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§ 27 (N.Y.Sup.) Under Code Cr. Proc. § 616, as amended by Laws 1895, c. 98, witnesses for the prosecution are entitled to the same fees and mileage as witnesses in a civil action in the same court.-People v. Sharp, 139 N. Y. S. 995. A witness unable to comply with the requirements, under Code Cr. Proc. § 618b, to deposit $500 or enter recognizance to appear, is not entitled to witness fees for the time he was detained in jail, but only for the days he was in

actual attendance on the trial.-Id.

II. COMPETENCY.

(C) Testimony of Parties or Persons Interested, for or against Representatives, Survivors, or Successors in Title

or Interest of Persons Deceased or In

competent.

$139 (N.Y.Sup.) Testimony by an administratrix, a beneficiary under her husband's will, in an action by her as such, of a conversation with her father-in-law as to the ownership of a deposit in a bank as between her husband and the father, where the party alleged to have converted the property claimed that she acted under the direction of the father, was inadmissible under Code Civ. Proc. § 829.-Scully v. Scully, 139 N. Y. S. 622.

§ 140 (N.Y.Sup.) In an action for assault, though the question of a right of way was involved, where the jury's determination did not involve that question, a witness other than either of the parties was not rendered incompetent, under Code Civ. Proc. § 829, prohibiting persons interested from testifying as to transactions with a decedent.-Blass v. Linsley, 139 N. Y. S. 540.

$144 (N.Y.Sup.) A plaintiff, suing an executrix for money had and received, is not competent to testify to the employment at a weekly salary and the agreement that testator should retain a specified part thereof for plaintiff.Brady v. Donohue, 139 N. Y. S. 851.

$150 (N.Y.Sup.) Where one having a deposit in a bank dies, leaving an order to the plaintiff for the deposit, but the title to the gift did not pass, the bank's interest in the deposit is an interest derived from, through, or under the deceased person, within Code, § 829, and the plaintiff could not testify to transactions between himself and the deceased.-Foley v. New York Savings Bank, 139 N. Y. S. 915.

$159 (N.Y.Sup.) Plaintiff, suing a bank and the administrator of a deceased depositor to recover a deposit as a gift causa mortis, is not competent to testify to the transaction with decedent in which the latter gave to plaintiff the bank book representing the deposit.-Elliott v. Bank for Savings, 139 N. Y. S. 939.

(D) Confidential Relations and Privileged Communications.

834, prohibiting the disclosure of information
$211 (N.Y.Sup.) Under Code Civ. Proc. §
acquired by a physician necessary to enable him
to act professionally, evidence by a physician
that, when called to treat insured, insured stat-
ed that he had been under another physician,
and that insured was then coughing and bleed-
ing badly, and said he had been sick for a long
time, was inadmissible.-Denaro v. Prudential
Ins. Co. of America, 139 N. Y. S. 758.

834, prohibiting the disclosure of information
$214 (N.Y.Sup.) Under Code Civ. Proc. §
acquired by a physician necessary to enable him
by a patient to his physician were made in
to act professionally, the fact that disclosures
the presence of members of the patient's family
would not authorize the physician to testify
thereto.-Denaro
America, 139 N. Y. S. 758.
v. Prudential Ins. Co. of

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(A) In General. $321 (N.Y.Sur.) A party cannot impeach his own witness.-In re Schmidt's Will, 139 N. Y. S. 464.

(B) Character and Conduct of Witness.

§ 349 (N.Y.Sup.) Cross-examination of accused as to specific acts showing moral turpitude, must be directed to acts of accused himself.People v. Veld, 139 N. Y. S. 788.

(C) Interest and Bias of Witness. § 367 (N.Y.Sup.) The exclusion of questions in an arson case as to whether witness, a fire marshal, had personally investigated the case,

For cases in Dec. Dig. & Am. Dig. Key No. Series & Indexes see same topic and section (§) NUMBER

and looked up witnesses for this particular "Demurrer."-Kramer v. Barth (N. Y. Sup.) case, such being an incidental part of his of- 139 N. Y. S. 341. ficial duties, was not prejudicial.-People v. "Doing business."-American Contractor Pub. Schneider, 139 N. Y. S. 104. Co. v. Michael Nocenti Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 853.

