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ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE

POSTMASTER-GENERAL

OF THE

UNITED STATES

FOR THE

FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1878.

WITHDRAWN

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE,

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CONTENTS.

Page.

REPORT OF THE POSTMASTER GENERAL

3-35

Receipts and expenditures ...

3

Amount drawn from the Treasury on appropriations..

Estimates for 1880

5

Deficiency appropriations..

5

Liabilities....

Issues of postage-stamps, envelopes, and postal cards

Dead letters

7

Registered letters...

7

Statistics of transportation

8

Insufficiency of appropriations for railway mail service..

8

Cost of railway service

9

Transfer of mails from stations to post-offices..

10

Errors of railway mail commission.

10

Comparative cost of service....

11

Temporary contracts....

11

Mail-bags, catchers, locks, and keys

12

Special agents and mail depredations

12

Railway post-office lines

13

Operations of topographer's office.

14

Number of post-offices and appointments

14

Departmental employés.......

15

Operations of the free-delivery system..

15

Cause of the increase of the money-order business.

17

Revenues and expenses

18

Remittance of surplus funds.

18

Transfer of funds

19

Lost remittances

19

Money-orders erroneously paid.

20

Duplicate money-orders.....

21

Exchange of money.orders with foreign countries..

21

General results of money-order business

24

Weight of foreign mails

25

Cost of ocean service...

25

Admissions to Postal Union

25

International Postal Congress..

26

Synopsis of Universal Postal Convention

26

Work of United States delegates to Postal Congress...

28

Limited indemnity recommended for lost registered letters.

29

Foreign books by mail

30

How deficiencies are created by law.

31

Consequences of the possible reduction of railway mail service.

32

Registration of third-class matter....

33

The department not expected to be self-sustaining

33

How to avoid deficiencies .....!

34

Now post-offices recommended for San Francisco, Cal., and Washington, D.C..

34

REPORT OF THE FIRST ASSISTANT POSTMASTER-GENERAL

39

Statistics of free delivery....

40-43

Operations of the appointment division.

44

Increase and decrease of post-offices

Second and third class mattor mailed from 181 first-class post-offices for three months end-
ing September 30, 1878

46-50

Proceedings of a conference of publishers upon the proposed bill for the classification of

mail matter

51-53

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