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upon Chefapeek Bay, about one hundred and forty miles long and one hundred and thirty broad. Soon after this, in confequence of the rigor of the laws of England against the Roman Catholics, Lord Baltimore; with a number of his perfecuted brethren, came over and fettled it, and in honour of queen Henrietta Maria, they called it MARYLAND.

The firft grant of Connecticut was made by Robert, Earl of Warwick, prefident of the council of Plymouth, to Lord Say and Seal, to 1631 Lord Brook and others, in the year 1631. In confequence of feveral fmaller grants made afterwards by the patentees to particu lar perfons, Mr. Fenwick made a fettlement at the mouth of Con1635 necticut river, and called it Saybrook. Four years after a number of people from Massachusetts Bay came and began fettlements at Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windfor on Connecticut river. Thus commenced the English fettlement of CONNECTICUT.

Rhode Island was firft fettled in confequence of religious perfecution. Mr. Roger Williams, who was among thofe who early came over to Maffachusetts, not agreeing with fome of his brethren in fentiment, was very unjustifiably banifhed the colony, and went with twelve others, 1635 his adherents, and fettled at Providence in 1635. From this beginning arose the colony, now ftate of RHODE-ISLAND.

1664.] On the 20th of March, 1664, Charles the Second granted to the Duke of York, what is now called NEW-JERSEY, then a part of a large tract of country by the name of New-Netherland. Some parts of New-Jerfey were fettled by the Dutch as early as about 1615.

1662.] In the year 1662, Charles the Second granted to Edward, Earl of Clarendon, and feven others, almoft the whole territory of the three Southern States, North and South Carolinas and Georgia. Two years 1664 after he granted a fecond charter, enlarging their boundaries. The proprietors, by virtue of authority vetted in them by their charter, engaged Mr. Locke to frame a fyftem of laws for the government of their intended colony. Notwithstanding thefe preparations, no 1669 effectual fettlement was made until the year 1669, (though one was attempted in 1667) when Governor Sayle came over with a colony, and fixed on a neck of land between Ashley and Cooper Rivers. Thus commenced the fettlement of CAROLINA, which then included the whole territory between the 29th and 36th degrees north latitude, together with the Bahama Islands, lying between latitude 22° and 27° north.


1681.] The Royal charter for Pennfylvania was granted to William Penn on the 4th of March, 1681. The firft colony came over the next year, and fettled under the proprietor, William Penn, who acted as Governor from October 1682 to Auguft 1684. The firft affembly in the province of Pennfylvania was held at Chefter, on the 4th of December, 1682. Thus William Penn, a Quaker, juftly celebrated as a great and good man, has the honour of laying the foundation of the prefent populous and very flourishing STATE of PENNSYLVANIA.

The proprietory government in Carolina, was attended with fo many inconveniencies, and occafioned fuch violent diffentions among the fettlers, that the Parliament of Great-Britain was induced to take the province under their immediate care. The proprietors (except Lord Granville)


accepted of £.22,500 fterling, from the crown for the property and jurifdiction. This agreement was ratified by act of Parliament in 1729 1729. A clause in this act referved to Lord Granville his eighth fhare of the property and arrears of quit-rents, which continued legally vested in his family 'till the revolution in 1776. Lord Granville's fhare made a part of the prefent ftate of North-Carolina. About the year 1729, the extenfive territory belonging to the proprietors, was divided into North and South Carolinas. They remained feparate royal governments until they became independent States.

For the relief of poor indigent people of Great-Britain and Ireland, and for the fecurity of Carolina, a project was formed for planting a colony between the rivers Savannah and Alatamaha. Accordingly application being made to king George the Second, he ifiued letters patent, 1732 bearing date June 9th, 1732, for legally carrying into execution the benevolent plan. In honour of the king, who greatly encouraged the plan, they called the new province GEORGIA. Twenty-one trustees were appointed to conduct the affairs relating to the fettlement of the province. The November following one hundred and fifteen perfons, one of whom was General Oglethorpe, embarked for Georgia, where they arrived, and landed at Yamacraw. In exploring the country, they found an elevated pleafant fpot of ground on the bank of a navigable river, upon which they marked out a town, and from the Indian name of the river which paffed by it, called it Savannah. From this period we may date the fettlement of GEORGIA.

1754.] Kentucky was firft difcovered by James Macbride, and fome others who were in company with him, in the year 1754. Col. 1769 Daniel Boon explored it in 1769.

1773.] Four years after Col. Boon and his family, with five other families who were joined by forty men from Powle's valley, began the fettlement of KENTUCKY, which is now one of the molt growing colonies, perhaps, in the world, and will doubtlefs be erected into an independent ftate, as foon as the new government shall have been properly organized.

The tract of country called VERMONT, before the late war, was claimed both by New-York and New-Hampshire. When hoftilities commenced between Great-Eritain and her Colonies, the inhabitants confidering themselves as in a state of nature, and not within any legal jurifdiction, affociated and formed for themselves a conftitution of civil government. Under this conftitution, they have ever fince continued to exercise all the powers of an independent State. Although Vermont has not been admitted into union with the other ftates, nor her jurifdiction acknowledged to be legal by the ftate of New-York, yet we may venture to date her political exiftence as a feparate government, from the 1777 year 1777, becaufe, fince that time, Vermont has, to all intents and purposes, been a fovereign and independent State.

