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treat lads and youth in this, almost the saddest, problem of civilization, and it may be hoped that real reforms may follow upon its reading. The authors make the pardonable error of assuming that the United States are equally enlightened in this matter; some of the states are far behind England.

James Mark Baldwin has brought out a third and revised edition of his “Mental Development in the Child and the Race." (The Macmillan Company, $2.25 net.) Professor Baldwin's work has won a permanent place in the psychological literature of America, and for that matter, of the world. The present edition has gained value by a reworking of certain chapters.

Professor George R. Carpenter of Columbia University has prepared “English Grammar(Macmillan, 75 cents net), which contains within the shortest possible space all that anybody need know in youth in order to speak his mother tongue correctly.

Krausz's “A B C of Motoring' is an ency. clopedia of practical everyday information for everyone interested in motoring. It contains everything necessary to know, from the manufacture of a car to the art and etiquette of driving it. (Laird & Lee, $1.00.)

Krausz's “Complete Automobile Record” is a book for recording all expenses and data in reference to the care and operation of an automobile. It also contains the automobile laws of all states. (Laird & Lee, $1.00.)

character. It is the sort of novel that will appeal particularly to thoughtful readers who want something more than adventure, and particularly to those who have to any degree shared in the revolutions and temptations which come to those who find themselves immersed in new conditions and influences.

George Barr McCutcheon has published a little story called “The Flyers" (Dodd, Mead & Co., $1.25). It is a very beautiful little book with three colored portraits, and is capitally illustrated. The margin designs are striking, and the outside paper cover is very clever. The publishers are to be congratulated on the work of the University Press.

Jack London has rewritten “The Story of Ab” in his vivid fashion, which even his alarming overproduction can not quite ruin. “Before Adam” (Macmillan, $1.50) is what Mr. London chooses to regard as his recollection of his prehistoric self; that is to say, his recollection of the time when the human race was coming up through its simian ancestry. It would be unfair to describe it as a piece of plagiarism, for it is genuinely Londonesque, and would have attracted attention even if it did not bear the author's name. But Mr. London is in serious danger of becoming what he would call a literary "scab."

The trial and acquittal, through the imperfections of circumstantial evidence, of a young man of good family charged with murder, make up the

thrilling point about which everything revolves in The Unseen Jury” (Little, Brown & Co., $1.50), by Edward Clary Root. The sentiment of the book is unusually fine, the attorney for the defendant winning the girl by his honest championship of his rival.

“The Princess" is the second of Margaret Potter's trilogy, the first being “The Genius” (Harper's, $1.50). The new volume fails to justify the hope raised by its predecessor. Such elements of its plot as do not rival the less pleasant parts of “Camille” are highly improbable. The book is uninteresting and prolix. The scandalous elements of Russian life make a very different story when brought into a book like Anna Karenina and when made the unre. lieved topic of discussion for nearly four hun. dred pages. Three incongruous ingredients

finely mixed in Charles Egbert Craddock's “The Windfall” (Duffield, $1.50): the managers of a street fair, some wealthy southern people of social eminence, and the familiar Great Smoky Mountain moonshiners. Together they work out a plot with simple passions and crimes, some loose ends being left, and bring the handsome hero into all that the world holds of good.

John T. McCutcheon portrays the downfall of a weak but well-meaning representative to the national legislature in “Congressman Pumphrey: The People's Friend” (Bobbs-Merrill, $1.25). It is rather the people's idea of the manner in which a weak but well-intentioned countryman gets corrupted than Speaker Cannon's, and he says as much in the little introduction he writeg. The pictures are in Mr. McCutcheon's best style, and the letterpress is so terse and simple that one wishes he would write more.

woman.

Fiction Edith Wharton's contribution to this sea. son's literature is a magazine story issued as a novelette. “Madame de Treymes” (Scribner's, $1.25) deals with the complications which arise from the divorce laws of France, and serves to bring out in sharp relief the generosity of an American man and the schemes of a French

It is written with Mrs. Wharton's customary literary art, and is a capital story of the social conventions.

“The Veiled Lady and Other Men and Women” is a collection of F. Hopkinson Smith's stories (Scribner's, $1.25), and is a highly acceptable addition to that literature in which sentiment plays a genuine part. The stories are not all equally successful, but they are all the work of a born story-teller, who does not need to be melodramatic in order to be interesting.

