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The value of skins from the Unalaska district during the year 183 (at which time fur-seal skins were scarce) is illustrated by the following table' compiled by the same person:

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Tikhmenief publishes two main tables? showing the numbers of all furs exported from the Russian American Colonies between the years 1821 and 1862.

Following are the data contained in the first table, which covers the period from 1821 to 1842: Sea-otters. 25, 416 Bears

5, 355 Sea-otter tails 23, 506 Lynxes

4, 253 Fur-seals 458, 502 Wolverines

1, 561 Whalebone. poods.. 33, 455 Weasels.

15, 481 Land-otters 29, 442 Sables

15, 666 Foxes (brown, gray, and red).. 90, 322 Muskrats

4, 491 Walrus ivory poods.. 6, 501 Wolves

201 Beavers .do....162, 034 Castoriums

-poods.. Blue foxes

69, 352 Following are the data contained in the second table, which covers the period from 1842 to 1862: Sea-otters 25, 899 Wolves

24 Foxes ... 77, 847 | Muskrats

6, 570 Blue foxes. 54, 134 Wolverines.

10 Fur-seals... 372, 894 Minxes....

872 Beavers .. 157, 484 Castoriums

poods.. Land-otters

70, 473
Walrus ivory

..do.. 7765 Lynxes 6,927 Beaver tails

25, 797 Sables 12, 782 Paws

40, 588 Bears

1,893

5124

6 103

During the years 1863–1867 there were exported from the Russian American Colonies fur-seals to the number of 198,718.8

Page 83. This author explains at length the causes of the diminution of seal life during the period concerning which he wrote.

Tik lunenief, Vol. 1, p. 327, and Vol. II, p. 221. 3 And 10 pounds. 4 And 6 pounds. 6 And 16 pounds. 6 And 21 pounds. 7 And 34 pounds.

* Tenth Census Report of the United States, Report on the the Population, Industries, and Resources of Alaska, p. 61. See, generally, this report for greater details as to the whole of the foregoing.

Recapitulation of the foregoing as to fur-seals erported between 1743 and 1867. 1743–1820 (Berg, table 1)

2, 167, 040 1821-1812 (Tikluenief)

458, 502 1813–1862 (Tikhmenief)

372, 894 1863-1867 (Tenth ('ensus)

198, 718 Total

... 3, 197, 154

Fur-seal skins taken from the Pribilof Islands between the years 1868 and 1891.
Number
Number.

Number 1868...

* 210,000
1876..
87, 900 1884.

99, 733 1869 $87,000 1877.

76, 584 1885.

100, 395 1870. 49,965 1878. 100, 152 1886.

99, 890 1871. 5 96, 697 1879. 101, 004 1887.

100, 996 1872.

100, 352
1880.
98, 923 1888.

99, 116 1873. 100, 137 1881. 102, 386 1889.

99, 937 1874. 102, 221 1882.

97, 798 1890.

621, 238 1875. 100, 036 , 1883.

74, 258 · 1891.

713, 473

Extract from Report on the Resources of Alaska, published by the Bureau

of Statistics of the United States Treasury Department, 1890.

A brief estimate of the value of permanent improvements in Alaska has been compiled from such sources as could be made available. Yo attempt at even approximate assessment has ever been made. Real estate can hardly be said to exist in a country as yet without provision for acquiring title to anything but mining claims.

Estimated value of permanent improrement in Alaska. Invested in gold and silver mines and mills

$1,500,000 Invested in coal mines

30,000 Salmon canneries

1,800,000 Shipping

200,000 Sawmills

130,000 C'odfishing stations and vessels.

100,000 Trading stations, wharves, etc

350,000

4, 110, 000 A very interesting summary of the value of products obtained from Alaska from the time of its purchase to the year of 1889 will serve to elucidate the value of this vast territory which we acquired for the paltry sum of $7,200,000, and which has returned over $60,000,000 within twenty-three years. The value of products of the whale fishery has been omitted from this summary as belonging more properly to San Francisco and New Bedford.

