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In the British Museum, there are copies of all the papers, which paffed between Great Britain and Portugal, with regard to the laft-mentioned treaty, from 1654 to 1656, inclufive. There are copies of feveral letters from John, King of Portugal, to the most Serene Protector of the commonwealth of England, which are written in language the moft conciliatory, and which evince the caufe of poftponing the ratification to have been the articles about religion; being above our kingly authority, fays his Majefty. Sloane MS. N° 4192.

1661. The marriage treaty of King Charles II. 23 June. with the Infanta Catherina of Portugal, confirming former treaties fince 1641, with the fecret article for yielding Bombay to Great Britain.

1703. 16 May

Pap. Off. P. 6.

Board of Trade, K. 49.
Poftlethwayt's Dict. word Treaties.

The treaty of offenfive and defenfive alliance between Great Britain, the Emperor, and the States General, on the one part, and Portugal on the other, made at Lisbon, with the separate and fecret articles.

Pap. Off. E. 5.

Corps Diplom. tom. viii. part. i. p.

127.

Treat. 1732, vol. iii. p. 354.
Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 337.

The defenfive alliance between Great Bri

1703. 16 May. tain, Portugal, and the States General, made

at Lisbon.

Pap. Off. E. 6.

Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 347.

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1703. 27 Dec.

1713. 8 Aug.

1715. 3 May.

1763. 10 Feb.

The treaty of commerce between Great
Britain and Portugal, made at Lisbon.
Pap. Off. E. 7.
Board of Trade, F. 29.

Postlethwayt's Dift. word Treaty.
Treat. 1732, vol. iv. p. 334.
Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 353.
Entered on the Com. Journ. vol. xiv.
p. 290.

The guaranty of Great Britain to Portugal, in regard to loffes before the conclufion of a peace, and to the colony of St. Sacrament, made at Hampton Court. Pap. Off. E. 8.

The guaranty of Great Britain to Portugal, of the treaty concluded between Portugal and Spain, at Utrecht, on the 6th of February 171.

Buckley's Treat. 1717, p. 3.

The definitive treaty of peace and friendfhip between Great Britain, France, and Spain, made at Paris, to which Portugal acceded the fame day.

See it before, under the head of FRANCE.
Treat. 1785, vol. iii. p. 177.

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N. B. The privileges, which a British subject has a right to enjoy in Portugal, and in the dominions to the fame belonging, may be seen in Poftlethwayt's Dictionary, under the word Treaty,

Articles of Peace and Commerce between the High and
Potent Charles I. by the Grace of God, King of
Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of
the Faith, and John IV. King of Portugal, &c. and
VOL. II.

S

their

their Subjects; concluded at London, the 29th of January 1642.

WHEREAS the High and Mighty Prince John the Fourth, King of Portugal, &c. hath fome time ago fent his ambaffadors to the King's moft Excellent Majefty, who declared, it was his defire to renew the ancient alliance and amity that were between the Kings their predeceffors, their crowns and fubjects; his Majefty, being moved by the concern he has for the prefervation of the peace and tranquillity of his kingdoms, and the liberty of trade and commerce of his wellbeloved fubjects, by the advice of his privy council, has confented thereto, and makes known to all his well-beloved people, that the faid peace and alliance has been concluded and established between the said Kings, their kingdoms, territories, and subjects: and the King's most excellent Majefty has commanded the articles of the prefent treaty to be publifhed, to ferve for a direction to his merchants in their commerce; and has exprefsly enjoined and commanded all his fubjects, of what quality or condition foever, to obferve them. Given in our court at York, the 22d day of May, in the year of grace 1642, and of our reign the eighteenth. God fave the King.

The Articles of Treaty.

I. It has been concluded and agreed, that there be, and fhall be for ever, a good, true, and firm peace and amity between the most renowned Kings, Charles King of Great Britain, and John IV. King of Portugal, their heirs and fucceffors, and their kingdoms, countries, ftates, lands, people, fhips, and fubjects whatsoever, prefent and to come, of what quality or condition foever they be, as well by fea as by land and fresh-waters; fo that the faid fhips and fubjects fhall treat one another favourably, and render one another all manner of good offices of true amity and affection; and that the faid most renowned Kings,

2

their

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their heirs and fucceffors, fhall not do or undertake any thing, either by themselves or by other perfons, against one another, nor against their kingdoms, by fea or land, nor confent or adhere to any war, counfel, or treaty, that may be to the prejudice of the one or the other.

II. That there is and fhall be between the forefaid most renowned Kings, and their fhips, inhabitants, and fubjects on both fides, a free commerce, as well by fea as by land and fresh-waters, in all and every one of their kingdoms, lordships, dominions, islands, and other lands, cities, towns, villages, harbours, and territories of the faid kingdoms and ftates; in which there has been commerce from the time of the Kings of Castile, or has been always to this prefent; fo that the fubjects and vaffals of both Kings may go, enter, and fail, without any paffport, or other general or particular permission, as well by fea as by land and freshwaters, in the kingdoms and dominions aforefaid, and in the cities, towns, harbours, rivers, roads, and territories thereof; and there carry merchandizes, and loads or carriages upon waggons, horfes, or in fhips, laden or ready to be laden; there to fell and buy as much provifion as they pleafe, and furnish themselves with every thing neceffary for their fubfiftence, voyages, or journies; and there mend or repair their fhips or waggons, whether they belong to them in property, or they be hired or borrowed: and that they may depart with the fame freedom from thence, with their goods, merchandizes, and other things, whatsoever, after having paid only the ufual duties and cuftoms on the foot that they are established by the ordinance of each place, to go from thence to their own countries, or to any other places whatsoever that they shall please, and when they think fit, without any trouble or impediment given them.

III. That the fubjects of both the above-mentioned renowned Kings fhall not be ill-treated in the territories

of either, more than the natives of the place, in their fales and contracts for merchandizes, either as to the price or otherwife; but that the condition of strangers and of natives fhall be equal and alike, as is faid, agreeably to what has been practifed in the execution of the treaties made between the most renowned Kings of Great Britain and Caftile.

IV. That the fubjects of the most renowned King of Great Britain shall enjoy a full and entire freedom of trade and commerce in all forts of merchandizes in the kingdoms, provinces, territories, and ifles of the most renowned King of Portugal, in Europe; and may carry on their trade and commerce in the faid places, as freely and in the fame manner as is allowed to the fubjects of the other Princes and States in alliance with the King of Portugal; and that they fhall not be bound to pay greater duties, cuftoms, impofts, or other taxes, than the inhabitants and subjects of the faid countries, or the other fubjects of any other nation whatfoever in alliance with Portugal: and they fhall enjoy the fame privileges as were formerly granted to the English before the union of Portugal and Caftile.

V. That as often as the fubjects of the King of Great Britain fhall arrive with their fhips in the harbours of the most renowned King of Portugal, in his kingdoms and dominions, they fhall not be obliged to load or embark in their fhips any other fort or quantity of commodities or merchandizes, than what the faid fubjects of the King of Great Britain fhall please, and think good; and that the fubjects of the King of Portugal fhall enjoy the fame liberty in the harbours and dominions of the King of Great Britain.

VI. In cafe any of the fubjects of the most renowned King of Portugal, or any other whatsoever, within the extent of his kingdoms and states, or their goods and merchandizes, be feized, taken, or arrested by the officers of the court of inquifition, or by the judges

or

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