Discriminating readers will recall that several years ago in fact, a good many more than some of us like to realize, there appeared a story of Scotch university life, “Mona Mac

The author, “Graham Travers,” Margaret Todd, has since that time published several volumes and in “Growth” (Holt, $1.50) she treats another phase of university life, this time that of theological students. The volume does not have quite the grip of “Mona MacLean," but this is probably because its author is dealing with matters not quite so obviously at first hand. But it is a book of real worth, and its descriptions of the church life of Scotland are convincing. Like its predecessor it has a singular power of picturing the development of

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Emerson Hough has done a piece of interesting university through his mother's self-denial, and work in his story of “The Outlaw” (Outing is brought for the first time into contact with Publishing Company, $1.50 net). In it he gives the life of comfortable, cultivated, and wella very readable account of the various “bad bred people. Without surrendering anything of men who flourished on what was

once the his own dignity or personality, he contrives to frontier. Mr. Hough knows that these men were hold his own through many discouragements, and outlaws and dangerous members of a community, is rewarded by the love of a charming girl. It but he does not hesitate to admire such good is a good book. qualities as any one of them may chance to have Another literary drama is added to the list, in possessed. Altogether the volume makes an inter Ridgely Torrence's “Abelard and Heloise' esting footnote to American history, and, as (Scribner's, $1.25 net). It is a workmanlike everybody knows, footnotes are often better read rendering of one of the most famous and most ing than the history itself.

tragical of the world's love stories, with an What influence a number of women can have occasional purple patch to show the dramatist's on the life of a New England village is humor. poetic skill, and a deferred climax in every curously and humanely shown in “ The Morning tain in obedience to the limitations of

the Glory Club'' (L. C. Page & Co., $1.50), by George Elizabethan stage. The last act, with the fearA. Kyle. One woman, whose common sense more ful rebuke of his guilty parents by the child of than compensates the reader for her lack of culti their love and Abelard's excommunication and vation, brings a whole town, including its clergy. death, is quite too crowded with incident, yet man, into

wider way of thinking. The here, too, the final curtain falls too late for mod. amateur theatricals of the club are as funny as ern usages. If we are to have a literary drama, possible, and there is a pretty love story, brought why not have it as distinctly of its own age as to a crisis through the somewhat too accurate Shakespeare's was? costume worn by the heroine.

Edgar Saltus does not have purple patches in Evenly written, with little of perturbation in his writing; it is all purple, occasionally showing the flow of events, is Mrs. Ellen Olney Kirk's threadbare. In “The Lords of the Ghostland “Marcia" (Houghton, Miftin, $1.50), in which (Mitchell Kinnerley, $1.25 net), dealing with the the heroine writes a play with her lover, loses great religions and gods of the ancient and modhim to the actress who produces it, and eventu ern world, he has a field peculiarly fitted for his ally wins him back. She is a good girl, this particular methods of treatment. But he goes Marcia, and she tells the story herself.

out of his way to be flippant, and the result is Its prelude in civil-war times, the plot work au exhibition of bad taste, such as he is rarely ing itself out through the descendants of the

guilty of.

It also affects the sincerity of his persons therein, with the chief interest centered work, greatly to its marring. The book, after in the question of black blood in a nice New the gods of the ancient world, including the Orleans girl of aristocratic French family, Mrs. Jehovah of the Hebrews, culminates in Christ, as M. E. M. Davis's “The Price of Silence' is fitting; making the insincerity and tinsel of (Houghton, Mifflin, $1.50) is an interesting book it all the more to be deplored. so far as its events are concerned, and an Scoundrelly cattle thieves, an honest state's admirable picture of creole life at its best. attorney, a ranchman who will put up with no

