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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

The design of the Author has been to attempt the compression of the greatest body of general information that has ever appeared in a single volume, and to produce Book of Reference whose extensive usefulness may render its possession material to every individual—in the same manner that a London Directory is indispensable, on business affairs, to a London merchant. .

The Compiler persuades himself that the DICTIONARY OF Dates will be received as a useful companion to all Biographical works, relating, as it does, to things as those do to persons, and affording information not included in the range or design of such publications.

JOSEPH HAYDN. LONDON, May, 1841.

[Died Jan. 17, 1856.)

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1066. Will. 1. 1057. Malc. 3. 1060. Philip 1. 1066. Sancho 2. 1065. Sancho. 1065. Sancho of 1056. Hen. 4, 1064. Solom. 1093. Donald

Castile.

emperor. 1087. Will. 2. 1094. Dunc.

1072. Alfonso 6.

1072. Alfonso 6.

1075. Geisa. 1094. Donald

1076. Lad. 1. again. 1094. Peter. 1093. Henry,

1098, Colo1098. Edgar.

count.

man, 1100. Hen.1. 1107. Alex.1. 1108. Louis 6. 1109. Urraca and 1104. Alfonso 1.1112. Alfonso, as 1106. Hen. 6. 1114. Step. 2.

Alfonso 7.

count.
1124. Dav. 1.
1126. Alfonso 7.

1125. Loth. 2. 1131. Bela 2. 1135. Steph. 1137. Louis 7.

1134. Ramiro. 1154. Hen.2. 1153. Mal. 4.

1137. Petronella 1139. Alfonso 1, 1138. Conr.3. 1141. Geisa 3.

1157. Sancho 3. and Raymond. as king.
1165. Will.
1158. Alfonso s.

1152. Fred. 1. 1161. Step. 3. 1172. (Ireld. annexed.)

1163. Alfonso 2.

1173. Bela 3. 1180. Philip 2. 1189. Rich.1.

1188. Alfonso 9.
(Leon.)

1185. Sancho 1. 1190. Hen. 6. 1199. John.

1196. Peter 2.

1198. Philip. 1196. Emeric. 1214. Alex.2.

1214. Henry 1. 1213. James 1. 1212. Alfonso 2. 1208. Otho 4. 1204. Lad. 2. 1216. Hen.3.

1223. Louis 8.
1217. Ferdin. 3.

1215. Fred. 2. 1205. And. 2. 1226. Louis 9. (Castile.)

1223. Sancho 2. 1230. (Leon.)

1235. Bela 4.

1249. Alex.3.

1252. Alfonso 10.

1248. Alfonso 3. 1250. Conr.4.

1254. Will.

1257. Rich. 1272. Ed.1. 1270. Philip 3. 1276. Peter 3.

1270. Step. 4.

1279. Dionysius, 1273. Ro- 1272. Lad. 3. 1282. (Wales Interregn'm. 1284. Sancho 4.

or Denis. dolph.
annexed.)
1285. Philip 4.

1255. Alfonso 3.
1292. John
Baliol

1292. Adolp.
1295. Ferdin. 4. 1291. James 2.

1299. Alb. i. 1290. And. 3. 1307. Ed. 2. 1306. Robert

1308. Hen. 7.1301. Charo(Bruce) 1. 1314. Louis 10. 1312. Alfonso 11.

1314. Lou. 5.

bert. 1316. John 1.

1327. Alfonso 4. 1325. Alfonso 4. 1327. Ed. 3. 1329. Dav. 2. Phil.5.

1332. Ed.Bal. 1321. Chas. 4. 1342. Dav. 2 1328. Phil. 6.

1336. Peter 4. again.

1342. Louis.

1347. Chas. 4. 1350. John 2. 1350. Peter.

1357. Peter. 1377.Rich.2. 1371. Robert 1364. Chas. 5. 1369. Henry.

1367. Ferdinand. 1378. Wen-
2 (Stuart).
1379. John 1. 1387. John 1.

ceslas. 1982. Mary. 1990. Rob.3. 1380. Chas. 6.