(D) Inconsistent Statements by Witness. $387 (N.Y.Sup.) Questions asked a police officer, as to whether he had testified to certain things before the magistrate that he testified to on the trial, are properly excluded, in the discretion of the court, on cross-examination.-People v. Schneider, 139 N. Y. S. 104. $390 (N.Y.Sup.) Where an officer, testifying for accused, stated that complainant had told him that he did not know who committed the crime, and that he had a telephone conversation with an assistant district attorney, the testimony of the assistant district attorney that he called up the officer, who stated he was looking for accused, who committed the act complained of in self-defense, was admissible to impeach the officer's credibility.-People v. Longebodi, 139 N. Y. S. 721.

(E) Contradiction and Corroboration of Witness.

8414 (N.Y.Sup.) Where it was claimed that a witness testified with a motive, as to free himself, prompting him to testify falsely, evidence of similar declarations at a time when such motive did not exist was admissible.People v. Katz, 139 N. Y. S. 137.

WOMEN.

See Constitutional Law, §§8 89, 238; Master and Servant, § 10.

WORDS AND PHRASES. "Acceptance."-Foley v. New York Savings Bank (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 915. "Actual delivery."-Wentworth v. Riggs (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 1082. "Baggage."-Sherman v. Pullman Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 51.

"Beneficial power."-In re New York Life Ins. & Trust Co. (N. Y. Sur.) 139 N. Y. S. 695. "Burden of proof."-In re Falabella's Will (N. Y. Sur.) 139 N. Y. S. 1003.

"Cash net profits."-Fries v. Parr (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 220. "Chattel."-Bachmann-Bechtel Brewing Co. v. Gehl (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 807. "Coercion." In re Van Ness' Will (N. Y. Sur.) 139 N. Y. S. 485.

"Company."-J. P. Duffy Co. v. Todebush (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 112. "Conversion."-White v. Shonts (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 169.

"Conveyance."-Sullivan v. Corn Exch. Bank (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 97. "County jail."-People ex rel. Rodenberg v. Warden (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 212. "Court of construction."-In re Swartz's Will (N. Y. Sur.) 139 N. Y. S. 1105. "Covenant running with the land."-Bruder v. Crafts & D'Amora Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 307. "Dedication."-Village of Wellsville v. Hallock (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 961. "Defect."-Lipstein v. Provident Loan Society of New York (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 799.

"Doing business in the state."-Brookford Mills v. Baldwin (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 195.

"Domicile."-Wacker v. Wacker (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 78. "Due process of law."-People ex rel. Robert Simpson Co. v. Kempner (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 440.

"Equitable mortgage."-Sullivan v. Corn Exch Bank (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 97. "Final judgment."-Kramer v. Barth (N. Y. Sup:) 139 N. Y. S. 341. "Forgery."-People v. Carlesi (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 309. "Franchise."-Northern Westchester Lighting Co. v. Village of Ossining (N. Y. Sup.) 135 N. Y. S. 373.

"Held in trust."-Czerweny v. National Fire Ins. Co. of Hartford (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 345.

"Interest derived from deceased person."-Foley v. New York Savings Bank (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 915. "Joint adventure."-Hill v. Curtis (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 428.

"Juvenile delinquency."-People v. Pollak (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 831. "Larceny."-People v. Pollak (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 831.

"Law."-People ex rel. Hoelderlin v. Kane (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 350. "Libel."-D'Altomonte v. New York Herald Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 200. "Memorandum."-Poel v. Brunswick-Balke-Collender Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 602. "Moneys paid into court."-Morris v. Carnegie Trust Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 969. "Need."-Sawyer v. Dearstyne (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 955.

"Needy."-Sawyer v. Dearstyne (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 955.