The story of an actress always arouses interest, more nonsense, and two very pretty girls, one of but there have been few such stories that do not them a cattleman's daughter, the other a court give us rather too much of the nether side of stenographer, make up the persons of “Langtheatrical life. “Felicity,” by Clara E. Laugh

ford of the Three Bars” (McClurg, $1.50), 3 lin (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. $1.50), book filled with the spirit and excitement of the is an exception to this rule. It makes you think plains, but instinct with love for law and order. of William Black, for it is the story of the artis Last summer Mr. George Ade went to Europe tic temperament and its imperatives. It is not and down into Egypt. His impressions were pubdifficult to see that Miss Laughlin has drawn her

lished by a syndicate of American newspapers, material from life, and the book is convincing and now, illustrated with supposedly funny picafter it gets by the period of the little girl's tures, are put out in book form in “In Pastures childhood; there it seems a little artificial. And New” (McClure, Phillips & Co., New York). does Miss Laughlin really know the theater? Ellis Parker Butler, who won immortality in

The study of Kentucky rural life made by his “Pigs are Pigs,” has issued another collecEliza Calvert Hall in “Aunt Jane of Kentucky' tion of farcical stories, "Mr. Perkins of Port(Little, Brown & Co., $1.50) is as pleasantly land” (H. B. Turner & Co., $1). The stories interpretative of character

any book of

deal with the advertising business. They are sketches recently written. An old lady tells often funny. what happened when she was younger, no small First of a new series of books for little girls to part of it being concerned with the church in the be called “The Two Little Friends” and written little town. Masculine frailties, viewed with by Mrs. Margaret Sidney is “Two Little charitable eyes, twinkle through Aunt Jane's Friends in Norway” (Lothrop, Lee & Shepard merry tales, which are written well enough to Co., $1.50). It is concerned with the wanderdeserve the largest reading.

ings of an American family in the northland, Miss Anna Chapin Ray has undertaken a work where the little daughter, seven years old, meets more ambitious than ordinary in “Ackroyd of and grows fond of a little Norse girl of her the Faculty” (Little, Brown & Co., $1.50). It own age. After a little bit of romance, the two is a well wrought novel. A workingman's son made ready for the United States, and the curwins his way into the teaching body of a great tain falls on a pleasant and healthy little play,

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United States

- April 29.- The United States Circuit Court

of Appeals in St. Paul upheld the judgment of Deaths. — April 15. James H. Eckels, ex- the Federal District Court in fining the Armour, comptroller of the currency, aged forty-eight. Swift, Morris and Cudahy packing companies

May 8.- Edmund G. Ross, ex-governor of $15,000 each for taking railroad rebates. New Mexico, and former United States senator Traction. - April 18.– The Supreme Court of from Kansas, who was ostracized for voting Illinois declared unconstitutional the certificate against the impeachment of President Andrew provision of the so-called Mueller law, under Johnson,

which a way was provided for the purchase by Education.- April 26.- John D. Rockefeller Chicago of surface transportation systems. gave to the University of Chicago land valued at $2,000,000.

Porto Rico - May 9.-Princeton University received $1,- Governor. - April 18.- Regis H. Post inaugu. 200,000 from unnamed donor.

rated governor in succession to Beekman Vin. Governor.- April 18.— Governor Hagerman throp, who retired to become assistant secretary of New Mexico resigned, and President Roosevelt of the treasury at Washington. appointed George Curry as successor. Jamestown Exposition.— April 26.- The ter.

Mexico centennial exposition at Jamestown, Virginia,

Earthquake.-- April 15.- Chilpancingo, the opened by President Roosevelt.

capital of the State of Guerrero, and Chilapa, Labor. May 6.- Labor crisis in San Fran. cisco. No street cars running. Telephone serv

twenty-six miles northeast, ruined by earth.

quake; nearly one hundred persons killed. ice suspended. Union iron works closed.

- April 17.- Ayutla also destroyed. May 9.– The trial of William D. Haywood of the Western Federation of Miners, for the

Santo Domingo alleged murder of Governor Steunenberg of Idaho, was begun.

Treaty.- May 3.- The new treaty with the Land Frauds.- April 19.– Thomas M. Hunt

United States ratified by the Dominican Con. ington, Ami B. Todd and Fred Hoyt, convicted

gress. in the United States Court at Omaha of con

British Empire spiracy to defraud the government of about half

Deaths.- April 15.- James Clark Hook, artist a million acres of public lands in Sheridan and

and Royal Academician, aged eighty-eight. Cherry counties, Nebraska.

· May 6.- John Watson (Ian Maclaren) Local Option.- May 7. The Illinois local

novelist and clergyman, aged fifty-seven. option bill finally passed by the state legislature.

