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INTER-AGENCY COORDINATING COMMITTEES
The following listing of inter-agency committees dealing with aspects of international science and technology is partial and intended for illustratire purposes only. Antarctic Policy Group. Arctic Policy Group. Bilateral Cooperation in Science and Technology Group. Committee on International Environmental Affairs. Committee on the International Geodynamics Project. Committee on Ocean Dumping. Committee on UNESCO's International Hydrological Program. Inter-Agency Committee on Biological and Climatic Effects Research. Inter-Agency Committee on Marine Environmental Prediction. Inter-Agency Committee on Marine Mammals Programs. Inter-Agency Committee on Marine Science and Engineering. Inter-Agency Committee on Population Research. Inter-Agency Committee on Technology Transfer. Inter-Agency Committee on Toxic Chemicals. Inter-Agency Committee for the World Weather Program. Inter-Agency Group on Fisheries Negotiations. Federal Committee on Stratospheric Monitoring. National Committee for UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Program. Panel on International Programs and In na al Cooperation in Oceans Affairs.
APPENDIX H THE INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE EVALUATION (INFCE): A CASE STUDY OF INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION IN INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES
Review of the United States involvement in the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation (INFCE) may help to illustrate how the expertise of several Departments and Agencies is being employed to address a complex range of issues associated with the application of science and technology to problems of foreign policy. The fuel cycle evaluation was proposed by President Carter in his statement of nuclear energy policy on April 7, 1977. INFCE was formally established at an Organizing Conference in October 1977. The United States is one of fifty-three countries and four international organizations participating in the evaluation.
INFCE is an exploration of the ways in which nuclear energy can be made available to meet world energy needs while at the same time minimizing the risk of further nuclear weapons proliferation. The Organizing Conference decided that INFCE is to be a technical and analytical study rather than a negotiation, which means that no government will be bound by the results of the evaluation. Through careful study and evaluation of the security, economic, technical, and environmental considerations associated with the peaceful use of nuclear energy, the INFCE participants are attempting to establish a sound framework for subsequent policy decisions by governments. The Organizing Conference established the structure and scope of the evaluation. Eight basic areas of study were defined, each roughly corresponding to a single part of the full cycle. A working Group was established to study each subject area. A Technical Coordinating Committee (TCC) provides guidance to and integration of the Working Group studies. The TCC reports to a Plenary Conference. The eight Working Groups are as follows:
1. Fuel and Heavy Water Availability. 2. Enrichment Availability. 3. Assurances of Long-Term Supply of Technology, Fuel and Heavy Water and Services in the Interest of National Needs Consistent with NonProliferation.
4. Reprocessing, Plutonium Handling, Recycle.
8. Advanced Fuel Cycle and Reactor Concepts. The United States is an active participant in all aspects of IXFCE. Responsibility for the overall direction and inter-agency coordination of U.S. involvement in INFCE is assigned to the Department of State. An inter-agency Managenent Committee, chaired by the State Department and including repre. tentatives of the Department of Energy and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, guides the work of U.S. technical experts.
The Department of Energy provides a major portion of the technical work, drawing on the Non-Proliferation Alternative Systems Assessment Program (NASAP). In addition to the three principal agencies, the U.S. INFCE organization utilizes the expertise of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Executive Office of the President, and individual experts from industry and universities.
In the first year of the evaluation, INFCE prepared studies of such key issues as: the worldwide demand for nuclear energy; the extent of uranium resources available and producible over the next several decades, including emphasis on lower grade resources; the proliferation risks of various nuclear systems; the possibility for greater efficiency in the utilization of uranium in light water reactors; and the technical and economic advantages and diasadvantages of various nuclear systems. In the first year of the evaluation, the United States contributed some thirty major studies dealing with these and other key issues related to the fuel cycle.
The evaluation is roughly half completed. Although it is too early to be certain about the results of INFCE, it is clear that the evaluation is one of the most comprehensive efforts ever undertaken on an international basis to address the connection between providing energy and limiting proliferation risks associated with the nuclear fuel cycle. The ad hoc U.S. inter-agency structure for INFCE enables us to make a major contribution to these studies.
