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provisions of the act entitled "An act providing for the correction of errors in making entries of lands at the land offices," approved March third, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, are hereby declared to extend to cases where patents have issued, or shall hereafter issue: upon condition that the party concerned shall surrender his or her patent, to the commissioners of the general land office, with a relinquishment of title thereon, executed in a form to be prescribed by the secretary of the treasury.-[Approved, 24 May, 1828.]
[ #530 ] * CHAP. 471.—An act limiting the times of advertising the sales of the public lands.
SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the public lands which shall be exposed to public sale, by order of the president of the United States, shall be advertised for a period of not less than three, nor more than six months prior to the day of sale, any thing in any law heretofore enacted to the contrary notwithstanding.-[Approved, June 28, 1834.]
The following are the notices from American Journals, collected by one of the most distinguished British Statesmen, of Extracts from American Journals, showing the events that marked the Progress of American Revolution.
Boston, New England, Oct. 31. Last Friday, the following address was presented to Gen. Gage, by several gentlemen of the council, in behalf of themselves, and the other members who subscribed to it being all that were present:
To his Excellency Gen. Gage, commander in chief of his
majesty's force in America.
The address of the subscribers, members of his majesty's council of the province of the Massachusetts Bay.
A general council being held yesterday, gives the distant members of it, together with members in the town and neighbourhood, the pleasure of addressing you. We take the first opportunity of doing it, and at the same time to pay our compliments to your excellency.
In this time of public distress, when the general court of the province is in a state of dissolution, when the metropolis is possessed with troops, and surrounded by ships of war, and when more troops are daily expected, it affords a general satisfaction, that your excellency has visited the province, and has now an opportunity of knowing the state of it by your own observation and inquiry.
Your own observation will give you the fullest evidence that the town and province are in a peaceful state. Your own inquiry will satisfy you, that though there have been disorders in the town of Boston, some of them did not merit notice, and that such as did have been magnified beyond the truth.
Those of the 18th of March and 10th of June, are said to have occasioned the abovementioned armament to be ordered hither:
the first was trivial, and could not have been noticed to the disadvantage of the town, but by persons inimical to it, especially as it happened in the evening of a day of recreation; the other was criminal, and the actors in it were guilty of a riot, but we are obliged to say, it had its rise from those persons who are loudest in their complaints about it, and who by their overcharged representations of it, have been the occasion of so great an armament being ordered hither; we cannot persuade ourselves to believe, they have sufficient evidence to support suchr epresentations, which have most unjustly brought into question the loyalty of as loyal a people as any in his majesty's dominions.
This misfortune has arisen from the accusation of interested men, whose avarice having smothered in their breasts every sentiment of humanity towards this province, has impelled them to oppress it to the utmost of their power, and by the consequence of that oppression, essentially to injure Great Britain.
From the candour of your excellency's sentiments, we assure ourselves you will not entertain any apprehension that we mean to justify the disorders and riotous proceedings that have taken place in the town of Boston; we detest them, and have repeatedly and publicly expressed that detestation, and in council have advised Governor Bernard, to order the attorney-general to prosecute the perpetrators of them; but, at the same time, we are obliged to declare, in justice to the town, that the disorders of the 10th of June last, occasioned by a seizure made by the officers of the customs, appear to have originated with those who ordered the seizure to be made; the hour of making the seizure at or near sun-set, the threats and armed force used in it, the forcibly carrying the vessel away, and all in a manner unprecedented and calculated to irritate justly the apprehension that the seizure was accompanied with those extraordinary circumstances, in order to excite a riot, and furnish plausible pretences for requiring troops a day or two after the riot: and, as if in prosecution of the last mentioned purpose, notwithstanding there was not the least insult offered to the commissioners of the customs, either in their persons or property, they thought fit to retire on the pretence of security to themselves on board the Romney man of war, and afterwards to Castle William; and when there, to keep up the idea of their being still in great hazard, procured the Romney, and several other vessels of war to be stationed, as if to prevent an attack upon the castle, which they affected to be afraid of.
These proceedings have doubtless taken place, to induce a belief among the officers of the navy and army, as they occasionally came hither, that the commissioners were in danger of being attacked, and procure from those officers representations coincident with their own, that they really were so; but their frequent landing on the main, and making incursions into the country, where it would have been easy to seize them, if any injury had been intended, demonstrates the insincerity of the declarations, that they immured
themselves at the castle for safety; this is rather to be accounted for, as being an essential part of the concerted plan for procuring troops to be quartered here, in which they and their coadjutors have succeeded to their wish, but unhappily for the mutual detriment and uneasiness of both countries.
We thought it absolutely necessary, and our duty to the town and province, requires us to give your excellency this detail, that you might know the sentiments of this people, and that they think themselves injured, and injured by men to whom they have done no injury. From the justness of your excellency we assure ourselves, your mind will not admit the impressions to their disadvantage, from persons who have done the injury.
Your excellency in your letter to Governor Bernard, of the 12th of September, gave notice that one of the regiments from Halifax, was ordered, for the present, to Castle William, and the other to the town, but you was pleased afterwards to order them into the
If your excellency, when you know the true state of the town, which we can assure you is quite peaceable, should think his majesty's service does not require these regiments to continue in the town, it will be a great ease and satisfaction to the inhabitants, if you will please to order them to Castle William, where commodious barracks are provided for their reception, or to Point Shirley in the neighbourhood of it, in either of which, or in both, they can be well accommodated.
As to the two regiments expected here from Ireland, it appears from Lord Hillsborough of the 30th of July, they were intended for a different part of North America.
If your excellency should think it not inconsistent with his majesty's service that they should be sent to the place of their first destination, it will contribute to the ease and happiness of the town and province if they might be ordered thither.
As we are true and faithful subjects of his majesty, have an affectionate regard for the mother country, and a tender feeling for our own, our duty to each of them makes us wish, and we earnestly beg your excellency to make a full inquiry into the disorders abovementioned, into the causes of them, and the representations that have been made about them; in doing which your excellency will easily discover who are the persons, that from lucrative views have combined against the peace of the town and province, some of whom, it is probable, have discovered themselves already, by their own letter to your excellency.
In making the inquiry, though many imprudencies and some criminal proceedings may be found to have taken place, we are persuaded from the candor, generosity, and justice which distinguishes your character, your excellency will not charge the doings of a few individuals, and those of an inferior sort, upon the town and province; and with regard to those individuals, if any circumstances shall appear justly to extenuate the criminality of their
proceedings, your excellency will let them have their effects; and on the same candour and generosity we can rely, that your excel lency's representation of this affair to his majesty's ministers will be such as even the criminals themselves will allow just.
Boston, Oct. 27.
To the foregoing address, the general gave the following answer: GENTLEMEN,
I return you thanks for the honour you do me in this address, and am greatly obliged for the good opinion you are pleased to conceive of me.
Whatever may have been the particular cause of the disturbances and riots which have happened in the town of Boston, those riots and resolves which were published, have induced his majesty to order four regiments to this town, to protect his loyal subjects in their persons and properties, and to assist the civil magistrate in the execution of the laws.
The discipline and order which will be preserved among the troops, I trust, will render their stay in no shape disrespectful to his majesty's dutiful subjects in this town; and that the future behaviour of the people will justify the best construction of their past actions, which I flatter myself will be such as to afford me a sufficient foundation to represent to his majesty the propriety of withdrawing most part of the troops.
Boston, Oct. 27.
It is reported that no less than four American governors will be ordered home, in order that the ministry may have certain demonstrations of the real disposition of our colonists; also a certain captain-general is likewise expected to arrive, from whose honour and veracity great expectations are formed.
By letters from Boston, dated Nov. 2, we hear, that the utmost tranquillity reigns in the province of Massachusetts Bay, occasioned by the deportment of the land forces who lately arrived there, who behave to the inhabitants with the utmost cordiality; that Mr. C. and Mr. O. have retired into the country, and have lost a great of the popularity they lately possessed.
Gazette, Dec. 10, 1768.