Irish Exposition.– May 3.— The international Peace Congress.- April 15.- The first Na

exhibition opened. tional Arbitration and Peace Congress met in New York city.

Parliament.- May 7.- The Irish bill intro

duced by the government. [See Events.] In the April 17.- Andrew Carnegie presented with

House of Lords Lord Cawdor's proposal for the the cross of the Legion of Honor by France in

appointment of a committee to consider sugrecognition of his efforts for peace.

gestions for the reform of the House was Philanthropy.- April 23.- Miss Anna T.

adopted. Jeanes, of Philadelphia, gave $1,000,000 to assist

India rural schools for negroes. She appointed Booker T. Washington and Hollis Burke Frissell trustees. Plague.- April 13.- For the week ending

Prohibition.- April 24.- Nine breweries with this date there were seventy-five thousand ousted from Kansas by order of the Supreme deaths from the plague. Since 1897 there have Court, as they violated the prohibitory law. been nearly one million five hundred thousand

Railroads. - April 13.—[See Rebates.] - April deaths from it. 18.- The New York State Assembly passed, with Riots.- May 3.- Serious anti-European and but one dissenting vote, the bill providing for a anti-Christian riots at Rawalpindi, Punjaub. flat rate of 2 cents a mile on all railroads in the Mission and Y. M. C. A. buildings looted. state.... Governor Warner of Michigan signed May 6.— Rioting at various places in eastthe 2-cent fare bill which becomes effective in ern Bengal owing to intense feeling between September. It applies to all lower peninsula Hindus and Mohammedans, the former claiming roads earning more than $1,200 per mile per year the latter have desecrated their temples while on passenger trains. Other roads 3 cents.

the Mohammedans assert that the Hindu boy. - April 19.– The Great Northern Railway cott of British goods has raised prices. announced that it would accept without change - May 10.- Political unrest assuming grave the 2-cent passenger fare law and the commodity proportions in Lahore. A revolutionary leader freight law.

arrested Rebates.- April 13.- The Standard Oil

France Company of Indiana found guilty of accepting rebates from the Chicago & Alton Railroad on Casualty.- April 12.– The senatorial 1,463 counts,

mission appointed to investigate the cause of the

com

as

send a deputation to the capital to demand reform and the dismissal of the ministry.

Russian Empire Assassination.- April 21. — The vice-governor of the prison at Rostov-on-Don shot dead on the street.

April 24.- The chief of the political prison at Odessa killed by terrorists.

Casualty.- April 21.- Thirty-one persons lost their lives by the foundering of the river steamer Archangelsk while crossing the river Neva.

Douma.- April 12.- A demand for the exclusion from the lower house of three Socialist deputies pending their trial for political offenses, submitted by the minister of justice. It raised a storm of protest, and was finally referred to a committee, action opposed by the government and the Socialists. Premier Stolypin requested that meetings with experts should be held in private apartments, as the admittance of private persons to the lower house was illegal.

April 13.- Guards prevented the entrance of experts into the douma building. The lower house agreed to a compromise.

- April 24,- Senator Akymoff appointed president of the council of the empire.

April 29.- Accusation of the army worthless by a Socialist ‘member brought a demand from the ministers for temporary suspension of the member unless he retracted his charge. The lower house refused to comply, but President Golovine pronounced the suspension and rebuked the member.

May 2.- The council of the empire – the upper house — adopted the recruiting bill and the bill appropriating $3,000,000 for famine relief, passed by the lower house April 30.

Navy. - April 15.- Rear-Admiral Nebogatoff, who was sentenced to death for surrendering the Russian Pacific squadron at the battle of the Sea of Japan, began the imprisonment of ten years to which the senterice was commuted.

Japan Navy.- April 15.-. The largest battle-ship in the world, the Aki, launched.

Chinese Empire Casualty.- May 2.- An explosion of the pow. der magazine at the arsenal in Canton caused the death of twenty-nine persons and the injury of many others. Fifteen buildings destroyed.

Manchuria.- April 15.- Evacuation by both Russians and Japanese completed.

Morocco French Occupation. - April 17.- The French fleet made a demonstration off Mogador in order to hasten action on the police reforms arranged by the Algeciras conference.

