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dor coast, an Esquimaux woman with her child, the first that ever was in Europe. She has been dressed in our habit, and behaves with the greatest propriety. It is said she has been to the theatres, and after her first astonishment, and finding that the whole was fictious, she entered into the spirit of the place, and could not be distinguished from any other common spectator, but by the peculiar violence of her laughing. She calls it the joking house, and thinks tragedy has no business there. The character that delighted her most was that of Mungo in The Padlock.

Philadelphia, Nov. 30. Letters from London mention, that Dr. Franklin is indefatigable in his endeavours to convince the ministry of the loyalty of the American colonies; and that a tender and motherly behaviour on the part of Britain, would go farther to support her authority with her American children, than all her forces by sea and land. [Pennsylvania Gazette.]

Gaz. Jan. 18, 1769.

To EDWARD Long and James Risby WHITEHORNE, Esquires.

Gentlemen, We the justices and vestry of the parish of St. Ann, Jamaica, in vestry assembled, in behalf of ourselves and other the freeholders of this parish, having undoubted right to give instructions to you our immediate representatives in assembly on all points which may fall under your consideration in that house, which by their nature, or consequence may affect us, in common with the rest of our fellow subjects, freeholders of this island, think it indispensably necessary to exercise that right on the present occasion, to the end that being expressly informed by us what our sentiments are, you may better know what we do, and shall expect from you, in the further execution of that important trust, which we have delegated into your hands, and confided to your integrity:

In the course of the last session of assembly, an application was made to the house of assembly for reimbursing to the treasury of Great Britain a sum of money, which, in compliance with the late Governor Lyttleton's request, had been drawn out of that treasury, for gratifying the regular troops in this island with an additional pay, during the series wherein the representatives of the people, were, to the great injury of this island, prevented and restrained by that governor from transacting the public business.

As the time appointed for your next meeting is near at hand, when it is extremely probable the application just mentioned will again be renewed, we esteem it highly proper at this crisis to declare ourselves fully to you upon that head.

When we consider that the late Governor Lyttleton solicited this money from the British treasury, that he might support those troops without the aid of the people of this island ; when we reflect that the express end for which he solicited the money, and the probable purpose (as far as we can judge) for which it was so readily supplied to his request, was no other than to enable him to persist in the discontinuance of assemblies, until he should render them dependent and useless, and to bring about so total a change in our constitution, as would manifestly have impaired, if not destroyed, our rights and liberties as British subjects, we cannot be brought to think either the motive upon which it was solicited by the governor, or the end for which it was apparently supplied, of such a nature as to justify an application to the house from government, to tax us for reimbursing the treasury.

We cannot believe it to be any part of our compact with the crown, that we should be compelled to repay any debts originally contracted by a governor of this island, for effecting bis pernicious designs, avowedly contrived and intended to subvert our freedom; but we are well assured, that should we under these circumstances consent to be burthened with a tax for such purpose, we should throw an irresistible temptation in the way of future bad governors to practice similar designs; we shall afford them the surest grounds for hoping success, and the fullest encouragement for expecting an indemnification out of our purses, even if such designs should prove ineffectual.

We consider all application to the people for this money, as indirectly leading us to give our sanction to the measures of the governor who borrowed it, as well as to the conduct of those ministers who supplied it: and apprehending, as we do, that if a precedent of this kind was once to be established by a concession of the house of representatives, it might be construed to imply an approbation on the part of the people of those measures, and an invitation to fresh attempts of the like nature againt us; we, from an ardent desire to see the peace, welfare and constitutional freedom of our country preserved inviolate, do now express our hopes, and thus publicly require of you, our representatives in assembly, that should the reimbursement of this money again become the subject of deliberation in the assembly, you will by every means exert yourselves to prevent us from being taxed for that purpose; and as we have reason to be satisfied with your past conduct in the house, so we shall rest assured that nothing will be left undone on your part, to make the sense of your constituents, in this particular, the rule of your future conduct. Signed by order of the vestry.

J. HADEN. At a vestry held at St. Ann's, on the 30th of August, 1768, were

present. *Samuel Hemmings,

Lucius Tucker, * Archibald Campbell,

George Gallimon, *Duncan Campbell,

John Anguin, *Daniel Grant,

Adam Anderson, *William Edwards, Jun.

James Dunbar. *James Henry. I'hose marked thus * are magistrates.

Gaz. Jan. 28, 1769.

From the Pennsylvania Gazette of November 3.

Boston (New England,) October, 24. Last Wednesday forenoon it was said, the high sheriff of the county of Suffolk, had orders to clear the province manufactory-house in the town of Boston, for a number of years superintended by a Mr. John Brown, in behalf of a certain company, and lately on his own account. Mr. Brown, being informed the order was to be put in execution that day, detained some persons to serve as evidences of the transaction. About two o'clock the sheriff came, attended by the lieutenantgovernor, and approaching the hall window, out of which the people leaned to receive them, the sheriff said he was sent by the authority of the province, to demand possession of that house, and to require Mr. Brown to clear it forth with, for the reception of his majesty's troops; and observed that he had brought his honour along with him, that his advice might have the more weight in moving Mr. Brown to resign the house quietly. Mr. Brown questioned the sheriff with respect to his warrant, which he said was an order from the governor, founded on a resolve of council, whereby the governor was empowered to clear the house. Mr. Brown said he never had any lawful warning to leave the house, and did not look upon the power of the governor and council sufficient to dispossess him ; and finally told him, that he would not surrender his possession to any till required by the general court, under whom he held, or was obliged thereto by the law of the province, or compelled by force. His honour replied, that Mr. Brown was a tenant at will of the province, that the governor and council were the remaining authority of the province, which he looked upon sufficient to warrant the proceedings; observed that Mr. Brown must be very ill advised to think of withstanding that authority, and wished him to consider better than to involve himself in consequences so disagreeable as must attend his refusal. Mr. Brown to this returned, that his counsel were of the ablest in the province, and he should adhere to their advice, be the consequences what they would. The sheriff then left the windows, and walked up the eastermost stairs, rapped modestly at the door, and nobody answering, soon returned, acquainted Mr. Brown, he had done enough for the whole in the steps taken with him. The sheriff in his return, took out and read a paper to Mr. Brown, containing, as he said, a transcript of a minute of council, and instruction from the governor, to clear the factory forthwith. Mr. Brown first requested, and afterwads demanded a copy of his order, which he refused, referring him to the secretary's office, where after divers applications, he was there first put off, and then finally denied.

Mr. Brown, still retaining apprehension of violent measures, kept his doors and windows shut, and suffered none to enter without caution: this caused the men working in the cellar to keep one


Vol. 11.

of the lower sashes moveable, to pass from the cellar to the yard. Thursday in the forenoon, the sheriff, with another gentleman, where seen reconnoitering, and between twelve and one o'clock, the sheriff came to the east end of the factory, where was the window aforementioned, at which one of the weavers had just gone out; the young man, seeing the sheriff approach the window, turned hastily to prevent his entering, but notwithstanding his efforts to that purpose, the sheriff entered the window, sword in hand. Mr. Brown, then at some distance in the cellar, hearing the scuffle, hastened to the window, but a loom intervening, the sheriff had fully forced entry before Mr. Brown could oppose him: a small scuffle happened between them, in which neither party received much hurt; two of the sheriff's deputies, and a servant, following, one of whom was soon after sent to the officer of the piquet, with a written order to come, with his guard, to the factory immediately. On his arrival the sheriff ordered him to place centinels at each door, two or more at the gate, and ten in the cellar; then read him a paper, giving him full possession of the yard, charging him to let any one come out of the house, but none go in. Finding the people gather fast about the gates, orders were issued for another company, the posting of which gave the complete idea of a formal blockade. Friday morning bread and water were denied, and no person allowed to speak to them for several hours; the sick were denied the visits of their physicians, and Dr. Church's apprentice pretty roughly used, in attempting to convey them medicines.

Some gentlemen deploring the imminent ruin of their country, and fearing some ill consequences from the resentment of the people, who had been insulted by the guards, &c. kept with them, 10 moderate their temper; while others laid before the members of his majesty's council, the distress and danger they conceived the people subjected to by these unprecedented actions. The council assembled, and after some deliberation waited on his excellency, and signified their advice to clear the factory, intended no more than to clear it by law. His excellency said, it appeared to him to impower him to clear it as he most conveniently could; however, it seems the consequence of this meeting was a recall of the troops about seven o'clock that evening, leaving a small guard in the cellar, and one or two at the window.

It were to be wished that the principal officers may, for the future, admonish all subalterns and private men to speak with respect of the laws of the country, as a contrary behaviour must inevitably introduce that anarchy and confusion it was pretended they were sent to suppress.

Thus this extraordinary affair, which has been made the subject of so much conversation in town at present rests.

It is said that his majesty's ship Romney is under sailing orders for Halifax, on board of which Commodore Hood is to hoist his broad pendant, and proceed to Boston, where the fleet will rendezvous for the future.

Last week the lady of the Hon. John Temple, Esq. was delivered of a son, and yesterday forenoon he was baptized in Trinity Church by the name of Grenville. His excellency General Gage, and Robert Temple, Esq. stood god-fathers.

Extract of a letter from a gentleman at Fort Stanwix, dated the 17th

of October

“A great body of the Indians are already assembled here, and by expresses arrived yesterday, from other distant tribes, at present on their way hither, it is judged that in a few days their number will be increased to at least three thousand. Sir William Johnson, whose attention to the business of this Congress is indefatigable, and who has a surprising influence over these savages, has brought here goods as well as cash, to a very large amount, to be distributed in presents to the different nations; but by the advices received yesterday, of the great numbers coming in, he is apprehensive that what he has at present here, though large, will be insufficient, and has therefore despatched expresses for a further supply of both: he has also been necessiated as provisions fall short, to purchase a large nu er of live oxen, and has given directions for more to be brought here: in short he devotes his whole study, to promote the matters of the Congress, which it is thought will be attended with the most beneficial consequences."

Gaz. Dec. 13, 1768.

Boston, New England, Nov. 7. We hear that next Tuesday sails from Piscataqua for England, John Fisher, Esq., brother to his excellency Governor Wentworth, and lately dismissed (by the board of commissioners) from his office of collector of his majesty's customs for the ports of Salem and Marblehead; much regretted by the whole country; for although rather strict, yet he was punctual and impartial in his office, and in private life, esteemed by all an humane honest man: what his faults (or his imputed faults are) is not yet made public.

We hear from Hampton, that another large barn of Col. Moulton's, near his mansion-house, was consumed by fire last Wednesday night, in which was a considerable quantity of grain. It is supposed it was set on fire by some evil-minded person.

By a vessel from South Carolina, via Rhode Island, we learn that the ship Providence, Clarke, master, bound from Colrain to New York, on the 9th of September, in lat. 36° lon. 34°, sprang a leak, which increased so fast, that the captain and twelve others, among whom were Mr. Jonathan Clark Lewis and lady, of this

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