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"It was only a few weeks after that that the business manager of that association went to another position. The question then arose what shall we do for a business manager. Mr. Warren Sawyer, who was the President of the Corporation stepped forward, and said: 'Make George Ellis business manager, and I will stand back of him.' And he did, when I was nineteen years of age.

"Now, I speak of that, not because it was anything to do, for it was not. It was just in the course of business to me, but this man, seeing what I was willing to do, and without a thought of it being anything, this one single thing gave him enough confidence in me, so that he did stand back of me for the next twenty-five years. (Applause.)

"Now, as I said before, it is bad taste to refer to these things in a certain sense and yet, I do not so consider it, for I want you young men to realize that little things will sometimes give you the confidence and the backing that it might otherwise take you years to get. I, from my boyhood, had a definition of the word 'obstacle.' It was, that it was a thing to be overcome. That is what you boys want to understand, that whatever happens go ahead and do it; get the confidence of other men and get it by earning it. Form the habit of doing your best all the time and it will not come hard to you, and you will never realize that you are doing anything but just what you ought to do.

CHOOSING A VOCATION

"Now, the question that comes up with all young men-no, not all-because you young men, many of you, are better placed than were the boys in my day. Your fathers are members of the City Club, and that means that they are better placed in the world financially than were my people in my early days, but most of you have got to choose a vocation. Some of you boys know that you will take up a certain vocation. I knew, as a schoolmate, a young man who, from his earliest boyhood knew what he was going to do. He was going to be a doctor, and there never was any question in his mind. His training from first to last was a doctor, and he became one of the most famous doctors in this State. That is easy, where the boy knows what he wants to do, but most of you do not. Most of you are looking for the thing that may come to your hand to do, and when it comes to that, it does not make so much difference, unless you are especially fitted for some particular thing, but when you have decided what it shall be, then put your heart into it. I know a good many people will say to us, 'Don't think too much of business.' Now, I am going to say to you, young men, that I hope you will do one thing; I hope you will consider well what success in life is going to mean to you. We have been think

ing altogether too much in the past that success for a business man meant simply how much money he could make. Now we want to get over that. You have heard to-night, in the two speeches that have gone before-and they were speeches-mine is a talk-but you have had only advice as to taking a hand in public work. You, if

you choose wisely, will I think look forward to a life, not merely of business, not simply to accumulate money, but how much you can do in the world for the world, and for others, and, just to the extent that you do, I believe you will get the greatest pleasure in that form of work and life, giving pleasure to others. Seeing others getting pleasure out of life through your instrumentality will give you some of the greatest pleasure you will get in all your life.

"I am thinking just how I will say again that I came here under protest in a way, that I came here to talk to you boys and I have been more or less embarrassed by the number of men so near my own agenot many as old, I will admit—but near my own age, but I am going to again say to you boys, just look forward, and not back, and I don't mean that nor did Dr. Hale mean it-in the sense in which some might take it. As most of you know, Dr. Hale was a historian. He looked back in the sense that he took lessons from the past, but he looked forward to his work and his achievements. That is what you boys want to do; look forward and press forward and never forget to lend a hand." (Applause.)

The Toastmaster. "Intensive application and concentration of effort and mind are the fundamentals in the processes of education for life's work, and these fundamentals obtain for men in business or professions, as well as for young men who are still in school, in college, and the last speaker is a leader of men, young men, young men grown old and old men grown young again, and it is my pleasure to introduce the President of Boston University, Dr. Murlin.

PRESIDENT L. H. MURLIN

"Members of the Club, Fathers, and Sons. I am very much like Mr. Coleman. I should not want to go back and be a boy again unless I could be a boy in this day and age in the world and in the city of Boston. If I had my choice of exactly what I would like to be, I think I would choose to be Civic Secretary of the Boston City Club. (Applause.) He is the only man in all of my acquaintances whom I envy. I think I have about the finest job there is in the world, but if ever I do get a little discouraged about my work in life-and we all get a little discouraged about our work I think-I think I would like to fly to that haven of rest, the office of the Civic Secretary.

"I came a stranger to this city some four years ago and, next to the immediate circle of friends with whom I have to deal and who gave me the glad hand, because after they elected me to come, they could not help themselves and they had to stand by me, next to that group of friends, I have found my best friends right here in this City Club. (Applause.) 'I was a stranger and ye took me in.' Here was the place next to my own home and my own office and people with whom I had to work, here was the place I found good fellowship and friends, and I shall be grateful all the rest of my life for the privileges of the Boston City Club.

"The store is an educational opportunity; business is an educa

tional process; the practise of medicine is an educational enterprise; this Boston City Club is one of the greatest educational enterprises in America, and the Chamber of Commerce is an educational enterprise. The college is only one of the great enterprises, and I want you to bear that in mind in the few things I will say. There are those who say that the end and aim of this educational plant is to make life a little bit easier. I have had fathers whose hands were knuckled and gnarled by hard toil say, 'I propose my son to have an education so he will not have such a hard time in life,' and I have known mothers who had to work at the wash tub, say: 'I propose that Mary shall have an education, so she will not have the time I had,'-mistaken father, mistaken mother, and mistaken boy and girl.

"You will never secure an education except by dint of the hardest kind of labor, and you will never be able to pay back to society the duty which you owe to society for giving you that educational opportunity except you give back to society all the rest of your life in hard toil for common welfare. (Applause.) A diploma of graduation from the high school or the college is not a promotion to privilege but a sentence to hard labor all the hours of your life.

"Then, there are those who say that the purpose of this educational process is to prepare us for a particular profession or trade, or calling in life. A father once said to me, 'I wish I knew what my boy was going to do.' I said, 'I hope he will not know until the day of his graduation.' The purpose of this educational process is not to make a lawyer, or a mechanic, or an engineer, or a farmer, or a minister out of your son. It has a much larger purpose than that. I think it is a fine thing to send out into the world a doctor well equipped and I should be exceedingly proud of an educational institution which turns out good doctors. It is a great thing to make a lawyer. It is a great thing to give to the community a good business man, but I say to you gentlemen, that is not the end and aim of the educational process. It may be a means of education, but it is not the end and aim of education. Now, this theory that we must know early in life, as we go through school and bend all other energies to that end, is, in my judgment, a very serious and a very mistaken theory in life. As a result of that we are sending out into society men whose trade or profession or calling in life completely overpowers them, and you simply know he is a banker, a doctor, or a lawyer, and that is all he is. We do not need any more lawyers of a kind we already have, heaven knows. We do not need any more bankers of a kind we already have, although there are among bankers many good men. We do not need any more preachers of a kind we already have. We do not need any more editors of a kind we already have. We do not need any more railroad builders of a kind we already have, or railroad manipulators for that matter. We do need better railroad men, and better lawyers, and better doctors, but we are not going to have them until we have something else back of them.

"I plead for an education that makes a man greater than his busi

ness, and no matter how wide may be his possessions, he is always broader in his manhood than in his possessions.

"That is not confined to the college. When God made this world, he stooped down to the earth and took some dust. I do not know whether it was done in a moment, but that does not make any difference. God did it, because he was not turned aside from his one great purpose. He made these bodies of ours, and he breathed into these nostrils the breath of life, and then man became; and the great end and aim of this great educational process is manhood, and the noblest work of the college, and of our educational process, as well as the noblest work of God is manhood." (Applause.)

The Toastmaster. "The Toastmaster has been requested to attempt to give a closing word. Because of the wealth of advice and good counsel that has been given you, it is extremely difficult, but he would try to suggest to you that a pessimist is a man who makes an obstacle of an opportunity, and a pessimist begins, in these days, by saying that the world is all awry, that men are not as good as they used to be, their motives and their acts are perverted. When men go into public life, so say the pessimists, they become dishonest; that men in business become dishonest; that the power of the church is on the wane, and that moral standards are lower than they have ever been before. In steps the optimist, who says: 'I will make an opportunity of an obstacle,' and he gets his inspiration from young men, from whom we get our inspiration to-night, to look out on the world with a single eye and a glad leaping heart, and, following their example, we, with years of wisdom, see that the world is better to-day than it ever has been before, because we can visualize the multiplying acts of human service and uplift, and we look into men's faces, as we go into the political arena, and we say that there never has been a time when men are so determined to render a single and a sacrificial service. We go into the business world and we see a rock of ages anchored at the bottom, which spells integrity of purpose, and dignity and purity of conduct, and we come away glad, and we look upon the great church, stripped of any partisan look, and we see, perhaps not within its four walls, the same closely specialized potential power, but we look to a city club, and we look to a hospital, and we look to a great civic settlement house, and we find that the men who initiated them, were men who got their inspiration from a church, and from God above, and we say, can we be anything other than optimists, by a process of self-introspection, determining that we will be pure and noble in thought and purpose, that we will believe in other men, and that we will see the glory of character in fine, pure, physical manhood. In closing, we will just sing one verse of America, but before we do, I am going to put the question to the young men, all those in favor of having a third annual Sons of Members' Night, say at the top of your voice, 'Aye.' (Loud cries of aye.)

(Singing of America.)

Thursday, April 1

On this evening the members listened to an operatic concert with the following personnel: Mme. Evelyn Scotney, Soprano; Mme. Cara Sapin, Contralto; Arthur Hackett, Tenor; Howard White, Bass; Herbert Seiler, Accompanist.

Thursday, April 8

LIEUTENANT A. H. MILES, U. S. N., ON "SUBMARINES."

[Boston Herald, April 9, 1915]

"Invisibility and invulnerability are what give the submarine its definite war value, and thus far there has been found no antidote for its very real terrors," said Lieutenant Alfred Hart Miles, U. S. N., of the U. S. S. Ranger, to about one thousand members asssembled in the large hall. F. T. Kurt presided.

Lieutenant Miles spoke on "The History, Development, and Operation of the Submarine," and showed more than one hundred slides during the lecture. "There are three things which may be said to furnish the problem to underwater navigation, and they are water-tightness, buoyancy and propulsion," he said. "The history of the submarine is largely one of propulsion and the heart of the boat may be said to be its main engine. Beginning with a submerged speed of five knots it has increased to more than 12, and with a surface speed of 20 knots.

"With the advent in 1901 of the gas engine, the submarine entered its modern and developed stage. The first American one was built by Bushnell; following him came Fulton, who was discouraged by the British government, and then came Holland, to whom the honor rightfully belongs of having built the first practical and efficient submarine. The subsequent invention of the self-propelling torpedo revolutionized the military use of the undersea boat, multiplying its value many times, for now torpedoes that are gently expelled by air pressure generate their own motion and attain a speed of 30 knots for 1000 yards and 28 knots for five sea miles."

Lieutenant Miles quoted figures stating that Great Britain has 82 submarines and 40 now building; United States 37 and II building; Russia 37 and 12 building; Italy 20 and 8 building; France 92 and 9 building, and Germany, which was slow to adopt the theory of the submarine and did not enter the field until 1907, a total of 70, which were schedule to be ready by 1917. The Germans never used gasoline, which has many disadvantages, and were the first to use oil, in the use of which they have retained supremacy. Germany has at least 16 submarines of between 900 and 1200 tons, with a surface speed of 18 knots and a radius of 5000 miles. She has perfected rapid-fire guns for air craft, with which the boats are equipped and can be got ready in less than a minute. All of these crafts are painted a brownish gray to make them hard to distinguish.

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