1383. John 1.

1387. Mary & 1399. Hen.4. 1390. Henry 2. 1395. Martin.

1400. Rupert. Sigismund. 1406. Jas. 1. 1406. John 2. 1410. Interreg.

1410. Sigismund. 1413. Hen.5. 1422. Chas. 7.

1412. Ferdinand 1422. Hen. 6.

of Sicily. 1437. Jas. 2.

1416. Alfonso 5. 1433. Edward. 1454. Henry 4.

1438. Alfonso 5. 1438. Albert. 1460.Jas. 3.

1458. John 2.

1440. Fred. 3. 1440. Lad. 4. 1461. Ed. 4. 1461. Louis 11. 1474. Isabella. 1479. Ferdin. 2.

1445. Lad. 5.

1459. MatSpain.

thias. 1489. Ed. 5.

1490. Lad. 6. 1483.Rich.3.

1483. Chas. 8. 1479. Ferdinand and Isabella. 1481. John 2. 1493. Max. 1. 1485. Hen.7. 1488. Jas. 4.

1499. Switz. 1498.Lonis 12.

1495. Emanuel. independ.

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1066. Halstan. 1069. Olaf.

1047. Sweyn 2. 1058. Boles-1068. Rom. 4. 1061. Alex.
1076. Harold.

las.
1080. Canute 4. 1082. Ladis- 1071. Mich. 7. 1073. Gregl7.
1086. Olaus 4.

las.

1086. Victor 3. 1090. Ingo. 1093. Magnus. 1095. Eric 1.

1078. Nicep. 3. 1088. Urban 2.

1081. Alexius. 1099. Pascal 2. 1112. Philip. 1103. Sigurd 1, 1105. Eric 2. 1102.Boles.3. 1118. John 1118. Gelas 2. 1118. Ingo 2. and others.

Comnenus. 1119. Caixt. 2. 1129. Swerker.

1124. Honor. 2.
1122. Sigurd 1.

1130. Inpoc. 2. 1131. Roger 1.
1143. Gelest. 2.

1144. Lucius 2.
1130. Magnus 4, 1137. Eric 3. 1138. Lad. 2. 1143. Manuel 1145. Eugen. 3.
1155. Eric 1.
and others.

1145. Boles. 4. Comnenus. 1153. Arnista.4. 1154, William 1. 1147. Sweyn 3.

1154. Adrian 4. 1101. Char. 7. Civil war and Canute 5.

1159. Alex. 3. 1166. William 2. anarchy. 1157. Walde- 1173. Miecis

1181. Lucius 3. 1167. Canute.

mar.

las 3. 1180. Alex. 2. 1185. Urban 3.
1178. Casi- 1183. Andro- 1157. Greg. S. 1189. Tancred.

mir 2. nicus C. Clem. 3. 1194. William 3.
1186. Swerro. 1182. Canute 6.

1185. Isaac 2. 1191. Celest, 3. 1199. Swerker 2.

1194. Lesk. 5. 1195. Alex. 3. 1198. Innoc. 3. 1197. Fred. 2, of Germ'y. 1210. Eric 2. 1202. Iako 3, 1202.Walde. 2. 1200. Miec. 3. 1204. Theodo. 1216. Honor. 3. 1216. John 1. and others.

1202. Lad. 3. 1222. John 1227. Greg. 9. 1207. Hako 4.

1227.Boles.5.

Ducas. 1241. Celest. 4. 1222. Eric 3.

1243. Innoc. 4. 1250. Conrad. 1241. Eric 4.

1254. Alex. 4. 1254. Conradin. 1250. Abel.

1:55. Theo. 2. 1961, Urban 4, 128. Manfred. 1252. Christo.

1265. Clem. 4. 1260. Charles of Anjou. 1250. Birger, Jarl

1259. Eric 5.

1259. John 12689. Vacant. 1263. Magnus 6.

Lascaris. 1271. Greg. 10. 1266. Waldemar.

1259. Mich. S. 1276. Innoc.5.

Adrian 5.

1276. John 21. 1275. Magnus 1.

1279. Lesk. 6.
1277. Nichol. 3.

Sicily. 1280. Eric.

1281. Martin 4.

1282.Peter 1285. Honor. 4.

of Aragon. 1289. Anarc. 1282. Andro- 1288. Nichol. 4. 1285. Chas.2. 1285. Jas. 1290. Premis

nicus 2. 1292-3. Vacant. las.

1294. Celest.5. 1290. Birger 2. 1299. Hako 5.

1296. Ladis.4.

Bonif. 8.

1295. Fred. 2. 1300. Winces

1303. Bene. 11. 1309. Robt. 1319. Magnus 2. 1319. United to 1320. Christo. 2.

las.

1305. Clem. 5. Sweden.

(Avignon.)

1314 15. Vac't. 1334. Interreg. 1333. Cas. 3. 1332. And. 3. 1316. John 22.

1334. Bene. 12.

1337. Pet. 2. 1350. Eric 4. 1340. Walde. 3.

1341. John 5. 1342. Clem. 6. 1343.Joan 2 1312. Louis. 1359. Magnus 3.

1352. Innoc. 6. & And'w 1355, Fred.3. 1363. Albert. 1375. Interreg. 1370. Louis.

1362. Urban 5. of Hung. 1376. Olaus 5.

(Rome.) 1349. Louis. 1376.Maria 1389. United to

1382. Mary.
1370. Greg. 11.

& Martin. 1389. Margaret. Denmark. 1387. Margaret. 1384. Hedw. 1391. Manuel 1378. Urban 6. 1381.Chas.3.

1396. Lad.5.

6. 1389. Bonif.9. 1385. Ladislas,

1412. Eric 13.

1440. Christopher 3. 1448. Charles 8.

1404. Innoc. 7.

1402. Mart.1. 1425. John 6. 1406. Greg. 12.

1409. Mart.2. 1434. Lad. 6.

14409. Alex. 5. 1414.Joan 2. (United to 1410. John 23.

Aragon.) 1448. Con- 1417. Martin 5.

1410. Ferd.2. 1445. Casi. 4. stant. 13. 1431. Eugen. 4.

1416. Alfo.1. 1448. Christ'n 1.

1447. Nich.5. 1435. Alfonso 1. Turkey. 1455. Calix. 3.

1458. Pius 2. 1458.Ferd.1.1459. John. 1433. Moham- 1164. Paul 2.

1419. Ferd.

med 2. 1471. Sixtus 4. 1494. Alfo.2. 1481. John.

1481. Bajaz. 2. 1484. Innoc. 8. 1495. Ferd.2. 1492. Albert.

1492. Alex. 6. 1496. Fred.2.

1457. Christian 1.

1483. John of Denmark.

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1512. Ferd. 5 (Cast.), 2 (Aragon).
1542. Mary.
1516. Charles 1 (5 of Germ. 1519).

(EMPERORSKINGS OF 1547. Ed. 6. 1547. Henry 2.

HUNGARY.) 1553. Mary.

1556. Philip 2. Holland. 1557. Sebastian. 1558. Eliz. 1559. Fr'ncis 2.

1558. Ferdinand. 1560. Chas. 9.

1564. Maximilian 2. 1567. Jas. 6. 1574. Henry 3.

1579. William of

1578. Henry. 1576. Rudolph 2.

1680. Annexed to
Orange, stadt-
holder.

Spain.
1589. Henry 4.

1587. Maurice.

1598. Philip 3. 1603. James 1 (6 of Scot.). 1610. Louis 13.

1612. Mathias. 1625. Charles i. 1621. Philip 4.

1619. Ferdinand 2. 1625. Fred. Hen. Kingd. restored.

1637. Ferdinand 3.

1640. John of 1643. Louis 14.

1647. William 2. Braganza. 1649. Commonwealth.

1650-72. No 1660. Charles 2.

1665. Charles 2.

1656. Alfonso 6.
stadtholder.
1667. Peter,

1658. Leopold 1. 1685. James 2.

1672. Will. Hen.

regent. 1689. William and Mary.

(Will. 3 of 1683. Peter 2. 1694. William 3.

1700. Philip 5. England). 170) Anne.

1702-47. No 1706. John 5. 1705.Joseph. Prussia. 1714.orge 1. 1715. Louis 15. 1724. (abdicated). stadtholder.

1711. Chas. 6. Louis.

1701. Fred. 1. 1727. George 2. Philip 5,

1713. Fred. again.

William 1.

1742. Chas. 7. 1740. Fred. 2. 1746. Ferd. 6. 1747. Will. Hen.

1750. Joseph. 1745. Fr'ncis. 1757. William 4.

1759. Charles 3. 1760. George 3.

1765. Jos. 2. 1774. Louis 16.

1777. Maria and

Peter 3. 1783. [United States in

1756. Maria,

1786. Fred. dependent.) 1788. Charles 4

alone.

William 2. 1793. Lonis 17. (abdicated). 1795. Annexed to 1791. John, 1790. Leop.2. 1797. Fred. Republic 1.

France.

regent. 1792. Fran. 2. William 3. 1802. C'ns'l'te. 1808. Ferd. 7 1816. Lou., king.

Austria. 1811. (George, Prince of 1804. Napol. 1. (dethroned). Wales, regent.) 1814. Louis 18. Jos. Bonap. Netherlands. 1814. Ferd. 7

1806. Fran. 1.

(restored). 1814. Will. Fred. 1920. George 4.

king. * 1816. John 6. 1824. Chas. 10.

1826. Peter 4.

Maria 2.

1828. Miguel. 1830. William 4. 1830. L. Phil.

1833. Maria 2.

1833. Isabella 2. 1837. Victoria.

1840. William 2.

1835. Ferd. 2.

1840. Fred. 1848. Repub.2. 1819. William 3.

1848. Francis

William 4. 1852. Napol. 3.

1853. Peter 5.

Joseph.

1860. Will. 1.

1861. Luis 1.
1868. (dethroned).

1870. Amadeus
1870. Repub. 3. (abdicated 1873).
1971. L. A.
Thiers, pres.

1871. Emper1873. Marshal 1873. Republic.

or of GERMacMahon. 1875. Alfonso 12.

MANY. 1879. J. Grévy.

* BELGIUM.-1831, Leopold 1; 1865, Leopold 2.

EUROPEAN SOVEREIGNS.

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1066. Halstan. 1069. Olaf. 1047. Sweyn 2. 1058. Boles-1068. Rom. 4. 1061. Alex...

1076. Harold.

las.
1080. Canute 4. 1082. Ladis-1071. Mich. 7. 1073. Greglh.
1086. Olaus 4.

las.

1086. Victor 3. 1090. Ingo. 1093. Magnus. 1095. Eric 1.

1078. Nicep. 3. 1088. Urban 2.

1081. Alexius. 1099, Pascal 2. 1112. Philip. 1103. Sigurd 1, 1105. Eric 2. 1102. Boles.3. 1118. John 1118. Gelas 2. 1118. Ingo 2. and others.

Comnenus. 1119. Calixt. 2. 1129. Swerker.

1124. Honor. 2.
1122. Sigurd 1.

1130. Innoc. 2. 1131. Roger 1.
1143. Celest. 2.

1144. Lucius 2. 1130. Magnus 4, 1137. Eric 3. 1138. Lad. 2. 1143. Manuel 1145. Eugen. 3. 1155. Eric 1. and others.

1145. Boles. 4. Comnenus. 1153. Annsta 4. 1154. William 1. 1147. Sweyn 3.

1154. Adrian 4. 1161. Char. 7. Civil war and Canute 3.

1159. Alex. 3. 1166. William 2. anarchy. 1157. Walde- 1173. Miecis

1181. Lucius 3. 1167. Canute.

mar. las 3. 1180. Alex. 2. 1185. Urban 3.
1178. Casi- 1183. Andro- 1187. Greg. 8. 1189. Tancred.

mir 2. nicus C. Clem. 3. 1194. William 3.
1186. Swerro. 1182. Canute 6.