- April 22.- The Sultan replied to the French demand for indemnity by asking negotiation.

May 6.- Southern part of the country in rebellion. The people of Morocco City proclaimed Mulai Hafig, brother of the reigning Sultan, to be Sultan of Morocco. Mulai released prisoners from the jail, restored the old governor of the city and arrested the murderer of Dr. Mauchamp

explosion on board the battle-ship Jena reported it due to decomposition of “B” powder.

Labor.- April 23.– Three thousand bakers on strike in Paris march to the Madeleine, but are dispersed by the police.

- May 1.- The labor demonstration in Paris resulted in one thousand arrests and scores of persons injured.

Treaty.- May 7.- The new Franco-Japanese treaty officially confirmed.

Spain Elections. - April 22.- Elections for members of the Chamber of Deputies showed a sweeping victory for the Conservatives, who secured 260 seats. The Liberals gained sixty-three, Republicans and Catalonists fifty, and other active parties thirty-one seats.

Crown Prince.- May 10.- A son and heir born to the King of Spain.

Belgium Cabinet. - April 12.– The cabinet resigned after a defeat in the chamber, which adopted a bill fixing nine hours as the period of labor in the mines.

Labor Bill. - April 13.- King Leopold by royal decree withdrew the government bill relating to the hours of labor in the mines. The action unprecedented because the decree was countersigned by the ministers who had officially resigned.

German Empire Aeronauts. - April 12.- A remarkable balloon record of 812 miles in nineteen hours made by two German aeronauts, Dr. Wegener and Adolph Koch. They sailed from Berlin to Enderby, near Leicester, England, in that time.

Austria Deaths. - April 26.- Albert Ritter von Mosetig-Morhof, surgeon and introducer of iodoform, aged sixty-nine.

Turkish Empire American Schools.- May 3.- An imperial irade issued authorizing the ministers to take action in regard to the American schools and other questions pending with the United States.

Rebellion.– May 6.- Seven battalions of Turkish troops practically annihilated in a battle with rebels in the province of Yemen, Turkish Arabia.

Montenegro Cabinet. - April 18.- A new cabinet formed under the premiership of M. Tomanovics, president of the high court of justice. He will also be minister of foreign affairs and of justice.

– April 29.- The ministry resigned but Prince Nicholas did not accept their resignations. Radical newspapers attacked the government and supporters of the latter demolished the offices of

the papers,

Revolt. - April 29.- Rural tribes in revolt against Prince Nicholas, whom they accuse of infringement of the constitution; three thousand met in southern Montenegro and resolved to

INDEX TO THE WORLD TO-DAY, VOL. XII.

Pages.
Agricultural Colleges.

639
Alcohol, Making a Servant of

57
American-made Articles Abroad, The Success of. 435
ANDERSON, FRANK MALOY:
A Business Man's Triumph in Scholarship

328
ANDRUS, S. GLEN:
Robbing the Nation of Its Lands, .

590
ANGELL, JAMES ROWLAND :
Reflections of a Layman on Vivisection..

379
Animals, Studying the Mind of.

421
Anti-clericalism in Europe.

121
Antiques, Spurious

597
Arbitration and Peace Congress

464, 505
Architecture of the Christian Science ('hurcı, The 582
Army:
Cavalry Drill, An Interesting

606
Machine Gun in the Future, The

92
Negro as an American Soldier.

322
Art:
Artist Out-of-Doors, The.

512
Leon Dabo--A Painter of space

76
Miedema-Sculptor to the Dutch People

297
Artist Out-of-Doors, The.

512
Astronomy:
Gifts of the Stars, The

182
What Astronomy Will Do Next.

615
AURERE, JEWELL H.:
Richard Bartholdt, Sketch of

505
Automobiles.

152, 436
Ballot, The Housekeeper's Need of the.

418
Bartholdt, Richard.

505
Battle of the Wilderness, Our New

227
BALSKETT, FRANK N.:
Cavalry Drill, An Interesting

606
BEARD, ANNIE E. S.:
Solving the Race Problem in Atlanta

214
BECKER, SHERBURN M.;
Young Man in Politics, The

170
BEECROFT, Davi:
Conquering Motor Car, The.

152
BEMAN, S. S.:

Architecture of the Christian Science Church, The.. 582
Biographical:
Bartholdt, Richard.

