Page images


( ber navy: or, supposing any ar- were not to suppose the act of Tangements to be made by her 1813 would not yet furnish fresh with the continental powers, that resources from the fond in the expense now incurred for our ar- hands of the commissioners for mies would cease, and the sup- redeeming the national debt.plies at present demanded for Though when all the grants of them could be applied to the ser- the present session were passed, vice of our navy : so that he con- but 9 or 10 millions would remain ceived no prospect of the war be- in their hands ; in the next year ing continued at the present great there would, by the progress of expense. Up to the year 1814, a redemption, be found in their care provision had been made for one from 20 to 30 millions of stock. hundred and forty thousand sea- We had raised by loans in the

These were reduced in the present year, no less a sum than last year to 70,000: but this, in- 45,500,0001. The House would stead of a diminution, had caused consider the prospect before us less a great additional expense, as the gloomy than it might otherwise numberof persons returning from appear when he stated that it was long voyages and claiming the ar- probable, that in the next year the rears due to them, had made loan required would not exceed larger disbursements necessary 20 millions, and from 20 to 30 than were called for at any period millions of stock would be appliof the war. This burthen could cable in the hands of the commisnot continue ; and he thought he sioners. But what had induced was not too sanguine, when he ministers to prefer having relooked for a diminution in the course to a public loan, rather naval estimates for the next year, than to a more onerous, though a to the amount of four or five mil- more prudent and certain mode lions, including the transport ser- of meeting the exigencies of the vice. The reduction upon the case, was this—they had reason to whole, even if the war should con- hope the contest might be short. tinue, night therefore, in another In whatever light the subject was year, be not less than four or five viewed, whether we supposed the and twenty millions. He believed government of Buonaparte was that in every stage of the late war, only established over France by this question had constantly been the domineering power of a muasked, “ How shall we go on tinous army, or whether it was next year?" The general answer assumed that he was invested with to this had been, that the spirit the sovereign authority by the and resources of the nation would suffrages of the nation at large in still furnish the means for prose- the present instance, it could not cuting the contest, if it should be affect the measures which it had necessary. This answer,

he become necessary for England to thought, might suffixe on the pre- adopt. Placed in that situation sent occasion ; but it was happily which we occupied, and deeply in his power to give one more pledged in respect both of honour distinct and specific. The House and of interest to support at any hazard the system upon which the on the constitution he so recently peace of Europe had been restored, pretended to establish. Such a we could not but join with the power must be combated. It must confederated powers to give France find its end in internal discord or encouragement to declare herself, by external force, or it would neand to enable the royal party to ver rest satisfied till its military struggle for the liberty of their domination extended over the country before its present chief whole of Europe. He would not should be in possession of its however suffer himself to be led whole resources. How far the into the discussion of topics, hoirenterprise might succeed, he could ever interesting and important, not say. But hearing as he did, which were not immediately un. in many parts of France; mur- der the consideration of the commurs half suppressed, and seeing mittee, and was not aware that he in others open hostilities against had omitted to state any thing the ruling power, he could not necessarily connected with the bu. but cherish a belief that the real siness of this evening; but he supporters of Buonaparte were should hold himself ready to offer very few indeed, beyond the li- any further explanation which mits of the army, which had been might be required by the comaccustomed to live under his ban- mittee. He then moved his first ners. But supposing, for the resolution, which was, “That, misery of mankind, and most of towards raising the Supply grantall for that of France, that, car- ed to his Majesty, the sum of 36 ried away by her lust for military millions be raised by Annuities, triumphs, she should prefer a war- whereof the charges of 27 millions like chief to lead her armies to are to be defrayed on the part of the conquest of Europe, and that Great Britain, and 9 inillions on for such a character, she had de- the part of Ireland.” liberately rejected a mild and mo- After some remarks by Mr. derate government, terrible as it Tierney, the resolutions proposed might be to combat the whole by the Chancellor of the Exchestrength of France embodied un- quer were put, and carried. der such a leader, such a consi. Irish Budget.-On June 16th, deration would make litile differ- the House being in a Committee ence with respect to the measures of Ways and Means, that onght to be pursued. Greater Mr. Vesey Fitzgerald (the Chanmeans ought, in fact, to be put cellor of thelrish Exchequer) rose forth, and more intense energy and spoke to the following effect : exerted to crush a government, in It is to-night, Sir, my duty to its nature inimical to all other submit to this committee the governments. He was unwilling amount of the supply which Ireto believe that France had acted land is required to provide for the such a part; that she had rejected service of this year, and the ways the sway of a moderate and legal and means by which I propose to Prince, for one who ruled without make the provision which is ne law, and who even now trampled cessary; and I cannot lament that