"Needy young women students."-Sawyer v. Dearstyne (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 955. "Negligence."-Nugent v. Brooklyn Heights R. Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 367. "Operation."-Rothmann v. Interborough Rapid Transit Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 1041. "Other sufficient cause." In re Henry's Estate (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 690. "Party."-People v. Schneider (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 104.

"Penitentiary."-People ex rel. Rodenberg v. Warden (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 212. "Person beneficially interested."-Sperry Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 192.

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"Plant."-Lipstein v. Provident Loan Society of New York (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 799; McKeon v. Proctor & Gamble Mfg. Co., Id. 805. "Possession with intent to defraud."-People v. Carlesi (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 309. "Possession with intent to utter."-People v. Carlesi (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 309. "Power in trust."-În re New York Life Ins. & Trust Co. (N. Y. Sur.) 139 N. Y. S. 695. "Premises."-Cohen v. Simon Strauss (N. Y Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 929.

"Property right."-People ex rel. Robert Simpson Co. v. Kempner (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 440.

"Publication."-People v. Bibler (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 819.

"Purchaser for value."-Martin L. Hall Co. v. Todd (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 111. "Purposes of trade."-D'Altomonte V. New York Herald Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 200.

"Put in good repair."-Gerson v. Blanck (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 47.

"Receiving stolen goods."-People v. Pollak (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 831. "Sale."-Poel v. Brunswick-Balke-Collender Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 602. "Subrogation."-Sexton v. Fensterer (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 811.

"Subsequent purchaser."-Sullivan V. Corn Exch. Bank (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 97. "Such."-Caesar v. Bernard (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N.

Y. S. 974.

$7 (N.Y.Sup.) Where a child was brought up by an aunt, who also became her stepmother, and the child continued to reside with her father and stepmother, and resided with her stepmother after her father's death, the law did not imply a promise to pay for board.-Penfield v. Penfield, 139 N. Y. S. 1061.

§ 14 (N.Y.Sup.) Recovery on a written building contract and enforcement of a mechanic's lien on the building cannot be had in an action on quantum meruit, unless substantial compliance be shown; mere excuses not being a sufficient substitute for actual performance.Gersmann v. Walpole, 139 N. Y. S. 1.

§ 27 (N.Y.Sup.) In an action for manufacturing silk thread into cloth of gold, in which defendant counterclaimed for the value of thread delivered and not used, evidence as to the number of yards delivered to defendant, and that its weight was equivalent to the thread delivered, was admissible.-Wiertz Silk Mfg. Co. v. Louis Metzger & Co., 139 N. Y. S. 926.

"Sufficient ability."-In re Conklin (N. Y. Co. § 28 (N.Y.Sup.) Evidence held not to justify Ct.) 139 N. Y. S. 449. a finding of a contract binding a child to pay "Taxed."-People ex rel. Braeburn Ass'n v. board while living with her aunt and stepmother. Hanking (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 436.-Penfield v. Penfield, 139 N. Y. S. 1061. "Undue influence."-In re Schmidt's Will (N. Y. Sur.) 139 N. Y. S. 464; in re Van Ness' Will, Id. 485. "Usury."-Merwin v. Robertson (N. Y. Sup.) 139 N. Y. S. 723; Robertson v. Merwin, Id.

726.

WORK AND LABOR.

See Attorney and Client, § 189; Mechanics' Liens.

§ 30 (N.Y.Sup.) In an action for manufacturing silk thread into cloth of gold, in which defendant counterclaimed for the value of thread delivered and not used, held a jury question whether any of the thread delivered was not used by defendant and retained.-Wiertz Silk Mfg. Co. v. Louis Metzger & Co., 139 N. Y. S. 926.

WRITS.

See Attachment; Execution; Injunction; Quo Warranto; Replevin.

$4 (N.Y.Sup.) Ordinarily one requesting another to perform services for him impliedly agrees to pay their reasonable value, unless the See Torts. circumstances justify him in believing that the person requested would not expect compensation.-Gilday v. Hennen, 139 N. Y. S. 934.

WRONGS. YEAR.

See Landlord and Tenant.

For cases in Dec. Dig. & Am. Dig. Key No. Series & Indexes see same topic and section (§) NUMBER

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