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Indian Treaty.

CINCINNATI, July 26. By a gentleman from Greenville, we learn that the Indian Treaty was concluded on Saturday the 16th Inst. [22]. There were present the whole of the Shawanoese, Delawares, Miamies and Weeas, and about three-fourths of the Wyandots and fragments of the Potowatamies, Kickapoos, Ottoways, Nanticokes, Muncees, Mingoes, and Senecas, making in the whole, as estimated by the Agents, four thousand souls. None of the Winnebagoes or Chippeways attended. Of those which were present, the Miamies only objected to join in the war. Some of their principal chiefs proposed to remain neutral. They were reminded by the Commissioners that our government, at the beginning of the war, had earnestly enjoined neutrality on them; but as they thought . proper to become parties in the contest, they must now continue such.—When the council opened the next day, that tribe, except the two chiefs alluded to, came forward and received the tomahawk. The treaty was terminated the same evening by a war dance in the usual style. An express has been despatched to the President, and the agents intend keeping the Indians emboated till the expected orders of the President for organizing the warriors, arrive. They will form a corps of 800 or 1,000 effective men.

EXHIBIT 166.

President Madison to Governor Tompkins.?

WASHINGTON, Nov'. 12, 1814. SIR, I have received your letter of the 5th instant, covering a unanimous Resolution of the two Houses of the Legislature of N. York, expressing the emotions with which they view the terms of peace proposed by the British Commissioners at Ghent, and recommending the most vigorous measures for bringing the war to an honorable termination.

This language does great honor to the patriotism and just sentiments of the State by whose Councils it has been adopted. And the Resolution derives additional value from the unanimity stamped upon it.

National Intelligencer, of 8th August, 1814.
*Writings of James Madison (Cong. Ed.), Vol. II, p. 593.

Such a devotion every where to the rights and dignity of our Country is alone necessary to a speedy triumph over the obstacles to an honorable peace. And such an example could proceed from no source more entitled or more conducive to patriotic emulations.

Accept, Sir, assurances of my high esteem and my friendly respects.

EXHIBIT 167.

President Madison to Governor Early, of Georgia.'

Dec'. 18, 1814. SIR,—I have duly received your letter of the ad instant, with the Resolutions of the Legislature of Georgia, expressing unanimously the sentiments inspired by the extravagant terms of peace demanded by the enemy, and the readiness of that State to make any sacrifice necessary to a vigorous prosecution of the war, till it can be brought to an honorable termination.

Resolutions of such a character are worthy of the real and public spirit of which so many other proofs have been given by the State of Georgia; and they have the greater merit as proceeding from a part of the Nation which presents so disproportionate an extent of frontier to the pressures of the war, with the other disadvantages incident to their situation in sustaining them.

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EXHIBIT 168.

President Madison to the Republican Members of the Legislature

of Massachusetts.?

March 7, 1815.

*

The firm and persevering resistance which has been made to violations of our national rights and of our essential interests, and the signal valour and patriotism displayed by every variety

Writings of James Madison (Cong. Ed.), Vol. II, p. 597. 2Writings of James Madison (Cong. Ed.) Vol. II, p. 599.

of our arms, both on the water and on the land, whilst they cannot fail to do justice to the American name, will be among the best guardians of our future peace and safety.

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EXHIBIT 169.

Rejection of Indian Sovereignty.

Intelligence of this event (signing of the Treaty of Ghent] was received in the United States in the month of February, and communicated to Congress officially, by the President, on the 20th inst. The British commissioners had at one time assumed a highly offensive and arrogant tone; but the victories of Brown and Scott, the defeat of Commodore Downie, and the inglorious retreat of Sir George Prevost, soon moderated their demands. They at first insisted that the Indian tribes within the limits of the union should forever enjoy a separate and independent sovereignty. This was instantly rejected by the American commissioners.

1“ Life of Madison," by John Quincy Adams, p. 185.

Appendix to the Answer of the United

States.

PART IV.

Official Action Pursuant to Article IX of

the Treaty of Ghent.

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