The extenfive tract of country lying northweft of the Ohio River within the limits of the United States, was erected into a feparate temporary government by an Ordinance of Congrefs paffed the 13th of 1787 July, 1787. Thus I have given a fummary view of the first discoveries and progref

five fettlement of North America in their chronological order.-The fol lowing recapitulation will comprehend the whole in one view.

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The above dates are from the periods, when the firft permanent fettlements were made.

NORTH.AMERICA comprehends all that part of the western continent which lies north of the Ifthmus of Darien. This vaft extent of country is divided between Spain, Great-Britain, and the Thirteen United States. Spain claims all the land weft of the Miffiffippi, and East and Weft Florida. According to the treaty of 1783, all the country north of the northern boundary of the United States, and eaft of the river of St. Croix, belongs to Great-Britain. The remaining part is the territory of the Thirteen United and Independent States.

[blocks in formation]

length breadth.

180 60 450 164






















lat. captl. lon. from towns. Philadel.







included in Virg.

300 600




indefinite. indefinite.

765 212 2700 250

chief towns.




38,54 E. Portfmouth.
3.39 E. Bofton.
3,24 E. New-port.
1,56 E. New-Haven.
E. New-York.



40,40 1,5 40,15


0,23 E. Trenton.
39,56 00,00 Philadelphia. oo
39,1000,25 W. Dover.


1,37 W. Annapolis. 2,42 W. Richmond. 1,52 W. Edenton. 5,00 W. Charleston. 7,00 W. Augufta.








1,44 E. Bennington. 6,30 W. Adelphi. 38,25 10,00 W. Lexington.




diftance and bearing from Philadelphia.


36,45 26,5


4,56 E. Quebec. 14,29 E. Halifax. 6,30 W. Auguftine.






276 442 814


1925 1146

14,40 W. New Orleans. 1646 3,32 W. St. Fee. 39 W. St. Juan. 126 W. Mexico.

N. E.

N. E.

E. N. E.

N. E.




947 by water.

Province of Quebec, 750



E. and W. Floridas.

New Mexico,
Old Mexico.

N. B. In the column containing the number of inhabitants, the numbers marked (*) are as reckoned in the Convention at Philadelphia in
1787, excepting North-Carolina, Vermont, Western-Territory, and Kentucky; the others are taken from actual enumeration.

The diftances of the feveral capitals from Philadelphia are reckoned as the roads run.

2190 3396

E. N. E.

N. E.


S. S.


S. W.
S. W.

S. S. W.
S. S. W.

S. W.

N. E. W. W.

[blocks in formation]

N. N. E.

N. E.

S. S. W. Spain.


S. W.

W. S. W.

S. W.

6,000* 1788
Total 3,083,622







No. of in- cenfus habitants. taken. 102,000* 1787 360,000* 1787 51,896 1783 209,150 1782 238,897 1786 149,435 1784 360,000* 1787 37,000* 1787 253,630 | 1789 567,614


270,000* 1787 180,000* 1787 98,000* 1787 a 100,000* 1788


unknown. unknown.









Length 1250 Breadth 1040 Boundaries.] Ne United States are thus defined. "And that all N the treaty of peace, concluded in 1783, the limits of difputes which might arife in future on the fubject of the boundaries of the faid United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and fhall be their boundaries, viz. From the northweft angle of Nova-Scotia, viz. That angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the fource of St. Croix River to the Highlands, along the faid Highlands, which divide thofe rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the north-westernmost head of Connecticut river; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; from thence by a line due weft on faid latitude, until it ftrikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of the faid river into Lake Ontario, through the middle of faid Lake, until it ftrikes the communication by water between that lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of faid communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of faid lake, until it arrives at the water communication between that lake and Lake Huron ; thence through the middle of faid lake to the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior northward of the Ifles Royal and Phillipeaux to the Long Lake; thence through the middle of faid Long Lake, and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods to the faid Lake of the Woods; thence through the faid lake to the most northwestern point thereof, and from thence, on a due weft course, to the River Miffiffippi; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of faid River Miffiffippi, until it fhall interfect the northernmoft part of the thirty-firft degree of north latitude. South, by a line to be drawn due east from the determination of the line laft mentioned, in the latitude of thirty-one degrees north of the equator, to the middle of the River Apalachicola, or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River; thence ftrait to the head of St. Mary's River; and thence down along the middle of St. Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean; eaft, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the River St. Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy, to its fource; and from its fource directly north, to the aforefaid Highlands, which divide the rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean, from those which fall into the River St. Lawrence, comprehending all islands within twenty leagues any part of the fhores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due eaft from the points where the aforefaid boundaries between Nova-Scotia on the one part, and Eaft-Florida on the other, fhall refpectively touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting fuch iflands as now are, or heretofore have been, within the limits of the faid province of Nova-Scotia."



{310 and 46° North Latitude.

8° E. and 24° W. Long. from Philadelphia.

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