School of Professional Studies, Foreign Service Institute
MONDAY, AUGUST 7, 1978
Room 1114, SA-3
9:15 a.m. Introduction
Mr. David W. McClintock, Coordinator, Political Studies, For
eign Service Institute. 9:30-10:45 a.m. Science and Foreign Policy—an overview
Mr. Clyde McClelland, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary,
OES, Department of State. 11:00-11:45 a.m. Film-To be announced. 1:30–2:45 p.m. The White House Perspective
Dr. Gene Skolnikoff, Executive Office of the President, Office
of Science and Technology Policy. 3:00-4:30 p.m. The Communications Revolution : Computers and Foreign Af
TUESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1978 9:00-10:30 a.m.
Information Exchange on the Domestic and International
Science, Library of Congress. 10:15–12 Noon Tour to IBM Computer Development Facility, Gaithersburg,
Mr. Randy Lumb, IBM.
Mr. Edward Heller, Gulf Oil Company.
Affairs, National Marine Fisheries Service.
3:00 4:30 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1978 9:15-10:30 a.m.
International Environmental Problems
Dr. Martha Sager. 10:45–12 Noon Nuclear Issues in U.S. Diplomacy
Mr. Michael Guhin, OES, Department of State. 1:30–2:45 p.m. Technology Transfer in the Politico-Military Sphere
Dr. Brenda Forman, Policy Plans, DOD/ISA. 3:00-4:30 p.m. Technology Transfer in the Development Sphere
Mr. John Dardis, OES, Department of State.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1978 9:15-10:30 a.m.
Synthetics, Raw Materials, and the North-South Dia gue
Mr. Russel Drew, Systems Control Inc. 10:47-12 Yoon The Population Issue
Ambassador Marshall Green, Coordinator for Population Af
fairs, Department of State. 1:30-4:30 p.m.
Field Trip to Goddard Space Flight Center
FRIDAY, AUGUST 11, 1978 9:15-10:30 a.m. International Scientific Cooperation
Dr. Bodo Bartocha, Director, Division of International Pro
grams, National Science Foundation. 10:45–12 Noon USG Links with the Scientific Community
Dr. Murray Todd, National Academy of Science. 1:30–2:45 p.m. S&T in Intelligence
Dr. Julian Nall. 3:00-4:30 p.m. Science and Foreign Policy—The Road Ahead
Dr. Rodney Nichols, Vice President, Rockefeller University;
the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
COMPUTERS AND FOREIGN AFFAIRS
October 16–19, 1978
(Room 1115, SA-3) 9:00-9:15 a.m. Introduction
David W. McClintock, Coordinator for Political Training, For
eign Service Institute. 9:15-9:45 a.m. Films. 10:00-11:50 a.m. Computers in Crisis Management, Lebanon Evacuation Case.
Roy Gulick, Decisions and Designs, Inc. 12:00–1:15 p.m. Lunch at American University. 1:15-4:30 p.m. “Hands-On" Exercises.
Dr. Llewellyn Howell, American University.
Session at American University
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 17
Meet in Room 6320, New State 9:15–12 Noon Computer Applications at State: Part I, Introduction to On
Library systems; ISO.
Dr. Llewellyn Howell, American University.
Session at American University
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18
Meet in Room 1921, New State 9:15-10:45 a.m. Computer Applications at State: Part II.
Small group briefings on: mini-computers, consular applica
tions, word processing, and personnel applications. 11:00–12 Noon Public Opinion Sampling ; Cross-Tabular Analysis, Room 6320.
Dr. Alvin Richman, Bureau of Public Affairs, Department of
State. 12:00-1:10 p.m. Lunch. 1:10 p.m. Board chartered bus at Diplomatic Entrance (22nd and C
Streets). 1:30-4:30 p.m. Computer Applications at CIA.
Dr. Fred Schuyler.