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ments of the missisippi Territory and the Choctaw nation.--And the said nation does by these presents relinquish to the United States and quit claim forever, all their right, titie and pretension to the land lying between the said line and the Missisippi river, bounded south by the thirty-first degree of north latitude, and north by the Yazoo ria ver: where the said line shall strike the same; and on the part of the comnissioners it is agreed, that all persons who may be settled beyond this line shall be removed within it, on the side towards the Missisippi, together with their slaves, houschold furniture, tools, materials and síock, and that the calibins or houses crecied by such persons shall be demolished.
ARTICLE IV. The president of the United States, may, at his discretion, j roceed, to execute the second article of this treaty ; and the third article may be carried into Ufect as soon as may be convenient to the government of the United States, and without unnecessary delay on the part of the other, of which the president shall be the judge ; the Chocławs to be seasonably advised, by order of the president of the United States, of the time when, and the place where, the re-survey and re-marking of the old line referred to in the preceding article, will be commenced.
ARTICLE V. The commissioners of the United States for, and in consideration of the foregoing concessions on the part of the Choctaw nation, and insuli satisfaction for the same, do give and deliver to the Mingos, chiess and warriors of the said nation, at the signing of these presents, the value oftwa thousand dollars in goods and merchandise, nett cost of Philadelphia, the receipt whereof is lately acknowledge, and they further agree to give three sets of blacksmiih's tools to the said nation.
ARTICLE VI. This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting para ties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the president of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof. Done at Fort Adams, on the Missisipli, the seventh day of December
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight liundred and one.
Articles of a Treaty Goncluded at llopewell, on the Keowee, near Seneca Old Town, on the tenila
day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and cighty-six, between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, and Joseph Riartin, Commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one part; anul Piomingo, Head Warrior and first ilinister of the Chickas. Nation ; Mingatushka, one of the leading Chiefs ; audiatopoia, first beloved Man of the said Nation, Commissioners plenipotentiary of all the Chickasaws, of the other pürt.
HE commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of Ama.
rica gire peace to the Chickasaw Nation, and ruccive them into the favor and protection of the said states, on the following conditions;
ARTICLE 1. The commissioners plenipotentiary of the Chickasaw nation, shall restore all the prisoners, citizens of the United States, to their entire Jiberty, if any there be in the Chickusaw nation. They shall also restore all the negroes, and all other propery taken during the late war, from the citizens, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation, to such person, and at such time and place, as the comniissioners of the United States of America shall aj point.
ARTICLE II. The commissioners plenipotentiary of the Chickasaws, do hereby acknowledge the tribes and the towns of the Chickasaw nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever.
ARTICLE II. The boundary of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaw nation to live and hunt on, within the limits of the United States of America, is, and shall be the following, viz. Beginning on the ridge that divides the waters running into the Cumberland, from those running into the Tennessee, at a point in a line to be run north-east, which shall strike the Tonnessee, at the mouth of Duck river; thence running westerly along the said ridge, till it shall strike the Ohio; thence down the southern banks thereof to the Missisippi; thence down the same, to the Choctaw line of Natches district; thence along the said line, or the line of the district eastwardly as faras the Chickasawsclaimed, and lived and hunted o!, the twenty-ninth of November, one thousand seven huurid and eighty-two. Thence the said boundary, eastwardly, shall be the Jands allotted to the Choclaws and Cherokces to live and huni on, and the lands at present in the possession of the Creeks ; saving and reserva ing for the estallishment of a trading post, a tract or parcel of land to be laid out at the lower post of the abzuscle shoals, at the mouth of cochappo, in a circle, the diameter of which shall be fire iniles on the
river, which post, and the lands annexed thereto, shall be to the use and under the government of the United States of America.
ARTICLE IV. If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaws to live and hunt on, such person shall foricit the protection of the Vaited States of America, and the Chickasans may punish hin or not, as they please.