505
Baxter, James Phinney

629
Booth, Eva

509
Busbey, L. White

311
Carpenter, Fredd Warner

309
Coleridge-Taylor, Samuel.

133
Cromer, Lord.

562
Curtis, Charles.

312
D'Avenel, Vicomte Georges.

304
Eddy, Mrs. Mary B. G.

192
Furnivall, Frederick J

503
Judson, Harry Pratt.

384
Loeh, William

307
Pickett, La Salle Corbell

603
Reid, (ieorge Houstoun

206
Rhodes, James Ford.

328
Shaw, Leslie M

33
Walcott, Charles Doolittle.

430
Weaver, H. ()

310
Wilkie, John E

36.
Birds of Prey, Hlow They Forage.

361
Block System, The, and Railway Accidents.

249
Book Reviews

102, 218, 328, 441, 550, 646
Booth, The Fighting Spirit of Eva.

509
Bose, YOTINDRA MOHAN:
Home Rule in India

625
BRANDENBURG, BROUGHTON:
Aftermath of Kingston, The

314
Brazil, The New

518
Bryce, James, The Appointment of, as British Am-
bassador.

196
BURLESON, ADELE S.:
Dividing a River by Treaty

547
BURNHAM, CLAPA LOUISE:

Mrs. Eddy from the Christian Science Point of View 192
BURRAGE, HENRY S.:
Caring for the Old Soldier

45

PAGES.
BUSHNELL, CHARLES J.:
Progress City

532
Business Man's Triumph in Scholarship, A

328
Cabinet, Promotions in the

82
Calendar of the Month.

109, 221, 334, 445, 554, 651
CAMMETT, STEPHEN:
Machine Gun in Future Warfare, The.

92
CAMP, WALTER
Reform Football

86
CAMPBELL, HELEN.
Small Holdings in Denmark, The.

215
CAMPBELL, JAMES M.:
Our Yearly Exodus to Europe

62
Canada:
Northwest Trail, The

573
Canal:
From New York to Boston

370
Teltow Canal, The.

439
Car Famine in the Northwest The

176
Carnegie Institute, The Dedication of the

465
Cavalry Drill, An Interesting

606
Central America, Fighting in

348, 457
Chicago:
Chicago Repudiates Dunne

466
Chicago's New Charter.

568
Mayor Busse and the Future

467
Packingtown To-day

488
Traction Problem

242, 357
Children, The Fight to Save the.

427
China:
Can China Fight?

137
China and Opium

16
Famine in China

459
Makers of New China, The

146
Missionary Convention, A Great

248
New China

172
Christian Science Church, The Architecture of the 582
Churches on Wheels

324
Citizenship, Training for

532
CLAUDY, C. H.:

Lighthouse Service of the United States, The 536
Civic Beauty and the Elevated Railway. .

160
COBURN, FREDERICK W.
Savings Banks and Industrial Insurance

321
Coffee Culture in Mexico)

413
Concrete Bridge, The Greatest

130
Congo:
Annexation to Belgium

121
Congo Free State Question, Changed Status of 18
United States and the Congo

121
Congress :
Brownsville Affair.

238
Congress Playing Politics.

128
Deeds and Omissions of the Fifty-ninth Congress. 349
President's Message, The.

9
Remaking the Senate.

178
Salaries

238
Senate, The, and Senators.

238
Constitution, The

126
Construction:
(ost of Technical Errors

326
Consumers' League is Helping Industrial Conditions, 644
Cook, JAMES D.:
Coffee Culture in Mexico

413
Corporations and the Public
COWDRICK, SHEFFIELD:
From Saddle to Senate.

312
CRAVATI, JAMES R.:

Municipal Ownership of Electric Light Plants. 374
Currency Reform.

10
Curtis, Charles,

312
Dabo, Leon-A Painter of Space.

76
Dakota, Wreck of the.

461
D'Avenel, Georges.

304
Demagogism, Shall Reform Become

339
De-natured Alcohol

57
Denmark, Small Holdings in.

215
Desert, Tenting for Health in the

404
Diamonds, Mining the World's.

526

369

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