During the time covered by this statement the United States Treasury has drawn $5,955,535.07 from the same source, and on the large proportion of fur-seal skins which have been returned dressed and dyed to this country a duty of 20 per cent has been received.

For reasons already viven, this total only represents the skins of which records were k .pt, which records, especially in early times, were very imperfect.

? Thomas F. Morgan, Vol. II, p. 63. 3 Tenth ('ensus, Report on the population, etc., of Alaska, p. 61. + Emil Teichmann, Vol. II, p. 55. * For this and succeeding years down to 1889, inclusive, see Max Heilbronner, Vol. II, pp. 117, 167. Charles J. Goff, Vol. II, p. 112.

Emil Teichmann, Vol. , p. 585.

Value of products obtained from Alaska from the time of its purchase to the year 1890.

Fur-seals (total)
Other furs (total)
Canned salmon
Salted salmon
Codfish...
Gold and silver.

$31, 557, 392 14, 908, 938 6, 439, 797

460, 808 2,950, 236 3, 741, 550

60, 058, 721

17

REVENUE DERIVED FROM THE ALASKAN SEAL HERD.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,

June 10, 1892. SIR: In reply to your request of the 8th instant I have the honor to transmit herewith a statement of the revenue derived from the lease of the islands of St. Paul and St. George, Alaska, from 1871 to 1891, inclusive. Respectfully, yours,

CHARLES FOSTER,

Secretary Hon. JOHN W. FOSTER,

Department of State.

Statement of the revenue derived by the Gorernment of the United States from the lease of

the islands of St. Paul and St. George, Alaska.

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It will be seen by reference to the statement' sworn to by Joseph Ullmann and others, furriers, of New York City:

First: That upon a catch of 100,000 seals at the Pribilof Islands, about 70,000 have, after dressing and dyeing in London, been annually, during the last ten years, returned to the United States.

Second: That the average value of each skin so returned was $25.

The total value of skins so imported would therefore be, during ten years, $17,500,000.

The customs duty received therefrom by the United States Govern. ment is 20 per cent of this sum, or, for ten years, $3,500,000; and it is within bounds to say that for the past twenty years the above-mentioned duty amounted in all to $5,000,000.

i Vol. – P.

DIPLOMATIC" CORRESPONDENCE.

CHRONOLOGICAL ARRANGEMENT.

Pages. Correspondence of the years 1822-1825 relative to ukase of 1821, and to the treaties of 1824 and 1825 .

132-152 Correspondence between the United States and Great Britain relative to the seizure of British sealing vessels in Bering Sea in 1886 and 1887.

153-163 Correspondence relative to proposed international measures for the protection of fur-seals (1887-1888.).

168-194 Correspondence relative to and growing out of the seizure of British sealing

vessels in Bering Sea in 1889 August 24, 1889, to January 22, 1890).... 195-203 Correspondence relative to proposed international measures for the proof fur-seals-continued-(February 10, 1890, to June 27, 1890)

204-223 Correspondence relative to the jurisdictional rights in Bering Sea formerly

possessed by Russia and transterred to the United States by the treaty of of 1867 (Mr. Blaine's note of June 30, 1890)..

224-235 Correspondence relative to Great Britain's willingness to enter into a con

vention for the protection of fur-seals (Juve 30, 1890, to July 19, 1890)... 236-242 Correspondence relative to the jurisdictional rights in Bering Sea formerly

possessed by Russia and transferred to the United States by the treaty of 1867—continued—(August 2, 1890, to April 14, 1891).

242-298 Correspondence relative to the modus ricendi of 1891 and to the negotiations for arbitration (April 20, 1891, to February 8, 1892)

298-350 Correspondence relative to the modus vivendi of 1892 (February 9, 1892, to March 26, 1892)....

351-364 131

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