ARTICLE V. If any Indian or Indions, or persons residing among them, or ulo shall take refuge in their nation, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any citizen of the United States, or person under their protection, the iribe to which such offender or offenders may be. long, or the nation, shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be sunished according to the ordinances of the United States in Congress sembled: Provided, that the punishment shall not be greates, than if the robbery or murder, or other capital crinic, had been committed by u citizen on a citizen.
The name of the River not in the original.
ARTICLE VI. If any citizen of the United States of America, or person under their protection, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any Indian, such offender orofenders shall be punished in the same manner as if the robbery or murder or other Capital crime had been committed on a citizen of the United States of America ; and the plaishment shall be in presence of some of the Chickasaws, if any
will attenck at the time and place, and that they may have an opportunity so to do, due notice, if practicable, of such intended punishment, shall be sent to some one of the tribes.
ARTICLE VII, It is understood that the punishment of the innocent under the idea of retaliation is unjust, anzi shall not be practised on either side, except where there is a manifest violation ofthis treaty; and then it shall be preceder!, first by a demand of justice, and is refused, then by a decla: ration of hostilities,
ARTICLE VIII. For the benefit and comfort of the indians, and for the prevention of injuries or oppressions on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assemblid shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper,
ARTICLE 1X. Until the pleasure of Congress be known respecting the eighth are ticle, all traders, citizens of the United states, shall have liberty to go to any of the tribes or townsville Chicksaws to trade with them, and they shall be protected in their persons and propepty, and kindly treated.
ARTICLE X. The said Indians shall give notice to the citizens of the United States of America, of any designs which they may know or suspect to be form, ed in any neighboring irive, or by any person whosoever', against the peace, trade or interests of the United States of America.
ARTICLE XI. The hatchet shall be forever buricii, ani the peace given by the United States of America, and friendship ru-established beiween the said states on the one part, and the Chickasaw nation on the other part, shall be universal; and the contracting partics shall use their utmost endeavors to maintain the peace given as alu resaid, and friendship re-established.
2 Lreaty of rcciprocal advantage and
mutual Conbenicure, Between the United States of America, on the Chicksaws, conclud-d ut
Chickusan Bu, on the trenty-fourth day of October, in the year orte thousand eig'it hundreil and one. MIE
son, brigadier-general in the service of the United States, Benjamin Ilawkins of North Carolina, and Andrew Pickens of Soutii-Carolina, çonimissioners of the United Stutes, wiio are vested with iull powers,
and the Mingco, principal men and warriors of the Chichasiw nation, representing the suc nation, have agreed to the following articles.
ARTICLE I. The Mingeo, principal mea and warriors of the Chickosay nation or Indians, give leave and permission to the president of the United States of America, to lay out, open and make a convenient wagyon-rout through their land betivcen the setilements of Viero district in the state of Tennessee, and those of Natchez in the Missisippi Territory, i such way and manncr as he may decin proper; and it shall be a bithia way for the citizens of the United Staic; and the Chickass. The Chickasaws shall appoint two discrett men to serve as assistants, guides or pilots, during the time of laying out and opening the round, under the direction of the officer charged with that duty, who shall have a reasonable compensation for their service : Provided always, thot the necessary ferries over the water courses crossed by the said ruut shall be held and deemed to be the property of thú Chickasa w nazione
AKTICLE II. The commissioners of the United States give to the Mingeo of the Chickasaws, and the deputation of th.at nation, goods to the value of seven hundred dollars, to compensate him and them and their attend ants for the expense and inconvenience they may have sustained by their respectful and friendly atiention to the president of the Child Siates of America, and to the request maile to them in his nawie, to permit the opening of the road. And as the persons, town, villages, lauds, hunting-ground, and other rights and property of the Chiens Saws, as set forth in the treaties cr stipulations heretofore entered in between the contracting parties, more especially in and s; a certificate of the president of the United States of America, under their seal of the first of July 1794 are in the peace and under the proiiciion of ilic United States. The commissioners of the United States do hervy further agree, that the president of the United States of Amesita si tak: such measures from time in time, as he may loins projici, io us. sist the Chickasaws to preserva entire all their rights i aos tviscroachments of unjust neighbors, of which he shall be the judges úrl also to preserve and perpetuate frieneisiip and brotheruvini icin ven the white people and ile Chick 5ws.
ARTICLE III. The commissioners of the United Status may, if they seen it & visible, proceed immediately to carry the first article into operativi, and the treaty shall take efi:ct and be obligatory on the contraclia pariies as soon as the same shall have been r..tified by the puresidcnici the United States of American, by and with the advice and consentçi the Senate of the United Stal:;,
2 Treaty of peace and Friend thip Male and concluded vi the city of Vez -Yuri., on the sevenir dryej 12072si,
One the visual suven hurrcal and minetj', betireen the President of the Unit. ed States of America, on the purt, and the Kinys, Ciicís and War: riors of the Creek Nation of India?, on the other it. Le parties ixing desirous of establishing perinanent peace and
friendship between t!' Usitzd States and lic suid Crochi Nation,
and the citizens and members thereof, and to remove the causes of war by ascertaining their liuits, and making other necessary, jusi and friendly arrai geme!its: The president of the United Stüiis by lielry hnok, Secretary for the department of wai, whom he hath constituied with full power's for these purposes, by and with me aivice und consent of the Senzte of the United States, and the Cruck Wiring by the king, chills and warriors, senting the said station, bare agreed to the following articles.
ARTKLEI. There shall be perpetual peace and sizneship between all the citizens of the United Sidies of America, and all the indi: iLuis, towns and tribes of the lyper, Wildle anri Lower Creeks ünii Somnanotics, .composing the Crech nation of lindi.
ARTICLE II. The kings, chicis and warriors, for themselves and all parts of the Creek nation within the limits of the United States, do acecovledge themselves, and the said paris of the Creck nation, to be under the protection of the United States oi America, and of no other sovereign whosoever; and ihey also stiųulate that itse sivil Creek nation will ict hold any treaty with an individual sihic, or with individuals of any since
Akalcit il!. The Creek nation shall deliver as son as practicable to the commading cilicer of the troops of the Cuted States, stationed at the Lock-Linding on the Oconee river, all citizens of the Unitcai States, white inhabitants or negroes, who are now prisoners in any part of the said nation. And if any such prisoners or negroes should not be so deliverer, on or beture the most day of June ensuing, the governor of Giorgia nay empower that persons to repair to the said n..tion, in order in chizand in such prisoas negraus.
ARTICLE IV. The boundary between the citizens of the United States and the Creuk Wien is, and shall be, from acre the online stiinesti u river Savannah ; thence up the sailiiver to a place on the most withern branch of the same, comino.lv cailed the incowee, where a nori-east fine to be drava from the top of the counse mouriain sail intuiscöti theace along the siiiiine ima's sith-west direction 10 '10:30 iiier; thence to the top of the Curralec nomain; thence to the head or source of the main south branch of the conce river, cablu the appulaclice; thence down ihe mick.ljosthusaid maina south Lranchandrier Ucunee, to its coniluence with the Oakmisel, which forin the river Iltanaha ; and thence cown the middle of the said iltamala to the old line on the said river, and thence aloos trescidchiline to the river St. Dlary's.
And in order to preclude forever all disputes rclati..ly to the head or source of the main south branch of the river Ocones, at the place yvhere it shall be intersecled by the line attresuid, from the Cutähee mountains, the same shall be ascertained ly an able suriejor on the part of the United States, who shall be assisted by three chi citizens of Georgia, who may be appointed by the governor of the said state, and three old Creek chiefs, iv be appointed by the said nation; and tic said surveyor', citizens and chicis stalasitole Bethispirpose, on the first my of Colobots ve thousands van bundrohul Linety-cnc, at the