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CHAPTER V.

Additional Grant to the Duke of Wellington: Thanks to him, and to

Marshal Blucher, and the Armies.- Motion for a National Monument of the Victory at Waterloo.Message respecting the Duke of Cumberland's Marriage, and debates.Repeal of the Assize of Bread Laws in Londoa. Financial Acts.-Speech of the Prince Regent on the Prorogation of Parliament.

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UT few of the remaining pro- Prince Regent, that he would be

ceedings in parliament were pleased to give directions for of sufficient importance to require erecting a National Monument in notice.

honour of the victory at WaterThe glorious victory of Water- loo, and in commemoration of loo produced a message to both those who gloriously fell in achievhouses from the Prince Regent ing it, the same was unanimously on June 22d, recommending to agreed to. them “ to enable his Royal High- The arrival of his Royal Highness to grant such additional pro- ness the Duke of Cumberland, vision to Field-marshal the Duke with his spouse the Princess of of Wellington as shall afford a Salms, for the purpose of repeatfurther proof of the opinion en- ing the marriage ceremony in this tertained by Parliament of the country, is recorded in our ChroDuke of Wellington's transcend- nicle for the month of June. On ant services, and of the gratitude the 27th of that month a message and munificence of the British from the Prince Regent was renation.” Parliament, never back- ceived by both Houses of ParliaWard at such a call, unanimously ment, informing them “ that a concurred in a vote for add- marriage, to which the consent of ing the sum of 200,0001. to the hisRoyal Highness was duly given, former liberal grants by which its had been solemnized between his sense of his extraordinary merits brother the Duke of Cumberland, had been demonstrated. The and a daughter of the reigning thanks of both Houses were after. Duke of Mecklenburgh Strelitz. wards voted to the Duke of Wel- niece to her Majesty the Queen of lington, and to many officers of dis. the united kingdom of Great Britinction in his army, and to Mar- tain and Ireland, and relict of shal Prince Blucher, the Prus- the Prince Salms Braunfels." The sian army, and the allied troops message further expressed a conunder the Duke's command. A fidence of the readiness of Parliamotion being afterwards made in ment to enable his Royal Highness the House of Commons by Lord to make such provision for their Castlereagh for an address to the Royal Highnesses on this occasion

as their rank and station inight ther the Queen had not strongly appear to require.

expressed herself on the improThis message being taken into priety of the Duke of Cumberconsideration on the following day land's marriage with this prinby the House of Lords, the Earl cess, after her professed union of Liverpool stated, that the pro- with the Duke of Cambridge had vision intended to be made was been obviated. an addition of 60001. a year to the This attack on the persons of Duke's income, and a jointure to the royal pair was followed up in the same amount to the Duchess, the speeches of other members, if she should be the survivor. A notwithstanding the regret excorresponding address to the Re- pressed by Lord Castler eagh at the gent was agreed upon without turn which the debate had taken. opposition.

To the observation respecting the In the House of Commons the secrecy with which the marriage subject was introduced by Lord had been conducted, he affirmed Castlereagh, who, in the introduc- that it had, on the contrary, been tory speech to his motion, said attended with all possible publithat he could not conceive any city, the duke and duchess having grounds on which it was likely to been married at Berlin in the prebe opposed. Having then stated sence of the king of Prussia and the fact of the marriage, he mov- several members of the house of ed for the grant of a provision to Mecklenburg. The question being the royal pair to the amount at length called for, the House abore-mentioned.

divided, when there appeared for The motion was opposed by the motion 87, against it 70. Mr. Whitshed Keene and Sir M. The report of the committee W. Ridley on the ground of its with respect to the grant to the being unnecessary to lay an addi- DukeofCumberland being brought tional burden on the public for up on the 29th, and a motion augmenting the income of a made for reading a second time branch of the royal family already the resolution in its favour, Mr. adequately provided for. Mr. R. Gordon rose to oppose it, and Bennet took a different view of maintained, contrary to the asserthe subject.

He said, and ap- tion of the above noble lord, that pealed to the public voice for the it was the duty of the House to truth of his assertion, that of all consider the question as a perthe branches of the royal family, sonal one, and to inquire whee the Duke of Cumberland was the ther the Duke of Cumberland had one to whom the public feeling rendered ny services to his counwould be the least inclined to try which could entitle him to the grant any pecuniary boon. He grant. In conclusion he moved asked whether a marriage be- to defer the second reading to tween the princess of Salms and that day three months. A furanother member of the royal ther debate was then entered into, family had not been projected, which the ministerial party in and broken off in co'isequence of vain atteinpted to terminate hy certain circumstances; and whe- thc cry of question, repcated as

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each member rose to speak. Mr. ing was carried only by the maW. Smith said that he apprehend- jority of 100 to 92. ed that the marriage of the The final decision took place on Duke of Cumberland was disa- July 3d, upon the motion of the greeable to the Royal Family, and second reading of the bill. On that it was reported that his new this occasion Mr. Wilberforce connection would not be received viewed the question as having a at court, and he wished to ask reference to the public morals. whether this were the fact. Mr. He said that the various rumours Tierney having repeated the ques. afloat respecting the person withı tion, Lord Castlereagh said that he whom the connection was formed should abstain from answering in this marriage, was a strong any interrogatories tending to vi- corroboration of the report that lify the Royal Family, and that he she would not be received by the did not think the right hon. gen- Queen. Ile conceived that Partleman had a right to put such liament was called upon to exerquestions. Mr. T. however per- cise a sound discretion on the sisted, and asked whether her subject before them; and if in Majesty had not declared that she expressing its opinion any pain 'would not receive the Duchess of was inflicted, the blame was attriCumberland at court; and whe- butable to those only who had ther she had not decidedly disap- brought the measure forward. proved of a proposed marriage The llouse ought to withhold its between the Princess of Salms sanction to the connection, if it and the Duke of Cambridge? were such as the Queen refused to These questions receiving no re- approve, which refusal they were ply, the house first divided on the justified in inferring. amendment, which was rejected Mr. W'estern having moved for by 74 to 62. A motion for bring- deferring the reading to that day ing a bill conformably to the re- six months, his amendment was solution was then carried by 75 carried by the majority of one ; to 62.

the numbers being yeas 126, noes The bill being presented on the 125. Thus terminated a discus30th by the Chancellor of the Ex- sion which will be memorable in chequer, and the first reading parliamentary history, as one of moved for, the opposition was re- those examples of the preponde'sumed by Lord Archibald Hamilton rating influence of moral estimate on the ground of the uncontra- in the British House of Commons, dicted report of the Queen's los- which, whenerer they occur, cantility to the marriage; and Mr. not but be regarded as highly hoBurrel, who followed, moved an nourable to the national character. amendment for rending the bill The high price of bread for on that day three months. It now some years past had produced appeared that the question had considerable research into the taken a strong hold on the public causes of a circumstance which feelings; for, in a much fuller pressed hard upon the lower house than before, the first read- ranks of society, and a coinmittee

had

had been appointed by the House agitate the public by asserting, of Commons for inquiring into that if wheat were at 80 shillings the state of the existing laws bread must be sold at 16 pence the which regulate the manufacture quartern loaf; in which case a and sale of bread. Its report quantity of wheat sold at 8.4 having been printed, Mr. Frank- would in bread produce £.7 146. lind Lexis, on June 22d, called In fact, it mattered nothing to the attention of the House to the the baker at what price flour was subject. He said, that it was the sold according to the existing law, opinion of the committee, that because that price settled the the operation of the assize laws price of the loaf, and it might tended rather to increase than to easily be arranged between the diminish the price of bread, an mealman and the baker, the latefect which might be proved ei- ter being, in general, the agent ther by comparing the price of of the former, from whom he bread with that of wheat, by com- took his meal at long credit, and paring its price in those places yet the price settleil upon such where the assize prevailed with credit was the standard by which that where it did not exist, or by the price of bread was fixed. The considering the natural conse- evil was inherent in the law, and quences of the laws. After ad- no alteration in the mode of fixducing a number of facts in proofing the assize could remedy it. of these positions, he moved for He admitted that the proposed leare to bring in a bill “ to re- bill was only an experiment, but peal the laws relating to the as- he was anxious that the trial size of brea:) in the city of Lon- should be made with as little dedon, and within ten miles of the lay as possible. The bill was Royal Exchange," which was then committed for Friday next. Tanted.

In the progress of the bill a peOn the motion for its second tition was delivered in its favour, reading on the 27th, Mr. Alder- signed by Soo master bakers, and man Atkins cautioned the House at the same time another was preagainst overturning a systein sented against it from the maswhich had stood the test of 700 ter and wardens of the baker's years. The principle of these company. Mr. F. Lewis explained laus, he thought, was unobjec- this contradiction by affirming, tionable, although the mode of that scarcely a person whose name taking the assize was imperfect, appeared to the latter petition was and required modification. Mr. a baker, but that they were chiefly F. Leuis, in reply, affirmed that mealmen and flour-factors. Durfrom the evidence produced be- ing the farther discussion, it was fore the committee it appeared agreed that its operation should that no modification of the law commence on the first of Septemwould answer the purpose. As ber next. On July 5th it was read an argumentum ad hominem, he the third time, and it afterwards said that the hon. alderman was passed into a law. among those who, some time By the provisions of this bill since, contributed so much to the bakers were still bound under

penalties penalties to allow the same weight of the allied arms, but had left a as formerly to loaves of the same state of affairs in which it was nedenomination, but the price was cessary that there should be no left to free competition, as in the relaxation in our exertions till case of all other articles of com- those arrangements were common sale.

pleted which should afford the Some farther financial acts were prospect of permanent peace and passed before the conclusion of security to Europe. The restothe session; among which were ration of the kingdom of Naples two bills imposing very large ad- to its ancient sovereign, the reditions to the tax on stamps in ception of the king of France in law proceedings, and every other his capital, and the renewal of case in which stamps had been peace with the United States of rendered necessary; and a bill America, followed by a negociafor a vote of credit of six millions, tion for a commercial treaty, were to enable his Majesty to take such mentioned with satisfaction ; and measures as the exigency of af- Parliament was informed that the fairs might require,

labours of the congress at Vienna On July 11th the Prince Re- were terminated by the signature gent prorogued Parliament by a of a treaty, the ratifications of speech from the throne. Its sub- which not having been yet exstance was a brief recapitulation changed, it could not be at preof the extraordinary events which sent communicated. Entire sihad occurred since the commence- lence was observed with respeet ment of the year, and which had to all domestic occurrences. terninated so much to the glory

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