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town, passengers, left the ship on the 11th, in a small boat, and after being in her eight days, in great distress, they were met with and taken up by the Friendship, Captain M‘Cowen, bound from Glasgow to S. Carolina, where they happily arrived the 24th of October. They were obliged to leave nineteen of the people on board the ship, the boat not being sufficient to contain any more, who, it is feared, have all perished.
Friday last, Capt. Vincent arrived here from Jamaica, by whom we have advice, that on the 22d of September, his honour Roger Hope Elletson, Esq., lieutenant-governor of that island, dissolved the assembly there, for their not complying with his majesty's express command, for repayment of the moneys issued by the treasury of Great Britain, for the island subsistence of the troops stationed there during the discontinuance of their assembly; the reasons which the assembly gave for not complying with the requisition, having been deemed insufficient by his majesty. That writs were issued for a new election on the 26th. And that on the 30th his excellency Sir William Trelawny, governor of that island, arrived at Port Royal, from on board the Jason, Antrobus, Esq. commander.
The fleet from Ireland, it is said, consists of twelve sail, and contains two thousand men.
Wednesday afternoon we had uncommon hard thunder for the season. At Charlestown, we hear, that the bake-house of Mr. Thomas Rayner was considerably damaged by the lightning, which tore one side of the roof to pieces, struck a lad down that was at the boltingmill, broke the mill and burnt the bolting-cloth. The lad soon recovered without receiving any hurt.
Last Tuesday, upon complaint made by the select-men of this town, before Richard Dana and John Ruddock, Esquires, two of his majesty's justices of the peace for the county of Suffolk, a captain of the 59th regiment, mentioned in the warrant, and others unknown, stood charged with advising several negro slaves in that town, to beat, abuse, and cut their masters' throats ; promising them a reward if they would appear at the place of parade, to make them free. Upon examination of the witnesses, the said justices ordered the captain to give bond and surety, to appear and answer to the court of assize in March next, and for his good behaviour in the meantime.
It is said that the select-men have given it in charge to the town watch, to see that good order is observed in the night, and that they take up all negroes whom they should find abroad at an unseasonable hour.
It is said that the deputy sheriff, who is by the law and the constitution a conservator of his majesty's peace, was opposed by the military in attempting to serve a warrant from Mr. Justice Dana and Ruddock. A sufficient number of the town inhabitants were, at the same time, as they always have been, ready and willing to assist the civil officer in the legal discharge of his duty.
The 14th, 29th, and a detachment of the 59th regiment, are now quartered in different parts of this town, excepting a part of the 14th, which still occupy the Court-house! Whether their being thus quartered in the body of the town, while the barracks at the castle, within its limits, are entirely empty, be legal, still remains a question. As no one of extraordinary abilities has attempted to vindicate this conduct, common sense must decide it to be directly against the act of parliament in that case made and provided ; the town is hereby put under a grievance for which a remedy is manifestly provided by that act. Besides both the inhabitants and the soldiers are in more danger of corrupting each other when they are in the town, than they would be if they were at the castle, agreeably to the plain design of the king and parliament; and desertions which have already happened, may still be made much more conveniently, from the one than the other. The latter of these considerations, indeed, lies with the gentlemen of the army; but they will allow, that the civil magistrate is, by law, the only constituted judge of the former. The pleas that are made use of for keeping the troops in the body of the town, are the protection of the commissioners; and the preservation of the peace: with regard to the first, it may be asked, who protected them during their residence in the town, when there were no troops, till their voluntary retreat to the castle? And who protected them in their frequent excursions into the country during the summer past? Their behaviour in town, was, indeed overbearing and imperious, but the least injury was never once offered to them. And as to the peace of the town, we may appeal to the oldest men among us to say whether in their remembrance, it has been so often and so notoriously broken as it has been (not by the inhabitants) since the arrival of the new conservators of it!
The worshipful the commissioners of the customs having voluntarily, and of their own free will and accord, made a retreat in June last, to his majesty's Castle William, it is said, design to make their re-entrance into this metropolis, with all their retinue, this week: so that the town will be again blessed with the fruits and benevolence of the board, as well as their examples of true politeness and breeding: a happiness which it was given out a year ago our sister colony of Virginia would have purchased at the expense of ten thousand pounds sterling. O fortunatos Bostonienses !
Last night, departed this life after a short illness, Mrs. Lydia Kneeland, consori of Mr. Solomon Kneeland, a noted leather-dresser in this town.
We hear from Roxbury that about 5 o'clock this morning departed this life, greatly lamented, Mrs. Lucy Winslow, consort of Isaac Winslow, Esq. of that town.
Gaz. Dec. 26, 1768.
London. We hear that at a coffee-house westward, where many political points are talked of, a gentlemen from Boston observed, among other things, that New England abounded with rough materials. This not only occasioned much laughter, but some of the gentlemen in company declared, they would in the spring set out for that country, in order to get into their hands some of those rough materials; but an elderly gentlemen observing their eagerness, advised them to stay at home, since they might, without crossing the Atlantic, find as good rough materials in Great Britain, as any in New England.
Gaz. Dec. 27, 1768.
Charleston, South Carolina, Nov. 4.-On Sunday last, his excellency the Right Hon. Lord Charles Grenville Montagu, governor in chief, &c. &c. of this province, with his lady, returned here by land from the Northern provinces.
Gaz. Dec. 28, 1768.
They write from St. Augustine, that Major Chisholm, with sundry other officers and soldiers, arrived there the 22nd past from Pensacola. The whole number of troops arrived at St. Augustine from W. Florida, was about two hundred when the last accounts came away. More were daily expected.
Philadelphia, Nov. 7.-On Wednesday last, about 7 o'clock in the morning, Mr. Samuel Levis's house at Springfield, in Chester county,
(about ten miles from Philadelphia) was struck with lightning. The morning was showery, but no thunder was heard, nor appearance of lightning seen, either before or after the shock which produced the following effects. It appears first to have descended on the chimney, which it entirely levelled to the top of the house, dispersing the bricks to a considerable distance, with great part of the roof; fractured the gable end, a stone wall, into sundry pieces, and penetrated, in veins or branches, down to different parts of the house. In a closet of the lower room, a glass bottle, with a pound and half of gunpowder in it, was broke, and part of the powder thrown about, which did not take fire; a clock, near to the closet, was also overset, and the weights found at fifteen feet distance from the place where it stood; considerable damage was done to the furniture. In passing into the upper chamber, by the stack of chimneys, a gun barrel, and some pieces of brass, which were in a closet, were melted in several places. But the most tragical circuinstance I have now to relate. A young woman, a daughter of Mr. Levis, happening to be near the door of the closet, was struck down, and was, to all appearance, breathless for some time. The rest of the family being in an addition to the house, received no harm. The father, running immediately up stairs, where the greatest signs of violence appeared, was the first who found his daughter, in her melancholy situation, amidst the ruins of the shattered wainscot, and an exceeding strong smell of sulphur. He carried her down stairs in his arms, and on examination, there appeared signs of life. A doctor was immediately sent for, who in vain attempted to bleed her, there seeming almost a total stagnation; but, being put into a warm bed, she bled freely, and revived so as to be able to speak, to the inexpressible joy of her distressed parents, the whole family, and all her friends—and thro' the kind interposition of Providence, is likely to recover entirely, being able, the evening of the same day, to walk up stairs to her chamber. So instantaneous was the shock, and so sudden the deprivation of her senses, that she can give no account of what happened to her at that juncture. When she regained her senses, she complained of much pain, and of being sore, as she was very much scorched, the lightning passing from her head, and as it descended rent her clothes, even her garters, into a number of pieces, then to her shoes, carrying away the upper leather, which was torn into fragments, and melting part of one of her silver shoe buckles.
We are informed that the assembly of the three lower counties of this province, have appointed Dennis De Berdt, Esq. their agent in England : and have harmonized with their sister colonies, in petitioning the king, lords and commons, for redress of the grievous burdens laid on America.
Gaz. Dec. 27, 1768.
Saturday se'nnight arrived here the sloop Sally, Capt. Blewer, from Pensacola, which place he left the first of October, and informs that the place is very healthy, and was well supplied with provisions, but were in great fear and distress at the removal of the troops, as they lay surrounded by savages, from whom they have no defence. That one Mr. Bradley had lost thirty head of cattle from his plantation, supposed to be carried off by the Indians; and that lands on the Mississippi were settling very fast, both by people from Pensacola, and numbers from Georgia and Virginia.
Boston Oct. 17. Advice is received that six more regiments may be soon expected from Ireland, and another from Halifax. If
pensions of 10,0001. sterling per annum had been settled upon G-r B—d during life, rather than making so unnecessary a military parade, it would have been a vast saving to the nation.
We have account from Louisbourg, that several of the settlers upon that island have been lately killed by the savages. This is what has been expected from the late withdraw of troops from that place, and it is to be feared that our inland settlements will suffer from the like cause.
Gaz. Dec. 27, 1768.
Extract of a letter from Charlestown, South Carolina, Nov. 18. “Our new assembly has met, twenty-five members have taken their seats, and the governor yesterday gave them a speech, to which an answer is preparing. The measures taken with Boston do not tend to excite a good spirit in the other colonies; from my soul I wish that unbiassed, good men would take the trouble truly to represent the circumstances and temper of the colonists; they have been most grossly abused by misrepresentations. Proper attention and indulgences will all tend to enrich the parent state, and there is still room for an easy conciliation. A bill of rights for America, such as the British constitution will admit of, would have the most salutary effects. We are represented as rebellious and disaffected, while we abhor some, and most heartily despise all that are suspected of disa flection or pretended loyalty; and these are not the native Americans, but a people imported from the North.
“ The South Carolina Gazette, of November 22, mentions the dissolution of the general assembly on the 19th ; and had been just received there, that the assembly of Virginia had been also dissolved immediately on the arrival of Lord Botetourt."
Gaz. Dec. 31, 1768.
Extract of a letter, dated Juniata, back of Pennsylvania, Nov. 12,
From trade but now mostly at my plantation.
Propositi nimium tenax, have five long years convinced you of the truth of the adage, Humanum est errare! You have seen, sir, how abortive have proved some schemes of finance ! How dangerous be innovations in ihe commercial system ! How dangerous with unwary hand, to touch some strings ought never to be harped upon! America, the sieve thro' which the golden shower was wout to pour into Brittania's lap, you have, with unremitting zeal, made your object. For the prevention of fraudulency and bad morals, you gave us a Douane stationary and a Float.
• Why sir, beyond barter for necessaries, on the principles of scrupulous morale, trade is criminal. Let us, if you please, investigate a little.
“Weary with the savage life, you and I, with our wives and little ones, migrate into the regions of barbarians. Crossing the next line, of debarkation, we come into the land of husbandmen. You borrow some wheat; I a score of sheep. You have use for mutton, wool, and cheese ; I, for bread; we barter. (Stop, ye wicked, cries Rousseau, ye have already gone too far.) You grow a mighty tiller of land; I, a considerable feeder of sheep. Both of us have more than we can find consumption for. Sons, say we, go to, make a boat; go search on the waters for shores, where dwell people necessitous of wheat, wool, smoked mutton, and cheese. Take of each with ye. Bring of their products, palatable and ornamental. Mark well the manners of the men.