re cently occurred. He then attempted at length to invalidate all the reasons for placing a confidence in Buonaparte's future conduct which had been adduced by the mover, and expressed a decided opinion of the necessity as well as the justice of dispossessing him of power. The debate, in which many members partook, not without considerable asperity, ended in a division, in which the numbers for the motion were 72; against it 273.

CHAPTER

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Mr': Tierney's Motion on the Civil List.-Renewal of the Property Tax.Foreign Slave-trade Bill.-Bill for preventing the illicit Importation of Slaves-Motion for a Committee on the Catholic Question.-Prince Regent's Message concerning the Treaties with the Allied Powers.Lord Castlereagh's Motion respecting Subsidies.

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N-April 14, Mr. Tierney rose to move for an inquiry into the excesses of the civil list. He said, there had been such an enormity in the expenditure in that department, and such an inefficiency in all committees hitherto appointed for an inquiry on the subject, that unless a new one should be nominated with extraordinary powers, there would be an end to every thing like control over the royal expediture. He then stated, that since 1812, parliament had provided, for the purpose of squaring the civil list accounts, the sum of 2,827,000l. In 1819 there was a sort of recognition of the expenditure of a further sum of 124,000l. ; but instead of this excedent, which might be said to be sanctioned by parliament, the actual excedent in the last two years and three quarters had been 321,0001. The total of the sums of the parliamentary estimates, and the excedents connived at by parliament, amounted to 3,299,000l. which was the whole entitled to be expended in two years and three quarters; but the charge during that period was no less than 4,108,000l. being an excess beyond

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the allowance of 809,000l. excess was actually greater, for 100,000l. had been voted to his Royal Highness for an outfit. It appeared therefore that his Royal Highness, in less than two years and three quarters, had expended above 900,000l. beyond his allowance, and that, after being allowed to exceed it by 124,000l. The next point was to show that the civil list, for a length of time, had been in the practice, of a yearly encroachment above the parliamentary allowance. In no one case of an average of years had it been attempted to keep within reasonable bounds. The knowledge of this had generally been kept from parliament till it was become necessary to have the civil list debt paid off; a principal means of effecting which, was the leaving of the droits of admiralty at the disposal of the crown, Three committees had been appointed in different years to inquire into the civil list expenditure, the last of them in 1804, and they all suggested the pro priety of a new estimate, that parliament might know to what extent the liberality of the public could go. In Mr. Pitt's time an estimate

estimate was accordingly made, which stated that 979,000l. in addition to the relief afforded to the civil list, by taking 83,000l. from it to other departments, would prevent the necessity of any further recurrence to parliament. It was said that this estimate fell short of the charge; but how this happened to be the case, was left in the dark, and inust continue to be so till the appointment of a committee with additional powers.

- Mr. T. then went through a variety of statements of expenditure deduced from the accounts -before the House, with remarks →upon them, tending to shew the profusion and extravagance which prevailed in different departments. It was obvious, he said, either that there was some person who gave bad advice to the Prince Regent, or at least some person who ab--stained from giving good advice; for it was impossible not to believe that his Royal Highness was kept in the dark upon these subjects. He concluded by moving, "That a select committee be appointed to take into consideration the acCount presented to the House upon the 20th of March last by Mr. Arbuthnot, by the command of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, relating to his Majesty's civil list, and to examine the said account, and report the same as it shall appear to them, together with their observations thereupon, to the House; and that the said committee have power to send for persons, papers, and records.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, that if the Right Honourable Gentleman had omitted the latter clause of Ins motion, he should

have given it his approbation, as it was but anticipating his own intention; but in his opinion no case had been made out to warrant giving powers to a committee never before granted upon the subject of the immediate revenues of the crown. By taking too narrow a view of the accounts upon the table, he had presented thein in a fallacious light, and had drawn unfair conclusions. The Chancellor then went into a short review of the accounts, and particularly considered the expenditure since 1811, which had been charged with peculiar extravagance. He said, that in this period, Parliament had thrown several burdens upon the civil list for political purposes, and for the establishment at Windsor, which made a great part of the apparent augmentation. The attention of the House had especially been drawn to the three quarters from April, 1814, to January, 1815, which was taking the most unfavourable portion of the year, as it included all the charges for the reception of the Royal Visitors. branch of the civil list expenditure, was that of the occasional payments, chiefly relating to diplomatic expenses, which he thought ought to be provided for by a distinct grant, as forming no part of the expenditure of the King's household. On the whole, he allowed that it was proper, for the purpose of inquiring into the propriety of some alteration of the plan of the civil list expenditure, as well as into the reason of the excess in the last year's expense, that a committee should be appointed, but he saw no necessity for arming it with extraordinary

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ordinary powers. He therefore moved as an amendment the omission of the latter clause of Mr. Tierney's motion.

The remainder of the debate, in which several members on each side took a part, turned upon the propriety of giving these powers to a committee; they who supported the original motion contending, that without them the committee would prove as ineffectual as all others had been; while the opposers spoke of such an inquisition as indelicate and disrespectful to the crown, and endeavoured to lighten some of the charges which had been brought of extravagance in the expenditure. That however a strong impression had been made by the statements produced, was manifest on the division, when the amendment of the Chancellor of the Exchequer was carried by no greater majority than 127 to 94.

Mr. Tierney determined upon making another effort for the same purpose. A select committee having been appointed for examining into the state of the civil list, he rose, on May the 8th, in order to make a motion on the subject. He said, that he had made two suggestions to the committee; 1. that the great object ought to be to examine in what way the enormous expenditure of the civil list had been superintended; 2. that the committee ought to give to the House some detailed estimates, in order to ascertain what reasonable bounds ought to be put to the expenditure for the royal family. To the first of these, the committee had fully consented with the last they only complied in part, being of opinion,

that such conduct would be indecorous in the committee; but they recommended that a motion for the purpose should be made in the House. The right hon. gen tleman then entered into a state. ment of particulars of the accounts in the Lord Chamberlain's deparîment, in order to shew the vast and growing increase of expen-. diture, which made a particularinquiry necessary; and he cons cluded with moving, That the select committee appointed to take into consideration the account presented to the House on the 20thq of last March by command of the Prince Regent, have power to send for Mr. T. B. Mash, of the Lord Chamberlain's office.

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Lord Castlereagh first spoke in reply, and endeavoured to shew, that there was no necessity to deviate from "the respectful course which had always been adopted towards the crown." For this purpose he gave explanations of various articles which had been adduced by the mover.

Mr. Rose confessed that in all former applications respecting the civil list, the accounts had been furnished in such a way as to throw no light whatever on the subject; but he said that at present such minute details had been given, that every one might judge of its state without examining witnesses, viva voce.

After several other members had spoken, and Mr. Tierney had. made his answer, the House di-x.; yided, when the motion was negatived by 175 against 119; the minority being not only considerable in number, but highly re spectable in weight and character.

The report of the select com

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