on more than one occasion in this tuation ; and if, in the extent and House, and in another place, . magnitude of her contribution to where an inquiry into the state of the general expenditure of the the finances of Ireland was gone empire, the sacrifices she has into, the attention of gentlemen been called upon to make are has been turned to the revenue great, it must be remembered, of that country and the state of that there are heavy burthens its resources ; since so much of which have hitherto not been imwhat else it would have been my posed on her, though every other duty to otser to the consideration part of the United Kingdom eheerof the committee, has been anti- fully endures them. Let us not cipated by those discussions. In forget, too, that great as the sathe statement which I have to crifices may be for which we are bring before you, it will be seen, cailed on now, or which may be that however the pressure of the required hereafter, they are the present moment may be felt by price that Ireland pays for her England, however great and un- peace and for her strength, for exampled the demands on her her security and for her glory. may be, as represented by my The right hon. gentleman proright hon. friend the Chancellor ceeded to state, that he should of the Exchequer of England on submit to the committee as disa former evening, I have, standtinctly as he could, the amount of ing here on the part of Ireland, a the supply, and the ways and duty comparatively more arduous means which he proposed to meet to discharge. Ireland has been it, as well as the provision for the called upon, in the last two scs- interest of that loan, which, consions of Parliament, to furnish a jointly with the British loan, had supply, and consequent ways and been contracted for in this counmeans larger than have ever heen try, and of which the terms had made before. Taxes have been already received all the sanction laid on to an extent which that which, up to this time, they could country, I fear, was little prepar- have received. He should first ed to expect; and we have now state the estimated quota of conto provide still greater supplies, tribution of the year 1815, at and by imposts exceeding those 10,574,2151. The interest and of the preceding years, great as sinking fund on the present debt, was the exigencies of those times. 6,098,1491. making the total supHow the present charge had been plies 16,672,3641

. The state of the aggravated, my right hon. friend consolidated fund was, balance in has sufficiently explained. The the exchequer on the 5th Jaliquidation of the arrears of the nuary 1815, 1,689,2521., remainlate war, has, indeed, swelled that ing of the Irish loan of 1814, charge verv considerably beyond 392,500%; remaining of the the expenditure of any single Loan raised in England in 1914, year It renains for me, how- 3,652,3331. making a total of ever, to perform my duty. I trust 5,861,1631. But from this he that Ireland will not be found un- had to deduct, first, the equal to the difficulties of her si. rears of contribution for 1813,


[ocr errors]

1,794,3301.; the same for 1814, above in Irish currency, and the 3,294,300l. exclusive of exceed committee would observe that ings of army extraordinaries ap- there was an excess of Ways plicable to 1814, and supplied this and Means above the Supply of year ; there was also to be de- 171,000l. ducted the principal of outstand- The Right Hon. Gentleman ing treasury bills and lottery prizes then gave a detail of the proposed 282,2401. and for votes of parlia- taxes, of which he made the fol ment which remained undischarg- lowing recapitulation. He estia ed, appropriated to inland naviga- mated the tions and public buildings in Ireland, 57,4381. making the whole Duties on Tobacco, Cusarrear due by the consolidated toms, and Excise £140,000 fund, 5,175,3581.; leaving a net Malt

150,000 surplus of the consolidated fund Assessed Taxes

180,000 of Ireland on the 5th January last, Silk and Hops

15,000 of 688,8071.


45,000 Having thus stated the supply, Spirit-duty

110,000 he should proceed to state the Regulations by increasWays and Means. He should first ed charges

120,000 take the surplus of the consolidated fund as made out above, Making a Total of 760,000 at

£688,807 The Produce of the

British, equal to 823,3331, Irish, Revenue he should

to cover a charge of 727,350l., estimate at. 6,100,000 which the interest and sinking The Profits on Lotte

fund alone had created. ries, one half of

Having submitted to the com• what had been com

mittee this detailed explanation of puted for Great Bri

the Ways and Means, the right tain

125,000 hon. gentleman alluded shortly to Re-payment of Sums

the produce of the revenues of the advanced by Ireland

former years. The net produce for Naval and Mi

in the year ending the litary Services - 100,000 2-17ths of Old Naval

5th Jan. 1812, Stores, 15 - 17ths

• £4,421,035 having been taken

5th Jan. 1813 4,975,000 credit for by Eng

5th Jan. 1814 5,140,000 land

90,305 And 5th Jan. 1815 5,627,000 Loan raised in England for the ser

being an increase of revenue in vice of Ireland,

four years of 1,400,0001.; and he 9,000,000 British 9,750,000 had to remark, that

of the

taxes of last year, only one Making a Total of

half of the produce had been Ways and Means £16,854,112 brought into this account. The He stated the whole of the diminution of the custom duties


[ocr errors]

in the last year, he had explained paid into the exchequer above the on a previous occasion. It had payment of the foregoing year. not arisen on any of those articles Since the Union, the increase of upon which the increased duties the revenues in Ireland had been had been imposed. The internal 41,633,0001.; the total produce duties, namely, the excise and as having been in the fourteen years sessed taxes, for which he might to 1801, 29,612,000l.; in fourbe deemed in sone degree respon- teen years to 1815, 70,245,0001, sible, (the produce depending so He concluded his speech amidst much on their management and the general cheers of the House, collection), had never been so and the resolutions were agreed productive as last year—the sum to without opposition. of nearly 900,000!. having been

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »