Page images
PDF
EPUB
[blocks in formation]

It is remarkable that, among all the branches of history, religious, political, social, literary, and scientific, which have from time to time obtained such numerous and such able exponents, the history of the Oracles of God, until the publication of the first edition of this Work, remained unwritten, at least in the form of an unbroken and complete narrative. The materials for such a work had, it is true, been accumulating from century to century; and fragmentary portions of this history enter into the composition of many profound and learned treatises; while facts and incidents connected with the subject or illustrative of it have been supplied even to profusion by writers of almost every age, creed, and nation. But that mass of information remained as yet unavailable to the generality of readers. The “ BIBLE OF EVERY LAND,” then, for the first time brought together from all sources, ancient and modern, the many details bearing on that history which above all others involves the temporal and eternal interests of mankind, and thus produced a clear and condensed account of the means by which the Scriptures were transmitted from generation to generation. It investigated the circumstances under which they have been translated into the principal languages of every land ;—and the agencies by which copies of the inspired writings in these

;languages have been multiplied and dispersed among the nations, tribes, and kindreds of the earth.

In the preparation of this new and enlarged edition these investigations have been pursued, and the greatest care has been taken to furnish the latest accessible information on every point.

The Arrangement of the whole work is in strict conformity with the latest discoveries in ethnology. For, although the Editors have not departed from the one great object of displaying in these pages, the history of the Holy Scriptures, they have carefully reviewed the origin and condition of the nations to which special versions have been given, as well as the distinguishing characteristics of the languages into which the Divine Oracles have been transferred.

The elements of these languages, the stock or stocks from which they sprang, and their affiliation with other languages, have been examined more or less in detail; and the singular precision with which all languages range themselves, according to the order of their mutual affinities, into classes, families, and subdivisions, is exhibited by means of Tables of Classification, perhaps the first of the kind compiled in our language.

The “BIBLE OF EVERY LAND” has thus in some degree assumed the character of an ethnological manual, and as such it may possibly prove a stepping-stone to those who desire to pass from the study of two or three isolated languages to the enlarged consideration of Language in general, and of the laws upon which all languages are constructed. Such investigations, if laboriously, patiently, and honestly conducted, can lead to but one result. For the affinities by which families and even classes of languages are linked together are so close and intimate, that the more deeply they are examined, the more profound becomes our conviction of the truth of the theory respecting the original unity of language.

This volume is illustrated by Specimen Portions of all the extant and attainable versions of the Scriptures, printed in their own proper characters.

The Maps to the several sections of the work exhibit the geographical location and extent of each language, and likewise show how far the divine light of the Holy Scriptures in the vernacular languages of the natives, shines over the world.

A very interesting feature of the present Work will be found in the conclusions which have been drawn from the mass of missionary and epistolary evidence respecting the effects which may have followed the perusal of existing versions of the Scriptures. All reasonings on this subject, however, even with the most ample opportunities of forming a correct judgment, can at best be but approximations towards the truth. Known only to God is the number of His spiritual worshippers. The Word of God is still quick and powerful, in every tongue and among every nation, and it cannot return unto Him void : therefore let us “in the morning sow our seed, and in the evening withhold not our hand.” The question · which shall prosper, this or that,'or whether they shall both be alike good,' is one of the secret things which belong unto the Lord most High.

The Publishers would fain express their deep obligation to the numerous friends who have taken part in the preparation of this laborious work, were such an enumeration suitable; but they cannot refrain from recording the particular value of the aid afforded by His Highness Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, by the British and Foreign Bible Society, the American Bible Society, and the Missionary Societies of this country and of America; also by the Rev. S. C. Malan, M. A., and by William Hughes, Esq., F.R.G.S.

6

London, 15, Paternoster Row, 1860.

[blocks in formation]

THE SCRIPTURES, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, HAVE BEEN TRANSLATED.

INDO-EUROPEAN,

CLASS III

MEDO-PERSIAN FAMILY.

Celtic FAMILY. Welsh, 151. Gaelic, 158. Irish, 160. Manks, 166. Cornish, 169. Breton or Armorican, 170.

Persian, 64.
Judeo-Persian, 71.
Pushtoo or Affghan, 72.
Beloochee or Bulochee, 74.
Ancient Armenian, 75.
Modern Armenian, 75.
Ararat-Armenian, 75.
Kurdish, 82.

Armeno, 82.

Hakari, 84. Ossitinian, 84.

SANSCRIT FAMILY.

TEUTONIC FAMILY.
Gothic, 174.
Alemannic or Old High
German, 178.

Dialects, 179. German, 181.

Dialects, 185. Jewish-German, 186. Judeo-Polish, 188. Old Saxon, 189. Anglo-Saxon, 191. English, 196. Flemish, 205. Dutch, 208. Surinam NegroEnglish, 212. Creolese, 211. Norse or Icelandic, 214. Danish, 217. Swedish, 222. Faroese, 226.

Sanscrit, 86.
Pali, 91.
Hindustani or Urdu, 94.
Hinduwee, 100.
Bruj or Brij-bhasa, 103.
Canoj or Canyacubja, 104.
Kousulu or Koshala, 104.
Bhojepoora, 104.
Hurriana, 105.
Bundelcundee, 105.
Bughelcundee, 105.
Harrotee, 106.
Oojein or Oujjuyunee, 107.
Oodeypoora, 107.

NOTE.-THE NAMES OF LANGUAGES IN WHICH VERSIONS OF SCRIPTURE HAVE BEEN CONTEMPLATED OR PROJECTED, BUT NEVER

COMPLETED OR CIRCULATED, ARE PRINTED IN ITALICS.

MONOSYLLABIC.

CLASS I.
Chinese, 1.
Burmese, 7.
Arakanese or Rukheng, 10.
Peguese, Talain, or Mon, 11.
Siamese, 12.
Laos or Lau, 14.
Cambojan, 15.
Anamite, 15.
Karen, 15.
Munipoora, 16.
Khassee, 17.
Tibetan, 20.
Lepcha, 21.

Marwar, 107.
Juyapoora, 108.
Shehawutty, 108.
Bikaneera, 108.
Buttaneer, 108.
Bengalee, 109.
Magadha, 114.
Tirhitiya or Mithili, 114.
Assamese, 115.
Uriya or Orissa, 116.
Cutchee or Catchee, 117.
Sindhee, 117.
Moultan, Wuch, or

Ooch, 118.
Punjabee or Sikh, 118.
Dogura or Jumboo, 120.
Cashmerian, 120.
Nepalese or Khaspoora, 121.
Palpa, 122.
Kumaon, 123.
Gurwhal or Schreen-

SHEMITIC,

CLASS II.
Hebrew, Old Test., 22.
Hebrew, New Test., 29.
Samaritan, 35.
Chaldee, 39.
Syriac, 41.
Syro-Chaldaic, 45.
Modern Syriac, 45.
Arabic, 48.
Judeo-Arabic, 52.
Maltese, 53.
Mogrebin or W. Arabic, 55.
Carshun, 56.
Ethiopic, 57.
Tigré, 60.
Amharic, 61.

agur, 123,

Gujerattee, 123.
Mahratta, 126.
Kunkuna, 129.
Rommany or Gipsy, 130.
Tamul or Tamil, 133.
Telinga or Teloogoo, 138.
Karnata or Canarese, 141.
Tulu, 144.
Malayalim, 145.
Cir lese, 147.
Maldivian, 150.

GRECO-Latin Family.

Ancient Greek, 227. Modern Greek, 241. Latin, 245.

Aleutian, 358. Corean, 359.

Isubu, 419. Fernandian, 420. Mpongwe, 421. Sechuana, 423. Sisuta, 425. Caffre, 426. Zulu, 429. Namaqua, 430. Galla, 432. Kisuaheli, 434. Kikamba, 435. Kinika, 435.

AMERICAN,

CLASS VII.

POLYNESIAN OR
MALAYAN.

CLASS V.
Malayan, 360.
Low Malay, 367.
Formosan, 368.
Javanese, 369.
Dajak, 371.
Bima, 372.
Batta, 373.
Bugis, 374.
Macassar, 374.
Hawaiian, 375.
Tahitian, 376.
Rarotongan, 378.
Marquesan, 380.
Tongan, 381.
New Zealand or Maori, 383.
Malagasse, 386.
Samoan, 388.
Feejeean, 390.
Aneiteum, 392.
Lifu, and Nengoné, 394.
Australian, 395.

AFRICAN.

CLASS VI.

Esquimaux, 438.
Greenlandish, 441.
Virginian, 444.
Massachusett Indian, 444.
Mohegan, 444.
Delaware, 447.
Cree, 448.
Chippeway, 450.
Ojibway, 453.
Ottawa, 453.
Pottawattomie, 454.
Micmac, 454.
Abenaqui, 455.
Shawanoe, 455.
Mohawk, 456.
Seneca, 458.
Cherokee, 459.
Chocktaw, 461.
Dacota or Sioux, 463.
Iowa, 464.
Pawnee, 464.
Mexican, 465.
Otomi, 467.
Terasco, 467.
Misteco, 467.
Zapoteca, 467.
Mayan, 468.
Mosquito, 469.
Peruvian or Quichua, 470.
Aimara, 471.
Guarani, 472.
Brazilian, 472.
Karif or Carib, 473.
Arawack, 474.

Coptic, 397. Sahidic, 401. Bashmuric, 402. Berber, 403. Ghadamsi, 405. Mandingo, 406. Jalloof, 407. Susoo, 408. Bullom, 409. Sherbro-Bullom, 410. Yarriba or Yoruba, 411. Haussa, 412. Timmanee, 413. Bassa, 414. Grebo, 414. Accra, 415. Fantee, 416. Ashantee or Odjii, 417. Dualla, 418.

Finnish FAMILY.

French, 254.
Spanish, 261.
Portuguese, 271.
Indo-Portuguese, 275.
Italian, 277.
Daco-Romana or Wal-

lachian, 279.
Provençal or Romaunt, 281.
Vaudois, 284.
Piedmontese, 286.
Romanese or Romonsch, or

Upper and Lower

Enghadine, 287.
Catalan, 265.
Judeo-Spanish, 267.
Curaçoa, 270.
Dialect of Toulouse, 283.

Finnish Proper, 319.
Lapponese, 322.
Quänian or Norwegian

Laplandish, 324.
Hungarian, 325.
Karelian, 328.
Olonetzian, 328.
Dorpat Esthonian, 329.
Reval Esthonian, 330.
Tscheremissian, 331.
Mordvinian or Mor-

duin, 331.
Zirian or Sirenian, 332.
Wogulian, 332.
Ostiacan or Ostjakian, 332.
Wotagian or Wotjakian,333.

THRACO-ILLYRIAN

FAMILY.

TUNGUSIAN Family.
Mantchou, 334.
Tungusian Proper, 336.

Albanian, 289.

SCLAVONIC FAMILY.

MONGOLIAN FAMILY.
Mongolian Proper, 337.
Calmuc, 338.
Buriat, 339.

Sclavonic, 291.
Russ, 295.
Polish, 298.
Bohemian, 300.
Servian, 302.
Croatian or Dalmatian-

Servian, 304.
Carniolan, 305.
Bosnian, 306.
Slovakian, 306.
Bulgarian, 307.
Wendish, Upper, 308.
Wendish, Lower, 308.
Wendish, Hungarian, 310.
Lettish or Livonian, 310.
Lithuanian, 312.
Samogitian, 313.

Turkish FAMILY.
Turkish, 341.
Karass or Turkish

Tartar, 347.
Orenburg-Tartar, 349.
Karaite-Tartar, 350.
Tschuwaschian, 351.
Trans-Caucasian Tar-

tar, 352.

CAUCASIAN FAMILY.
Georgian, 353.

SAMOIEDE FAMILY.

UCRO-TARTARIAN.

Samoiede, 355.

CLASS IV.

EUSKARIAN FAMILY.

French Basque, 314.
Spanish Basque or

Escuara, 318.

DIALECTS OF THE Is-
LANDS OF EASTERN Asia,

AND OF COREA.
Japanese, 356.
Loochooan, 357.

!

[blocks in formation]

Greenlandish, 1822 443 Gujerattee (plate iv.) 123

[ocr errors]

AROESE

226 Feejeean

390 Fernandian.

420 Finnish

319 Flemish

205 French

254 Le Fevre's Version 256 Olivetan's

256 Geneva

256 De Sacy's

257 Ostervald's

257 Swiss

257 Normandian

259 Burgundian

260 French Basque

314

ACCRA

415 Adiyah

346 Affghan

72 Aimara

471 Albanian

289 Alemannic

178 Amharic

61 Ancient Greek 227 Anglo-Saxon

191 Northumbrian. 195 Aneiteum

Chippeway

450 Chocktaw

461 Cingalese (plate v.) 147 Coptic

397 Cornish

169 Cree

448 Syllabic

449 Creolese.

211 Croatian, or Dalmatian Servian

304 Curaçoa.

270 Cutchee or Catchee

(plate iv.) 117 Daco-Romana or

Wallachian (pl. v.) 279 Dacota or Sioux 463 Dajak

371 Danish

217 Delaware

447 Dorpat Esthonian 329 Dualla

418 Dutch

208

[ocr errors]

HAKARI (plate 111.) 84 Harrotee

106 Hawaiian

375 Hebrew

22 New Test., Green

field's Version 29 Society's

29 Hindustani

94 In the Devanagari character

95 In Roman

96 Hinduwee

100 Hungarian

325 Wendish 310

[ocr errors]

.

.

.

.

:

ICELANDIC

214 Indo-Portuguese 275 Irish:

In Irish character 160
In Roman

160 Munster

161 Isubu

419 Italian :

Malermi's Version 277
Diodati's

277 Martini's

277

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

GAELIC

158 Galla

432 Georgian: (pl. vii.) 353

Civil character 353

Ecclesiastical 353 German :

Luther, 1825 181
Van Ess, 1842 . 181
Gösner, 1836 182

Kistemaker, 1848 182 Ghadamsi

405 Gipsy

[ocr errors]

English:

Wiclif, 1380 196
Tyndale, 1534 . 196
Coverdale, 1535 196
Matthew, 1537. 196
Cranmer, 1539 197
Taverner, 1549 197
Geneva, 1557 197
Bishops', 1568 197
Rheims, 1582 198
Douay, 1847 198
Authorised, 1611. 198

Blayney, 1769 . 198 Enghadine

287 Esquimaux

438 Esthonian, Dorpat 329 Reval.

330 Ethiopic .

57

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

350

392 Arabic

48 Arawack

474 Armenian: Ancient 75 Ararat

75 Modern

75 Assamese (plate x.) 115 BASHAURIC

402 Basque, French

314 Spanish 318 Bengalee (plate v.) 109 Berber

403 Bohemian

300 Breton

170 Dialects

173 Bulgarian (plate v1.) 307 Bullom

409 Buriat (plate vıı.) 339 Burmese (plate 1.) 7

130 Gothic

174 Grebo.

414 Greek, Ancient :

Textus Receptus 227
Mill's, with various
readings

233
Septuagint. 236
Greek, Modern :
Maximus Calliopoli-

tan's Version, 1638 241 Hilarion's ,

241 Greenlandish, 1799 441

.

CAFFRE

426
Calmuc (plate vii.) 338
Canarese (plate v.) 141
Carib, see Karif.
Carniolan

305 Carshun.

56 Cashmerian (pl. iv.) 120 Catalan or Catalonian 265 Chaldee

39 Chinese

1 Grass writing 4

.

[merged small][ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »