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them would fatally cripple the new state. They further state that a substantial portion of the so-called Greek population uses Albanian as its mother tongue and is consequently of Albanian inclinations.

To the east Greece claims the part of Thrace now in southern Bulgaria and running through to the Black Sea, including Constantinople. The claims are put forward on racial, religious and historical grounds. Assuming that the Turks will be driven from Constantinople and deferring her claim to an international régime of the city, the Greeks assert preponderant rights in Constantinople, because it was the capital of the Greek Empire before the Turkish conquest, and today contains 364,459 Greeks and 449,114 Turks out of a total population of 1,173,673, besides being the seat of the Greek Ecumenical Patriarch. The boundary suggested by Greece for her proposed acquisition in southern Bulgaria would run from Joula, on the present Greco-Bulgarian northeastern frontier, along the Arda to the Maritza, and along the Turko-Bulgarian boundary of 1913 northeast of Kirk-Kilissia to Cape Iniada. The territory includes the harbors of Saloniki, Kavalla and Dedeagatch and a front on the Black Sea. It is claimed by Greece on the principle of nationality, the Greek figures showing 69,000 Bulgarians, 348,000 Greeks and 442,000 Turks. It is expected that Bulgaria will contest this attempt of Greece to cut her off from all outlet to the Ægean.

In Asia Minor Greece would limit the Turk to the interior, where he is in numerical preponderance; create a separate Armenia and allot to Greece most of the vilayet of Aidin, comprising the seaboard of Asia Minor and containing the harbor of Smyrna. The Greeks claim that for 3,000 years their race has held the predominant position along the Asia Minor seaboard, where today they claim a majority of the population, namely, 1,188,359 Greeks against 1,048,359 Mohammedans. They further claim this section under the offer of the Entente made in January, 1915, as the consideration for the entry of Greece into the war. Turkey is expected to contest the Greek claim to the seaboard of Asia Minor, especially if she is deprived of Constantinople and Armenia. Unofficially the Turks already dispute the Greek population figures, not so much as to totals as to their compactness of location, and state that all the rivers, trade routes and economic life of the Turkish territory of Asia Minor flows straight westward down to the Ægean, and that to deprive this territory of the seaboard would be practically to strangle it.

Greece also claims the islands off the coast of Asia Minor, the Dodecanesus and Rhodes, Castellorizo, Imbros and Tenedos, on the ground that they have been Greek for thousands of years, that the present population is eighty per cent. Greek and the culture entirely Greek. The Dodecanesus were allotted to Italy by the so-called Pact of London of April 26, 1915, but Greece hopes that Italy will withdraw from them.

The territorial interests of Greece were presented to the representatives of the Great Powers on February 4th and referred to an expert committee composed of two representatives of the United States, Great Britain, France and Italy. The committee was authorized to consult the representatives of the peoples concerned.

The Hedjaz

The Hedjaz is a rich country fronting on the Red Sea, with a population of 300,000, containing the cities of Mecca and Medina, and claims to have been independent for eight centuries. The Cherif of Mecca, because of his aid to the Entente Allies during the war, was recognized in 1916 as King of the Hedjaz and is represented at the Peace Conference by two delegates. He desires not only the formal recognition of the independence of his own country, but advocates the eventual union into one Pan-Arab Federation of from ten to twelve million Arab-speaking people, occupying a territory one-third in size that of the United States. These populations are included in the countries of Asir and Yemen, south of the Hedjaz on the Red Sea and ruled by local Arab chieftains, and the great Arabian desert lying to the east of the Hedjaz, inhabited by many nomad tribes. No specific requests for changing the status of these countries at present is made by the King of the Hedjaz, but he suggests that the dispositions of the Peace Conference should regard these districts as ultimately a part of a Pan-Arab State.

The King of the Hedjaz further requests that separate autonomous governments be established in Syria and Mesopotamia, with a view to their becoming a part of the Pan-Arab union.



Abbreviations: Ann. sc. pol., Annales des sciences politiques, Paris; Arch. dipl., Archives Diplomatiques, Paris; B., boletin, bulletin, bolletino; P. A. U., bulletin of the Pan-American Union, Washington; Cd., Great Britain, Parliamentary Papers; Clunet, J. de Dr. Int. Privé, Paris; Current History-Current History-A Monthly Magazine of the New York Times; Doc. dipl., France, Documents diplomatiques; B. Rel. Ext., Boletin de Relaciones Exteriores; Dr., droit, diritto, derecho; D. O., Diario Oficial; For. rel., Foreign Relations of the United States; Ga., gazette, gaceta, gazzetta; Int., international, internacional, internazionale; J., journal; J. O., Journal Officiel, Paris; L., Law; M., Magazine; Mém. dipl., Mémorial diplomatique, Paris; Monit., Belgium, Moniteur belge; Martens, Nouveau recueil général de traités, Leipzig; Official Bulletin, Official Bulletin of the United States; Q., Quarterly; Q. dip., Questions diplomatiques et coloniales; R., review, revista, revue, rivista; Reichs G., Reichs-Gesetzblatt, Berlin; Staats, Staatsblad, Netherlands; State Papers, British and Foreign State Papers, London; Stat. at L., United States Statutes at Large; Times, The Times (London).

August, 1916.



signed under which Rumania entered the war. Summaries: London Times, Feb. 4, 1919; Temps, Feb. 3, 1919; Washington Post, February 4, 1919.

April, 1918.

24 BRAZIL. Executive decree issued putting into force the resolutions of Fourth International Conference of American States, 1910, relative to steamship service, commerce customs and statistics, commercial statistics, reorganization of Union of American Republics and interchange of professors and students. P. A. U., 47: 855.

September, 1918.

20 PERU URUGUAY. Convention signed relative to diplomas and certificates issued by educational authorities. Summary: P. A. U., 47: 854.

November, 1918.

13 AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. Emperor Charles abdicated. New York Times, November 14, 1918.

16 GERMANY. Government formed by Freidrich Ebert. New York Times, November 17, 1918.

17 SAXE-MEININGEN. Republic proclaimed. London Times, November 18, 1918.

17 BADEN. Grand Duke Friedrich II of Baden abdicated, and Baden proclaimed a republic. New York Times, November 18, 1918. 17 SAXE-COBURG GOTHA. Duke Charles Edward of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha abdicated. New York Times, November 18, 1918. 17 HUNGARY. Republic proclaimed. New York Times, November 18, 1918.

22 NORTH SEA REPUBLIC. The United Workers' and Soldiers' Councils proclaimed Oldenburg, Oestfriesland, Bremen, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein a North Sea Republic, with Hamburg as capital, London Times, November 23, 1918.

25 GERMANY. An agreement proclaimed between Ebert Government and Soldiers' and Sailors' Council by which power passed to the Council. New York Times, November 26, 1918.

26 JUGO-SLAVIA. Crown Prince Alexander appointed regent by National Council of Fiume. New York Times, November 26, 1918. December, 1918.

15 POLAND-GERMANY. Poland severed relations with Germany. New York Times, December 16, 1918.

20 GUATEMALA UNITED STATES. Senate advised and consented to ratification of commercial treaty with Guatemala. Congressional Record, December 21, 1918.

21 GERMANY. Count Brockdorff-Rantzau appointed foreign secretary. London Times, January 2, 1919.

27-29 Congress of the League of the Rights of Man. Held in Paris. La Paix par le Droit, 29: 29.

31 FINLAND. Prince Friedrich Karl of Hesse announced through Finnish Legation in Berlin that he definitely renounced the crown of Finland. London Times, January 1, 1919.

31 PERU-GREAT BRITAIN. Canada adhered to arbitration convention between Peru and Great Britain. P. A. U., 47: 856.

January, 1919.

2 AUSTRIA. German-Austrian Government transmits note to diplomatic corps in Vienna asking recognition of the State of German-Austria. Demanding plebiscite for towns exclusively German, such as Marburg, Radkeisburg, Klagensfurt, Villach, Bozen, and Brunex, and asserting that republic must either form part of a Danube confederation or be attached to Germany. Summary: New York Times, January 3, 1919.

2 SYRIA AND ASIA MINOR. Decree issued raising blockade. London Gazette, January 1, 2, 1919.

4 COUNT VON HERTLING. Died. German Chancellor, October, 1917, to September, 1918. New York Times, January 5, 1919.

4 UNITED STATES-GERMANY. Department of State made public agreement as to exchange and treatment of prisoners. New York Times, January 5, 1919.

4 JAPAN-CHINA. Texts of notes exchanged in 1915, published in Peking Leader. London Times, January 11, 1919.

5 UNITED KINGDOM OF SERBIANS, CROATS AND SLOVENES. Governments of the Entente and neutrals notified that the government formed at Belgrade by representatives of Jugo-Slavic provinces, Serbia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Dalmatia, Croatia, and the Slovene districts had become the United Kingdom of Serbians, Croats and Slovenes. London Times, January 6, 1919.

5 UKRAINE. Republic of Western Ukraine, formerly Eastern Galicia, joined Greater Ukraine, in a provisional government headed by Dr. Holubavitch. Times, January 8, 1919.


6 THEODORE ROOSEVELT. Died. New York Times, January 7, 1919. GREAT BRITAIN-FRANCE. Announced that a secret treaty gave Great Britain Mesopotamia and arranged future of Asia Minor. New York Times, January 7, 1919.

6 POLAND. Germany reported agreement reached to end hostilities. New York Tribune, January 7, 1919.

6 RUSSIA-GERMANY. Germany severed diplomatic relations with Russia. New York Times, January 7, 1919.

7 MEXICO UNITED STATES. Mexican note to the United States relative to oil situation and decrees made public. New York American, January 8, 1919.

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