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Bündnisse, Conventionen, Verträge, Protokolle etc.

1890. Juni 1. Deutsches Reich und Marokko. Handelsvertrag vom

1. Juni 1890.


Juli 25. Deutsches Reich und Kongo-Staat. Vertrag zwischen

dem Deutschen Reiche und dem Kongo-Staate über

die Auslieferung der Verbrecher und die Gewährung

sonstiger Rechtshülfe in Strafsachen zwischen den

deutschen Schutzgebieten in Afrika und dem Gebiete

des Kongo-Staates


Aug. 26. Freundschafts-, Handels- und Schiffahrtsvertrag 10358.

Okt. 14. Vertrags-Staaten (Deutsches Reich, Oesterreich-Ungarn,

Liechtenstein, Belgien, Frankreich, Italien, Nieder-

lande, Luxemburg, Russland, Schweiz). Internatio-

nales Uebereinkommen über den Eisenbahnfracht.



1891. Jan. 24. Vereinigte Staaten und Kongo-Staat. Handelsvertrag. 10318.

März 11. Grossbritannien und Frankreich. Vertrag zwischen Gross-

britannien und Frankreich, betreffend ein Schieds-

gericht in der Neufundländer Fischereifrage ... 10333.

Juli 4. Convention postale universelle (Weltpostvertrag) conclue

entre l'Allemagne et les Protectorats Allemands, les

Etats-Unis d'Amérique, la République Argentine,

l'Autriche-Hongrie, la Belgique, la Bolivie, le Brésil,

la Bulgarie, le Chili, la République de Colombie,

l'Etat Indépendant du Congo, la République de Costa-

Rica, le Danemark et les Colonies Danoises, la Ré-

publique Dominicaine, l’Egypte, l'Equateur, l'Es-

pagne et les Colonies Espagnoles, la France et les

Colonies Françaises, la Grande-Bretagne et diverses

Colonies Britanniques, les Colonies Britanniques

d'Australasie, le Canada, l'Inde Britannique, la Grèce,

le Guatemala, la République d'Haïti, le Royaume

d'Hawaï, la République du Honduras, l'Italie, le Japon,

la République de Libéria, le Luxembourg, le Mexique,

Brüsseler Internationale Antisclaverei



Nr. 10298. KONFERENZ-STAATEN. Sitzungsprotokoll vom

14. Juni 1890. Widerspruch der Niederlande gegen
die Zollerhöhung.


Baron Gericke de Herwynen, having asked leave to speak, expresses Nr. 10298. himself in these terms :- || “Gentlemen, || As you are aware, I was unable to concur entirely in the feelings of approval which the communication made to 14.Juni1890. us, on the 10th May last, by our honourable President, met with generally in this assembly. || I was obliged to confine myself to assuring you of the great interest which my Government have not ceased to take, from the beginning, in all that has taken and still is unintermittently taking place for the development of the Congo State. I added, that they had no intention of yielding to any other Government in their friendly feelings towards that State. They could not, therefore, be indifferent to the exigencies of its financial condition. "The Government of the King, however, Gentlemen, are unable, to their regret, to give their support to the proposal of the 10th May, as formulated, and have charged me to explain briefly their motives. I shall have the honour to indicate them. The proposal of the 10th May, and the declaration of the Plenipotentiaries of the Congo Free State, appear to be based principally, if not solely, on the consideration of the obligation of meeting the expenses which will result from the execution of the Brussels General Act, and which expenses result, themselves, from Article IX of the Berlin General Act. || “It is for this last reason that our President has thought it possible now to discuss the proposed measure. || Most certainly the Government of the King readily recognize that the execution of the obligations imposed on the Congo State for the suppression of the Slave Trade in its territory will entail a certain expense; but they think, that this circumstance cannot logically lead to other results than an inquiry into what may be the

Staatsarchiv LIV.



Nr. 10298. best means to be placed at the disposal of the Governments interested, to

enable them to discharge their obligations. Consequently it would be expedient 14.Juni 1890. to ascertain what may be the importance of the expenses which have to be

met. You will permit me to remark, that this is not what has happened. Our honourable President has confined himself to proposing a means of increasing the resources, without estimating the expenditure which would have to be met under the head of the obligations contracted. || This may present inconveniences, not only on account of the uncertainty as to the expenditure which will have to be met, but especially inasmuch as the proposal before the Conference would cut short an exhaustive examination of other and perhaps better expedients. This examination, nevertheless, seems extremely desirable, because, on the one hand, the method proposed of establishing import duties arouses in commercial quarters very strong objections, and because it is, on the other hand, contrary to the stipulations of the Berlin General Act, which formally prohibited the establishment of import duties in the conventional basin of the Congo, although the obligation of watching over the suppression of the Slave Trade had been already imposed by that very Act on the Contracting Powers. | Nevertheless, as the present Conference has thought fit to occupy itself with the financial consequences of the obligations recorded in the Act which we have discussed, it seems necessary not to allow the question to diverge from its rational path, but to take care lest one mode of getting out of the difficulty, of very doubtful expediency, should prevent others being considered as well. || I therefore am charged, Gentlemen, to request you to put on the paper of our deliberations the examination of the question of the best means to meet the expenditure which will be entailed on the Governments interested by the obligations for the suppression of the Slave Trade in the conventional basin of the Congo. The reply to this question should be recorded at the end of the General Act, as the expression of the wish of the Conference. || This mode of procedure, which has been employed more than once under similar circumstances, seems to recommend itself for several reasons. Seeing that our sole object is, in fact, to find a means of meeting our anti-sclavery obligations, the proposal I have just formulated is, in the first place, the most logical; in the next it is equitable, in view of the complaints which the establishment of import duties calls forth even now in commercial quarters; it is prudent, in consideration of the prohibition contained in the Congo Act; it is, besides, acceptable to the Conference, as it would remove any chance of again calling in question decisions arrived at with so much trouble and anxiety in connection with the slavery question. The chief anxiety of my Government has been to remove this danger; and I venture to hope, Gentlemen, that the serious motives for the proposal I have now submitted to your consideration will not be denied by any member of the Conference." || Baron Gericke de Herwynen then reads the following explanatory note :- || "I should reproach myself with a want of respect to

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