1185. Isaac 2. 1191. Cetest. 3. 1199. Swerker 2.

1194. Lesk. 5. 1195. Alex. 3. 1198. Innoc. 3. 1197. Fred. 2, of Germ'y. 1210. Eric 2. 1202. Hako 3, 1202. Walde. 2. 1200. Miec. 3. 1204. Theodo. 1216. Honor. 3. 1216. John 1. and others.

1202. Lad. 3. 1222. John 1227. Greg. 9. 1207. Hako 4.

1227. Boles.5. Ducas. 1241. Celest. 4. 1222. Eric 3.

1243. Innoc. 4. 1250. Conrad. 1241. Eric 4.

1254. Alex.4. 1254. Conradin. 1250. Abel.

1:55. Theo. 2. 1961. Urban 4. 1258. Manfred. 1252. Christo.

1265. Clem. 4. 1266. Charles of Aujou. 1250. Birger, Jari

1259. Eric 5.

1259. John 1268-9. Vacant. 1263. Magnus 6.

Lascaris. 1271. Greg. 10. 1266. Waldemar.

12059. Mich. 8. 1276. Innoc.5.

Adrian 5.

1276, John 21. 1275. Magnus 1.

1279. Lesk. 6.
1277. Nichol. 3.

Sicily. 1280. Eric.

1281. Martin 4.

1282. Peter 1285. Honor. 4.

of Aragon. 1289. Anarc. 1282. Andro- 1288. Nichol. 4. 1285. Chas.2. 1285. Jas. 1290. Premis- nicus 2. 1292-3. Vacant. las.

1294. Celest.5. 1290. Birger 2. 1299. Hako 5.

1296. Ladis.4.

Bonif. 8.

1295. Fred. 2. 1300. Winces

1303. Bene. 11. 1309. Robt. 1319. Magnus 2. 1319. United to 1320. Christo. 2.

1305. Clem. 5. Sweden.

(Avignon.)

1314-15. Vac't. 1334. Interreg. 1333. Cas. 3. 1332. And. 3. 1316. John 22.

1334. Bene. 12.

1337. Pet. 2. 1360. Eric 4. 1340. Walde. 3.

1341. John 5. 1342. Clem. 6. 1343.Joan 2 1342. Louis. 1359. Magnus 3.

1352. Innoc. 6. & And'w 1355. Fred.3. 1363. Albert 1375. Interreg. 1370. Louis.

1362. Urban 5. of Hung. 1376. Olaus 5.

(Rome.) 1349. Louis. 1376.Maria 1389, United to

1382. Mary.
1370. Greg. 11.

& Martin. 1389. Margaret. Denmark. 1387. Margaret. 1384. Hedw. 1391. Manuel 1378. Urban 6. 1381. Chas.3.

1396. Lad. 5.

6. 1389. Bonif. 9. 1385. Ladislas.
1404. Innoc. 7.

1402. Mart.1. 1412. Eric 13.

1425. John 6.1406. Greg. 12.

1409. Mart.2. 1434. Lad. 6.

1409. Alex. 5. 1414.Joan 2. (United to 1410. John 23.

Aragon.) 1440. Christopher 3.

1448. Con- 1417. Martin 5.

1410. Ferd.2 1445. Casi. 4. stant. 13. 1431. Eugen. 4.

1416. Alfo.1. 1448. Charles 8. 1448. Christ'n 1.

1447. Nich.5. 1435. Alfonso 1.

Turkey. 1455. Calix. 3. 1457. Christian 1.

1458. Pius 2. 1458. Ferd.1.1458.John. 1433. Moham-1464. Paul 2.

1479. Ferd.

med 2. 1471. Sixtus 4. 1494. Alfo.2. 1483. John of Denmark. 1481. John.

1481. Bajaz. 2. 1484. Innoc. 8. 1495. Ferd.2. 1492. Albert.

1492. Alex. 6. 1496.Fred.2.

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